Peerage Act 1963

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Peerage Act 1963
Long titleAn Act to authorise the disclaimer for life of certain hereditary peerages; to include among the peers qualified to sit in the House of Lords all peers in the peerage of Scotland and peeresses in their own right in the peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom; to remove certain disqualifications of peers in the peerage of Ireland in relation to the House of Commons and elections thereto; and for purposes connected with the matters aforesaid.
Citation1963 c. 48
Territorial extent United Kingdom
Dates
Royal assent31 July 1963
Commencement31 July 1963
Other legislation
Amended by
Status: Amended
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended
Text of the Peerage Act 1963 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk.

The Peerage Act 1963 (c. 48) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that permits women peeresses and all Scottish hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords and allows newly inherited hereditary peerages to be disclaimed.

Background[edit]

The Act resulted largely from the protests of Labour politician Tony Benn, then the 2nd Viscount Stansgate.[1] Under British law at the time, peers of England, peers of Great Britain and peers of the United Kingdom (who met certain qualifications, such as age which was (and is) 21) were automatically members of the House of Lords (Scottish and Irish peers had imperial status which allowed then to sit in the House of Lords but not as Scottish and Irish peers) and could not sit in or vote in elections for the other chamber, the House of Commons.

Thirty peers in the Peerage of Scotland had imperial status when the Act passed.

When William Wedgwood Benn, Tony Benn's father, agreed to accept the Viscountcy, he ascertained that the heir-apparent, his eldest son Michael, did not plan to enter the House of Commons. However, within a few years of the peerage being accepted, Michael Benn was killed in action in the Second World War. Tony Benn, his younger brother, became heir apparent to the peerage and was elected to the House of Commons in 1950. Not wishing to leave it for the other House, he campaigned through the 1950s for a change in the law. In 1960, the 1st Viscount died and Tony Benn inherited the title, automatically losing his seat in the House of Commons as a member for the constituency of Bristol South East. In the ensuing by-election, however, Benn was re-elected to the Commons, despite being disqualified. An election court ruled that he could not take his seat, instead awarding it to the runner-up, the Conservative Malcolm St Clair.[2]

In 1963, the Conservative Government agreed to introduce a Peerage Bill, allowing individuals to disclaim peerages; it received Royal Assent on 31 July 1963.[3] Tony Benn was the first peer to make use of the Act. St Clair, fulfilling a promise he had made at the time of taking his seat, accepted the office of Steward of the Manor of Northstead the previous day,[4] thereby disqualifying himself from the House (outright resignation is prohibited), and Benn was then re-elected in Bristol South East at the ensuing by-election.

Disclaiming peerages[edit]

To disclaim a hereditary peerage, the peer must deliver an instrument of disclaimer to the lord chancellor within one year of succeeding to the peerage, or within one year after the passage of the Act, or, if under the age of 21 at the time of succession, before the peer's 22nd birthday. If, at the time of succession, the peer is a member of the House of Commons, then the instrument must be delivered within one month of succession, and until such an instrument is delivered, the peer may neither sit nor vote in the lower House. Prior to the House of Lords Act 1999, a hereditary peer could not disclaim a peerage after having applied for a writ of summons to Parliament; now, however, hereditary peers do not have the automatic right to a writ of summons to the House. A peer who disclaims the peerage loses all titles, rights and privileges associated with the peerage; if they are married, so does their spouse. No further hereditary peerage may be conferred upon the person, but a life peerage may be. The peerage remains without a holder until the death of the peer who had made the disclaimer, when it descends to his or her heir in the usual manner.

The one-year window after the passage of the Act soon proved to be of importance at the highest levels of British politics, after the resignation of Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister in October 1963. Two hereditary peers wished to be considered to replace him, but by this time it was considered requisite that a prime minister sit in the Commons. The 2nd Viscount Hailsham and the 14th Earl of Home took advantage of the Act to disclaim their peerages, despite having inherited them in 1950 and 1951 respectively.[1] Sir Alec Douglas-Home, as Lord Home now became, was chosen as prime minister; both men later returned to the House of Lords as life peers.

