Volkswagen Jetta (A5)

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Volkswagen Jetta (A5, Mk5, Typ 1K)
2005 Volkswagen Jetta 2.5 -- NHTSA.jpg
Overview
Also calledVolkswagen Bora (Mexico and Colombia)
Volkswagen GLI
Volkswagen Sagitar (China)
Volkswagen Vento (Argentina and Chile)
Volkswagen Golf Wagon (Canada, 2010-)
Production2005–2010
2006–2012 (China)
Model years2006–2010
AssemblyPuebla, Mexico[1]
Changchun, China (FAW-VW)
Aurangabad, India (Volkswagen India)
Uitenhage, South Africa
Kaluga, Russia
Body and chassis
Body style4-door notchback sedan / saloon
5-door wagon / estate (Golf Wagon)
LayoutFF layout
PlatformVolkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform
RelatedVolkswagen Golf Mk5
Audi A3 Mk2
SEAT León Mk2
SEAT Toledo Mk3
SEAT Altea
Škoda Octavia Mk2
Powertrain
Engine1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 FSI (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 FSI (petrol)
2.5 L I5 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 TSI (petrol)
1.8 L I4 20-valve TSI (petrol)
2.0 L I4 TFSI (petrol)
1.9 L I4 TDI PD (diesel)
2.0 L I4 TDI CR (diesel)
Transmission5-speed manual (04A)
6-speed manual (02Q)
6-speed automatic (09G)
6-speed automatic (DSG 02E)
7-speed automatic (DSG 0AM)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,580 mm (101.6 in)
Length4,554 mm (179.3 in)
Wagon: 179.4 in (4,557 mm)
Width1,781 mm (70.1 in)
2010- Wagon: 70.1 in (1,781 mm)
Height1,460 mm (57.5 in)
Wagon: 59.2 in (1,504 mm)
Chronology
PredecessorVolkswagen Bora
SuccessorVolkswagen Jetta (A6)

The Volkswagen Jetta (A5) is a compact car, the fifth generation of the Volkswagen Jetta and the successor to the Volkswagen Bora. The fifth generation debuted at the Los Angeles Auto Show on 5 January 2005. After the New Beetle, it was the second Volkswagen product to make its world debut at a U.S. auto show.[2] The Mark 5 sedan went on sale in the USA prior to any other country, reflecting the importance of the car in that market for Volkswagen.[3] VW spent US$800 million to upgrade its Puebla facilities for this model's production. This included a US$290 million new engine production line for the 5-cylinder power plant, a US$50 million investment in the press shop, as well as a US$200 million purchase of 460 robots, which increased automation by 80%.

Although produced in the largest volumes in Mexico, final assembly of the car also takes place in China and South Africa for those respective markets.[4] Like initial production of the second generation in China, the Asian and African plants build the car from a complete knock down (CKD) kit shipped from the factory in Puebla. Local assembly in Kaluga, Russia, started in early 2008.[5] Production also began in India in 2008.[6] Currently, the Škoda factory in Aurangabad is used for final assembly.[7] As with the previously mentioned assembly plants, CKD kits from Volkswagen de México will be used.

In most countries, the fifth generation is marketed as the Jetta. Exceptions to this include "Bora" in Mexico and Colombia, "Vento" in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, and "Sagitar" in China.[8][9][10] The Mark 5 is 170 millimetres (6.7 in) longer, 30 millimetres (1.2 in) wider, and has a 70 millimetres (2.8 in) longer wheelbase than the previous iteration. Interior room has increased from 2.46 cubic metres (87 cu ft) to 2.58 cubic metres (91 cu ft). In particular, rear legroom was increased by 65 millimetres (2.6 in) over the fourth generation. Luggage compartment volume is up to 453 litres (16 cu ft). One major change is the introduction of the first multi-link independent rear suspension in a Jetta. The design of the rear suspension is nearly identical to the one found in the Ford Focus.[11] Volkswagen reportedly hired engineers from Ford who designed the suspension on the Focus.[12]

Styling reflects a new direction for the Volkswagen brand, with a new chrome front grille, first seen on the Volkswagen Golf Mk5 R32, which has spread to other models.[13] Some critics appreciated the new styling, whilst others dismissed it as just as bland as the 4th generation.[14][15]

For model year 2009, certain markets[which?] saw a new base model internal combustion engine and automatic transmission. The previous 2.0-litre four-cylinder engine, and six-speed automatic transmission, were replaced with a smaller, more powerful, and more fuel efficient, 1.4-litre turbocharged four-cylinder engine, and six-speed DSG transmission (the same as used in the new Golf Mk5). As a result of the change, fuel consumption has been improved (by 17% for the manual, from 8.2 L/100 km (34 mpg‑imp; 29 mpg‑US) down to 6.8 L/100 km (42 mpg‑imp; 35 mpg‑US)), and 23% for the automatic, from 8.6 L/100 km (33 mpg‑imp; 27 mpg‑US) down to 6.6 L/100 km (43 mpg‑imp; 36 mpg‑US). Power has increased 7%, from 110 kW (148 hp; 150 PS), to 118 kW (158 hp; 160 PS), while torque is up 20%. In addition, acceleration times 0-100 km/h (0-62 mph) have improved, from 9.2 s to 8.5 s for the manual (an 8% improvement), and from 9.9 s to 8.5 s for the automatic (a 14% improvement).

