Duchy of Żagań

ŻagańDuchy of SaganDuke of SaganDuchess of SaganSaganDuke of ŻagańSaganschen
The Duchy of Żagań (Księstwo Żagańskie, Zaháňské knížectví) or Duchy of Sagan (Herzogtum Sagan) was one of the duchies of Silesia ruled by the Silesian Piasts.wikipedia
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Lower Silesia

NiederschlesienLowerDuchies of Lower Silesia
Its capital was Żagań in Lower Silesia, the territory stretched to the town of Nowogród Bobrzański in the north and reached the Lusatian Neisse at Przewóz in the west, including two villages beyond the river (Pechern and Neudorf).
The Bóbr and Kwisa rivers are considered being the original western border with the Lusatias, however, the Silesian Duchy of Żagań reached up to the Neisse river, including two villages (Pechern and Neudorf) on the western shore, which became Silesian in 1413.

Żagań

SaganSagan, GermanySagan (Żagań)
Its capital was Żagań in Lower Silesia, the territory stretched to the town of Nowogród Bobrzański in the north and reached the Lusatian Neisse at Przewóz in the west, including two villages beyond the river (Pechern and Neudorf).
Thus the Duchy of Żagań came into the existence.

Duchy of Głogów

GłogówDuke of GłogówGlogau
It was formed in 1274 from the western part of the Duchy of Głogów and existed under Piast rule until 1304, then again from 1322 to 1394 and from 1413 to 1472.
Under the rule of Konrad's son Henry III the principality became smaller, as fragmentation and division continued, and other, smaller duchies were split from it like Ścinawa (Steinau, Stínava) and Żagań (Sagan, Zaháň) in 1273 as well as the duchies of Oleśnica (Oels, Olešnice) and Wołów (Wohlau, Volov) in 1312.

Nowogród Bobrzański

KrzystkowiceChristianstadtNowogród
Its capital was Żagań in Lower Silesia, the territory stretched to the town of Nowogród Bobrzański in the north and reached the Lusatian Neisse at Przewóz in the west, including two villages beyond the river (Pechern and Neudorf).
From 1274 Nowogród Bobrzański was part of the Silesian Duchy of Żagań.

Silesian Piasts

PiastSilesian Piast dynastySilesian Piast
It was formed in 1274 from the western part of the Duchy of Głogów and existed under Piast rule until 1304, then again from 1322 to 1394 and from 1413 to 1472. The Duchy of Żagań (Księstwo Żagańskie, Zaháňské knížectví) or Duchy of Sagan (Herzogtum Sagan) was one of the duchies of Silesia ruled by the Silesian Piasts.
Jawor and Lwówek Śląski split off from Legnica, Duchy of Żagań and Ścinawa from Głogów.

Przewóz, Żary County

PrzewózPriebus
Its capital was Żagań in Lower Silesia, the territory stretched to the town of Nowogród Bobrzański in the north and reached the Lusatian Neisse at Przewóz in the west, including two villages beyond the river (Pechern and Neudorf).
The former fortress, erected by the Silesian Piasts at the border with the lands of Upper Lusatia in the south, became part of the Duchy of Żagań in 1274.

Konrad I, Duke of Głogów

Konrad IKonrad I of GłogówKonrad I, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
After the death of Duke Konrad I of Głogów, his heirs divided his duchy whereby the castle at Żagań became the residence of his youngest son Przemko, the first Duke of Żagań from 1278, who established a monastery of Augustinian Canons here.
The Duke of Legnica was forced to accept his defeat and give the Lower Silesian lands of Głogów up to Krosno Odrzańskie and Żagań to Konrad as a duchy in his own right.

Duchies of Silesia

Silesian duchiesSilesiaSilesian duchy
The Duchy of Żagań (Księstwo Żagańskie, Zaháňské knížectví) or Duchy of Sagan (Herzogtum Sagan) was one of the duchies of Silesia ruled by the Silesian Piasts.

Václav Eusebius František, Prince of Lobkowicz

Václav EusebiusVáclav Eusebius, 2nd Prince LobkowiczPrince Václav Eusebius František of Lobkowicz
After Wallenstein's assassination it passed to Václav Eusebius František, Prince of Lobkowicz and so to the illustrious Bohemian family of Lobkowicz, who had the Baroque Żagań Palace erected.
After 1646, he was Duke of Sagan.

Albrecht von Wallenstein

WallensteinAlbrecht of ValdštejnAlbrecht of Wallenstein
As a Bohemian fief, Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg in 1627 allotted Żagań to Albrecht von Wallenstein, then Duke of Frýdlant, Imperial generalissimo in the Thirty Years' War, who hosted his astrologer Johannes Kepler here.
At this time he bought from the emperor the Duchy of Sagan (in Silesia).