Since the abolition in 1999 of the general right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, and the consequent removal of the general disability of such peers to sit in or vote for the House of Commons, it is no longer necessary for hereditary peers to disclaim their peerages for this purpose. In 2001, The 3rd Viscount Thurso became the first British hereditary peer to be elected to the Commons and take his seat. Later that year, Douglas Hogg inherited the peerage his father (Quintin Hogg) had disclaimed, but did not have to disclaim it himself to continue sitting in the House of Commons. In 2004, Michael Ancram became Marquess of Lothian on the death of his father, and was also able to continue sitting as an MP. On their retirements from the House of Commons, Lord Lothian (formerly Lord Ancram) and Hogg entered the House of Lords as life peers, while Lord Thurso was elected as an excepted hereditary peer after losing reelection as an MP. Since the chief purpose for the Act ended in 1999, only one disclaimer has occurred — Christopher Silkin disclaimed the title 3rd Baron Silkin in 2002.

The Act only applies to titles held in the Peerage of England, the Peerage of Scotland, the Peerage of Great Britain, and the Peerage of the United Kingdom. No provision was made by the Act for titles in the Peerage of Ireland to be disclaimed, as the entitlement of new Irish representative peers to be elected to sit in the House of Lords was considered to have lapsed after most of Ireland became independent as the Irish Free State in December 1922 (and the last surviving Irish representative peer had died in 1961).

Other provisions[edit]

The Act granted peers of Scotland the same right to sit in the House of Lords as peers of England, Great Britain or the United Kingdom, thereby ending the election of representative peers, thereby increasing the number of peers of Scotland in the Lords (who did not already sit as holder of another British peerage) from 16 to about 46.[5] An amendment that would have allowed Irish peers to sit in the House as well was defeated by ninety votes to eight.

The Act removed the disqualification of peers of Ireland, by virtue of an Irish peerage, to vote in elections for members of the House of Commons; and to sit in the British House of Commons without losing the privilege of peerage.[6]

The Act also granted suo jure hereditary women peers (other than those in the Peerage of Ireland) the right to sit in the House of Lords, which introduced twelve new women to the House. This was not the first time that women were members of the House of Lords; the Life Peerages Act 1958 allowed all life peers (men and women) to sit in the House. The 2nd Baroness Ravensdale had already entered the Lords in 1958 through the receipt of a life peerage. The women who took their seats in the House after the Peerage Act 1963 and before the House of Lords Act 1999 were:

Female hereditary peers[edit]

Key
double-dagger Indicates peerage which the holder is currently alive

Who took their seat[edit]

