European Heraldry :: House of Mecklenburg

House of Mecklenburg

House of Mecklenburg

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Prince of the Obotrites

  • Niklot, (1090-1160) Prince of the Obotrites and ancestor of the House of Mecklenburg.
  • Pribislav (d. 1178) an Obotrite prince and the first Prince of Mecklenburg (1167-1178).

Dukes of Mecklenburg 1167-1227

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Princes of Werle

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Princes of Güstrow

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Princes of Rostock

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Dukes of Mecklenburg 14th Century

Partitioned into Mecklenburg, Werle, Rostock and Parchim in 1227.

Princes of Mecklenburg acquired Stargard as marriage dowry in 1304.

Princes of Rostock 1227-1314 line extinct. Rostock annexed to Mecklenburg.

Princes of Parchim 1227-1416 line extinct. Parchim annexed to Mecklenburg.

Princes of Werle 1227-1436 line extinct. Werle annexed to Mecklenburg.

Dukes of Mecklenburg-Stargard 1352-1471 line extinct. Mecklenburg-Stargard annexed to Mecklenburg.

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Albert of Sweden (1338- 1412) King of Sweden

  • Albert of Sweden (1338- 1412) King of Sweden from 1364 and Duke of Mecklenburg -Schwerin from 1384.

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Heinrich VII ”the Fat” (1417-1477) Duke of Mecklenburg

  • Heinrich VII ”the Fat” (1417-1477) Duke of Mecklenburg. Ruled the reunited Duchy from 1471.
  • Magnus II (1441-1503) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Güstrow. Magnus II, Albert VIII and Balthasar, as sons of Henry VII, ruled jointly. Balthasar was also Bishop of Schwerin in 1479-1482, and ruled with his nephews Albert IX and Henry VIII from 1503. In 1520 a new division was made: Henry kept Schwerin and Albert Güstrow.

Division into Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg- Güstrow in 1520.


Dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

1520-1621

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Dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

  • Henry V “the Peaceful” (1479 – 1552) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. with Albert VII “the Handsome” (1503–1520) Eric II (1503–1508) Balthasar (1479–1507).
  • John Albert I (1525 – 1576) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1547 to 1556, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1556 to 1576.
  • Johann VII (1558 – 1592) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
  • Adolf Frederick I (1588 – 1658) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1592 to 1628 and 1631 to 1658.

Mecklenburg principalities reunited in 1610.
Partitioned into Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow in 1621.

 Dukes of Mecklenburg-Güstrow

1520-1621

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Dukes of Mecklenburg-Güstrow

  • Albrecht VII “the Handsome” (1486 – 1547) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1520
  • John Albert I (1525 – 1576) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1547 to 1556, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1556 to 1576.
  • Ulrich III (1527 – 1603) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.
  • Charles I (1540 – 1610) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.

Mecklenburg principalities reunited in 1610.
Partitioned into Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow in 1621.

 Dukes Mecklenburg- Güstrow

1621-1695

To Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Partitioned between Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1701.

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John Albert II (1590 – 1636)  Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow

  • John Albert II (1590 – 1636) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1608 to 1611, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin jointly with his brother Adolf Frederick I 1611 to 1621, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow 1621 to 1636. Married firstly Margaret Elizabeth of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch (1584 – 1616) daughter of Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch and secondly Elizabeth of Hesse-Kassel (1596 –1625) daughter of Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.
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Gustav Adolph (1633 – 1695) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow

  • Gustav Adolph (1633 – 1695) Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg 1636–1648. Married Magdalene Sibylle of Holstein-Gottorp (1631 – 1719) daughter of Frederick III, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp.

His death led to a dispute between Adolf Friedrich II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Friedrich Wilhelm I, Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin] resolved in 1701.

Dukes Mecklenburg-Schwerin

1621-1695

Duke of Mecklenburg

1695-1701

Dukes of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

1701-1815

Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

1815-1918

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Adolf Frederick I (1588 – 1658) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

  • Adolf Frederick I (1588 – 1658) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1592 to 1628 and 1631 to 1658. Married firstly Anna Maria of Ostfriesland (1601 – 1634) daughter of Enno III, Count of Ostfriesland and secondly Marie Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg (1616–1665) daughter of Duke Julius Ernest, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg.
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Christian Louis I (1623 – 1692) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