Features[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta Mk5 (Rear)

The body of the fifth generation used extensive high strength steel, and use of laser welding is up from 5% to 35% of body parts.[16] This resulted in double-digit increases in both dynamic and torsional rigidity. Other body innovations include an impact-absorbing front bumper which yields slightly in the event of a collision with a pedestrian, reducing the chance of injury. A new door design allows just the outer panel to be removed and replaced if damaged, rather than the entire door.[17] Safety was again enhanced with many active and passive features available or standard. These included side curtain airbags, seat-mounted rear side airbags, new generation Electronic Stability Programme with Anti-Slip Regulation and Brake assist, as well as active head restraints. A Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG) transmission, available dual-zone automatic climate control, and electro-mechanical power steering are also new innovations.

Halogen headlamp showing the bulb shield incorporating the VW logo

The fifth generation car has a totally redesigned electrical system.[18] Control modules are used for everything from the radio to the powertrain, transmitting over Controller Area Network (CAN) buses. Transmission of signals is done digitally at 500 kilobits per second, which reduces the number of wires needed, and thus reduces the chance for faults. Cars equipped with halogen headlamps have a 'VW' logo integrated into the bulb shield. In most of the world, the rear lights use light-emitting diodes (LEDs). However, in North America, standard filament bulbs with a different design are used to comply with FMVSS 108.

Volkswagen has developed a very strict motor oil quality standard, oil meeting this standard must be used to ensure full warranty coverage.[19]

Engines[edit]

Volkswagen 2.5L Engine.
Volkswagen 2.5 L engine

The internal combustion engines available are dependent on the destination market. In Europe, a range of the new generation Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) engines are available. Additionally in that market, the car can be had with an engine known as the 'Twincharger'. This 1.4 litre petrol engine combines turbo- and supercharging, to make a small but powerful engine with low fuel consumption.[20] The Jetta available in the Americas and the Middle East is powered by a 2.5-litre 5-cylinder 20-valve engine in most trims. This engine shares its cylinder head design with the V10 engine found in the Lamborghini Gallardo and Audi R8.[21]

When the Mark 5 Jetta was introduced, the Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine was not offered in five U.S. States due to the tight emission standards promulgated by the California Air Resources Board. In addition to California, four other states adopted the more stringent California standards. Where it was available, it fell into the least-restrictive emission category. That category was removed in 2007, prompting the diesel Jetta to be unavailable for more than a year until the introduction of a new common rail diesel engine, which appeared in August 2008. The introduction was delayed for approximately six months due to technical issues with the new emissions control system.[22] The TDI Clean Diesel engine is rated 103 kilowatts (138 hp; 140 PS), and uses advanced features such as a diesel particulate filter and NOx-storage catalyst (vs. AdBlue) to reduce NOx in order to qualify as a Tier II Bin 5 vehicle (equivalent to California's LEV II rating), and thereby allowing it to be sold in all 50 U.S. states. AdBlue (urea injection fluid) is not required, further reducing maintenance requirements. In 2015 it was found that this engine's emissions had been falsified.

In the U.S., in August 2010, it was reported that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was investigating 37,889 2009 Jetta TDI's regarding a stalling problem. There were complaints to the agency about the Jettas going into "limp-home" mode and then stalling almost immediately while being driven. Motor Trend reported that there were also complaints about premature failures of its high-pressure fuel pump.[23]

Safety[edit]

A 2005 Jetta crash-tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

In Insurance Institute for Highway Safety crash testing the Jetta received an overall "Good" rating in both front offset and side impact tests. In the side impact test the Jetta received "Good" marks in all nine measured categories.[24][25] In 2005, the Institute noted that the side impact protection performance was the best they had ever rated.[26] In 2006, the car received a "Top Safety Pick" award from the Institute.[27] The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration gave the fifth generation Jetta 4/5 stars for both driver and passenger protection in a frontal impact, while the car received 5/5 stars stars in a side impact crash test.[28] To tout the safety of the car, a series of television commercials with the tag line "Safe happens" showed the car being involved in a collision whilst afterward the occupants are shown to have emerged unscathed.

