Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
|Frederick Francis II|
|Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
|Reign||7 March 1842 – 15 April 1883|
|Successor||Frederick Francis III|
|Born||28 February 1823|
Ludwigslust, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation
|Died||15 April 1883 (aged 60)|
Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany
|Spouse||Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz|
Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
|Issue||Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
Duke Paul Frederick
Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Duke John Albert
Elisabeth, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Duke Friedrich William
Duke Adolf Friedrich
Hendrick, Prince Consort of the Netherlands
|Father||Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
|Mother||Princess Alexandrine of Prussia|
He was born in Schloss Ludwigslust, the eldest son of Hereditary Grand Duke Paul Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his wife Princess Alexandrine of Prussia. He became heir apparent to the grand duchy following the death of his great-grandfather Frederick Francis I on 1 February 1837. Frederick Francis was privately educated until 1838. He then attended the Blochmann institute in Dresden before going to the University of Bonn. Frederick Francis succeeded his father as Grand Duke on 7 March 1842.
During the Second Schleswig War Frederick Francis served on the staff of Generalfeldmarschall Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, having refused a command in the fight against Denmark since Christian IX of Denmark was a close friend. During the Austro-Prussian War he commanded the forces that occupied Leipzig and lay siege to Nuremberg. He also took part in the Franco-Prussian War, during which he was made Governor-General of Reims and commanded the German forces laying siege to Toul. He defended the Prussian forces during the Siege of Paris from attack by the Army of the Loire. He defeated French forces at the battles of Beaune-La-Rolande and Beaugency. He was a maternal first cousin of both German Emperor Frederick III and Russian Tsar Alexander II. He held the rank of Prussian general and was also a Russian General Field Marshal.
Marriages and children
- Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (19 March 1851 – 10 April 1897) he married Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia on 24 January 1879. They had three children.
- Duke Paul Frederick of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (19 September 1852 – 17 May 1923) he married Princess Marie of Windisch-Graetz. on 5 May 1881. They had four children.
- Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (14 May 1854 – 5 September 1920) she married Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia on 28 August 1874. They had five children.
- Duke Nikolaus of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (18 August 1855 – 23 January 1856) died at five months old.
- Duke Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (8 December 1857 – 16 February 1920) he married Princess Elisabeth Sybille of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (28 February 1854 – 10 July 1908) on 6 November 1886. He remarried Princess Elisabeth of Stolberg-Rossla on 15 December 1909.
- Duke Alexander of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (13 August 1859 – 13 August 1859)
- Duchess Anne of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (7 April 1865 – 8 February 1882) died at the age of sixteen.
His third wife was Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt on 4 July 1868. They had four children:
- Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 August 1869 – 3 September 1955) she married Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg on 24 October 1896. They had five children.
- Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (5 April 1871 – 22 September 1897) died at the age of twenty-six.
- Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 October 1873 – 5 August 1969) he married Princess Viktoria Feodora of Reuss zu Schleiz (21 April 1889 – 18 December 1918) on 24 April 1917. They have one daughter Duchess Woizlawa Feodora of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1918-2019), later Princess Reuß zu Köstritz. After the death of his first wife, Adolf Friedrich remarried Princess Elisabeth of Stolberg-Rossla on 15 October 1924.
- Duke Heinrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin ( 19 April 1876 – 3 July 1934) he married Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands on 7 February 1901. They had one daughter: Queen Juliana.
- German decorations
- Anhalt: Grand Cross of the Order of Albert the Bear, with Swords, 19 September 1864
- Brunswick: Grand Cross of the Order of Henry the Lion
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, May 1840
- Hesse-Darmstadt: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 25 December 1843
- Hesse-Kassel: Knight of the Golden Lion, 14 March 1864
- Nassau: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau, July 1858
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, with Golden Crown, 8 October 1843; with Swords, 31 December 1870
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 16 February 1840; with Swords, 1871
- Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1842
- Knight of the Black Eagle, 9 January 1840; with Collar, 1851
- Knight of the Red Eagle, 1st Class, 9 January 1840; with Swords, 1864
- Commander of Honour of the Johanniter Order, 1863
- Grand Commander's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, 9 December 1865; with Swords, 1871
- Pour le Mérite (military), 9 August 1866; with Oak Leaves, 5 December 1870
- Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, 4 December 1871
- Foreign decorations
- Austrian Empire: Grand Cross of the Royal Hungarian Order of St. Stephen, 1844
- Denmark: Knight of the Elephant, 5 April 1842
- Kingdom of Greece: Grand Cross of the Redeemer
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight of the Annunciation, 6 June 1870
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Gold Lion of Nassau
- Ottoman Empire: Order of Osmanieh, 1st Class
- Kingdom of Portugal: Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword
- Russian Empire:
- Spain: Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III, 24 September 1865
|Ancestors of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
- "Obituary - Friedrich Franz II" (PDF). New York Times. 1883-04-16. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- Garlington, JC (1852). The Men of the Time, Or, Sketches of Living Notables. Redfield. p. 349.
- "Friedrich Franz II. Großherzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin". prussianmachine.com. Retrieved 2021-12-19.
- Grossherzoglich Mecklenburg-Schwerinscher Staatskalendar (1880) pp. 1-2
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Herzogtum Anhalt (1867) "Herzoglicher Haus-orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 18
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1880), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 33, 49
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1880), "Großherzogliche Orden" p. 63
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Bayern (1873), "Königliche Orden" p. 8
- Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1843), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 6
- Staat Hannover (1865). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1865. Berenberg. pp. 37, 75.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 10
- Hessen-Kassel (1866). Kurfürstlich Hessisches Hof- und Staatshandbuch: 1866. Waisenhaus. p. 16.
- Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" p. 8
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg0: 1879. Schulze. 1879. p. 31.
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1843), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 8
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1880), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 13
- Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen: 1865/66. Heinrich. 1866. p. 4.
- "Königlich Preussische Ordensliste", Preussische Ordens-Liste (in German), Berlin, 1: 9, 37, 923, 964, 1877 – via hathitrust.org
- "Friedrich Franz II. Großherzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin". the Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on 2017-10-23. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
- Württemberg (1873). Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Württemberg: 1873. pp. 32, 71.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Bille-Hansen, A. C.; Holck, Harald, eds. (1881) [1st pub.:1801]. Statshaandbog for Kongeriget Danmark for Aaret 1881 [State Manual of the Kingdom of Denmark for the Year 1881] (PDF). Kongelig Dansk Hof- og Statskalender (in Danish). Copenhagen: J.H. Schultz A.-S. Universitetsbogtrykkeri. p. 3. Retrieved 4 July 2020 – via da:DIS Danmark.
- Italia : Ministero dell'interno (1878). Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia. Unione tipografico-editrice. p. 38.
- "Real y distinguida orden de Carlos III". Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish). 1881. p. 145. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
Media related to Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Wikimedia Commons