Jesus College, Cambridge
|University of Cambridge|
|Scarf colours: three equal stripes of red and black, with red in the middle on one side of the scarf, and black in the middle on the other|
|Location||Jesus Lane (map)|
|Coordinates||52°12′33″N 00°07′24″E / 52.20917°N 0.12333°E|
|Full name||The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, within the City and University of Cambridge|
|Motto||Prosperum iter facias (Latin)|
|Motto in English||"May your journey be successful"|
|Named after||Jesus of Nazareth|
|Sister college||Jesus College, Oxford|
Jesus College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college's full name is The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge. Its common name comes from the name of its chapel, Jesus Chapel.
Jesus College was established in 1496 on the site of the twelfth-century Benedictine nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund by John Alcock, then Bishop of Ely. The cockerel is the symbol of Jesus College, after the surname of its founder. For the 300 years from 1560 to 1860, Jesus College was primarily a training college for Church of England clergy.
Jesus College has assets of approximately £344m making it Cambridge's fourth-wealthiest college. The college is known for its particularly expansive grounds which include its sporting fields and for its close proximity to its boathouse.
Three members of Jesus College have received a Nobel Prize. Two fellows of the college have been appointed to the International Court of Justice.
Sonita Alleyne was elected master of Jesus College in 2019, 40 years after the college began admitting women as students. She is also the first black leader of an Oxbridge college.
When founded in 1496, the College consisted of buildings taken over from the Nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund, which was founded at the beginning of the 12th century; the chapel is the oldest university building in Cambridge still in use and predates the foundation of the college by 350 years, the University by half a century.
The Benedictine Convent, upon dissolution, included the chapel and the cloister attached to it; the nuns' refectory, which became the college hall; and the former lodging of the prioress, which became the Master's Lodge. This set of buildings remains the core of the college to this day and this accounts for its distinctly monastic architectural style, which sets it apart from other Cambridge colleges. A library was soon added, and the chapel was considerably modified and reduced in scale by Alcock. At its foundation, the college had a master, six fellows and six scholars.
Jesus College admits undergraduate and graduate students to all subjects at the university though typically accepts a larger number of students for engineering, medicine, law, natural sciences, mathematics, economics, history, languages, and human, social and political sciences. The college offers a wide range of scholarships.
The college consistently performs well in the informal Tompkins Table, which ranks Cambridge colleges by undergraduate results. Along with students from Trinity, King's, Christ's and St John's, students of the college have been members of the Cambridge Apostles.
Buildings and grounds
The main entrance to Jesus College is a walled passage known as the "Chimney". The term is derived from the Middle French word cheminée, for "little path" or "little way". The Chimney leads directly to the Porter's Lodge and then into First Court. All the courts at the college, with the exception of the cloister, are open on at least one side.
The Quincentenary Library is the main library of Jesus College and is open 24 hours a day. The library was designed by Eldred Evans and David Shalev in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of the foundation of the college in 1996. Completion of the library was shortly followed by a new accommodation building in 2000, now known as Library Court. The Quincentenary Library has a particularly large law collection, housed in a law library on the ground floor.
The Old Library was in regular use until 1912. It still contains over 9,000 books and is available to private researchers upon appointment. The Old Library includes the Malthus Collection, being the family collection of alumnus Thomas Malthus, famous for his study An Essay on the Principle of Population which influenced Charles Darwin.
Jesus College has large sporting grounds on-site. These include football, rugby, cricket, tennis, squash, basketball and hockey pitches. The Jesus College Boat House is 400 yards away, across Midsummer Common.
The college frequently hosts exhibitions of sculpture by contemporary artists. It has hosted work by Sir Antony Gormley, Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, and Barry Flanagan. The college grounds also include a nature trail, inspired by poetry composed by Samuel Taylor Coleridge during his time as a student.
Jesus College is one of the few colleges to allow anyone to walk on the lawns of its courts, with the exception of First Court, Cloister Court and those that are burial sites for deceased nuns from the original nunnery.
Chapel and choir
The College Chapel was founded in 1157 and took until 1245 to complete, and is believed to be the oldest university building in Cambridge still in use. Originally it was the chapel of the Benedictine Convent of St Mary and St Radegund, which was dissolved by Bishop John Alcock.
The original structure of the chapel was cruciform in shape and the nave had both north and south aisles. A high, pitched roof was surmounted by a belfry and steeple; this collapsed in 1277. The chapel was also used as the parish church of St Radegund. Twice the chapel was ravaged by fire, in 1313 and 1376.