The VW Jetta received the maximum 5 stars in the China NCAP crash tests.[29]

Testing and review[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta GLI Fahrenheit (US)

The fifth generation received generally positive reviews with some reviewers complaining the car lost some of its character with the redesign.[30] Most reviewers found the ride to be firm and well controlled, but not always as forgiving as the previous generation. Handling was a strong point, with quick and precise steering and minimal body roll due to the MacPherson Strut suspension up front. Fit and finish received excellent marks, with reviewers noting the car felt very upscale.[31] The front seats were firm but well liked, and the rear seat was roomy, in contrast to the cramped quarters in the fourth generation. Controls and displays were decent, but fell apart and started shorting out with age.[32] Reviewers were particularly impressed with the "Sportline" models (known as the GLI in North America). Equipped with sport seats, a firmer suspension lowered by 15 mm (0.59 in), and low profile tyres, critics praised the excellent handling that was an improvement over the already good performance on the standard model.[33] Additionally, the 2.0 Turbo FSI engine also won commendation for its high power figures, smooth operation, and low fuel consumption.[34] Along with its hatchback brethren, the fifth generation ranks among the top cars on the market in independent reviews of resale value.[35]

Although improved over the fourth generation, the Mark 5 still took over 42 hours to assemble at the factory in Mexico.[36] Part of this disparity is blamed on the switch to the more complex independent rear suspension. Volkswagen has publicly stated its discontent over the excessive assembly time, and pledged to streamline manufacturing in the next generation of A platform cars.[37] In the interim, Volkswagen de México is making a concerted effort to further increase productivity at the plant by consulting outside experts from Toyota and other Japanese companies.[4] By implementing many lean manufacturing principles and techniques, a goal has been set to increase productivity levels at the factory by 30% or more in the coming years.

Engine specifications[edit]

VW engine in Jetta 2.0 TDI (PD) DPF

Golf Variant/Jetta SportWagen[edit]

2010 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Sportwagen (US)
2009 Volkswagen Jetta SportWagen

Volkswagen debuted a station wagon variant of the Golf at the 2007 New York International Auto Show,[38] with a cargo volume of 930 litres (33 cu ft) and 1,894 litres (66.9 cu ft) (rear seats up/down) and an optional 1.18 square metres (12.7 sq ft) panoramic sunroof.

VW marketed the station wagon as the Jetta SportWagen in the United States, Bora Sportwagen in Mexico, Golf Break and later Golf SW in France, Jetta Variant in Brazil, Vento Variant in Argentina, Jetta Wagon in Canada (2009 only), Golf Wagon in Canada (2010 onwards), Golf Estate in the United Kingdom and Golf Variant in the German domestic and most other markets.

In 2010, the Sportwagen received a minor interior and exterior facelift, and remained based on the fifth-generation Golf, with front end styling mirroring the sixth-generation Golf.

2010 Jetta TDI Cup "Street" edition[edit]

It is a version commemorating the 2008+ Jetta TDI Cup Race series, the last year of the Mk V, and based on the TDI Clean Diesel sedan. The same 104 kW (139 hp; 141 PS) and 240 lb⋅ft (325 N⋅m) of torque diesel motor is supplied, but the package includes GLI brakes, suspension, and sway bars. Additional upgrades from the base TDI are "TDI Cup Edition" body side stickers, 18 inch wheels with Pirelli P-Zero or Yokohama ADVAN 225/40R18 sport tires, aluminium pedals, leather-wrapped steering wheel, chrome door linings, aerodynamic body kit (front, side & rear), an Interlagos cloth interior with heated sport seats, short shifter, faux carbon fiber inlays (as opposed to metallic), and a black interior (headliner/doorcards/dash).

It can be purchased with either a 6-speed Manual or DSG transmission (DSG includes paddle shifters), and a "Thunderbunny" body kit is optional (and available from VW only on the Cup edition).

The vehicle was unveiled in the 2008 SEMA Show. The production version went on sale in January 2010 with a base MSRP of $24,990USD (not including destination or options).[39]

Per VW North America, worldwide only 1,501 Jetta TDI Cup Editions were produced; 588 were manufactured with a manual transmission, and 913 were built with DSG transmissions. Listed below is a breakdown of how many were produced in each of the four color options:

Black: 579 Produced

  • 250 manual transmission
  • 329 DSG automatic transmission

Candy White: 485 Produced

  • 171 manual transmission
  • 314 DSG automatic transmission

Salsa Red: 215 Produced

  • 89 manual transmission
  • 162 DSG automatic transmission

Laser Blue: 186 Produced

  • 78 manual transmission
  • 108 DSG automatic transmission

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volkswagen Group. "Volkswagen Group 50 years of Volkswagen de México". Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  2. ^ "ALL-NEW JETTA MAKES WORLDWIDE DEBUT AT L.A. AUTO SHOW" (Press release). Volkswagen of America. 5 January 2005. Archived from the original on 8 January 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  3. ^ McCormick, John (February 2005). "VW's Mexican revolution: Volkswagen bets on a new Jetta with a big investment in its Puebla, Mexico, plant". Automotive Industries.
  4. ^ a b Downer, Steven (24 July 2007). "Beetle's Future?". AutoWeek.
  5. ^ "The Volkswagen plant in Kaluga" (Press release). 28 February 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
  6. ^ Master, Ammar (17 January 2008). "We are of the opinion we are right on time for the India party". liveMINT.com - WSJ.
  7. ^ "India Volkswagen begins CKD Jetta assembly at Shendra plant". AutomotiveWorld.com.
  8. ^ "Historia de Volkswagen de México". Volkswagen de Mexico S.A de C.V. 2005. Archived from the original on 22 April 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  9. ^ "Historia Volkswagen". Volkswagen Chile. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  10. ^ First Automotive Works (FAW) (9 April 2006). "Volkswagen Sagitar brings latest technology to Chinese car market". Volkswagen China. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  11. ^ Askew, Mike (September 2003). "Volkswagen Golf 2.0 TDI". Auto Express. Dennis Publishing Limited. Retrieved 29 May 2007.
  12. ^ Simister, John; Morgan, Andy (October 2003). "VW Golf 2.0 FSI". evo Car Reviews. Dennis Publishing Limited. Retrieved 29 May 2007.
  13. ^ "VOLKSWAGEN RELEASES FIRST OFFICIAL PHOTOS OF ALL-NEW JETTA TO ARRIVE EARLY NEXT YEAR" (Press release). Volkswagen of America. 18 November 2004. Archived from the original on 8 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  14. ^ Kelly, Kevin (1 February 2005). "Jetta Grows Up". Ward's Auto World.
  15. ^ Mar, Karl (28 March 2006). "2005.5 Volkswagen Jetta -- Victim of a Competitive Market". Edmunds Inc. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
  16. ^ The new Jetta Introduction. Volkswagen Academy. U.S.A.: Volkswagen of America. 2004. p. 6. 891403.
  17. ^ Volkswagen Academy, 891403, p. 14
  18. ^ The new Jetta Electrical System Design and Function. Volkswagen Academy. U.S.A.: Volkswagen of America. 2004. p. 6. 873403.
  19. ^ "Engine oils with Volkswagen Oil Standard VW 502.00 approval available in North America". July 2004. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  20. ^ "TWIN-TURBOCHARGED FSI ENGINES - CENTRAL ASPECTS" (Press release). Volkswagen AG. 29 August 2005. Archived from the original on 16 December 2005. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  21. ^ The new Jetta Introduction. Volkswagen Academy. U.S.A.: Volkswagen of America. 2004. p. 28. 891403.
  22. ^ "VW Jetta TDI Clean Diesel Delayed Until Fall 2008". Archived from the original on 15 December 2007.
  23. ^ Peterson, Andrew (31 August 2010). "Diesel Investigation: NHTSA Investigating Volkswagen Jetta TDIs Over Stalling". Motor trend.
  24. ^ "Frontal Offset Test". Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2005. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  25. ^ "Side Impact Test". Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2005. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  26. ^ "New Jetta Scores Best Ever In Side Impact Test" (Press release). Volkswagen of America. 24 April 2005. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  27. ^ "TOP SAFETY PICKs 2006". Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2006. Archived from the original on 20 May 2007. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  28. ^ "NCAP ratings for tested vehicles". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  29. ^ "碰撞结果全纪录". c-ncap.org.cn.
  30. ^ Job, Ann (29 April 2005). "2005 JETTA IS SET TO BECOME FAMILY CAR". The Augusta Chronicle. pp. E.01.
  31. ^ Phelan, Mark (6 May 2005). "All-new VW Jetta a very solid sedan, but it lacks character". Detroit Free Press. p. 1.
  32. ^ "Consumer Reports". February 2006: 51. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  33. ^ Robertshaw, Malcolm (8 September 2006). "Style is Jetta-propelled ; ROAD TEST Volkswagen Jetta Sport 2.0 TDi". Coventry Evening Telegraph. p. 54.
  34. ^ Winter, Drew (1 November 2005). "Inner Strength". Ward's Auto World.
  35. ^ Weisbaum, Herb (2 January 2008). "How much has your car depreciated?". MSNBC.
  36. ^ "Harbour Report" (PDF) (Press release). Harbour Consulting Inc. 31 May 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  37. ^ "VW to launch new Golf in 2008". Wheels 24 South Africa. 4 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
  38. ^ "JETTA SPORTWAGEN MAKES U.S. DEBUT AT NEW YORK INTERNATIONAL AUTO SHOW" (Press release). Volkswagen of America. 4 April 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  39. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (28 December 2008). "SEMA 2008: Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup Edition Street Concept so close to production". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 9 October 2010.