[7]
Title Name Title by marriage Date inherited peerage Date took seat Date left House of Lords Ref.
Kingdom of England The Baroness Strange of Knokin Elizabeth Philipps Viscountess St Davids 23 February 1921 [8] 19 November 1963 12 December 1974 [9]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Audley Rosina MacNamee 3 July 1963 20 November 1963 24 October 1973 [10]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Beaumont Mona Fitzalan-Howard Baroness Howard of Glossop 1 June 1896 [8] 4 December 1963 31 August 1971 [11]
Kingdom of Scotland The Lady Kinloss Mary Freeman-Grenville 17 October 1944 18 February 1964 11 November 1999 [12]
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Erroll Diana Hay 24 January 1941 29 July 1964 16 May 1978 [13]
Kingdom of Scotland The Lady Nairne Katherine Bigham Viscountess Mersey 3 June 1927 27 October 1964 20 October 1995 [14]
Kingdom of Scotland The Lady Sempill Ann Forbes-Sempill 30 December 1965 19 July 1966 6 July 1995 [15]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Berkeley Mary Foley-Berkeley 5 April 1967 [8] 10 May 1967 17 October 1992 [16]
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Loudoun Barbara Abney-Hastings 24 February 1960 22 June 1967 11 November 1999 [17]
Kingdom of Scotland The Lady Ruthven of Freeland Bridget Monckton Viscountess Monckton of Brenchley 6 April 1956 26 October 1967 17 April 1982 [18]
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Sutherland Elizabeth Sutherland 1 January 1963 27 March 1968 11 November 1999 [19]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Darcy de Knayth Davina Ingrams 23 March 1943 15 July 1969 24 February 2008 [20]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Dacre Rachel Douglas-Home 24 February 1970 [8] 28 May 1970 11 November 1999 [21]
United Kingdom The Baroness Portal of Hungerford Rosemary Portal 22 April 1971 26 April 1972 29 September 1990 [22]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Dudley Barbara Hamilton 19 April 1972 23 May 1973 11 November 1999 [23]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Lucas Anne Palmer 3 November 1958 10 June 1975 31 December 1991 [24]
double-dagger Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Mar Margaret of Mar 21 April 1975 28 October 1975 1 May 2020 [25]
double-dagger Kingdom of Scotland The Lady Saltoun Marjorie Fraser 3 December 1979 13 December 1979 12 December 2014 [26]
double-dagger Kingdom of England The Baroness Braye Mary Aubrey-Fletcher 19 December 1985 9 April 1986 11 November 1999 [27]
Kingdom of England The Baroness Strange Jean Drummond of Megginch 10 December 1986 [8] 17 December 1986 11 March 2005 [28]
United Kingdom The Countess Mountbatten of Burma Patricia Knatchbull Baroness Brabourne 27 August 1979 8 July 1987 11 November 1999
Kingdom of England The Baroness Wharton Myrtle Robertson 4 April 1990 [8] 25 June 1990 15 May 2000 [29]
double-dagger Kingdom of England The Baroness Willoughby de Eresby Jane Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby 29 March 1983 25 January 1994 11 November 1999 [30]
double-dagger Kingdom of England The Baroness Berners Pamela Kirkham 30 June 1995 [8] 25 October 1995 11 November 1999 [31]
double-dagger Kingdom of England The Baroness Arlington Jennifer Forwood 28 April 1999 [8] 27 May 1999 11 November 1999 [32]

Who did not take their seat[edit]

[33]
Title Name Title by marriage Date inherited peerage
Kingdom of England The Baroness Furnivall Mary Dent 3 May 1913 [8]
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Seafield Nina Caroline Studley-Herbert 12 November 1915
Kingdom of England The Baroness Zouche Mary Frankland 7 April 1917
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Dysart Wenefryde Scott 22 November 1935
Kingdom of England The Baroness Berners Vera Williams 19 April 1950
Kingdom of England The Baroness de Ros Georgiana Maxwell 9 August 1958 [8]
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Kintore Ethel Keith-Falconer Viscountess Stonehaven 26 May 1966
Kingdom of England The Baroness Wharton Elisabeth Kemeys-Tynte 22 July 1969
Kingdom of Scotland The Lady Herries of Terregles Anne Fitzalan-Howard Baroness Cowdrey of Tonbridge 31 January 1975
Kingdom of Scotland The Countess of Dysart Rosamund Greaves 2 June 1975

Scottish hereditary peers[edit]

Scottish peers with imperial status[edit]

Peer Imperial title(s)
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton Kingdom of Great Britain Duke of Brandon
Walter Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch and 10th Duke of Queensbury Kingdom of England Earl of Doncaster
Ian Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll United Kingdom Duke of Argyll
Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Sundridge
Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Hamilton of Hameldon
Angus Graham, 7th Duke of Montrose Kingdom of Great Britain Earl Graham of Belford
George Innes-Ker, 9th Duke of Roxburghe United Kingdom Earl Innes
Douglas Gordon, 12th Marquess of Huntly United Kingdom Baron Meldrum
David Hay, 12th Marquess of Tweeddale United Kingdom Baron Tweeddale
Peter Kerr, 12th Marquess of Lothian United Kingdom Baron Ker of Kersehugh
David Lindsay, 28th Earl of Crawford and 11th Earl of Balcarres United Kingdom Baron Wigan
Donald Erskine, 16th Earl of Buchan United Kingdom Baron Erskine
Archibald Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton United Kingdom Earl of Winton
United Kingdom Baron Ardrossan
Archibald Stuart, 19th Earl of Moray Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Stuart
Alec Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home United Kingdom Baron Douglas
Timothy Bowes-Lyon, 16th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne United Kingdom Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
United Kingdom Baron Bowes
Randolph Stewart, 12th Earl of Galloway Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Stewart of Garlies
William Hay, 15th Earl of Kinnoull Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Hay of Pedwardine
Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin and 14th Earl of Kincardine United Kingdom Baron Elgin
David Charteris, 12th Earl of Wemyss and 8th Earl of March United Kingdom Baron Wemyss
Simon Ramsay, 16th Earl of Dalhousie United Kingdom Baron Ramsey
Henry Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, 11th Earl of Dundee United Kingdom Baron Glassary
Arthur Keith-Falconer, 10th Earl of Kintore[a] United Kingdom Baron Kintore
John Murray, 9th Earl of Dunmore United Kingdom Baron Dunmore
John Dalrymple, 13th Earl of Stair United Kingdom Baron Oxenfoord
Harry Primrose, 6th Earl of Rosebery United Kingdom Earl of Midlothian
United Kingdom Baron Rosebury
Patrick Boyle, 8th Earl of Glasgow United Kingdom Baron Fairlie
Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat United Kingdom Baron Lovat
John Elphinstone, 17th Lord Elphinstone United Kingdom Baron Elphinstone
Nigel Napier, 14th Lord Napier United Kingdom Baron Ettrick
Eric Rollo, 13th Lord Rollo United Kingdom Baron Dunning
Kenneth Kinnaird, 12th Lord Kinnaird[b] United Kingdom Baron Kinnaird
Notes
  1. ^ The Barony of Kintore in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 26 May 1966
  2. ^ The Lordship of Kinnaird in the Peerage of Scotland and Barony of Kinnaird in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 27 February 1997

Scottish representative peers became automatic members[edit]

Peer Elected as representative peer
Iain Murray, 10th Duke of Atholl 1 October 1958
Roderick Sinclair, 19th Earl of Caithness 21 February 1950
John Erskine, 13th Earl of Mar and 16th Earl of Kellie 6 October 1959
David Drummond, 8th Earl of Perth 2 April 1952
George Baillie-Hamilton, 12th Earl of Haddington 16 November 1922
David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie 13 January 1922
George Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Selkirk 6 July 1945
David Carnegie, 11th Earl of Northesk 6 October 1959
Ian Cochrane, 14th Earl of Dundonald 6 October 1959
Nigel Forbes, 22nd Lord Forbes 23 May 1955
Alexander Fraser, 20th Lord Saltoun 15 November 1935
Charles St Clair, 17th Lord Sinclair 6 October 1959
William Forbes-Sempill, 19th Lord Sempill 15 November 1935
George Bruce, 7th Lord Balfour of Burleigh 16 November 1922
Thomas Fairfax, 13th Lord Fairfax of Cameron 6 July 1945
Henry Hepburne-Scott, 10th Lord Polwarth 6 July 1945

Eligible to sit[edit]

Peer Notes
David Douglas, 12th Marquess of Queensberry
Lionel Erskine-Young, 29th Earl of Mar
Sholto Douglas, 20th Earl of Morton
Malcolm Leslie, 20th Earl of Rothes Former representative peer
Alfred Maitland, 16th Earl of Lauderdale
William Lindesay-Bethune, 14th Earl of Lindsay Former representative peer
Alexander Leslie-Melville, 14th Earl of Leven and 13th Earl of Melville
John Campbell, 10th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland
Cecil FitzMaurice, 8th Earl of Orkney
Lucius Cary, 14th Viscount Falkland
Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott
Angus Campbell-Gray, 22nd Lord Gray
John Sandilands, 13th Lord Torphichen
Hugh Mackay, 14th Lord Reay
James Erskine-Murray, 13th Lord Elibank
Robert Hamilton, 13th Lord Belhaven and Stenton

The holder of the Earldom of Newburgh wasn't eligible as she was an Italian citizen.

