List of state leaders in the 17th-century Holy Roman Empire

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Lists of state leaders by century:
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Centuries:
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State leaders:
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Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of state leaders in the 17th century (1601–1700) AD, of the Holy Roman Empire.

Main[edit]

  • Rudolph II, Emperor Elect (1576–1612), King (1575–1612)
  • Matthias, Emperor Elect (1612–1619), King (1612–1618)
  • Ferdinand II, Emperor Elect (1619–1637), King (1618–1637)
  • Ferdinand III, Emperor Elect (1637–1657), King (1636–1657)
  • Ferdinand IV, co-King (1653–1654)
  • Leopold I, Emperor Elect, King (1658–1705)

Austrian[edit]

1684–1864

Bavarian[edit]

  • Katharina II Scheifflin, Abbess (1598–1605)
  • Eva von Uhrhausen, Abbess (1605–1616)
  • Anna Maria von Salis, Abbess (1616–1652)
  • Maria Margarethe von Sigertshofen, Abbess (1652–1675)
  • Maria Theresia von Muggenthal, Abbess (1675–1693)
  • Regina Recordin von Rein und Hamberg, Abbess (1693–1697)
  • Johanna Franziska Sibylla von Muggenthal, Abbess (1697–1723)
  • Margarethe II Mufflin, Abbess (1594–1608)
  • Katharina Praxedis von Perckhausen, Abbess (1608–1649)
  • Maria Elisabeth von Salis, Abbess (1649–1683)
  • Maria Theresia von Sandizell, Abbess (1683–1719)
  • Henry VII, Count (1600–1603)
  • George IV, Count (1603–1627)
  • Frederick Casimir, Count (1627–1658)
  • George Reinhard, Count (1658–1666)
  • Christian, Count (1666–1684)
  • George Philip, Count (1684–1702)
  • Philip, Lord (1558–1619)
  • Wolfgang Christopher, Lord (1585–1628), Count (1628–1635)
  • Wolfgang Philip, Count (1628–1671)
  • Charles Philip Gustav, Count (1671–1692)
  • Louis Francis, Count (1692–1697)
  • Christian Ernest, co-Count (1697–1721)
  • Wolfgang II von Hausen, Prince-bishop (1600–1613)
  • Albert IV von Toerring-Stein, Prince-bishop (1613–1649)
  • Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg, Prince-bishop (1649–1661)
  • Johann Georg von Herberstein, Prince-bishop (1662–1663)
  • Adam Lorenz von Toerring-Stein, Prince-bishop (1663–1666)
  • Guidobald von Thun, Prince-bishop (1666–1668)
  • Albrecht Sigismund von Bayern, Prince-bishop (1668–1685)
  • Joseph Clemens of Bavaria, Prince-bishop (1685–1716)

Bohemian and Hungary[edit]

  • Rudolph II, King of Bohemia (1576–1611), of Hungary (1576–1608)
  • Matthias, King of Bohemia (1611–1619), of Hungary (1608–1619)
  • Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia (1617–1619, 1620–1637), of Hungary (1619–1637)
  • Frederick, King of Bohemia (1619–1620)
  • Ferdinand III, King of Bohemia (1627–1657), of Hungary (1637–1657)
  • Ferdinand IV, co-King of Bohemia (1646–1657), of Hungary (1647–1654)
  • Leopold I, King of Bohemia (1656–1705), of Hungary (1657–1705)
under the rule of the Bohemian kings since 1611

Burgundian-Low Countries[edit]

For the succeeding rulers, see the County of Artois under the List of state leaders in the 17th century
under the Habsburg Monarchy
under the Habsburg Monarchy
under the Habsburg Monarchy

Franconian[edit]