  • Christian Louis I (1623 – 1692) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Married Christine Margaret of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1615 – 1666) daughter of John Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.
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Friedrich Wilhelm I (1675- 1713) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Friedrich Wilhelm I (1675- 1713) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Married Sophie Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (1678 – 1749) daughter of Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.
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Karl Leopold (1678 – 1747) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Karl Leopold (1678 – 1747) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. Knight of the Order of St. Andrew. Married firstly Sophia Hedwig of Nassau-Dietz (1690–1734) daughter of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, secondly Christine von Lepel (1692–1728) daughter of Nicolaus Friedrich von Lepel and thirdly Grand Duchess Catherine Ivanovna of Russia (1691 – 1733) daughter of Ivan V, Tsar of Russia.
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Christian Ludwig II (1683 – 1756) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin

  • Christian Ludwig II (1683 – 1756) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. Knight of the Order of St. Andrew. Married Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1694 – 1748) daughter of Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
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Frederick II “the Pious” (1717 – 1785) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Frederick II “the Pious” (1717 – 1785) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle. Married Louise Frederica of Württemberg (1722 – 1791) daughter of Frederick Louis, Hereditary Prince of Württemberg.
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Frederick Francis I (1756- 1837) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Frederick Francis I (1756- 1837) Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin] (1785-1815) and then as Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin] (1815-1837). Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Knight of the Order of the Crown (Württemberg). Knight of the Royal Guelphic Order. Knight of the Order of St. Andrew. Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim. Married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1756 – 1808) daughter of Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
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Paul Friedrich (1800 – 1842) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Paul Friedrich (1800 – 1842) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Knight of the Royal Guelphic Order. Knight of the Order of St. George (Hanover). Knight of the Order of St. Andrew. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Married Princess Alexandrine of Prussia (1803 – 1892) daughter of Frederick William III, King of Prussia.
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Frederick Francis II (1823 – 1883) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Frederick Francis II (1823 – 1883) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin].  Founder and Joint Grand Master of the House Order of the Wendish Crown in 1864 with Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.  Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Married firstly Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz (1822 – 1862) daughter of Prince Heinrich LXIII Reuss-Köstritz, secondly Princess Anne of Hesse and by Rhine (1843 – 1865) daughter of Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine and thirdly Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1850 – 1922) daughter of Prince Adolph of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
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Friedrich Franz III (1851 – 1897) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Friedrich Franz III (1851 – 1897) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin].  Joint Grand Master of the House Order of the Wendish Crown. Founder and Grand Master of the Order of the Griffon in 1884. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Knight of the Order of St. Andrew.  Married Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (1860 – 1922) daughter of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia
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Frederick Francis IV (1882 – 1945) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]

  • Frederick Francis IV (1882 – 1945) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. 1897 to 1918. Joint Grand Master of the House Order of the Wendish Crown. Joint Grand Master of the Order of the Griffon. Married Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland (1882 – 1963) daughter of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover.

Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

1701-1815

Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

1815-1918

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Adolf Friedrich II (1658-1708) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Adolf Friedrich II (1658-1708) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1701, younger son of Adolf Frederick I (1588 – 1658) Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Married firstly Princess Maria of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1659 – 1701) daughter of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, secondly Princess Johanna of Saxe-Gotha (1680 – 1704) daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and thirdly Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1681 - 1751) daughter of Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
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Adolphus Frederick III (1686 – 1752) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Adolphus Frederick III (1686 – 1752) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Married Dorothea Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön (1692–1765) daughter of John Adolphus, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön.
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Adolphus Frederick IV (1738 – 1794) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Adolphus Frederick IV (1738 – 1794) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim. Knight of the Garter. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle.
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Charles II (1741-1816) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Charles II (1741-1816) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1815 and Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1816. Knight of the Garter. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Married firstly Princess Friederike Caroline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1752 –1782) daughter of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt and secondly his first wife’s sister Charlotte Wilhelmine Christiane Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1755 – 1785) daughter of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt.
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George (1779 – 1860) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • George (1779 – 1860) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Knight of the Royal Guelphic Order. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim. Married Princess and Landgravine Marie of Hesse-Kassel (1796 – 1880) daughter of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel.
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Frederick William (1819 – 1904) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Frederick William (1819 – 1904) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Founder and Joint Grand Master of the House Order of the Wendish Crown in 1864 with Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Schwerin]. Joint Grand Master of the Order of the Griffon. Knight of the Garter. Knight of the Order of the Elephant.  Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. Married Princess Augusta of Cambridge (1822 – 1916) daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge.
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Adolphus Frederick V (1848 – 1914) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Adolphus Frederick V (1848 – 1914) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joint Grand Master of the House Order of the Wendish Crown. Joint Grand Master of the Order of the Griffon. Knight of the Garter. Knight of the Order of the Elephant. Married Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt (1857 – 1933) daughter of Friedrich I, Duke of Anhalt.
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Adolphus Frederick VI (1882 – 1918) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

  • Adolphus Frederick VI (1882 – 1918) Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joint Grand Master of the House Order of the Wendish Crown. Joint Grand Master of the Order of the Griffon.  

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