Irish hereditary peers[edit]

Irish peers with imperial status[edit]

Peer Imperial title(s)
Edward FitzGerald, 7th Duke of Leinster Kingdom of Great Britain Viscount Leinster
United Kingdom Baron Kildare
James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn Kingdom of Great Britain Marquess of Abercorn
Kingdom of Great Britain Viscount Hamilton
John Beresford, 8th Marquess of Waterford Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Tyrone
Arthur Hill, 7th Marquess of Downshire Kingdom of Great Britain Earl of Hillsborough
Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Harwich
Edward Chichester, 6th Marquess of Donegall Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Fisherwick
Michael Taylour, 6th Marquess of Headfort United Kingdom Baron Kenlis
Denis Browne, 10th Marquess of Sligo United Kingdom Baron Monteagle
George Loftus, 7th Marquess of Ely United Kingdom Baron Loftus
Frederick Conyngham, 6th Marquess Conyngham United Kingdom Baron Minster
Alistair Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 9th Marquess of Londonderry United Kingdom Earl Vane
United Kingdom Baron Stewart
Arthur Butler, 6th Marquess of Ormonde[a] United Kingdom Baron Ormonde
William Boyle, 12th Earl of Cork and 12th Earl of Orrery Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Boyle of Marston
Anthony Brabazon, 14th Earl of Meath United Kingdom Baron Chaworth
Oliver Plunket, 12th Earl of Fingall[b] United Kingdom Baron Fingall
Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda United Kingdom Baron Moore
Arthur Forbes, 9th Earl of Granard United Kingdom Baron Granard
Thomas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam[c] Kingdom of Great Britain Earl Fitzwilliam
Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Fitzwilliam
Peter Bligh, 10th Earl of Darnley Kingdom of England Baron Clifton
Frederick Perceval, 11th Earl of Egmont[d] Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Lovel and Holland
Frederick Ponsonby, 10th Earl of Bessborough[e] United Kingdom Earl of Bessborough
Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Ponsonby of Sysonby
United Kingdom Baron Duncannon
Brian Butler, 9th Earl of Carrick United Kingdom Baron Butler of Mount Juliet
Robert Boyle, 8th Earl of Shannon Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Carleton
Arthur Gore, 8th Earl of Arran United Kingdom Baron Sudley
James Stopford, 8th Earl of Courtown Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Saltersford
Hugh Molyneux, 7th Earl of Sefton[f] United Kingdom Baron Sefton
John Meade, 6th Earl of Clanwilliam United Kingdom Baron Clanwilliam
Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford United Kingdom Baron Silchester
United Kingdom Baron Pakenham
David Cole, 6th Earl of Enniskillen United Kingdom Baron Grinstead
Henry Crichton, 6th Earl Erne United Kingdom Baron Fermanagh
George Bingham, 6th Earl of Lucan United Kingdom Baron Bingham
John Hely-Hutchinson, 7th Earl of Donoughmore United Kingdom Viscount Hutchinson
Edmund Pery, 5th Earl of Limerick United Kingdom Baron Foxford
Richard Trench, 6th Earl of Clancarty United Kingdom Viscount Clancarty
United Kingdom Baron Trench
