European Heraldry :: House of Ascania - Brandenburg/Saxony

House of Ascania - Brandenburg/Saxony

House of Ascania

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Counts of Ballenstedt

  • Esico of Ballenstedt (d. 1060) Count of Ballenstedt
  • Adalbert II (c. 1030 – 1076/1083) Count of Ballenstedt
  • Otto, called Otto the Rich (c. 1070 – 1123) Count of Ballenstedt, the first Ascanian prince to call himself Count of Anhalt.
  • Albert the Bear (1100–1170) Margrave of Brandenburg (as Albert I) from 1157 and Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142. See Counts of Anhalt for other branch

Margraves of Brandenburg

1157-1267

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Margraves of Brandenburg

  • Albert the Bear (1100–1170) Margrave of Brandenburg (as Albert I) from 1157 and Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142, son of Otto the Rich.
  • Otto I (c. 1128 – 1184) Margrave of Brandenburg. Eldest son of Albert the Bear
  • Otto II (1147 –1205) Margrave of Brandenburg.
  • Albert II (1177 – 1220) Margrave of Brandenburg.
  • John I (c. 1213 – 1266) Margrave of Brandenburg jointly with his brother Otto III "the Pious".
  • Otto III "the Pious" (1215 – 1267) Margrave of Brandenburg jointly with his brother John I.

Margraves of Brandenburg-Stendal

1267-1317

  • John II (1237 – 1281) Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal jointly with his brother Otto IV, sons of Otto III "the Pious".
  • Otto IV (c. 1238 – 1309) Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal jointly with his brother John II.
  • Henry I (1256 – 1318) Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal
  • Waldemar "the Great" (c. 1280 – 1319) Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal then sole Margrave of Brandenburg

Margraves of Brandenburg-Salzwedel

1267-1317

  • John III (1244 – 1268) Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel jointly with Otto V the Tall, Otto VI the Short, Albert III sons of Otto III "the Pious"
  • Otto V (c. 1246 – 1298) Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel jointly with Albert III
  • Albert III (c. 1250 – 1300) Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel jointly with Otto V
  • Herman "the Tall" (c. 1275 – 1308) Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel jointly with Albert III.
  • John V "the Illustrious" (1302 – 1317) Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel

Margraves of Brandenburg

1317-1320

  • Waldemar "the Great" (c. 1280 – 1319) Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal then sole Margrave of Brandenburg
  • Henry II or "Henry the Child" (c. 1308 – July 1320) Margrave of Brandenburg. Last of his line

Count of Anhalt

Duke of Saxony

  • Bernhard (c. 1134 – 1212) Count of Anhalt and Ballenstedt, and Lord of Bernburg. Duke of Saxony from 1180 (as Bernhard III or Bernhard I), younger son of Albert the Bear.

Dukes of Saxony

1212-1296

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Dukes of Saxony

  • Albert I (c. 1175 – 1260) Duke of Saxony, younger son of Bernhard (c. 1134 – 1212)
  • John I (1249 – 1285) Duke of Saxony jointly with his younger brother Albert II.
  • Albert II (c. 1250 – 1298) Duke of Saxony jointly with his elder brother John I until 1282 and then with the latter's sons Eric I, John II, and Albert III. Sole Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg after 1296.
  • John II (c. 1275 – 1322) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Eric I and John II.
  • Eric I (c.1280–1360) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Albert III and John II.
  • Albert III (1281–1308) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers John II and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Eric I and John II.

Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg

Partition of Saxe-Wittenberg from Saxony

1296-1422

Electors of Saxony

1356-1422

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Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg

  • Albert II (c. 1250 – 1298) Duke of Saxony jointly with his elder brother John I until 1282 and then with the latter's sons Eric I, John II, and Albert III. Sole Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg after 1296.
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Electors of Saxony

  • Rudolf I (c. 1284 – 1356) Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later Elector of Saxony from 1356.
  • Rudolf II "the Blind" (c. 1307 – 1370) Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and Elector of Saxony.
  • Wenceslas I (c. 1337 – 1388) Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and Elector of Saxony.
  • Rudolf III (c. 1378 – 1419) Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and Elector of Saxony.
  • Albert III (c. 1375/1380 –1422) Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and Elector of Saxony. Last of his line.

Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg

Partition of Saxe-Lauenburg from Saxony

1296-1303

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Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg

  • John II (c. 1275 – 1322) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Eric I and Albert III until 1303. Duke of Saxe-Mölln.
  • Eric I (c.1280–1360) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Albert III and John II until 1303. Duke of Saxe-Bergdorf-Lauenburg from 1302 then Duke of Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg from 1315.
  • Albert III (1281–1308) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers John II and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Eric I and John II until 1303. Duke of Saxe-Ratzeburg.

Dukes of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln

Partition of Saxe-Mölln from Saxe-Lauenburg

1303-1401

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Dukes of Saxe -Mölln

  • John II (c. 1275 – 1322) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Eric I and Albert III until 1303. Duke of Saxe -Mölln.
  • Albert IV (1315 – 1343) Duke of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln.
  • John III (mid 1330s – 1356) Duke of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln.
  • Albert V (mid 1330s – 1370) Duke of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln.
  • Eric III (mid 1330s – 1401) Duke of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln.

Duke of Saxe-Bergdorf-Lauenburg

1303-1315

Dukes of Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg

1315-1401

Merger of Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln with Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg into Saxe-Lauenburg

Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg

1401-1689

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Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg between 1435 and 1507

  • Eric I (c.1280–1360) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Albert III and John II until 1303. Duke of Saxe-Bergdorf-Lauenburg from 1302 then Duke of Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg from 1315.
  • Eric II (1318/1320 – 1368) Duke of Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg
  • Eric IV (1354–1411) Duke of Saxe-Ratzeburg-Lauenburg, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg from 1401.
  • Eric V (d. 1436) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg jointly with his brother John IV.
  • John IV (d. 1414*) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg jointly with his brother Eric V.
  • Bernard II (1385/1392–1463) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
  • John V (1439 – 1507) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
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Dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg 1507–1671

  • Magnus I (1470 – 1543) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
  • Francis I (1510 – 1581) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg from 1543 to 1571 and from 1573 to 1581.
  • Magnus II (1543 – 1603) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg from 1571 to1573.
  • Francis II (1547 – 1619) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg jointly with his brother Maurice.
  • Maurice (1551 – 1612) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg jointly with his brother Francis II.
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Augustus (1577 – 1656) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg.

  • Augustus (1577 – 1656) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg. Married firstly Sofie of Holstein-Gottorp (1599 – 1627) daughter of John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and secondly Catherine of Oldenburg (1582 – 1644) daughter of John VII, Count of Oldenburg.
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Julius Henry (1586 –1665) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg

  • Julius Henry (1586 –1665) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg. Married firstly Anne of Ostfriesland (1562 – 1621) daughter of Edzard II, Count of Ostfriesland, secondly Elisabeth Sophia of Brandenburg (1589 – 1629) daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg and thirdly Anna Magdalena of Lobkowicz (1606 – 1668) daughter of Baron William the Younger Popel von Lobkowitz.
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Francis Erdmann (1629 – 1666) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg

  • Francis Erdmann (1629 – 1666) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg. Married Sibylle Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg (1625 – 1703) daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg.
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Julius Francis (1641 – 1689) Duke of Saxony, Angria and Westphalia

  • Julius Francis (1641 – 1689) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg, known formally as Duke of Saxony, Angria and Westphalia, the last of the line. Married Hedwig of the Palatinate (1650 – 1681) daughter of Christian Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach

Dukes of Saxe-Ratzeburg

Partition of Saxe-Ratzeburg from Saxe-Lauenburg

1303-1315

Merged with Saxe-Bergdorf-Lauenburg

  • Albert III (1281–1308) Duke of Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers John II and Eric I. Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg after 1296 with his brothers Eric I and John II until 1303. Duke of Saxe-Ratzeburg.

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