When the college took over the precincts during the 15th century, the parish was renamed after the college as Jesus parish, with the churchyard still being used for burials. This, however, was short-lived, as by the middle of the 16th century Jesus' parish was absorbed into that of All Saints. Significant alterations were carried out to the church under Alcock, transforming the cathedral-sized church, which was the largest in Cambridge into a College chapel for a small group of scholars. A large part of the original nave was replaced by College rooms, and subsequently part of the Master's Lodge.
The misericords were created by the architect Augustus Pugin between 1849 and 1853. Pugin used fragments of the misericords dating from 1500, which had been preserved in the Master's Lodge as templates. Repairs were also undertaken by George Frederick Bodley between 1864 and 1867, who commissioned decorative schemes from Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. The same firm returned in the 1870s to install stained glass.
Said and sung services are held every day during the term. Choral Evensong take place four times a week (Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays), and is sung Eucharist on Sunday mornings. There are also Compline twice a term, as well as Masses on major holy days. The chapel, famed for its warm but clean acoustics, is also much sought-after space for concerts and recitals, as well as recordings.
Jesus College maintains two highly regarded choirs, the College Choir and the Chapel Choir.
- The College Choir consists of male and female students and sings regular services twice a week in the chapel. One of the leading choirs in Cambridge, its singers are mainly drawn from the college's own students, but also include singers from a number of other colleges. Evensong is sung by the College Choir on Tuesdays at 6.30 pm and Sundays at 6.00 pm during Full Term; Sunday Eucharists are sung by a consort of singers from the College Choir.
- The Chapel Choir, which is likely to have existed since the foundation of the college, consists of around 20 younger choristers combined with the lower voices of the College Choir and also sings services twice a week in the chapel. It is unique among Cambridge college choirs in that the choristers are volunteers: that is, they are drawn from schools around the city and do not attend a particular choir school. The Chapel Choir sings Evensong on Thursdays and Saturdays at 6.30 pm.
Until December 2016, Mark Williams, former assistant organist at St Paul's Cathedral had been the Director of Music since September 2009; Richard Pinel, former assistant organist at St George's Chapel, Windsor and Organ Scholar at Magdalen College, Oxford, was the Director of Music. until the end of 2022, where he gave his position to Peter Wright, so took on the role as acting Director of Music whilst they were looking for someone permanent. Currently, Benjamin Sheen is the newly appointer Director of Music. Former Organ Scholars include Malcolm Archer, who (until 2018) was the Organist and Director of Chapel Music, Winchester College, James O'Donnell, Organist and Master of the Choristers of Westminster Abbey, and Charles Harrison, Organist and Master of the Choristers of Chichester Cathedral.,
The following Latin grace is recited before formal dinners at Jesus College (Oratio Ante Cibum; English: "Prayer before Food"):
Oculi omnium in te aspiciunt et in te sperant, Deus. Tu das illis escam tempore opportuno. Aperis tu manus, et imples omne animal benedictione tua. Benedic nobis, Domine, et omnibus tuis donis, quae ex larga liberalitate tua sumpturi sumus, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Deus est caritas. Qui manet in caritate manet in Deo et Deus in illo. Sit Deus in nobis, et nos maneamus in illo.
The eyes of all look towards you and trust in you, O God. You give them food in due season. You open your hands and fill every living thing with your blessing. Bless us, O Lord, and all your gifts, which through your great generosity we are about to receive, through Jesus Christ our Lord. God is love. He who abides in love abides in God and God in him. May God be in us and may we abide in him.
The following Oratio Post Cibum (English: "Prayer after Food") is sometimes read after dinner:
Deus pacis et dilectionis semper maneat nobiscum; tu autem, Domine, miserere nostrum. Agimus tibi gratias pro omnibus tuis beneficiis, qui vivis et regnas, Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum. Deus conservet Ecclesiam, Reginam, regnum, senatum, et pacem.
May the God of peace and love always abide with us; have mercy upon us, O Lord. We thank you for all your mercies, who live and reign, God, forever and ever. May God preserve the Church, the Queen, the realm, Parliament and peace.
However, after a normal formal dinner in Hall the following short responsory is usually used:
- The Presiding Fellow: Laus Deo (Praise be to God)
- The college: Deo Gratias (Thanks be to God)
Although Jesus College is one of the older colleges at the university, it is known for having a relaxed and informal atmosphere. This is in large part attributable to its active student unions, the Jesus College Student Union (JCSU) and the Jesus College Graduate Union (MCR). These unions organise a wide range of social, cultural, welfare and sporting events throughout the year. The John Hughes Arts Festival, founded by College students in 2014 in memory of the late Dean of Chapel, John Hughes, enters its third year in 2017, providing a broad programme of arts events.
