Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia

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Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Porträtbildnis der Prinzessin Sophie von Brandenburg-Schwedt.jpg
Portrait by Antoine Pesne
Margravine consort of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Tenure25 January 1699 – 19 December 1711
Born(1719-01-25)25 January 1719
Died13 November 1765(1765-11-13) (aged 46)
German: Sophia Dorothea Marie
FatherFrederick William I of Prussia
MotherSophia Dorothea of Hanover

Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia (German: Sophia Dorothea Marie von Preußen; 25 January 1719 – 13 November 1765) was the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt.


Marriage and children[edit]

On 10 November 1734 in Potsdam, Sophia Dorothea married her Hohenzollern kinsman Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, son of Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau, daughter of John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau. They had five children:

Frederick William was 19 years older than the princess and he was called the "mad Margrave" because of his pranks and rude manners. Their relationship was not happy, and eventually they lived in separate places: Sophie lived in the castle Montplaisir near the residence, and the Margrave lived in the castle of Schwedt. They only reconciled during Sophie's terminal illness, when she died in the Margrave's arms. She did not, reportedly, have the same spiritual interests of her sisters. The Margraviate of Schwedt was only a small holding, but enjoyed a prosperous economy due to immigrant Huguenots.



  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 16.
Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Born: 25 January 1719 Died: 10 November 1765
German nobility
Title last held by
Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
25 January 1699 – 19 December 1711
Title next held by
Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau