Ścinawa

SteinauSteinau an der OderScinawaSteinau on the OderŚcinawa (Steinau)
Ścinawa (Steinau an der Oder) is a town and municipality on the Oder river in the Lower Silesian region of Poland.wikipedia
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Gmina Ścinawa

ŚcinawaGmina ScinawaScinawa Commune
It is now part of Lubin County in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, and is the seat of the municipality called Gmina Ścinawa.
Its seat is the town of Ścinawa, which lies approximately 16 km east of Lubin, and 54 km north-west of the regional capital Wrocław.

Konrad II the Hunchback

Conrad II ''the HunchbackConrad II the Hunchback
After the partition of the Duchy of Głogów by Konrad's sons in 1273, Ścinawa became the capital of a duchy in its own right under the rule of Konrad II the Hunchback.
Konrad II the Hunchback (Konrad II Garbaty) (1252/65 – 11 October 1304) was Duke of Ścinawa from 1278 to 1284, patriarch of Aquileia in 1299, and Duke of Żagań from 1284 until his death.

John, Duke of Ścinawa

JanJohn of ŚcinawaJan of Ścinawa
His son Jan, sole ruler at Ścinawa from 1317, paid homage to King John the Blind in 1329, after which his duchy became a fiefdom of Bohemia.
John (Jan Ścinawski; c. 1298 – by 19 May 1365) was a Duke of Żagań, Ścinawa, etc. during 1309–1317 (with his brothers as co-rulers), Duke of Poznań during 1312–1314 (with his brothers) and sole Duke of Ścinawa since.

Lubin County

LubinLubinski
It is now part of Lubin County in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, and is the seat of the municipality called Gmina Ścinawa.
Its administrative seat and largest town is Lubin, and its only other town is Ścinawa.

Henry III, Duke of Głogów

Henry III of GłogówHenry IIIHenry III, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
It was again united with the Duchy of Głogów under Duke Henry III in 1290.
In the same year Henry III was forced to make a division of his lands between his brothers: he retained the main cities of the Duchy —Głogów, Bytom Odrzański and Kożuchów—; Konrad II the Hunchback obtained Ścinawa and Przemko received Żagań and Nowogród Bobrzański; soon after Konrad II went to study in Bologna, and Henry IV Probus took his lands in his name; with this, the ruler of Wroclaw showed his intentions to stretch his sovereignty over all the other Głogów princes and Silesian rulers.

Duchy of Głogów

GłogówDuke of GłogówGlogau
After the partition of the Duchy of Głogów by Konrad's sons in 1273, Ścinawa became the capital of a duchy in its own right under the rule of Konrad II the Hunchback.
Under the rule of Konrad's son Henry III the principality became smaller, as fragmentation and division continued, and other, smaller duchies were split from it like Ścinawa (Steinau, Stínava) and Żagań (Sagan, Zaháň) in 1273 as well as the duchies of Oleśnica (Oels, Olešnice) and Wołów (Wohlau, Volov) in 1312.

Bolko II the Small

Bolko II of ŚwidnicaBolko IIBoleslaus IX ''the Small
In 1358 Jan sold half of the Ścinawa to his cousin Duke Bolko II the Small of Świdnica, the only ruler of the Silesian Piasts who had refused to become a Bohemian vassal.
He was Duke of Świdnica from 1326, Duke of Jawor and Lwówek from 1346, Duke of Lusatia from 1364, Duke over half of Brzeg and Oława from 1358, Duke of Siewierz from 1359, and Duke over half of Głogów and Ścinawa from 1361.

Henry V of Iron

Henry VHenry III, Duke of ŻagańHenry V of Glogau-Sagan
As a part of the Bohemian kingdom, the remaining half of the Ścinawa lands fell to Duke Henry V of Iron at Żagań in 1365 and in 1397 was acquired by Duke Konrad II the Gray of Oleśnica.
1319 – after 8 April 1369), was a Duke of Żagań since 1342, from 1349 Duke of half-Głogów, and from 1363 Duke of half-Ścinawa.

Oder

Oder RiverOdraRiver Oder
Ścinawa (Steinau an der Oder) is a town and municipality on the Oder river in the Lower Silesian region of Poland.
: Ostrava – Bohumín – Racibórz – Kędzierzyn-Koźle – Krapkowice – Opole – Brzeg – Oława – Jelcz-Laskowice – Wrocław – Brzeg Dolny – Ścinawa – Szlichtyngowa – Głogów – Bytom Odrzański – Nowa Sól – Zielona Góra – Krosno Odrzańskie – Eisenhüttenstadt – Frankfurt (Oder) – Słubice – Kostrzyn – Cedynia – Schwedt – Vierraden – Gartz – Gryfino – Szczecin – Police

Lower Silesia

NiederschlesienLowerDuchies of Lower Silesia
Ścinawa (Steinau an der Oder) is a town and municipality on the Oder river in the Lower Silesian region of Poland.

Lower Silesian Voivodeship

Lower SilesiaLower SilesianDolnośląskie
It is now part of Lubin County in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, and is the seat of the municipality called Gmina Ścinawa.

Treaty of Trentschin

compromise was reachedTrenčín
Though the Polish king Casimir III the Great had renounced his claims to Silesia with the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin, he campaigned Silesia and in 1343 laid fire to Ścinawa until in 1348 the conflict was finally settled by the Treaty of Namslau.
Though he failed to succeed his father as King of the Romans, he had more Silesian dukes swore an oath of allegiance to him, against the resistance of King Władysław: in 1327 he vassalized the dukes of Wrocław and Opole, followed by the dukes of Legnica, Żagań, Oleśnica, Ścinawa und Brzeg in 1329.

Konrad II the Gray

Conrad IIConrad II of OleśnicaConrad IV ''the Gray
As a part of the Bohemian kingdom, the remaining half of the Ścinawa lands fell to Duke Henry V of Iron at Żagań in 1365 and in 1397 was acquired by Duke Konrad II the Gray of Oleśnica.
1340 – 10 June 1403) was a Duke of Oleśnica, Koźle and half of Bytom since 1366 and Duke of half of Ścinawa since 1397 until his death.

Silesian Piasts

PiastSilesian Piast dynastySilesian Piast
In 1358 Jan sold half of the Ścinawa to his cousin Duke Bolko II the Small of Świdnica, the only ruler of the Silesian Piasts who had refused to become a Bohemian vassal.
Jawor and Lwówek Śląski split off from Legnica, Duchy of Żagań and Ścinawa from Głogów.

Duchy of Oels

OelsOleśnicaDuchy of Oleśnica
As a part of the Bohemian kingdom, the remaining half of the Ścinawa lands fell to Duke Henry V of Iron at Żagań in 1365 and in 1397 was acquired by Duke Konrad II the Gray of Oleśnica.
His son Duke Konrad II the Gray further purchased the town of Kąty and half of the Duchy of Ścinawa from Duke Henry VIII the Sparrow.

Ryszard Komornicki

Ryszard Komornicki, a former Poland player and a former manager of FC Aarau, was born in the town.
Born in Ścinawa, Lower Silesia, Komornicki played for GKS Tychy and Górnik Zabrze in his country, winning four Ekstraklasa championships in a row with the latter club, then moved to Switzerland at the age of 30 where he represented FC Aarau, FC Wohlen and FC Kickers Luzern.

Albrecht von Wallenstein

WallensteinAlbrecht of ValdštejnAlbrecht of Wallenstein
It was heavily devastated during the Thirty Years' War, when in October 1633 Albrecht von Wallenstein's troops nearby routed a Swedish corps under Jindřich Matyáš Thurn.
Anxious to make his power felt, he resumed the offensive against the Swedes and Saxons, winning his last victory at Steinau on the Oder in October.

Jindřich Matyáš Thurn

Count ThurnHeinrich Matthias von ThurnHeinrich Mathias von Thurn
It was heavily devastated during the Thirty Years' War, when in October 1633 Albrecht von Wallenstein's troops nearby routed a Swedish corps under Jindřich Matyáš Thurn.
On 11 October 1633 Thurn and his force of 8000 soldiers were confronted by Wallenstein's army near Steinau an der Oder in Saxony, where he was captured.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
Ścinawa (Steinau an der Oder) is a town and municipality on the Oder river in the Lower Silesian region of Poland.

Wrocław

BreslauWroclawBreslau (Wrocław)
The Ścinawa train station is a key gateway for travel throughout the region, connecting major destinations such as Wrocław and Głogów.

Głogów

GlogauGlogówGroß-Glogau
The Ścinawa train station is a key gateway for travel throughout the region, connecting major destinations such as Wrocław and Głogów.

Legnica Voivodeship

Legnica
Between 1975 and 1998, Ścinawa was in Legnica Voivodeship.

Sanctuary of St. Jadwiga, Trzebnica

Sanctuary of St. Jadwiga in TrzebnicaTrzebnica AbbeyTrzebnica
Ścinawa was first documented as a possession of the newly established Trzebnica Abbey in a deed issued by Pope Innocent III, which dates back to 1202, when it was part of fragmented Poland.

Pope Innocent III

Innocent IIIPopeLotario de' Conti di Segni
Ścinawa was first documented as a possession of the newly established Trzebnica Abbey in a deed issued by Pope Innocent III, which dates back to 1202, when it was part of fragmented Poland.

Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)

Kingdom of PolandPolandPolish
Ścinawa was first documented as a possession of the newly established Trzebnica Abbey in a deed issued by Pope Innocent III, which dates back to 1202, when it was part of fragmented Poland.