Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg

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Princess Henrietta
Johann Nepomuk Ender Portrait Henriette von Österreich 1809.jpg
Duchess of Teschen
Tenure10 February 1822 – 29 December 1829
Born(1797-10-30)30 October 1797
Palace Eremitage, Bayreuth,
Kingdom of Prussia
Died29 December 1829(1829-12-29) (aged 32)
Vienna, Austrian Empire
SpouseArchduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
Maria Theresa, Queen of the Two Sicilies
Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen
Archduke Karl Ferdinand
Archduke Friedrich Ferdinand
Archduke Rudolph
Archduchess Maria Karoline
Archduke Wilhelm Franz
Henrietta Alexandrine Friederike Wilhelmine
FatherFrederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
MotherBurgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg

Henrietta Alexandrine Friederike Wilhelmine of Nassau-Weilburg, then of Nassau (areas now part of Germany) (30 October 1797 Palace Eremitage, Bayreuth – 29 December 1829, Vienna) was the wife of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen. Her husband was a notable general of the Napoleonic Wars and victor of the Battle of Aspern-Essling against Napoleon I of France.


Henrietta was the youngest daughter of Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg (1768–1816) and his wife Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg. Her paternal grandparents were Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg and Princess Wilhelmine Carolina of Orange-Nassau.

Wilhelmine Carolina was a daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange and Anne, Princess Royal. Anne was in turn the eldest daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach.


On 15 September/17 September 1815 in Weilburg, Henrietta married Archduke Charles of Austria. The bride was almost eighteen years old and the groom forty-four. Her husband was a son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Louisa of Spain. However he had been adopted and raised by his childless aunt Marie Christine of Austria and her husband Albert of Saxe-Teschen. He was the heir to the Duchy of Teschen and would succeed in 1822. This marriage was a very happy one.

She has been known as the person who popularized the christmas tree in Vienna after it was already introduced by Fanny von Arnstein in 1814 during the Vienna Congress.[1]

Henrietta died young of scarlet fever, which she had caught while nursing her children through the same illness. She is the only Protestant buried in the Imperial Crypt in the Capuchin Church. This was allowed by order of her brother-in-law Emperor Francis I, who said, "She dwelt among us when she was alive, and so she shall in death".

Henrietta and Charles had seven children.




  1. ^ "News Detail". Jüdisches Museum Wien (in German). Retrieved 2021-09-20.

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