Jesus College hosts an annual May Ball. Musician James Bay played at the 2015 May Ball. The headliners for 2016 were Coasts, Clean Bandit and Jack Garratt.
Jesus College offers a large number of sports, including rowing, football, rugby, hockey, tennis, squash and basketball. The college typically fields a number of teams in each sport. The Jesus College Boat Club is particularly strong, with the 1st Men's VIII never having dropped below 12th place in the May Bumps and 11th position in the Lent Bumps. The JCBC organises the annual Fairbairn Cup Races.
A three-course dinner known as Formal Hall is served in the college's main dining hall five nights a week. Gowns are worn by all members of the college, along with lounge suits for men and formal dresses for women. A four-course dinner for graduate students of the college known as Grad Hall is served in Upper Hall each Wednesday. Unlike most traditional Oxbridge colleges, the college allows graduate students to dine at High Table on Tuesdays.
The college also offers informal dining at lunch and dinner known as Caff, as well as brunch on Saturday mornings and a carvery lunch on Sundays. The college also has a popular student bar known as JBar which sells a wide variety of drinks, including JPA (Jesus Pale Ale).
Masters and fellows
Masters of the college
Sonita Alleyne was elected master of the college in 2019. She was preceded by Ian White, former Van Eck Professor of Engineering at the university. Previous masters of the college include:
- Robert Mair (2001–2011), former Sir Kirby Laing Professor of Civil Engineering at the university;
- Professor David Crighton (1997–2000), former Professor of Applied Mathematics at the university;
- Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn (1986–1996), former Disney Professor of Archaeology at the university;
- Sir Alan Cottrell (1973–1986), former Goldsmiths' Professor of Materials Science and later Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister; and
- Sir Denys Page (1959–1973), former Regius Professor of Greek and President of the British Academy.
Fellows of the college
Three members of the college have received Nobel Prizes. Philip W. Anderson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (1977). Anderson was a fellow from 1969 to 1975 while he held a visiting professorship at the Cavendish Laboratory and has been an Honourary Fellow since 1978. Peter D. Mitchell, an undergraduate and later research student, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1978). He became an Honourary Fellow in 1979. Eric Maskin was a joint winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2007. Maskin was a research fellow from 1976 to 1977 and has been an Honourary Fellow since 2009.
Several prominent figures in the law have been fellows of the college. Professor Glanville Williams, described as Britain's foremost scholar of criminal law, was a Fellow from 1957 to 1978. The Glanville Williams Society, consisting of current and former members of Jesus College, meets annually in his honour. Justice David Hayton, editor of Underhill and Hayton's Law of Trusts and Trustees and current judge of the Caribbean Court of Justice was a Fellow from 1973 to 1987. Professor Robert Jennings was a Fellow of the college and later Whewhell Professor of International Law (1955–1982) before his appointment to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), where he served as a Judge (1982–1991) and later as President (1991–1995). Professor James Crawford was also a Fellow of the college and later Whewhell Professor of International Law (1992–2014) before his appointment to the International Court of Justice in November 2014. Current Honourary Fellows include Lord Roger Toulson of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Sir Rupert Jackson of the Court of Appeal, and Sir Colman Treacy, also of the Court of Appeal, all of whom were students of the college.
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. (May 2019)
John Bale, controversial historian, playwright and Bishop of Ossory.
Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, chief overseer of the production of the King James Bible.
Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, Elizabethan poet, dramatist and statesman.
John Flamsteed, the English astronomer and first Astronomer Royal.
Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, noted Whig and Hanoverian supporter.
Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist and Anglican clergyman.
Steve Fairbairn, Australian rower and influential rowing coach.
Alistair Cooke, British/American journalist.
Andrew Mitchell, Conservative MP.
Nick Hornby, English novelist, author of About a Boy.
Grace Chatto, member of the band Clean Bandit, who were all educated at the college.
Thomas Cranmer, the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, responsible for the Book of Common Prayer, attended the college from 1503, at the age of fourteen.
Robert Malthus, British scholar, philosopher, economist and population theorist was admitted to the college in 1784, and elected a Fellow in 1793.