Princess Wilhelmine, Duchess of Sagan

WilhelminePrincess WilhelminePrincess Wilhelmine Catherine Frédérique Biron von Kurland, Duchess of Sagan
In 1786 Żagań was purchased by Peter von Biron, Duke of Courland, who bequeathed it to his daughter Wilhelmine, from whom in 1842 it passed to her sister Pauline and finally to her sister Dorothea, the divorced wife of Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, a nephew of the great French diplomat Talleyrand.
In 1795 the Duke was forced to cede his Duchy to the Russian Empire, and the family moved to the Duchy of Sagan (Żagań) in Silesia, which had been acquired in 1786.

Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duke of Sagan

Hélie de Talleyrand-PérigordHélie de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de SaganHélie de Talleyrand-Périgord, the Prince de Sagan
Marie Pierre Louis Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord (August 23, 1859 – October 25, 1937), 5th Duke of Talleyrand and Dino, Prince, then Duke of Sagan, was a French socialite and son of Boson de Talleyrand-Périgord.

Louis de Talleyrand-Périgord

Napoléon Louis de Talleyrand-PérigordNapoléon-Louis de Talleyrand-PérigordNapoléon Louis, III. duc de Talleyrand-Périgord
He was born at Paris on 12 March 1811, the son of the general Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord (1787–1872), Duke of Dino and later the 2nd Duke de Talleyrand-Périgord, and of Dorothea of Courland (1793–1862), duchess of Sagan.

Château de Valençay

ValençayChateau of Valençaychâteau
The double title, both Prussian and French, served to render the duc de Sagan a neutral party in World War II: his Château de Valençay provided a safe haven for treasures of the Louvre during the German occupation of France.
The Princes of Talleyrand-Périgord ranked among the mediatized German nobility, by virtue of their nominal control of the duchy of Sagan in Prussian Silesia (now in Poland).

Boson de Talleyrand-Périgord

Charles Guillaume Frédéric, Boson de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Saganprince de SaganCharles Guillaume Frédéric ''Boson
His paternal grandparents were Alexandre de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duke of Dino (1787–1872) and later duc de Talleyrand-Périgord, and of Dorothea of Courland, Duchess of Sagan (1793–1862).

Princess Dorothea of Courland

DorotheaDorothée de CourlandeDuchess of Dino
In 1786 Żagań was purchased by Peter von Biron, Duke of Courland, who bequeathed it to his daughter Wilhelmine, from whom in 1842 it passed to her sister Pauline and finally to her sister Dorothea, the divorced wife of Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, a nephew of the great French diplomat Talleyrand.

Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord

Alexandre de Talleyrand-PérigordAlexander Edmond de Talleyrand-PerigordAlexandre ''Edmond
In 1786 Żagań was purchased by Peter von Biron, Duke of Courland, who bequeathed it to his daughter Wilhelmine, from whom in 1842 it passed to her sister Pauline and finally to her sister Dorothea, the divorced wife of Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, a nephew of the great French diplomat Talleyrand.

Krauschwitz

Krauschwitz (Saxony)Pechern
With the implementation of the Oder-Neisse line in 1945 the Żagań territory fell to Poland, with the exception of the land strip on the western banks of the Neisse river, which today belongs to the German municipality of Krauschwitz.
Most of the area then belonged to the Upper Lusatian Muskau state country, except for the village of Pechern (Pěchč), which - together with abandoned Neudorf - formed the westernmost part of the Silesian Duchy of Żagań.

Lusatian Neisse

NeisseNeisse RiverNeiße
Its capital was Żagań in Lower Silesia, the territory stretched to the town of Nowogród Bobrzański in the north and reached the Lusatian Neisse at Przewóz in the west, including two villages beyond the river (Pechern and Neudorf).

Kingdom of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianBohemian Kingdom
Since 1329 it was under the suzerainty of Bohemia; it was acquired by the Saxon House of Wettin in 1472, before it was finally seized by the Bohemian king in 1549.

Electorate of Saxony

SaxonyElector of SaxonySaxon
Since 1329 it was under the suzerainty of Bohemia; it was acquired by the Saxon House of Wettin in 1472, before it was finally seized by the Bohemian king in 1549.

House of Wettin

WettinWettin dynastyWettins
Since 1329 it was under the suzerainty of Bohemia; it was acquired by the Saxon House of Wettin in 1472, before it was finally seized by the Bohemian king in 1549.

Kingdom of Prussia

PrussiaPrussianPrussian court
The Żagań ducal title later passed to Bohemian and French nobility, in 1742 it was annexed by Prussia.

Przemko of Ścinawa

PrzemkoPremislaus I
After the death of Duke Konrad I of Głogów, his heirs divided his duchy whereby the castle at Żagań became the residence of his youngest son Przemko, the first Duke of Żagań from 1278, who established a monastery of Augustinian Canons here.

Augustinians

AugustinianAugustinian OrderO.S.A.
After the death of Duke Konrad I of Głogów, his heirs divided his duchy whereby the castle at Żagań became the residence of his youngest son Przemko, the first Duke of Żagań from 1278, who established a monastery of Augustinian Canons here.