  • Philipp, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1568–1586), Count (1586–1606)
  • Wolfgang, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1568–1586), Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (1586–1606), of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1586–1610)
  • Kraft III, Count (1610–1641)
  • Kraft Magnus, co-Count (1645–c.1677)
  • Philipp Maximilian Johann, co-Count (1645–c.1677)
  • Johann Friedrich, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1645–1677), Count of Hohenlohe-Oehringen (1677–1702)
  • Johann Ludwig, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1645–1677), Count of Hohenlohe-Künzelsau (1677–1689)
  • Siegfried, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1645–1677), Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (1677–1684)
  • Wolfgang Julius, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1645–1677), Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1677–1698)
  • Ludwig Eberhard of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach (1600–1650)
  • Friedrich Kraft of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach (1650–1681)
  • Hezekiah of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach and Gleichen (1681–1685)
  • Ludwig Gottfried of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach (1685–1728)
  • Wolfgang, co-Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1568–1586), Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (1586–1606), of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1586–1610)
  • Georg Friedrich II, Count (1600–1635)
  • Georg Friedrich, Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (1610–1645)
  • Philip Erwin, Baron (1663–1668)
  • John Erwin, Baron (1668–1701), Count (1701–1705)

Electoral Rhenish[edit]

Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
Palatinate-Kleeburg
Palatinate-Landsberg
Palatinate-Neuburg
Palatinate-Simmern
Palatinate-Sulzbach
Palatinate-Sulzbach-Hilpoltsein
Palatinate-Veldenz
Palatinate-Veldenz-Gutenberg
Palatinate-Veldenz-Lützelstein
Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

Lower Rhenish–Westphalian[edit]

  • Frederick Ludolph, Count (1606–1629)
  • Conrad Gumbert, Count (1606–1632)
  • Philip Conrad, Count (1643–1668)
  • Arnold Maurice, Count (1668–1701)
  • Arnold III, Count (1562–1606)
  • Arnold Jobst, Count (1606–1643)
  • William Henry, Count (1606–1632)
  • Frederick Ludolph, Count (1606–1629)
  • Conrad Gumbert, Count (1606–1618)
  • Ernest William, Count (1643–1693)
  • Ernest, Count (1693–1713)
  • Arnold III, Count of Bentheim-Tecklenburg (1562–1606)
  • Adolf, Count of Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda (1606–1623/25)
  • Maurice, Count of Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda (1623/25–1674)
  • John Adolph, Count of Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda (1674–1701/04)
secularised into Duchy of Bremen, see Bremen-Verden
incorporated into Brandenburg
  • Margarete Elisabeth von Manderscheid-Blankenheim, Princess-Abbess (1598–1604)
  • Elisabeth IX von Bergh-s’Heerenberg, Princess-Abbess (1604–1614)
  • Maria Clara von Spaur, Pflaum und Vallier, Princess-Abbess (1614–1644)
  • Anna Eleonore von Stauffen, Princess-Abbess (1644–1645)
  • Anna Salome von Salm-Reifferscheid, Princess-Abbess (1646–1688)
  • Anna Salome of Manderscheid-Blankenheim, Princess-Abbess (1690–1691)
  • Bernhardine Sophia of East Frisia and Rietberg, Princess-Abbess (1691–1726)
  • Magdalene I of Lippe, Abbess (1586–1604)
  • Felicitas II of Eberstein, Abbess (1604–1621)
  • Magdalene II of Lippe, Abbess (1621–1640)
  • Sidonia of Oldenburg, Abbess (1640–1649)
  • Maria Clara Theresa of Wartenberg, rival abbess 1629–1631
  • Elisabeth II, Abbess (1649–1667)
  • Elisabeth III, Abbess (1667–1680)
  • Elisabeth IV, Abbess (1680–1686)
  • Elisabeth V, Abbess (1686–1688)
  • Charlotte Sophia, Abbess (1688–1728)
  • Henry IV, co-Count (1560–1606)
  • Anna Elizabeth, Countess (1606–1608)
secularised to hereditary rule, see Bremen-Verden
  • William IV, co-Count (1581–1612)
  • Herman II, Count (1581–1631)
  • Frederick II, Count (1631–1698)
partitioned into Wied-Neuwied and Wied-Runkel
  • John Ernest, Count (1631–1664)
  • Louis Frederick, Count (1664–1709)
  • Frederick William, Count (1698–1737)
  • Johann Friederich Wilhelm, Count (1698–1699)
  • Maximilian Heinrich, Count (1692–1706)

Upper Rhenish[edit]

  • Philip III, Landgrave of Hesse-Butzbach (1609–1643)
  • John, Landgrave (1626–1651)
  • Frederick II, Landgrave (1632–1655)
  • Ernest I, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels (1649–1693), of Hesse-Eschwege (1655–1667), of Hesse-Rotenburg (1658–1693)
  • Philip, Landgrave (1663–1721)
  • Ernest I, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels (1649–1693), of Hesse-Eschwege (1655–1667), of Hesse-Rotenburg (1658–1693)
  • Herman IV, Landgrave (1627–1658)
  • Ernest I, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels (1649–1693), of Hesse-Eschwege (1655–1667), of Hesse-Rotenburg (1658–1693)
  • William the Elder, Landgrave (1693–1725)
  • William Otto, Count (1628–1635)
  • Wolfgang Ernest II, Count (1635–1641)
  • Christian Maurice, Count (1635–1664)
  • John Louis, Count (1641–1664)
  • George Albert, Count (1691–1724)
  • Emich X, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg (1541–1593)
  • Johann Ludwig, Count (1593–1625)
  • Emich XIII, Count (1625–1658)
  • George William, Count (1658–1672)
  • Johann, Count (1672–1698)
  • Christian Karl Reinhard, Count (1698–1766)
  • Philipp II, Count of Leiningen-Rixingen (1622–1665), of Leiningen-Leiningen (1665–1668)
  • Emich XII, Count (1562–1607)
  • Johann Philipp II, Count (1607–1643)
  • Friedrich Emich, Count (1643–1698)
  • Emich XIV, Count (?–1684)
  • Johann Friedrich, Count (1684–1722)
  • Walrad, Count (1659–1688), Prince (1688–1702)
  • Philip IV, Count (1559–1602)
  • Louis II, Count (1593–1625)
  • William Louis, co-Count (1625–1629), Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1629–1640)
  • John IV, co-Count (1625–1629), Count of Nassau-Idstein (1629–1677)
  • Ernst Casimir, co-Count (1625–1629), Count (1629–1655)
  • Frederick, Count (1655–1675)
  • John Ernst, Count (1675–1688), Princely count (1688–1719)
  • Werner, Count (1559–1629)
  • Ernst Frederick, Altgrave (1629–1639)
  • Adolf Henry, Rhinegrave (1574–1606)
  • Wolfgang Frederick, Rhinegrave (1606–1638)
  • John Louis, Rhinegrave (1638–1673)
  • John Philip II, Rhinegrave (1673–1693)
  • Charles, Rhinegrave (1693–1733)
  • William Florentin, Rhinegrave (1696–1707)
  • Henry Gabriel, Rhinegrave (1696–1716)
  • Frederick I, Rhinegrave (1561–1610)
  • Frederick II, Rhinegrave (1610–1673)
  • Charles Florentin, Rhinegrave (1673–1676)
  • Frederick Charles, Rhinegrave (1676–1696)
  • Vollrath Victor, Rhinegrave (1697–1730)
  • Erik Adolf, Altgrave (1639–1673)
  • Francis William, Altgrave (1673–1734)
  • Ernest Salentin, Altgrave (1639–1684)
  • Francis Ernest, Altgrave (1684–1721)
  • Friedrich I, Count (1574–1608)
  • Philipp Otto, Count of Salm-Salm (1608–1634), Prince of Salm (1623–1634)
  • Ludwig, Prince of Salm, Count of Salm-Salm (1634–1636)
  • Leopold Philipp Karl, Prince of Salm, Count of Salm-Salm (1636–1663)
  • Charles Theodore, Prince of Salm, Count of Salm-Salm (1663–1710)
  • Georg V, Count (1607–1631)[7]
  • Ludwig Casimir, Count (1631–1643)
  • Georg Wilhelm, Count (1643–1684)
  • Ludwig Franz, Count (1684–1694)
  • Casimir, Count (1694–1741)
  • Gustav, Count (1657–1701)
  • Hildebrand I of Riedmatten, Prince-Bishop (1565–1604)
  • Adrien II of Riedmatten, Prince-Bishop (1604–1613)
  • Hildebrand II Jost, Prince-Bishop (1613–1638)
  • Barthélemy Supersaxo, Prince-Bishop (1638–1640)
  • Adrien III of Riedmatten, Prince-Bishop (1640–1646)
  • Adrien IV of Riedmatten, Prince-Bishop (1646–1672)
  • Adrien V of Riedmatten, Prince-Bishop (1672–1701)
  • Johann Albrecht I, Count (1592–1623)
  • Konrad Ludwig, Count (1623–1635)
  • Johann Albrecht II, Count (1635–1647)
  • Heinrich Trajectinus, Count (1648–1693)
  • Wilhelm Moritz, Count (1693–1720)
  • Christian, Count of Waldeck-Eisenberg (1588–1607), of Waldeck-Wildungen (1607–1637)
  • Philip VII, Count (1638–1645)
  • Josias II, co-Count (1645–1669)
  • Christian Louis, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen (1645–1692), of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1692–1706)

