Hart wrestling family

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Current regionCalgary, Alberta
Earlier spellingsHardt
EtymologyGerman meaning Hard. Spoken with Irish Ulster Scots dialects.
Place of originCanada
Connected members
Connected familiesBillington family
DistinctionsWrestling family[1]
TraditionsProfessional wrestling
Sunday dinner
Estate(s)Hart Mansion

The Hart wrestling family, sometimes known as the Hart dynasty,[2] is a mainly Canadian family with a significant history within professional wrestling.[3] The patriarch of the family was wrestling legend Stu Hart (1915–2003).[4] An amateur and professional wrestling performer, promoter and trainer,[5] Stu owned and operated his own wrestling promotion, Stampede Wrestling. He also trained some of the most well known stars in wrestling history including Superstar Billy Graham, Fritz Von Erich, Edge, Chris Jericho, Chris Benoit, Christian and his sons Bret Hart and Owen Hart.[5]

All of Stu's eight sons were wrestlers and two of them, Bret and Owen, achieved considerable fame and success in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE),[3] with many of the WWF's biggest storylines in the mid-1990s being built around Bret and Owen and their brothers-in-law.[6][7] The family is closely associated with Canada in the North American wrestling landscape and its Canadian heritage has often been emphasized in wrestling storylines, even to the point of overt opposition to American culture, but most of its members also have American citizenship through the family's American matriarch, Helen Hart.

Teddy Hart, the son of Georgia Hart, became the youngest wrestler ever to be signed to WWE. His release and subsequent controversies have earned him a bad reputation.[8] As of 2021, the only Harts actively wrestling in WWE are Stu's granddaughter Natalie "Natalya" Neidhart and grandson Harry Smith, but Bret makes occasional guest appearances while WWE employs Dungeon graduates Tyson Kidd (also Neidhart's husband) as a producer and Edge as a part-time competitor.[9]


Patriarch and matriarch[edit]

  • Stewart Edward "Stu" Hart[10] (May 3, 1915 – October 16, 2003), patriarch of the Hart family, wrestler, dungeon trainer and founder of Stampede Wrestling.
  • Helen Louise Smith Hart[10][11] (February 16, 1924 – November 4, 2001), matriarch of the Hart family. Was married to Stu Hart from December 31, 1947 until her death. Stu and Helen had 12 children, born from 1948 to 1965, as listed below.

Direct descendants[edit]

Sons and daughters of Stu and Helen[edit]

Bret Hart
  • Smith Stewart[10] (November 28, 1948 – July 2, 2017), professional wrestler, promoter and booker.[3]
  • Bruce Ambrose Edwardious,[10] possibly Bruce Dennis Luis[12] (born January 13, 1950), retired professional wrestler and booker.[13]
  • Keith William[10] (born August 21, 1951), retired professional wrestler.[14]
  • Wayne Curtis Michael[10] (born November 19, 1952), wrestled briefly but was mainly a referee.[3][15][16]
  • Dean Harry Anthony[10] (January 3, 1954 – November 21, 1990), professional wrestler and referee.[3]
  • Elizabeth "Ellie" Patricia[10] (born February 4, 1955), has made several appearances on WWF/WWE television, including Total Divas.
  • Georgia Louise[10] (born May 21, 1956), made several appearances on WWF television.[17]
  • Bret Sergeant[10] (born July 2, 1957), retired professional wrestler.[18]
  • Alison Joan[10] (born July 18, 1958), made several appearances on WWF television.[17]
  • Ross Lindsay[10] (born January 3, 1960), retired professional wrestler, trainer, booker and promoter.[3]
  • Diana Joyce[10] (born October 8, 1963), was involved in WWF storylines in the 90s and has written several wrestling related books.
  • Owen James[10] (May 7, 1965 – May 23, 1999), professional wrestler.[19]

Helen had initially been told by doctors that she may not be able to bear children at all because she was born prematurely, this turned out to be incorrect[20] and Helen originally wanted to have 15 children but could not due to medical reasons.[21][22]

In-laws and grandchildren[edit]

Smith had six children, four of which are his biologically, daughters Tobi McIvor[23] with a woman named Marla Josephson, and Satania "Tania" Hart[24] with his wife Maria Rosado Hart, a son Matthew Herweg with a woman named Liane Reiger Herweg[25] and son Chad Pointen with a woman named "Zoe" Zo Amber Lee Beattie, as well as step-sons Steven Jupe and Michael Herweg with Liane Reiger Herweg.[25][26]