Archibald Acheson, 6th Earl of Gosford United Kingdom Baron Worlingham
United Kingdom Baron Acheson
Edward Ellis Agar, 5th Earl of Normanton United Kingdom Baron Somerton
William Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel United Kingdom Baron Hare
Daniel Knox, 6th Earl of Ranfurly United Kingdom Baron Ranfurly
Nicholas Preston, 17th Viscount Gormanston United Kingdom Baron Gormanston
Piers Butler, 16th Viscount Mountgarret United Kingdom Baron Mountgarret
John Whyte-Melville-Skeffington, 13th Viscount Massereene and 6th Viscount Ferrard United Kingdom Baron Oriel
Richard Dawnay, 10th Viscount Downe United Kingdom Baron Dawnay
Gustavus Hamilton-Russell, 10th Viscount Boyne United Kingdom Baron Brancepeth
Henry Gage, 6th Viscount Gage Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Gage
Simon Monckton-Arundell, 9th Viscount Galway[g] United Kingdom Baron Monckton
Mervyn Patrick Wingfield, 9th Viscount Powerscourt United Kingdom Baron Powerscourt
Henry Monck, 6th Viscount Monck United Kingdom Baron Monck
Edward Digby, 11th Baron Digby Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Digby
William Edwardes, 7th Baron Kensington United Kingdom Baron Kensington
Edward Stanley, 6th Baron Sheffield United Kingdom Baron Stanley of Alderley
United Kingdom Baron Eddisbury
William Warner Westenra, 7th Baron Rossmore United Kingdom Baron Rossmore
Michael Eden, 7th Baron Henley United Kingdom Baron Northington
John Henniker-Major, 7th Baron Henniker United Kingdom Baron Hartismere
Milo Talbot, 7th Baron Talbot of Malahide United Kingdom Baron Talbot de Malahide[h]
William Conolly-Carew, 6th Baron Carew United Kingdom Baron Carew
Dominick Browne, 4th Baron Oranmore and Browne United Kingdom Baron Mereworth
  • Ian Eden, 9th Baron Auckland and Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington are not counted on the list as they were both the 9th and 6th Barons of their respective Peerages in both the Peerage of Great Britain and Peerage of Ireland and their place in the order of precedence was Barons of the Peerage of Great Britain.
Notes
  1. ^ The Marquessate of Ormonde in the Peerage of Ireland and the Barony of Ormonde was extinct on 25 October 1997
  2. ^ The Earldom of Fingall in the Peerage of Ireland and the Barony of Fingall in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 5 March 1984
  3. ^ The Earldom of Fitzwilliam in the Peerage of Ireland, the Earldom of Fitzwilliam and the Barony of Fitzwilliam in the Peerage of Great Britain was extinct on 21 September 1979
  4. ^ The Earldom of Egmont in the Peerage of Ireland and the Barony of Lovel and Holland in the Peerage of Great Britain was extinct on 6 November 2011
  5. ^ The Earldom of Bessborough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 5 December 1993
  6. ^ The Earldom of Sefton in the Peerage of Ireland and the Barony of Sefton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 13 April 1972
  7. ^ The Barony of Monckton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 1 January 1971
  8. ^ The Barony of Talbot de Malahide in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was extinct on 14 April 1973