The English poet and Romantic, Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Prince Edward, Duke of Edinburgh, the fourth and youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II
Turi King, Professor of Public engagement and Genetics
|Double dates may indicate Old Style and New Style dates.|
|Thomas Cranmer||1489||1556||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|John Bale||1495||1563||Bishop of Ossory|
|Thomas Goodrich||1494||1554||Bishop of Ely|
|Arthur Golding||1535/6||1606||Protestant propagandist|
|Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke||1554||1628||Elizabethan poet, playwright, statesman and biographer of Sir Philip Sidney|
|Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington||1570/1||1631||Antiquarian, MP and founder of the Cotton Library.|
|Thomas Beard||1632||English cleric, theologian, Puritan and schoolmaster of Oliver Cromwell.|
|Francis Higginson||1588||1630||Early Puritan minister in Colonial New England, and first minister of Salem, Massachusetts.|
|Richard Sterne||1596||1683||Archbishop of York, Master of Jesus College (1634)|
|John Eliot||1604||1690||Puritan missionary who translated the Bible into Algonquian.|
|Sir Richard Fanshawe, 1st Baronet||1608||1666||English diplomat, translator and poet.|
|John Strype||1643||1737||English cleric, historian and biographer|
|William Beale||1784||1854||Master of Jesus College (1632)[Dates appear not to agree.]|
|John Flamsteed||1646||1719||First Astronomer Royal|
|Thomas Herring||1693||1757||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Matthew Hutton||1693||1758||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|John Jortin||1698||1770||Ecclesiastical historian|
|Henry Venn||1725||1797||A leader of the Evangelical movement in the Church of England|
|Gilbert Wakefield||1756||1801||Principal of two nonconformist academies|
|Thomas Robert Malthus||1766||1834||Population theorist|
|William Otter||1768||1840||First Principal of King's College London|
|Samuel Taylor Coleridge||1772||1834||Poet, critic and philosopher|
|William Percy Carpmael||1853||1936||Founder of the Barbarians' Rugby Club|
|Sandford Schultz||1857||1937||England cricketer|
|Charles Whibley||1859||1930||Journalist and author|
|Herbert Williams||1860||1937||Bishop of Waiapu, New Zealand|
|Steve Fairbairn||1862||1938||Rowing coach|
|Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch||1863||1944||Novelist and critic|
|Gregor MacGregor||1869||1919||Scotland Rugby Union player and England cricketer|
|John Maxwell Edmonds||1875||1958||Classicist, poet. dramatist and writer of celebrated epitaphs|
|Robert Stanford Wood||1886||1963||First Vice-Chancellor of the University of Southampton|
|Bernard Vann||1887||1918||Recipient of the Victoria Cross and League footballer for Derby County from 1906 to 1907|
|Sir Harold Scott||1887||1969||Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service from 1945 to 1953|
|E. M. W. Tillyard||1889||1962||Literary critic, master[clarification needed] (1945–1959)|
|Hon. F.S. G. Calthorpe||1892||1935||England cricket captain|
|Tom Lowry||1898||1976||New Zealand cricket captain|
|Jacob Bronowski||1908||1974||Scientist and mathematician|
|Tom Killick||1907||1953||England cricketer|
|Lord (Saville) Garner||1908||1983||British High Commissioner to Canada, Head of the Diplomatic Service|
|James Reeves||1909||1978||Author and literary critic|
|Don Siegel||1912||1991||American film director and producer|
|David Clive Crosbie Trench||1915||1988||24th Governor of Hong Kong|
|Peter Mitchell||1920||1992||Biochemist; won the 1978 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis|
|Sir John Jardine Paterson||1920||2000||Businessman in India|
|Raymond Williams||1921||1988||Literary and cultural critic|
|Edwin Boston||1924||1986||Clergyman and steam enthusiast|
|Maurice Cowling||1926||2005||Historian of "high politics"|
|Harold Perkin||1926||2004||Social historian|
|J. B. Steane||1928||2011||Music critic and musicologist|
|Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon||1930||2017||Photographer and film-maker and ex-husband to the late Princess Margaret, Queen Elizabeth II's sister|
|Peter Hurford||1930||2019||Organist and composer|
|Michael Podro||1931||2008||Art historian|
|Richard Hey Lloyd||1933||2021||Organist and composer|
|Ted Dexter||1935||2021||England cricket captain|
|Peter G. Fletcher||1936||1996||British conductor and author|
|Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn||1937||Archaeologist|
|Fernando Vianello||1939||2009||Italian economist|
|Deryck Murray||1943||West Indies cricketer|
|Paul Harrison||1945||Founder of the World Pantheist Movement, UNEP Global 500 Roll of Honour, author|
|Roger Toulson||1946||2017||Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Sir David Hare||1947||Playwright|
|Stefan Collini||1947||Literary critic and historian|
|Sir Rupert Jackson||1948||Justice of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales|
|Simon Hornblower||1949||Professor of Classics and Grote Professor of Ancient History, University College London|
|Aidan Bellenger||1950||Historian, former abbot of Downside Abbey.|