Bruce has five children in total, daughters Brit,[27] and Lara as well as sons Bruce Jr, Torrin and Rhett Hart with his ex-wife Andrea Reding Hart. From 2000–2002, while Bruce was still legally married to Andrea, Andrea was in a relationship with Diana Hart's ex-husband Davey Boy Smith, until Smith's death from a heart attack in May 2002.[28] On December 27, 2019, Andrea died at the age of 52.[29]

Keith has three children with his ex-wife Leslie duBerger Hart,[30] Stewart Hart II, Conor Hart and Brock Hart. After his divorce Keith would remarry with another woman named Joan in 2002.[31]

Wayne is married to a woman named Lynn.[32]

Dean had one child with his girlfriend Tammy, a daughter by the name of Farrah Hart, born in April 1990.[33]

Ellie had three daughters with her husband, wrestler Jim Neidhart.[34] Jennifer Neidhart, Natalie Neidhart (better known as Natalya), and Kristen Culbreth. Ellie and Jim divorced in 2001, but remarried to each other in 2010.[3][35][36]

Georgia had four children with her husband, bodybuilder, gym owner, fitness guru and part-time wrestler Bradley Joseph "BJ" Annis.[3] Edward, better known as Teddy Hart, Matthew, Annie and Angela Annis.[37] On July 4, 1996, Matthew fell ill and was diagnosed with the flesh eating disease Necrotizing fasciitis. On July 16, 1996, Matthew died at the age of 13.[38][39][40]

Bret and his first wife Julie Smadu Hart have four children,[41] Jade Lambros, Dallas Hart, Alexandra Sabina "Beans" Hart and Blade Hart. Bret and Julie divorced in 2002. Bret married his second wife Cinzia Rota in 2004, but they divorced in 2007.[42] Bret married his third wife Stephanie Washington in 2010.[43]

Alison Hart has two children with her ex-husband, wrestler Ben Bassarab, Lindsay and Brooke B Hart.[3][44] After their divorce Bassarab remarried to another woman.[45]

Diana married wrestler Davey Boy Smith and had two children with him,[3] Harry and Georgia Smith.[46][47] Diana and Davey divorced in 2000. Diana has also dated pro wrestler James Trimble, who has worked for Ross and Bruce's incarnation of Stampede Wrestling.[48]

Owen and his wife Martha had one son, Oje and one daughter, Athena.[49] The name Oje is a derivative of Owen's first and middle name Owen and James, it was also Owen's nickname when he was younger.[50][51][52] At the time of Owen's death in May 1999, he and Martha were planning on having a third child.[53][54]

Tom Billington and Michelle Smadu Billington's three children, one son named Marek, and two daughters named Bronwyne Jewel and Amaris Jayne, are counted among the Hart grandchildren, since their parents were considered part of the Hart family, largely due to Tom's big role in Stampede Wrestling and Michelle being a sister of Bret Hart's first wife, Julie.[55] After her divorce from Tom in 1991, Michelle would later on marry another man and have two twin children, Trey Liam Burbank and Trinity Eve Burbank.[56]

Great-grandchildren and in-laws[edit]

Tobi McIvor has three daughters, Jessica and Amanda Steed born in 1995 and 1996 respectively, and Isabelle, born in 2006.[57] Tobi is married to a man named Mike McIvor.[58][59]

Edward Annis (Teddy Hart) has a son, Bradley Annis, with his ex-girlfriend Kim, born in 2001.[60] Hart has also married a woman named Fay. She has been involved in his wrestling career.[61][62][63] Annis and his wife have divorced.[64]

Jade Hart Lambros has a daughter named Kyra Beans (born June 2010) with her husband Steve Lambros.[65]

Alexandra Sabina Hart has a son, Grayson Knight Cassidy (born June 20, 2015, at 1:25 am).[66]

Dallas Hart has a daughter named Vylet Louise Hart.[67]

Kristen Culbreth has two sons with her husband: Lachlan, (pronounced Lock-lin)[68] and Maddox Culbreth.[69][70]

Natalie Neidhart (Natalya) is married to fellow wrestler TJ Wilson (Tyson Kidd).

Brooke Hart is married to Peter Minnema better known under his ring name "Pistol" Pete Wilson.[71]

Conor Hart is married to a woman named Inka Foster Hart.

