Family tree of the British royal family

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This is the family tree of the British royal family, from James VI and I (who united the crowns of England and Scotland) to the present monarch, Elizabeth II.

Before James VI/I[edit]

See Family tree of English monarchs, Family tree of Scottish monarchs, and Family tree of Welsh monarchs. This also includes England, Scotland and Wales; all part of the United Kingdom as well as the French Norman invasion.

For a simplified view, see: Family tree of British monarchs.

Key[edit]

  • : Red borders indicate British monarchs
  • : Bold borders indicate children of British monarchs

House of Stuart[edit]

House of Stuart
Scottish House of StuartScottish monarchs
Henry Stuart
1545–1567
Mary
Queen of Scots
1542–1587
Frederick II
King of Denmark
1534–1588
Henry IV
King of France
1553–1610
James I[a]
1566–1625
r.1567–1625(Sct)
r.1603–1625 (Eng)
Anne of Denmark
1574–1619
John IV
King of Portugal
1604–1656
Henry Frederick
Prince of Wales
1594–1612
Elizabeth of Bohemia
1596–1662
Frederick V
Elector Palatine
King of Bohemia
1596–1632
Margaret Stuart
1598–1600
Charles I
1600–1649
r.1625–1649
Henrietta Maria
of France
1609–1669
Robert Stuart
Duke of Kintyre and Lorne
1602
Mary Stuart
1605–1607
Sophia
1607
Louis XIII
King of France
1601–1643
House of Palatinate-SimmernHouse of Hanover
Charles
Duke of Cornwall
1629
Charles II
1630–1685
r.1649–1651 (Sc)
r.1660–1685
Catherine of Braganza
1638–1705
William II, Prince of Orange
1626–1650
Mary
Princess Royal
1631–1660
Anne Hyde
1637–1671
James II[a]
1633–1701
r.1685–1688
Mary of Modena
1658–1718
Elizabeth Stuart
1635–1650
Anne Stuart
1637–1640
Henry Stuart
Duke of Gloucester
1640–1660
Henrietta
1644–1670
Philippe I
Duke of Orléans
1640–1701
illegitimate childrenFrederick III
King of Denmark
1609–1670
House of Orléans
Charles Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
1660–1661
Mary II
1662–1694
r.1689–1694
William III[a]
1650–1702
r.1689–1702
James Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
1663–1667
Anne
1665–1714
r.1702–1714
George of Denmark
1653–1708
Charles Stuart
Duke of Kendal
1666–1667
Edgar Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
1667–1671
Infants/
still-births
William
Duke of Gloucester
1689–1700
Infants/
still-births
Catherine
1675–1676
Isabel Stuart
1676–1681
Charles Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
1677
Elizabeth
1678
Charlotte
1682
Maria Clementina Sobieska
1702–1735
James Francis Edward Stuart
Prince of Wales
The Old Pretender
1688–1766
Louisa Maria Stuart
1692–1712
Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
1752–1824
Charles Edward Stuart
Bonnie Prince Charlie;
The Young Pretender
1720–1788
Henry Benedict Stuart
Cardinal Duke of York
1725–1807

House of Hanover[edit]

House of Hanover


Sophia of Hanover
1630–1714
Ernest Augustus
Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1629–1698
Sophia Dorothea of Celle
1666–1726
George I
1660–1727
r.1714–1727
Ernest Augustus
Duke of York and Albany
1674–1728
other siblings
Caroline of Ansbach
1683–1737
George II
1683–1760
r.1727–1760
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
1687–1757
Frederick William I
King of Prussia
1688–1740
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
1719–1772
Frederick
Prince of Wales
1707–1751
William IV
Prince of Orange
1711–1751
Anne
Princess Royal
1709–1759
Amelia Sophia Eleanor
1711–1786
Caroline Elizabeth
1713–1757
George William
1717–1718
William Augustus
Duke of Cumberland
1721–1765
Mary
1723–1772
Frederick II
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
1720–1785
Louise
1724–1751
Frederick V
King of Denmark
1723–1766
Augusta Frederica
1737–1813
Charles William Ferdinand
Duke of Brunswick
1735–1806
George III
1738–1820
r.1760–1820
Charlotte
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1744–1818
Frederick William II
King of Prussia
1744–1797
Edward
Duke of York and Albany
1739–1767
Elizabeth Caroline
1741–1759
William Henry
Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
1743–1805
Henry
Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn
1745–1790
Louisa
1749–1768
Frederick
1750–1765
Caroline Matilda
1751–1775
Christian VII
King of Denmark
1749–1808
House of Oldenburg
Caroline
of Brunswick
1768–1821
George IV
1762–1830
(regent
1811–1820)

r.1820–1830
Frederick
Duke of York and Albany
1763–1827
Frederica Charlotte
of Prussia
1767–1820
Adelaide
of Saxe-Meiningen
1792–1849
William IV
1765–1837
r.1830–1837
Charlotte
Princess Royal
1766–1828
Frederick I
King of Württemberg
1754–1816
Edward
Duke of Kent and Strathearn
1767–1820
Victoria
of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
1786–1861
Augusta Sophia
1768–1840
illegitimate children
Elizabeth
1770–1840
Frederick VI
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
1769–1829
Ernest Augustus
King of Hanover
1771–1851
Frederica
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1778–1841
Augustus Frederick
Duke of Sussex
1773–1843
Adolphus
Duke of Cambridge
1774–1850
Augusta
of Hesse-Kassel
1797–1889
Mary
1776–1857
William Frederick
Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
1776–1834
Sophia Matilda
1777–1848
Octavius
1779–1783
Alfred
1780–1783
Amelia
1783–1810
Leopold I
King of the Belgians
1790–1865
Charlotte
of Wales
1796–1817
George V
King of Hanover
1819–1878
Marie
of Saxe-Altenburg
1818–1907
Charlotte
of Clarence
1819
Elizabeth
of Clarence
1820–1821
George
Duke of Cambridge
1819–1904
Augusta
of Cambridge
1822–1916
Frederick William
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1819–1904
Mary Adelaide
of Cambridge
1833–1897
Francis
Duke of Teck
1837–1900
Victoria
1819–1901
r.1837–1901
Albert
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1819–1861
FitzGeorgesHouse of Mecklenburg
Ernest Augustus Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
1845–1923
Thyra
of Denmark
1853–1933
Frederica
of Hanover
1848–1926
Alphons von Pawel-Rammingen
1843–1932
Marie
of Hanover
1849–1904
Mary of Teck
1867–1953
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of HanoverHouse of Pawel-RammingenHouse of Windsor

