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  2. Hebrew language - Wikipedia


    2 days ago · Hebrew was extinct as a colloquial language by Late Antiquity, but it continued to be used as a literary language and as the liturgical language of Judaism, evolving various dialects of literary Medieval Hebrew, until its revival as a spoken language in the late 19th century.

  3. Biblical Hebrew - Wikipedia


    Nov 11, 2020 · Biblical Hebrew ( עִבְרִית מִקְרָאִית ‎ Ivrit Miqra'it or לְשׁוֹן הַמִּקְרָא ‎ Leshon ha-Miqra ), also called classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of Hebrew, a language in the Canaanite branch of Semitic languages, spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea.

  4. Nov 08, 2020 · Hebrew is a Semitic language. It was first spoken in Israel. Many Jewish people also speak Hebrew, as Hebrew is part of Judaism. The Academy of the Hebrew Language is the main institution of Hebrew. It was spoken by Israelites a long time ago, during the time of the Bible. After Judah was conquered by Babylonia, the Jews were taken captive to Babylon and started speaking Aramaic. Hebrew was no longer used much in daily life, but it was still known by Jews who studied religious books. In the 20th

    • [(ʔ)ivˈʁit] - [(ʔ)ivˈɾit]
    • Israel, Jewish communities in Judea and Samaria; used globally as a liturgical language for Judaism
  5. Revival of the Hebrew language - Wikipedia

    • Overview
    • Background
    • Revival of literary Hebrew
    • Revival of spoken Hebrew

    The revival of the Hebrew language took place in Europe and Palestine toward the end of the 19th century and into the 20th century, through which the language's usage changed from the sacred language of Judaism to a spoken and written language used for daily life in Israel. The process began as a diversity of Jews started arriving and establishing themselves alongside the pre-existing Jewish community in the region of Palestine in the first half of the nineteenth century, when veteran Jews in Pa

    Historical records testify to the existence of Hebrew from the 10th century BCE to the late Second Temple period, after which the language developed into Mishnaic Hebrew. From the 2nd century CE until the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language circa 1880, Hebrew served as a literary and official language and as the Judaic language of prayer. After the spoken usage of Mishnaic Hebrew ended in the 2nd century CE, Hebrew had not been spoken as a mother tongue. Even so, during the Middle Ages, Jews

    The revival of the Hebrew language in practice advanced in two parallel strains: The revival of written-literary Hebrew and the revival of spoken Hebrew. In the first few decades, the two processes were not connected to one another and even occurred in different places: Literary Hebrew was renewed in Europe's cities, whereas spoken Hebrew developed mainly in Palestine. The two movements began to merge only in the beginning of the 1900s, and an important point in this process was the immigration

    Jewish communities with different colloquial languages had used Hebrew to communicate with each other across Europe and the Near East since the Middle Ages. As Jews in Palestine spoke a variety of languages such as Arabic, Ladino, Yiddish, and French, inter-communal affairs that required verbal communication were handled in a modified form of Medieval Hebrew. Hebrew was used by Jews from different linguistic backgrounds in marketplaces in Jerusalem since at least the early 19th century. Eliezer

  6. Modern Hebrew - Wikipedia


    3 days ago · Modern Hebrew or Israeli Hebrew, generally referred to by speakers simply as Hebrew, is the standard form of the Hebrew language spoken today. Spoken since ancient times, Hebrew, a member of the Canaanite branch of the Semitic language family, was supplanted as the Jewish vernacular by the western dialect of Aramaic beginning in the third century BCE, though it continued to be used as a liturgical and literary language. It was revived as a spoken language in the 19th and 20th centuries and is th

    • Israel
    • L1: 5 million (2014), (L1+L2: 9 m; L2: 4 m)
  7. Yemenite Hebrew - Wikipedia


    6 days ago · Yemenite Hebrew (Hebrew: עִבְרִית תֵּימָנִית ‎ ʿivrith Teymonith), also referred to as Temani Hebrew, is the pronunciation system for Hebrew traditionally used by Yemenite Jews. Yemenite Jews brought their language to Israel through immigration. Their first organized immigration to the region began in 1882.

  8. Academy of the Hebrew Language - Wikipedia

    • Overview
    • History
    • Organization

    The Academy of the Hebrew Language was established by the Israeli government in 1953 as the "supreme institution for scholarship on the Hebrew language in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem of Givat Ram campus."

    The Academy replaced the Hebrew Language Committee established in 1890 by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, who was its first president. As Hebrew became the spoken language in Palestine and was adopted by the educational system, the Hebrew Language Committee published bulletins and dictionaries. It coined thousands of words that are in everyday use today. Its successor, the Academy of the Hebrew Language, has continued this mission of creating new Hebrew words to keep up modern usage. Although the academy's

    The plenum consists of 23 members. In addition, the academy employs 15 academic advisors, among them respected scholars of language, linguistics, Judaic studies, and Bible. The Academy's decisions are binding on all governmental agencies, including the Israel Broadcasting Authority.

    • 1890 – Hebrew Language Committee, 1953 – Academy of the Hebrew Language
    • Language regulator
  9. Paleo-Hebrew alphabet - Wikipedia


    2 days ago · The Phoenician language, Hebrew language, and all of their sister Canaanite languages were largely indistinguishable dialects before that time. [5] [6] The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet is an abjad of 22 consonantal letters.

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