Brock Patrick Hart is married to a woman named Melissa Johnson Hart.

Brit is married to a man by the name Jamie Harling, who works with her at the Rouge restaurant in Calgary.

Georgia Smith was engaged to British musician Adam Barry, the singer of the band Merrymouth.[72][73]

Descendants of Stu and Helen Hart[edit]

  1. Smith Stewart Hart[10]
    1. Tobi Louise McIvor
      1. Amanda Steed
      2. Jessica Steed
      3. Isabelle McIvor
    2. Satania Ecstasy Atlantis "Tania" Hart[74]
    3. Matthew Aryan Dean "Matt" Herweg[75]
      1. Ezrah Herweg[76]
    4. Chad Alexander Dean Pointen
  2. Bruce Ambrose Edwardious Hart,[10] possibly Bruce Dennis Luis Hart[12]
    1. Brittany "Brit" Hart
    2. Bruce Hart Jr.
    3. Torrin Rex Hart
    4. Rhettger Hart
    5. Lara Helen Hart
  3. Keith William Hart[10]
    1. Stewart Hart II
    2. Conor Hart
    3. Brock Patrick Hart
  4. Wayne Curtis Michael Hart[10]
  5. Dean Harry Anthony "Bizz" Hart
    1. Farrah "Fara" Hart
  6. Elizabeth "Ellie" Patricia Hart-Neidhart[10]
    1. Jennifer "Jenni" Neidhart
    2. Natalie Katherine "Nattie" Neidhart
    3. Kristen "Muffy" Neidhart-Culbreth
      1. Lachlan Culbreth
      2. Maddox Culbreth
  7. Georgia Louise Hart-Annis[10]
    1. Edward Ellsworth "Teddy" Annis
      1. Bradley Matthew Annis
    2. Matthew David Annis
    3. Angela "Angie"Annis
    4. Annie Annis
  8. Bret Sergeant Hart[10]
    1. Jade Michelle Koo Hart Lambros[77]
      1. Kyra Beans Lambros
      2. Bo Lambrose
    2. Dallas Jeffery "Dal" Hart
      1. Vylet Louise Hart
    3. Alexandra Sabina "Beans" Hart
      1. Grayson Knight Cassidy
    4. Blade Colton Hart
  9. Alison Joan Hart-Bassarab[10]
    1. Lindsay Bassarab Hart
    2. Brooke Bassarab Hart-Minnema
  10. Ross Lindsay Hart[10]
  11. Diana Joyce Hart-Smith
    1. Harry Francis Smith
    2. Georgia Smith
  12. Owen James Hart[10]
    1. Oje Edward Hart
    2. Athena Christie Hart


In his autobiography, wrestler Roddy Piper states that he is a cousin of the Hart family.[78] This fact was used as a trivia question on Raw once.[79][80][81][82][unreliable source] Bret Hart has also stated that Piper was the only wrestler to visit him in the hospital after his stroke and that they were as close as brothers.[83][84][85]

Close associates[edit]

Wrestling promoter Jack Pfefer was a very close friend of Stu Hart who asked him to be the godfather of Hart's tenth child and seventh son, Ross.[86]

Brian Pillman was another very close wrestler to the family and the only person who was neither related to the Hart through blood or marriage to be a member of the Hart Foundation. He has stated that he considered Bret and Owen as brothers to him and that he would have done anything for them.[87][88] Pillman's son Brian Pillman Jr. also works with and is close to the family.[89][90]

Chris Benoit was also very close to the Hart family. Bret Hart referred to him as like a family member.[91]

Storyline relatives[edit]

During the 1980s, Stampede Wrestling featured a villainous commentator and manager by the name Hugh Hart. He was said to be a cousin of the Hart family and would often ostracize Stu Hart over what he perceived as letting his children get away with bad behaviour. He also managed a team called "The Blackharts".[92][93]

In the late 80s the Stampede storylines also included a fictional brother of Davey Boy Smith by the name of Johnny Smith who feuded with Davey and Owen, the storyline also involved Diana Hart, who was worried over how Johnny's behaviour would affect their family.[94]


Amateur wrestling[edit]

Stu Hart was an experienced grappler who held many national championships. Several of his sons, including Keith, Dean, Bret and Owen had experience in amateur wrestling.[95][96] With Bret and Owen being considered outstanding as young men.[97] Conor and Stewart Hart, two of Keith's sons pursued amateur wrestling, Conor did so at the University of Calgary[98][99] and Stewart won a medal in his school championship.[100][101]

