Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

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Joseph
Herzog Joseph von Sachsen-Altenburg.jpg
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Reign1834–1848
PredecessorFrederick
SuccessorGeorge
Born(1789-08-27)27 August 1789
Hildburghausen, Saxe-Altenburg
Died25 November 1868(1868-11-25) (aged 79)
Altenburg, Saxe-Altenburg
Spouse
(m. 1817; died 1848)
Issue
Names
Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl
HouseWettin
FatherFrederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
MotherDuchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
ReligionLutheranism

Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (27 August 1789, in Hildburghausen – 25 November 1868, in Altenburg), was a Duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

Biography[edit]

He was the second but first surviving son of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (of Saxe-Altenburg from 1826) and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joseph succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg after his death in 1834.

In 1814, he and his brother George fought with the allies against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Later, he was a General Major in Saxon services.

He implemented several buildings in Altenburg, but his government was considered conservative and resistant to reform; for this, he was forced to abdicate during the civil revolution of 1848.

Marriage and issue[edit]

In Kirchheim unter Teck on 24 April 1817, Joseph married Amelia of Württemberg, a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. They had six daughters:

  • Marie (b. Hildburghausen, 14 April 1818 – d. Gmunden, 9 January 1907), married on 18 February 1843 to King George V of Hanover.
  • Pauline (b. Kirchheim unter Teck, 24 November 1819 – d. Hildburghausen, 11 January 1825).
  • Therese (b. Hildburghausen, 9 October 1823 – d. Altenburg, 3 April 1915).
  • Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1826 – d. Oldenburg, 2 February 1896), married on 10 February 1852 to Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
  • Alexandra [upon her marriage, she took the name Alexandra Iosifovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism] (b. Altenburg, 8 July 1830 – d. St. Petersburg, 6 July 1911), married on 11 September 1848 to Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia.
  • Luise (b. Altenburg, 4 June 1832 – d. Hummelshain, 29 August 1833).

Ancestry[edit]

Honours[edit]

He received the following orders and decorations:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Altenburg (1855), "Genealogie des Herzoglichen Hauses" pp. 3-4
  2. ^ Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1837), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 10
  3. ^ Anhalt-Köthen (1851). Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch für die Herzogthümer Anhalt-Dessau und Anhalt-Köthen: 1851. Katz. p. 11.
  4. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1858), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 33, 46
  5. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern: 1846. Landesamt. 1846. p. 7.
  6. ^ H. Tarlier (1854). Almanach royal officiel, publié, exécution d'un arrête du roi (in French). Vol. 1. p. 37.
  7. ^ Staat Hannover (1859). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1859. Berenberg. p. 36.
  8. ^ Staat Oldenburg (1867). Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: für ... 1867. Schulze. p. 26.
  9. ^ Liste der Ritter des Königlich Preußischen Hohen Ordens vom Schwarzen Adler (1851), "Von Seiner Majestät dem Könige Friedrich Wilhelm IV. ernannte Ritter" p. 23
  10. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1855), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 9
  11. ^ Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen: 1860. Heinrich. 1860. p. 4.
  12. ^ Württemberg (1858). Königlich-Württembergisches Hof- und Staats-Handbuch: 1858. Guttenberg. p. 31.
Preceded by Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
1834–1848
Succeeded by