Ladislaus II of Hungary

Ladislaus II of Hungary

Ladislaus II (Hungarian: "II. László", Croatian: "Ladislav II.", Slovak: "Ladislav II."), (1131 – 14 January 1163), King of Hungary and Croatia (1162-1163), Duke of Bosnia (1137-1159). As a younger son, he could ascend to the throne only with the assistance of the Byzantine Empire against his nephew, King Stephen III after his brother's death. Although, the majority of the Hungarian nobles accepted his rule based on the tradition that gave precedence to the eldest member of the royal family to the deceased king's son, the Head of the Catholic Church in Hungary did not accept the legitimacy of his rule.

Early years

Ladislaus was the second son of King Béla II of Hungary and his wife, Helena of Raška. He was only a baby when his mother introduced him and his brother, Géza to the barons assembled in Arad in order to pursuade them to massacre her husband's opponents.

After the occupation of Bosnia, his father named Ladislaus the duke of the province in 1137, but the province was obviously governed by the administrators appointed by the king. When King Béla II died on 13 February 1141, Ladislaus' brother, Géza II ascended the throne. In 1152, the king organised a separated ducal household for Ladislaus and his younger brother, Stephen.

However, the two younger brother's relationship got worsened with the king, because Géza II wanted to ensure the succession of his son, Stephen. In 1157, Duke Stephen tried to organise a conspiracion against the king supported by their maternal uncle, Beloš, but Géza could overcome them, and Duke Stephen had to fleed to the court of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos. In 1159, Stephen also conspired against Géza II but following his failure, he had to follow his younger brother to Constantinople.

In the imperial court of Constantinople, Ladislaus, with contrast to his brother, did not want to surrender totally to Manuel I Komnenos, and he refused to marry a niece of the Emperor.

King of Hungary

When the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos was informed that King Géza II had died on 31 May 1162 and his son Stephen III had been crowned, he decided to make a campaign against Hungary in order to have his niece's husband, Duke Stephen ascended the throne. On hearing the Emperor's demand, the Hungarian barons sent an embassy to his camp and offered to accept Ladislaus' rule pursuant to the Hungarian costums which gave precedence to the eldest member of the royal family over a deceased king's son. The Emperor accepted the barons' offer and sent Ladislaus to Hungary.

By the time Ladislaus arrived to Székesfehérvár, his nephew, King Stephen III had escaped to Pozsony, and Ladislaus was proclaimed king. However, Lukas, Archbishop of Esztergom, who remained loyal to the young king, denied Ladislaus' coronation; therefore he was crowned by Mikó, Archbishop of Kalocsa in July 1162. On the occasion of his coronation, Ladislaus granted "Tercia pars Regni" ("i.e.", one third of the Kingdom of Hungary) to his brother, Stephen.

Archbishop Lukas still denied the legitimacy of Ladislaus' rule and excommunacated him, so he had the Archbishop arrested. On 25 December 1162, upon the request of Pope Alexander III, Ladislaus set Archbishop Lukas free, but he did not want to absolve the king.

Ladislaus may have died of poisoning. He was buried in Székesfehérvár. In medieval times, he was not counted as a king (being only an anti-king), so Ladislaus III was also counted as Ladislaus II in the 13th century.

Marriage and daughter

"# ?:" "Unknown"
* Maria (? – ?), wife of Niccolò Michieli, patrician of Venice



* Engel, Pat. "Realm of St. Stephen : A History of Medieval Hungary", 2001
* Kristó Gyula - Makk Ferenc: "Az Árpád-ház uralkodói" (IPC Könyvek, 1996)
* "Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon (9-14. század)", főszerkesztő: Kristó Gyula, szerkesztők: Engel Pál és Makk Ferenc (Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1994)
* G. Vég, "Magyarország királyai és királynői", Maecenas, 1990.
* "Magyarország Történeti Kronológiája I. – A kezdetektől 1526-ig", főszerkesztő: Benda Kálmán (Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1981)
* (primary source) "The Hungarian Illuminated Chronicle", A. West, trans., Corvina, 1969.
* (primary source) John Kinnamos, "Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus", C.M. Brand, trans., Columbia University Press, 1976.

Succession|preceded=Stephen III|office=King of Hungary|years=1162–1163|succeeded=Stephen IVsuccession box
title=Duke of Bosnia
before= new title
after= the title is suspended

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ladislaus III of Hungary — Ladislaus III. (Hungarian: III. László , Croatian: Ladislav III , Slovak: Ladislav III ), (c. 1200 ndash; 7 May 1205, Vienna), King of Hungary and Croatia (1204 1205). He was the only son of King Emeric of Hungary and his queen, Infanta Constance …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislaus V of Hungary — can be the title of: *King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia *King Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary Note: Nowadays, the title Ladislaus V usually refers to Ladislaus Posthumus and Wenceslaus III. is called Wenceslaus even in Hungary. ee… …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislaus I of Hungary — Infobox Saint name=Saint Ladislaus I of Hungary birth date=birth date|1040|6|27|mf=y death date=death date and age|1095|7|29|1040|6|27|mf=y feast day= venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=300px caption= Miniature of the Saint King from… …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislaus IV of Hungary — Ladislaus IV the Cuman ( hu. IV. (Kun) László, hr. Ladislav III., sk. Ladislav IV) (August 1262 ndash; July 10, 1290, Kőrösszeg, Hungary), also known as László IV, King of Hungary and Croatia (1272–1290).Early yearsHe was the elder son of Stephen …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislaus I — (sometimes spelled Władysław I) may refer to:*Ladislaus I of Hungary (1040 1095), King of Hungary *Władysław I Herman (1040 1102), Duke of Poland *Władysław II the Exile (1138 1146), Duke of Silesia, sometimes known as Ladislaus I the Exile… …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislaus III — (also known as Władysław III or Vladislaus III) may refer to:*Władysław III Spindleshanks (1165 ndash;1231), Duke of Poland*Ladislaus III of Hungary (1201 ndash;1205), an Arpad king.*Władysław III of Poland and Lithuania (1424 ndash;1444), Polish …   Wikipedia

  • Hungary — This article is about the European country. For other uses, see Hungary (disambiguation). Republic of Hungary Magyar Köztársaság …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislaus II — The name Ladislaus II (alternately spelled Władysław II, Vladislaus II, or Vladislav II) may refer to:* Władysław II the Exile (1105 1159), Duke of Poland and Silesia * Vladislaus II of Bohemia (1110 1174), the second king of Bohemia * Ladislaus… …   Wikipedia

  • Hungary — • History of the country Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hungary     Hungary     † Cathol …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ladislaus the Posthumous — (February 22, 1440 ndash; November 23, 1457) ruled Bohemia as Ladislav I, Hungary as László V (and Croatia as Ladislav IV), and Austria as Duke Ladislaus. BiographyThe only son of Albert II, King of Germany, and of Elizabeth, daughter of the Holy …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.