Professional wrestling[edit]

The Hart family is one of the most well-known professional wrestling families in history. The patriarch of the family, Stu Hart was a professional wrestler and a trainer as well as the owner of Stampede Wrestling. Many of his children became professional wrestlers. He became involved with wrestling after retiring from his career with the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League.[102] Stu began promoting wrestling in 1948 and operated Stampede Wrestling until selling it to Vince McMahon in 1984. In 1985, however, he decided to revive the promotion, which remained in operation until December 1989.[103] It was brought back again in 1999 by Bruce and Ross Hart and remains active today.[104] Stu Hart has been noted from training some of North America's most famous wrestlers, including André the Giant, the "British Bulldog" Davey Boy Smith, Dynamite Kid, Junkyard Dog, and dozens more in addition to his own sons.[102]

Bret Hart has won the most wrestling championships of anyone in the family. He won his first title belt in the World Wrestling Federation while teaming with brother-in-law Jim Neidhart (Ellie Hart's husband) to form The Hart Foundation tag team. They had a feud with the British Bulldogs (Diana Hart's husband Davey Boy Smith and Bret Hart's sister-in-law's husband Dynamite Kid, who were first cousins in real life). On January 26, 1987, Hart and Neidhart defeated the Bulldogs to win the WWF Tag Team Championship.[105] After the Hart Foundation split up, Owen Hart began teaming with Neidhart as The New Foundation. Bret went on to have a successful career as a singles wrestler, holding the WWF World Heavyweight Championship five times.[106]

The family connection played a role in two major WWF storylines. Four of the Hart brothers (Bret, Owen, Keith, and Bruce) formed a team at Survivor Series 1993.[107] Animosity began to build between Bret and Owen, and Owen turned on Bret at Royal Rumble 1994.[108] This led to a feud between the two brothers; Neidhart later became involved on Owen's side, while Smith sided with Bret.[109] The feud culminated with Owen costing Bret the WWF World Heavyweight Championship. While Bret was defending the title against Bob Backlund at Survivor Series 1994, Owen tricked his mother Helen into throwing a towel into the ring to signify that Bret conceded defeat.[110]

Several years later, the Hart Foundation was formed again, this time as a stable of anti-American wrestlers. Bret and Owen reconciled, and they were joined by Neidhart, Smith, and Brian Pillman (Pillman was not related, but had trained with the Hart family and was a friend of the family).[18][111][112] At the In Your House: Canadian Stampede pay-per-view in Calgary on July 6, 1997, the Hart Foundation won a five-on-five match against "Stone Cold" Steve Austin, Ken Shamrock, Goldust, and The Legion of Doom (Hawk and Animal).[113] Bret Hart left the WWF in 1997 after what has come to be known as the Montreal Screwjob,[114] while Owen died as the result of a failed stunt during his ring entrance at the Over the Edge 1999 pay-per-view.[115] Bret would eventually return to the renamed WWE in 2010 after settling his differences with the promotion.

Three of Stu and Helen Hart's grandchildren have begun careers in professional wrestling. Nattie Neidhart, daughter of Ellie and Jim, trained in Calgary and now wrestles for World Wrestling Entertainment (formerly the WWF) under the ring name Natalya. She was the first female from the Hart family to win a championship gold, when she won the Divas Championship at Survivor Series 2010.[116][117] Harry Smith, son of Diana and Davey Boy Smith, currently uses the name Davey Boy Smith Jr. and also wrestled for WWE, under the name David Hart Smith.[116][118] Teddy Hart, son of Georgia Hart and BJ Annis, has also competed in WWE, but was released by the company.[116][119]

In the mid and late 90s Harry Smith, T.J. Wilson, Teddy and his brother Matthew were all training together.[120] Matthew would later wrestle shortly together with Wilson, Smith and his brother before dying of a flesh eating disease in 1996.[98][121][122]

Two of Bruce Hart's sons Bruce Jr and Torrin have been involved in pro wrestling.[123] Torrin began wrestling when he was 17 years old.[124]

Two of Smith Hart's sons, Mike and Matt Herweg have started a career in wrestling.[125][126] They perform under the names Matt Hart and Mike Hart, using their father's surname. Matt gained his first championship on December 15, 2017, for the Real Canadian Wrestling promotion.[127]

Both of Alison's daughters, Lindsay and Brooke have had relationships with wrestlers, Lindsay with Randy Myers and Brooke with Peter Minnema better known under his ring name "Pistol" Pete Wilson.[71] Brooke and Peter Minnema are now married since 2014. Minnema was trained in by the Hart family and has appeared for the Hart Legacy promotion.