Lower Saxon[edit]

title then held successively by the monarchs of Britain, Denmark, and Prussia
inherited by the Electorate of Saxony
converted into Duchy of Bremen, see Bremen-Verden
  • Henry Julius, Prince of Wolfenbüttel, of Calenberg (1589–1613), of Grubenhagen (1596–1613)
  • Frederick Ulrich, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, of Calenberg (1613–1634), of Calenberg (1613–1617)
  • George, Prince (1635–1641)
  • Christian Louis, Prince of Calenberg (1641–1648), of Lüneburg (1648–1665)
  • George William, Prince of Calenberg (1648–1665), of Lüneburg (1658–1705)
  • John Frederick, Prince (1665–1679)
  • Ernest Augustus, Prince (1679–1698), Elector-designate (1692–1698)
  • Anna Erica, Princess-Abbess (1589–1611)
  • Dorothea Augusta, Princess-Abbess (1611–1626)
  • Catharina Elisabeth, Princess-Abbess (?)
  • Maria Sabina, Princess-Abbess (1650–1665)
  • Dorothea Hedwig, Princess-Abbess (1665–1678)
  • Christine Sophie, Princess-Abbess (1678–1681)
  • Christina II, Princess-Abbess (1681–1693)
  • Henriette Christine, Princess-Abbess (1693–1712)
  • Ernest Augustus, Prince (1679–1698), Elector-designate (1692–1698)
  • George I, Elector-designate (1698–1708), Elector (1708–1727)
  • Eberhard Twestreng, Mayor (1606)
  • Hieronimus Vögeler, Mayor (1609)
  • Mayorship unoccupied (1613–1614), Hieronymus Vögeler, Second Mayor (1609–1642)[8]
  • Sebastian von Bergen, Mayor (1614–1623)[8]
  • Johann Wetken:, Mayor (1614)
  • Bartholomäus Beckmann, Mayor (1617)
  • Joachim Claen, Mayor (1622)
  • Albert von Eitzen, Mayor (1623)
  • unoccupied, Mayor (1623–1624)
  • Ulrich Winkel, Mayor (1624–1649)[8]
  • Johannes Brand, Mayor (1633–1652)
  • Bartholomäus Moller, Mayor (1643)
  • Mayorship unoccupied (1649–1650), Bartholomäus Moller, Second Mayor (1643–1667)[8]
  • Nicolaus Jarre, Mayor (1650–1678)[8]
  • Johann Schlebusch, Mayor (1653)
  • Peter Lütkens, Mayor (1654)
  • Wolfgang Meurer, Mayor (1660)
  • Bartholomäus Twestreng, Mayor (1663)
  • Johannes Schötteringk, Mayor (1667)
  • Johann Schulte, Mayor (1668)
  • Bruderus Pauli, Mayor (1670–1680)
  • Johann Schröder, Mayor (1676)
  • Heinrich Meurer, Mayor (1678–1684)[8]
  • Diedrich Moller, Mayor (1680)
  • Johann Schlüter, Mayor (1684–1688)[8]
  • Joachim Lemmermann, Mayor (1684)
  • Heinrich Meurer, Mayor (1686)[8]
  • Peter Lütkens, Mayor (1687–1717)
  • Johannes Schafshausen, Mayor (1690–1697)[8]
  • Hieronimus Harticus Moller, Mayor (1697)
  • Peter von Lengerke (or Lengerks), Mayor (1697–1709)[8]
secularised into the Duchy of Magdeburg
  • Ulrich I, Duke (1555–1603)
  • Charles I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1603–1610), Regent of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1608–1610)
  • Adolf Frederick I, co-Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1592–1621), -Güstrow (1610–1621), Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1621–1628, 1631–1658)
  • John Albert II, co-Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1592–1621), -Güstrow (1610–1621), Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1621–1628, 1631–1636)
Albrecht von Wallenstein, military leader (1628–1631)
inherited by Mecklenburg-Schwerin to unite Mecklenburg
  • John Albert II, co-Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1592–1621), -Güstrow (1610–1621), Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1621–1628, 1631–1636)
  • Adolf Frederick I, co-Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1592–1621), -Güstrow (1610–1621), Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1621–1628, 1631–1658)
Albrecht von Wallenstein, military leader (1628–1631)
  • Frederick William I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1692–1695, 1701–1713), Duke of Mecklenburg (1695–1701)

