John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway

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The Earl of Galloway
Mengs, John Viscount Garlies.jpg
Stewart as Master of Garlies
by Anton Raphael Mengs, 1758
Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright
In office
1803–1806
Preceded byViscount Garlies
Succeeded byThe Earl of Selkirk
Lord Lieutenant of Wigtown
In office
1794–1806
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byEarl of Galloway
Member of Parliament
for Ludgershall
In office
1768–1773
Preceded byThomas Whately
John Paterson
Succeeded bySir Peniston Lamb
Whitshed Keene
Member of Parliament
for Morpeth
In office
1761–1768
Preceded byThomas Duncombe
Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh
Succeeded byPeter Beckford
Sir Matthew Ridley
Personal details
Born(1736-03-13)13 March 1736
Died13 November 1806(1806-11-13) (aged 70)
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)
Lady Charlotte Greville
(m. 1762; died 1763)

(m. 1764; his death 1806)
Children18, including George, William, Charles, Edward, James
Parent(s)Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway
Lady Catherine Cochrane
RelativesThe Hon. Keith Stewart (brother)
The Marchioness of Stafford (sister)
The Earl of Dunmore (brother-in-law)
The Duke of Hamilton (brother-in-law)
The Marquess of Stafford (brother-in-law)

John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway KT (13 March 1736 – 13 November 1806) was a British peer, styled Viscount Garlies from 1747 until 1773, who became the 7th Earl of Galloway in 1773 and who served as a Member of Parliament from 1761 to 1773.

Early life[edit]

John Stewart was the eldest son and second child of Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway (c. 1694–1773) and his, second wife, Lady Catherine Cochrane. His older sister, Lady Susanna Stewart (d. 1805), married Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford. His other siblings included Admiral the Honourable Keith Stewart of Glasserton (1739–1795), Lady Margaret Stewart (d. 1762), Lady Charlotte Stewart (d. 1818) who married John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, Lady Catherine Stewart (b. c. 1750), and Lady Harriet Stewart (d. 1788) who married Archibald Hamilton, 9th Duke of Hamilton.[1]

His paternal grandparents were James Stewart, 5th Earl of Galloway and Catherine (née Montgomerie), a daughter of Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton. His mother was the youngest daughter of the John Cochrane, 4th Earl of Dundonald.[1]

Career[edit]

John Stewart depicted in James Gillray's An Old Encore at the Opera! of 1803

He was elected one of the representative peers, representing the Peerage of Scotland in the House of Lords, in 1774 and sat there until the 1790s.[2] From 1783 until his death he was a Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III.

The Earl, a Tory, was the target of two hostile poems by Robert Burns, John Bushby's Lamentation and On the Earl of Galloway.[3][4]

Galloway, a frequent opera-goer, was caricatured by James Gillray in An Old Encore at the Opera! of 1803.[2] In 1762, James Boswell wrote of him that he had "a petulant forwardness that cannot fail to disgust people of sense and delicacy".[5]

Besides being a Member of Parliament, Lord Galloway was a Lord of Police from 1768 to 1782, a Representative Peer for Scotland from 1774 to 1790, a Knight of the Thistle (1775), and a Lord of the Bedchamber from 1784 to 1806.[6]

He succeeded his father Alexander in 1773.[1][6]

Art patronage[edit]

The Earl of Galloway was painted in a miniature by Nathaniel Hone the Elder,[7] as well as a full portrait by Anton Raphael Mengs in 1758 when he was Viscount Garlies, which is currently located at The Los Angeles County Museum of Art.[8]

His second wife, Anne Dashwood, had a portrait painted of her by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1764. The portrait of Anne is currently located at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.[9] Lady Galloway, along with their daughter Susan Stewart, later Duchess of Marlborough, was also painted by Angelica Kauffmann.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Portrait of his second wife, Anne Dashwood by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1764, at The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Lord Galloway's second wife, Anne Stewart, and their daughter, Susan Stewart, later Duchess of Marlborough (1767-1841), by Angelica Kauffmann.

On 14 August 1762, he married Lady Charlotte Greville (d. 1763), the daughter of Francis Greville, 1st Earl of Warwick (1719–1773).[2] They had two sons, both of whom died in infancy.[1]

After his first wife's early death, he remarried to Anne Dashwood (1743–1830), daughter of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet, on 13 June 1764. Together, John and Anne were the parents of sixteen children:[1]

Lord Galloway died on 13 November 1806 and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest surviving son, the Admiral George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway, who married Lady Jane Paget, the daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and sister of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey.[15]

Descendants[edit]

His grandson, George Spencer-Churchill (1793–1857), was the 6th Duke of Marlborough, and his brother was Lord Charles Spencer-Churchill (1794–1840). Through his grandson, he was the 3x great grandfather of Winston Churchill.[1]

His grandson, Randolph Stewart (1800–1873), was the 9th Earl of Galloway and served as Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright from 1828 to 1845 and was MP for Cockermouth from 1826 to 1831. He married Lady Harriet Blanche Somerset, daughter of Henry Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort.[1]

His grandson, George Rushout (1811–1887), was the 3rd Baron Northwick and served as MP for Evesham from 1837 to 1841 and MP for Worcestershire East from 1847 to 1859. He married the Hon. Elizabeth Augusta, daughter of William Bateman-Hanbury, 1st Baron Bateman and widow of George Drought Warburton, in 1869.[1]

His granddaughter, Sophia Bligh, married to Henry William Parnell (1809-1896) in 1835, the son of Henry Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton, who was a great uncle of Charles Stewart Parnell. Henry W. Parnell's sister, Emma Jane Parnell, was married to Edward Bligh, 5th Earl of Darnley.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). "John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway". www.thepeerage.com. Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Robert Burns Country: The Burns Encyclopedia: Stewart, John, seventh Earl of Galloway (1736-1806)". www.robertburns.org. The Burns Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  3. ^ "John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway ('An old encore, at the opera')". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  4. ^ "John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway ('A Scotch poney, - commonly call'd a Galloway')". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  5. ^ Jamesboswell.info. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Galloway, Earl of (S, 1623)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  7. ^ "A gentleman John 7th Earl of Galloway in a twisted gold bordered white coat and waistcoat lace cravat and black stock powdered hair en queue by NathanielHone the Elder". www.artnet.com. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Portrait of John Viscount Garlies, Later 7th Earl of Galloway, as Master of Garlies | LACMA Collections". collections.lacma.org. The Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Anne Dashwood (1743–1830), Later Countess of Galloway | Joshua Reynolds | 50.238.2 | Work of Art | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art". metmuseum.org. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Portrait of Anne Stewart née Dashwood Countess of Galloway 1743-1830 by Angelika Kauffmann". www.artnet.com. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  11. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 15.
  12. ^ L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 208
  13. ^ Sainty, J. C. (2003). "Commissioners: Victualling 1683-1832 | Institute of Historical Research". www.history.ac.uk. University of London. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  14. ^ Dodd, Charles R. (1846). THE PEERAGE, BARONETAGE, AND KNIGHTAGE, OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, INCLUDING ALL THE TITLED CLASSES.
  15. ^ Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick, ed. (2013). "Earl of Galloway". Cracrofts Peerage. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Morpeth
1761–1768
With: Thomas Duncombe
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
1768–1773
With: Sir Peniston Lamb
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
New office Lord Lieutenant of Wigtown
1794–1806
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright
1803–1806
Succeeded by
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Earl of Galloway
1773–1806
Succeeded by