House of Windsor[edit]

House of Windsor
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
William I
King of Prussia, German Emperor
1797–1888
Christian IX
King of Denmark
1818–1906
Victoria
1819–1901
r.1837–1901
Albert
Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1819–1861
Alexander II
Emperor of Russia
1855–1881
Frederick III
German Emperor
1831–1888
Victoria
Princess Royal
1840–1901
Edward VII
1841–1910
r.1901–1910
Alexandra
of Denmark
1844–1925
Alice
1843–1878
Louis IV
Grand Duke of Hesse
1837–1892
Alfred
Duke of Edinburgh/Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1844–1900
Maria
of Russia
1853–1920
Helena
1846–1923
Christian
of Schleswig-Holstein
1831–1917
House of Oldenburg
Wilhelm II
German Emperor
1859–1941
Alfred
of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1874–1899
Marie
of Edinburgh
1875–1938
Ferdinand
King of Romania
1865–1927
Kirill Vladimirovich
Grand Duke of Russia
1876–1938
Victoria
of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1876–1936
Ernest Louis
Grand Duke of Hesse
1868–1937
Alexandra
of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1878–1942
Ernst II
of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
1863–1950
Beatrice
of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1884–1966
Alfonso
Duke of Galliera
1886–1975
House of HohenzollernHouse of Hohenzollern-SigmaringenHouse of RomanovHouse of Hohenlohe-LangenburgHouse of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louise
1848–1939
John Campbell
Duke of Argyll
1845–1914
Arthur
Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
1850–1942
Louise Margaret
of Prussia
1860–1917
Leopold
Duke of Albany
1853–1884
Helena
of Waldeck and Pyrmont
1861–1922
Beatrice
1857–1944
Henry
of Battenberg
1858–1896
Battenberg family
Albert Victor
Duke of Clarence
1864–1892
George V
1865–1936
r.1910–1936
Mary
of Teck
1867–1953
Louise
Princess Royal
1867–1931
Alexander Duff
Duke of Fife
1849–1912
Victoria
1868–1935
Maud
of Wales
1869–1938
Haakon VII
King of Norway
1872–1957
Alexander John
of Wales
1871
Norwegian royal family
Wallis
Simpson
1896–1986
Edward VIII
Duke of Windsor
1894–1972
r.1936
George VI
1895–1952
r.1936–1952
Elizabeth
Bowes-Lyon
1900–2002
Mary
Princess Royal
1897–1965
Henry Lascelles
Earl of Harewood
1882–1947
Henry
Duke of Gloucester
1900–1974
Alice
Montagu Douglas Scott
1901–2004
George
Duke of Kent
1902–1942
Marina
of Greece and Denmark
1906–1968
John
1905–1919
Lascelles family
Philip
of Greece and Denmark
Duke of Edinburgh
1921–2021
Elizabeth II
1926–present
r.1952–present
Margaret
1930–2002
Antony Armstrong-Jones
Earl of Snowdon
1930–2017
William
of Gloucester
1941–1972
Richard
Duke of Gloucester
1944–present
Birgitte
van Deurs
1946–present
Armstrong-Jones family
Katharine
Worsley
1933–present
Edward
Duke of Kent
1935–present
Alexandra
The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
1936–present
Angus Ogilvy
1928–2004
Michael
of Kent
1942–present
Marie Christine
von Reibnitz
1945–present
Windsor familyClan OgilvyWindsor family
Diana
Spencer
1961–1997
Charles
Prince of Wales
1948–present
(1st in line[b])
Camilla
Parker Bowles
1947–present
Mark Phillips
1948–present
Anne
Princess Royal
1950–present
Timothy Laurence
1955–present
Andrew
Duke of York
1960–present
Sarah
Ferguson
1959–present
Edward
Earl of Wessex
1964–present
Sophie
Rhys-Jones
1965–present
Phillips familyMountbatten-Windsor family
William
Duke of Cambridge
1982–present
(2nd in line[b])
Catherine
Middleton
1982–present
Harry
Duke of Sussex
1984–present
(6th in line[b])
Meghan
Markle
1981–present
Edoardo
Mapelli Mozzi
1983–present
Beatrice
Mrs Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi
1988–present
Eugenie
Mrs Jack Brooksbank
1990–present
Jack
Brooksbank
1986–present
Mapelli-Mozzi familyBrooksbank family
George
of Cambridge
2013–present
(3rd in line[b])
Charlotte
of Cambridge
2015–present
(4th in line[b])
Louis
of Cambridge
2018–present
(5th in line[b])
Archie Mountbatten-Windsor
2019–present
Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor
2021–present

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Title as King of England
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Succession to the Crown Act 2013, s. 3". legislation.gov.uk. A person who (when the person marries) is one of the 6 persons next in the line of succession to the Crown must obtain the consent of Her Majesty before marrying.

References[edit]