|Tony Wilson||1950||2007||Journalist, founder of Factory Records|
|David Wootton||1950||Lord Mayor of London|
|Kimberley Rew||1951||Songwriter and guitarist|
|Malcolm Archer||1952||Director of Chapel Music at Winchester College|
|Bernard Silverman||1952||British statistician and Master of St Peter's College, Oxford.|
|Geoff Hoon||1953||Former Secretary of State for Defence, Chief Whip, Secretary to the Treasury and Secretary of State for Transport|
|Anthony Julius||1956||British lawyer|
|Andrew Mitchell||1956||Secretary of State for International Development (from May 2010)|
|Nick Hornby||1957||Novelist and journalist|
|Shaun Woodward||1958||British politician, former Secretary of State for Northern Ireland|
|John Baron||1959||British Conservative politician|
|James O'Donnell||1961||Organist and Master of the Choristers of Westminster Abbey|
|Theodore Huckle||1962||Counsel General for Wales|
|Glen Goei||1962||Film and theatre director|
|Quentin Letts||1963||British journalist, currently writing for the New Statesman|
|Andrew Solomon||1963||Writer and professor of Clinical Psychology; winner of the 2001 National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize finalist|
|Prince Edward||1964||Duke of Edinburgh|
|James Wood||1965||Literary critic|
|Philip Hensher||1965||Novelist and journalist|
|Stephanie Theobald||1966||Novelist and journalist|
|Lewis Pugh||1969||Endurance swimmer and Ocean advocate|
|Turi King||1969||Professor of Public engagement and Geneticsat the University of Leicester|
|Giles Dilnot||1971||Television presenter and journalist|
|Charles Harrison||1974||Organist and Master of the Choristers of Chichester Cathedral|
|Alexis Taylor||1980||Musician with Hot Chip, composer, singer|
|Jason Forbes||1990||Actor, comedian|
- Colleges at the University of Cambridge
- List of Masters of Jesus College, Cambridge
- List of organ scholars at British Universities
- Jesus College, Oxford sister college at Oxford
- Okukor, a Benin bronze
- Tobias Rustat
- ^ College Statutes  Archived 18 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine, October 2011
- ^ University of Cambridge (6 March 2019). "Notice by the Editor". Cambridge University Reporter. 149 (Special No 5): 1. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- ^ "Coats of Arms". Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- ^ Walker, Timea (2 February 2022). "Jesus College". www.undergraduate.study.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2022.
- ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 92. .
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- ^ Namely, Professor Sir Robert Jennings and Professor James Crawford: http://www.jesus.cam.ac.uk/admissions/undergraduates/subject-information/law/judges/ Archived 27 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
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- ^ http://www.jesus.cam.ac.uk/about-jesus-college/history/pen-portraits/samuel-taylor-coleridge/; Archived 30 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine http://www.jesus.cam.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/undergraduatehandbook.pdf Archived 11 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Naylor, Gillian, ed. (1988). William Morris by himself: Designs and writings. p. 40. ISBN 9780356153209.
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- ^ "Choir - Jesus College Cambridge". Archived from the original on 30 April 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- ^ "Jesus College Choir - Services".
- ^ Poole, Sarah Cathedral organist secures dream job, 6 April 2009, Bolton News. Retrieved on 19 April 2009.
- ^ New Informator Choristorum appointed Archived 26 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Oxford University. Retrieved on 19 April 2009.
- ^ College, Jesus. "Choir staff and Organ Scholars". Jesus College University of Cambridge. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- ^ "English translation, (according to Google Translate), of the Latin phrase "Oratio Post Cibum"". Google Translate. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- ^ "JHAF - Illuminate".
- ^ "REVIEW: Jesus May Ball". 21 June 2015.
- ^ "Jesus May Ball: Headliner REVEALED". 24 April 2016.
- ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Jesus May Ball – DJ Set announcement".
- ^ "Jesus Bar | Jesus College Student Union". jcsu.jesus.cam.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014.
- ^ Jointly with Sir Neville Mott and John van Fleck: http://www.jesus.cam.ac.uk/about-jesus-college/history/nobel-laureates/ Archived 13 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Nobel Laureates - Jesus College Cambridge". Archived from the original on 13 February 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- ^ "Glanville Williams, 86, Teacher And Authority on Criminal Law". The New York Times. 21 April 1997.
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- ^ "Caribbean Court of Justice".
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- ^ "James Balfour Wemyss". Cambridge Alumni Database. Retrieved 27 November 2022.
- ^ People of Today (Debrett, 2006, p. 120)
- ^ "Dr Turi King awarded prestigious Fellowship".