Irish peers with full voting rights[edit]

Peer Notes
Gilbert Charles Nugent, 12th Earl of Westmeath
Michael Lambart, 12th Earl of Cavan
Denis Butler, 9th Earl of Lanesborough[a]
John Savile, 7th Earl of Mexborough
Ronald Turnour, 7th Earl Winterton
Barclay King-Tenison, 11th Earl of Kingston
Robert Jocelyn, 9th Earl of Roden
Ernest Vaughan, 7th Earl of Lisburne
Randal McDonnell, 8th Earl of Antrim
double-dagger George Dawson-Damer, 7th Earl of Portarlington
Terence Bourke, 10th Earl of Mayo Stood for South Dorset in 1964
Robert Annesley, 9th Earl Annesley
William Howard, 8th Earl of Wicklow[b]
double-dagger John Lowry-Corry, 8th Earl Belmore
Percy Bernard, 5th Earl of Bandon[c]
double-dagger Arthur Stuart, 8th Earl Castle Stewart
Denis Alexander, 6th Earl of Caledon
Michael Parsons, 6th Earl of Rosse
Richard Wyndham-Quin, 6th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl[d]
Patrick Needham, 5th Earl of Kilmorey
Noel Graham-Toler, 6th Earl of Norbury
Francis Annesley, 14th Viscount Valentia
Michael Dillon, 20th Viscount Dillon
Robert Caulfeild, 10th Viscount Charlemont
Richard Molesworth, 11th Viscount Molesworth
Adam Chetwynd, 9th Viscount Chetwynd
Pyers Southwell, 7th Viscount Southwell
John Vesey, 6th Viscount de Vesci
Alan Hewitt, 8th Viscount Lifford
Edward Ward, 7th Viscount Bangor
Richard St Leger, 9th Viscount Doneraile
Henry Pomeroy, 9th Viscount Harberton
Robert Maude, 8th Viscount Hawarden
Henry Upton, 5th Viscount Templetown[e]
Standish Vereker, 7th Viscount Gort
Michael de Courcy, 34th Baron Kingsale
Randal Plunkett, 19th Baron of Dunsany
Charles Barnewall, 19th Baron Trimlestown
Patrick Butler, 18th Baron Dunboyne
Otway Plunkett, 16th Baron Louth
Donough O'Brien, 16th Baron Inchiquin
John Evans-Freke, 10th Baron Carbery
John Aylmer, 9th Baron Aylmer
Barry Maxwell, 12th Baron Farnham
John Lysaght, 7th Baron Lisle
Robert Wynn, 6th Baron Newborough
Alexander Macdonald, 7th Baron Macdonald
Hugh Massy, 9th Baron Massy
Matthew Deane, 7th Baron Muskerry
John Browne, 6th Baron Kilmaine
Frederick Cavendish, 7th Baron Waterpark
Henry Graves, 7th Baron Graves
Henry Hotham, 7th Baron Hotham
Rowland Allanson-Winn, 6th Baron Headley[f]
Edward Crofton, 5th Baron Crofton
Peter ffrench, 7th Baron ffrench
Hugh Shore, 6th Baron Teignmouth[g]
Geoffrey Alexander Rowley-Conwy, 9th Baron Langford
Arthur Eveleigh-de-Moleyns, 7th Baron Ventry
Henry Prittie, 6th Baron Dunalley
John Bingham, 7th Baron Clanmorris
Robert Trench, 4th Baron Ashtown
Charles Thellusson, 8th Baron Rendlesham
John Handcock, 7th Baron Castlemaine
Arthur Beresford, 6th Baron Decies
George Canning, 5th Baron Garvagh
Edward Bellew, 5th Baron Bellew
Edmund Roche, 5th Baron Fermoy
double-dagger Thomas McClintock-Bunbury, 5th Baron Rathdonnell
Notes
  1. ^ The Earldom of Lanesborough was extinct on 21 December 1998
  2. ^ The Earldom of Wicklow was extinct on 8 February 1978
  3. ^ The Earldom of Bandon was extinct on 8 February 1979
  4. ^ The Earldom of Dunraven and Mount-Earl was extinct on 25 March 2011
  5. ^ The Viscountcy of Templetown was extinct on 10 February 1981
  6. ^ The Barony of Headley was extinct on 23 February 1994
  7. ^ The Barony of Teignmouth was extinct on 7 July 1981

List of disclaimed peerages[edit]

Key
double-dagger Indicates peerage which is currently disclaimed
Title(s) Disclaimed by; life Time disclaimed Notes Ref.
United Kingdom Viscount Stansgate Tony Benn
2nd Viscount
1925–2014
1963 to 2014 Extant; inherited in 2014 by Stephen Benn, 3rd Viscount Stansgate [1][4]
United Kingdom Baron Altrincham John Grigg
2nd Baron
1924–2001
1963 to 2001 Extant; inherited in 2001 by Anthony Grigg, 3rd Baron Altrincham [4][34]
Kingdom of Scotland Earl of Home Sir Alec Douglas-Home
14th Earl
1903–1995[a]
1963 to 1995 Extant; inherited in 1995 by David Douglas-Home, 15th Earl of Home [35][1]
United Kingdom Viscount Hailsham Quintin Hogg
2nd Viscount
1907–2001[b]
1963 to 2001 Extant; inherited in 2001 by Douglas Martin Hogg, 3rd Viscount Hailsham [36][1]
Kingdom of Great Britain Baron Southampton Charles FitzRoy
5th Baron
1904–1989
1964 to 1989 Extant; inherited in 1989 by Charles FitzRoy, 6th Baron Southampton [37]
United Kingdom Baron Monkswell William Collier
4th Baron
1913–1984
1964 to 1984 Extant; inherited in 1984 by Gerard Collier, 5th Baron Monkswell [38]
United Kingdom Baron Beaverbrook Sir Max Aitken, Bt.
2nd Baron
1910–1985
1964 to 1985 Extant; inherited in 1985 by Maxwell Aitken, 3rd Baron Beaverbrook [39]
Kingdom of England Earl of Sandwich Victor Montagu
10th Earl
1906–1995
1964 to 1995 Extant; inherited in 1995 by John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich [40]
United Kingdom Baron Fraser of Allander Sir Hugh Fraser, Bt.
2nd Baron
1936–1987
1966 to 1987 Extinct 1987 [41]
United Kingdom Earl of Durham Antony Lambton
6th Earl
1922–2006
1970 to 2006 Extant; inherited in 2006 by Edward Lambton, 7th Earl of Durham [42]
double-daggerUnited Kingdom Baron Sanderson of Ayot Alan Lindsay Sanderson
2nd Baron
born 1931
Since 1971 [43]
United Kingdom Baron Reith Christopher Reith
2nd Baron
1928–2016
1972 to 2016 Extant; inherited in 2016 by James Reith, 3rd Baron Reith [44]
United Kingdom Baron Silkin Arthur Silkin
2nd Baron
1916–2001
1972 to 2001 Inherited in 2001 by Christopher Silkin, 3rd Baron Silkin, who also disclaimed the peerage [45]
United Kingdom Baron Archibald George Christopher Archibald
2nd Baron
1926–1996
1975 to 1996 Extinct 1996 [46]
United Kingdom Baron Merthyr Trevor Lewis
4th Baron
1935–2015
1977 to 2015 Extant; inherited in 2015 by David Lewis, 5th Baron Merthyr [47]
double-daggerKingdom of Scotland Earl of Selkirk Lord James Douglas-Hamilton
11th Earl
born 1942[c]
Since 1994 [48]
United Kingdom Viscount Camrose Michael Berry, Baron Hartwell
3rd Viscount
1911–2001
1995 to 2001 Extant; inherited in 2001 by Adrian Berry, 4th Viscount Camrose [49]
double-daggerUnited Kingdom Baron Silkin Christopher Silkin
3rd Baron
born 1947
Since 2002 [50]
Notes
  1. ^ Created life peer as Baron Home of the Hirsel, 1974.
  2. ^ Created life peer as Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, 1970.
  3. ^ Created life peer as Baron Selkirk of Douglas, 1997.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Disclaiming a peerage". BBC News. London: British Broadcasting Corporation. 14 July 2005. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
  2. ^ Zander, Michael, QC (11 April 2014). "How to lose a title". New Law Journal (7602). Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  3. ^ "No. 43072". The London Gazette. 2 August 1963. pp. 6533–6534.
  4. ^ a b c "No. 43072". The London Gazette. 2 August 1963. p. 6534.
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  29. ^ "The Barony Of Wharton - Hansard". hansard.parliament.uk.
  30. ^ "House Of Lords - Hansard". hansard.parliament.uk.
  31. ^ "The Barony Of Berners - Hansard". hansard.parliament.uk.
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