Upper Saxon[edit]

  • John Ernest, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1601)
  • John George I, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Dessau (1603–1618)
  • Rudolph II, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Zerbst (1603–1621)
  • Christian I, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Bernburg (1603–1630)
  • Louis I, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Köthen (1603–1650)
  • Augustus, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1603–1653), Regent of Anhalt-Zerbst (1621–1642), of Anhalt-Köthen (1650–1653)
  • Louis I, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Köthen (1603–1650)
  • Augustus, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1603–1653), Regent of Anhalt-Zerbst (1621–1642), of Anhalt-Köthen (1650–1653)
  • William Louis, Prince (1650–1665)
  • Lebrecht, co-Regent of Anhalt-Köthen (1653–1659), co-Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1653–1665), of Anhalt-Köthen (1665–1669)
  • Emmanuel, co-Regent of Anhalt-Köthen (1653–1659), co-Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1653–1665), of Anhalt-Köthen (1665–1670)
  • Anna Eleonore of Stolberg-Wernigerode, Regent of Anhalt-Köthen (1670–1690)
  • John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1660–1693), Regent of Anhalt-Köthen (1690–1692)
  • Emmanuel Lebrecht, Prince (1671–1704)
  • Augustus, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1603–1653), Regent of Anhalt-Zerbst (1621–1642), of Anhalt-Köthen (1650–1653)
  • Ernest Gottlieb, Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1653–1654)
  • Lebrecht, co-Regent of Anhalt-Köthen (1653–1659), co-Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1653–1665), of Anhalt-Köthen (1665–1669)
  • Emmanuel, co-Regent of Anhalt-Köthen (1653–1659), co-Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1653–1665), of Anhalt-Köthen (1665–1670)
  • Rudolph II, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Zerbst (1603–1621)
  • Augustus, co-Prince of Anhalt (1586–1603), of Anhalt-Plötzkau (1603–1653), Regent of Anhalt-Zerbst (1621–1642), of Anhalt-Köthen (1650–1653)
  • John VI, Prince (1621–1667)
  • Sophie Augusta of Holstein-Gottorp, Regent (1667–1674)
  • Charles, Prince (1667–1718)
then inherited by Bogislaw XIV the Sociable to unite Pomerania
  • Barnim X the Younger, co-Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast (1560–1569), Duke of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (1569–1603), of Pomerania-Stettin (1600–1603)
  • Bogislaw XIII, co-Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast (1560–1569), co-Duke of Pomerania-Barth (1569–1603), of Pomerania-Stettin (1603–1606)
  • Philip II the Pious, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin (1606–1618)
  • Francis, Duke of Pomerania-Barth (1606–1620), of Pomerania-Stettin (1618–1620)
  • Bogislaw XII the Sociable, Duke of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (1617–1625), of Pomerania-Stettin (1620–1625), of Pomerania (1625–1637)
  • Barnim X the Younger, co-Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast (1560–1569), Duke of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (1569–1603), of Pomerania-Stettin (1600–1603)
  • George II, Duke of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (1603–1617)
  • Bogislaw XII the Sociable, Duke of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (1617–1625), of Pomerania-Stettin (1620–1625), of Pomerania (1625–1637)
  • Henry X, Lord (1647–1671)
  • Heinrich V, Lord (1671–1672)
  • Heinrich VIII, Lord (1671–1673), Count (1673–1678)
  • Heinrich X, Lord (1673–1678), Count (1678–1678)