Alexandra Sabina "Beans" Hart was at one point training to become a wrestler, hoping to eventually join her cousin Natalya as a WWE Diva.[128]


Smith Hart (foreground) with stepson Mike Hart (background)

Jim Neidhart was arrested on September 6, 2010, and charged with two counts of possession of controlled substances with intent to distribute, two counts of trafficking illegal drugs, one count of burglary of an unoccupied dwelling, and one count of third degree grand theft for property stolen between $300 and $5,000. He was arrested after becoming aggressive with police after ingesting multiple pills outside a gas station. In March 2012, he was sentenced to five months and 29 days in jail.[129]

In January 2013, members of the Hart family hosted a wrestling event in Calgary, advertising the event as an online pay-per-view that never aired. Talent, event staff, and venue representatives claimed they were never paid despite a sold out show.[130]

Alexandra Hart, Bret (The Hitman) Hart’s daughter, opened a restaurant called Hart Healthy Food in Calgary in October 2019, which suddenly closed on Dec 20, 2019. Some employees claimed they were owed thousands in wages that were never paid.[131]

In her book Under the Mat, Diana Hart made numerous claims about her family including her mother's alcoholism and allegations of rape by her husband Davey Boy Smith (see Under the Mat).

In February 2020, Teddy Hart, grandchild of Stu and Helen Hart, was arrested and charged with three counts of possession, possession of a Schedule III controlled substance, and possession with intent to sell and distribute. Teddy Hart remains incarcerated while awaiting trial.[132]

Outside wrestling[edit]

Helen Smith Hart was the daughter of noted marathoner and sprinter Harry J. Smith, finished 17th in the 1912 Olympic marathon and married a Greek woman, Elizabeth "Ellie" Poulis Smith [133]

In December 2011, Jade Hart, the eldest child of Bret Hart, launched a clothing line called Jade Hart Kimonos. Based out of Calgary the clothing line consisted of handmade kimono made from Canadian silks and other fabrics. The business suspended operations in 2013.[65]

Georgia Hart Annis is an employee at the Cookbook Co. in Calgary. She at one point helped her niece Jennifer Neidhart to get a job there too and Neidhart is now manager of catering for the Cookbook Co.[37]

Brit and her husband Jamie are also involved in the restaurant business, they both work for the Rouge restaurant in Calgary.

Georgia Smith is a model and voice over actress and her fiancé Adam Barry is a musician.

Farrah Hart is a clothes designer.[134][135]

Wrestling related[edit]

B.J. Annis, husband of Georgia Hart and father of Teddy Hart has operated BJ's Gym in Downtown East Village, Calgary since constructing it in 1971.[136] The gym was a place for Stampede Wrestling's workers to train. In November 2011, his daughter Angie Annis staged an art exhibition at the gymnasium prior to the establishment closing its doors.[136]

Lindsay Hart, daughter of Alison Hart and Ben Bassarab, works as a make up artist and has worked on her cousin Natalie Neidhart on the reality show Total Divas,[137] as well as working backstage for Elite Canadian Championship Wrestling.[138] Natalya and her husband Tyson Kidd are featured heavily on Total Divas. Family members including Bret, his wife Stephanie, Ellie, Jim and Jennifer Neidhart as well as Kristen, Lachlan and Maddox Culbreth have all appeared on occasion.[139]


Hart & Soul: The Hart Family Anthology is a documentary produced and released by WWE Home Video in collaboration with Hart family members. The DVD chronicles the lineage of the Hart family beginning with the biography of patriarch Stu Hart. It gives a brief accounting of the lives of all twelve Hart children as well as parents Stu and Helen growing up in Calgary. It describes the deaths of Stu, Helen, Dean, Matthew, Owen, Brian Pillman, and Davey Boy Smith with recollections from their loved ones. The DVD concludes with a feature on the Hart Dynasty and their future in WWE. The bonus discs feature matches from Stampede Wrestling and WWF/WWE as well as candid home footage and interviews from the Hart family.

