|Formed||28 June 1860 |
(current form since 2001)
|Governing body||Government of Serbia|
|Overviewed by||Ministry of Internal Affairs|
|Elected minister responsible|
The Gendarmery (Serbian Cyrillic: Жандармерија) is an armed police force of the Serbian police. It was formed on 28 June 2001, after the disbandment of the Special Police Units (PJP). Gendarmery in Serbia existed in previous form from 1860 to 1920. As a special unit inside Serbian police, its role can be compared to those of Russian OMON and former Ukrainian Berkut units.
As of 2017, Gendarmery consists of about 2,800 members. The Command of the Gendarmery is in Belgrade.
The word žandarmerija is a French loanword ("gendarmerie"), and is pronounced "zhandarmeriya". The Žandarmerija corps date back to the Principality of Serbia, established on June 28, 1860, and originally consisted of 120 officers. It was disbanded after World War II and was restored in 2001 by the reorganization of the irregular "Special Police Unit" (Posebna Jedinica Policije, PJP). This was accomplished by an act issued by the Minister of Interior Dušan Mihajlović. One of its first major assignments was capturing the suspects in the assassination of prime minister Zoran Đinđić.
In 2011 the Gendarmery was reorganized and the First Quick Response Detachment was established, consisting of the specialist companies of all Gendarmery detachments along with the Diving Center.
|No.||Commander||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Minister of Internal Affairs|
|28 June 2001||17 August 2004||3 years, 50 days||Dušan Mihajlović|
|17 August 2004||23 June 2008||3 years, 311 days||Dragan Jočić|
|23 June 2008||3 June 2009||345 days||Dragan Jočić|
|3 June 2009||17 July 2013||4 years, 44 days||Ivica Dačić|
|17 July 2013||2 August 2013||16 days||Ivica Dačić|
|2 August 2013||13 March 2015||1 year, 223 days||Ivica Dačić|
|13 March 2015||2 August 2018||3 years, 142 days||Nebojša Stefanović|
|2 August 2018||Incumbent||1 year, 346 days||Nebojša Stefanović|
Alongside the operational detachments deployed through Serbia, the Gendarmery has some specialized units: the Diving Unit and the Personnel and Infrastructure Protection Unit, which is specialized in tasks of physical and technical protection.
Detachments are organized as independent units in order to be able to execute every-day duties on their territory of jurisdiction. Should the need arise, each detachment may quickly support others throughout Serbia.
First Quick Detachment
Within each operational detachment, a company-sized specialized unit is tasked to deal with most complex tasks in both urban and rural environment. In turn, each specialized unit consists of several counter-terrorist teams, which may be reinforced by sniper, K9 and explosive ordnance disposal assets when needed. Since 2011, specialized units are grouped within the First Quick Detachment. The first commander was Police Lieutenant Colonel Vojkan Ivanovic.
The Diving Unit of the Serbian Gendarmery is headquartered in Belgrade and is intended for conducting special actions in environments dominated by water, as well as the land area near water. Its operational element consists of three specialist teams: intervention team, searching team and nautical team.
The Diving Unit tracks its origins to 1997, when it was established within the Special Operation Unit.
Its main duties are:
- Restoring peace and stability if they have been heavily disturbed
- Counter terrorism
- Countering violent groups
- Repressing prison riots
Its civil duties include: to provide security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organized crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.
Its military duties include to provide, preserve and protect security and public peace, public order, to protect state and private property, to assist other security forces in case of emergency, civil unrest, war; to repress riots; to reinforce martial law and mobilization; to fight and apprehend suspected criminals, terrorists and other violent groups ;
Its additional duties are to perform any duties decreed in the decrees of law and regulations other than civil, military and other duties and the duties given by the governmental decrees based on them.
|CZ 99||Serbia||9×19 Parabellum||In use also CZ999|
|Glock 17||Austria||9×19 Parabellum||In use Glock 17 Gen 3|
|SIG Sauer P 220||Switzerland||9×19 Parabellum|
|Amadeo Rossi||Brasil||357. Magnum||For training purposes|
|Smith&Wesson||U.S.||357. Magnum||For training purposes|
|Zastava R83||Serbia||357. Magnum||For training purposes|
|HK MP5||Germany||9×19 Parabellum||In use A2,A3,SD3,K versions|
|Zastava M84 Škorpion||Yugoslavia||7.65×17||Personal Defense Weapon|
|Zastava M70||Yugoslavia/Serbia||7.62×39||In use AB1,AB2 and modernised ABX versions|
|Zastava M21||Serbia||5.56×45 NATO|
|Colt M4||U.S.||5.56×45 NATO||A4 Commando version in use|
|Steyr||Austria||7.62×51 NATO||Tactical Elite|
|HK G3||Germany||7.62×51 NATO|
|HK G33||Germany||5.56×45 NATO|
|SIG Sauer 716||Switzerland||7.62×51 NATO|
|Barrett M82||U.S.||12.7×99 NATO|
|Barrett M95||U.S.||12.7×99 NATO||Bullpup sniper rifle|
|Browning M2||U.S.||12.7×99 NATO||Mounted only on vehicles|
|Zastava M93||Serbia||30mm||Automatic granade launcher|
- "Novi odred Žandarmerije sličan JSO". b92.net (in Serbian). 24 January 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- Jevtic, Milos (13 January 2017). "Serbian Gendarmerie". Spec Ops Magazine. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- B92. "Interior minister in Ground Safety Zone". www.b92.net. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "Nadležnosti" [Duties]. Ministry of the Interior, Republic of Serbia (in Serbian). Archived from the original on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Gendarmerie of the Republic of Serbia". specijalne-jedinice.com. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- "Serbian ministries, etc". rulers.org. B. Schemmel. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Novi odred Žandarmerije sličan JSO" (in Serbian). B92. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gendarmerie (Serbia).|
- Official Žandarmerija of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
- Short video about Žandarmerija
- "Nadležnosti" [Duties]. Ministry of the Interior, Republic of Serbia (in Serbian)