Family tree[edit]

Stewart HartHelen Smith
Bruce HartEllie HartBret HartDean HartDiana HartOwen Hart
Andrea Hart
James NeidhartJulie Smadu
David Smith
(Davey Boy Smith)

Martha Hart
Jennifer NeidhartJade HartHarry Smith
(Davey Boy Smith Jr.)
Oje Hart
Kristen NeidhartDallas HartGeorgia SmithAthena Hart
Natalie Neidhart
Alexandra Hart
Theodore Wilson
(Tyson Kidd)
Blade Hart
Smith HartKeith HartWayne HartGeorgia HartAlison HartRoss Hart
Bradley Annis
(B.J. Annis)
Benjamin Bassarab
Edward Annis
(Teddy Hart)
Matthew AnnisAnnie AnnisAngela AnnisLindsay HartBrooke Hart
Bradley Annis

= deceased

Accolades and honours[edit]

Championships and accomplishments[edit]

As a family

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Gauntlet Magazine — Summer 2018".
  2. ^ "The 411 Wrestling Top 5 8.05.09: Week 34 – Wrestling Families". 411mania.com.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Hart Family Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  4. ^ "Stu Hart's Hall of Fame profile". WWE. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  5. ^ a b "Stu Hart Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  6. ^ "Legends of Wrestling: Bret Hart the Excellence of Execution". News. wrestlingdotcom.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
  7. ^ Eric Cohen. "The Hart Family Tree". prowrestling.about.com. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
  8. ^ Clevett, Jason (November 3, 2003). "'Attitude problems' continue to plague Ted Hart". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  9. ^ "The 15 greatest families in WWE history". wwe.com. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Hart, Diana; McLellan, Kirstie (2001). Under the Mat: Inside Wrestling's Greatest Family. Fenn. p. 22. ISBN 1-55168-256-7.
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  12. ^ a b Historical Dictionary of Wrestling. Scarecrow Press, inc. 2014. p. 367. ISBN 978-0-8108-7926-3.
  13. ^ "Bruce Hart Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  14. ^ "Keith Hart Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  15. ^ Kreikenbohm, Philip. "Wayne Hart « Wrestlers Database « CAGEMATCH – The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
  16. ^ [1] Surviving The Dungeon Extra: Ross Hart on The Hart Siblings (1 of 2)
  17. ^ a b [2] Bret Hart and the Hart family speak on behalf of Stu Hart
  18. ^ a b "Bret Hart Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  19. ^ "Owen Hart Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  20. ^ Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
  21. ^ "Mom tower of strength". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. 2001-05-12.
  22. ^ "One of Helen's dozen missing this year". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. 2000-05-14.
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  28. ^ Hart, Bret (2007). Hitman: My real life in the cartoon world of wrestling. Ebury Press. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-09-193286-2.
  29. ^ "Bruce Hart's Wife Has Sadly Passes Away". eWrestlingnews.com. 10 January 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  30. ^ Hart, Diana; McLellan, Kirstie (2001). Under the Mat: Inside Wrestling's Greatest Family. Fenn. p. 49. ISBN 1-55168-256-7.
  31. ^ Hart, Martha; Francis, Eric (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 253. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
  32. ^ "Wayne Hart Could Tell You Stories" (PDF). Ramsay. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
  33. ^ Hart, Bret (2007). Hitman: My real life in the cartoon world of wrestling. Ebury Press. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-09-193286-2.
  34. ^ Martion, Kevin (2005-02-05). "Neidhart accused of theft". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2007-07-09.
  35. ^ Oliver, Greg (October 25, 2001). "Stu Hart bio due in March". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2015-01-27.
  36. ^ "Neidhart, Jim in movie Heroes". 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  37. ^ a b Gilchrist, John (September 27, 2012). "From headlocks to stockpots". Calgary Herald. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
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  50. ^ Marsha Erb (2002). Stu Hart: Lord of the ring. ECWPress. p. 3. ISBN 1-55022-508-1.
  51. ^ Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
  52. ^ Hart, Bret (2007). Hitman: My real life in the cartoon world of wrestling. Ebury Press. p. 283. ISBN 978-0-09-193286-2.
  53. ^ Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
  54. ^ McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 255. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
  55. ^ Hart, Bret (2007). Hitman: My real life in the cartoon world of wrestling. Ebury Press. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-09-193286-2.
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]