  • Heinrich III, Lord (1671–1673), co-Count (1673–1678), Count (1678–1710)
  • Heinrich VIII, co-Count (1673–1678), of Reuss-Hirschberg (1678–?)
  • Heinrich X, co-Count (1673–1678), of Reuss-Ebersdorf (1678–?)
  • John Casimir, co-Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach (1572–1596), Duke of Saxe-Coburg (1596–1633)
  • John Ernest I, co-Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach (1572–1596), Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (1596–1633), of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach (1633–1638)
  • John Ernest I, co-Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach (1572–1596), Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (1596–1633), of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach (1633–1638)
inherited by Saxe-Gotha to form Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
  • Bernard, Duke (1672–1678)
  • John Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1662–1683), Regent of Saxe-Jena (1678–1683)
  • John George I, Duke of Saxe-Marksuhl (1662–1686), of Saxe-Eisenach (1671–1686), Regent of Saxe-Jena (1683–1686), of Saxe-Eisenach (1668–1671)
  • William Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1683–1728), Regent of Saxe-Jena (1686–1690)
  • Johann Wilhelm, Duke (1678–1690)
divided between Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach
  • John George I, Duke of Saxe-Marksuhl (1662–1686), of Saxe-Eisenach (1671–1686), Regent of Saxe-Eisenach (1668–1671), of Saxe-Jena (1683–1686)
reincorporated into Saxe-Eisenach
  • Ernest I the Pious, Duke of Saxe-Gotha (1640–1672), of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1672–1675)
  • Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, co-Duke (1675–1680), Duke (1680–1691)
  • Albert V, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Coburg (1680–1699)
  • Bernhard I, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1680–1706)
  • Christian, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg (1680–1707)
  • Henry, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Römhild (1680–1710)
  • Ernest, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1680–1715)
  • John Ernest IV, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Saalfeld (1680–1699), of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1699–1729)
  • Frederick II, Duke (1691–1732)
  • Albert V, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Coburg (1680–1699)
inherited by Saxe-Saalfeld to form Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
  • Bernhard I, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1680–1706)
  • Christian, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg (1680–1707)
  • Henry, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Römhild (1680–1710)
  • Ernest, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1680–1715)
  • John Ernest IV, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1675–1680), Duke of Saxe-Saalfeld (1680–1699), of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1699–1729)

Swabian[edit]

  • Maria Segesser von Brunegg, Princess-abbess (1567–1610)
  • Anna Segesser von Brunegg, Princess-abbess (1610–1630)
  • Maria Barbara Thumb von Neuburg, Princess-abbess (1630–1663)
  • Maria Franziska von Freyberg, Princess-abbess (1663–1696)
  • Maria Victoria Hochwind, Princess-abbess (1696–1718)
  • Marquard IV, Baron (1567–1626)
  • George II, Baron (1567–1622)
  • John William, Baron (1626–1663)
  • John George, Baron (1622–1629), Count (1629–1666)
  • Anthony Eusebius, Count (1666–1692)
  • Francis Maximilian, Count (1692–1710)
  • Hugh, Baron (1622–1629), Count (1629–1666)
  • Leopold William, Count (1666–1694)
  • Sigmund William, Count (1694–1709)
  • Barbara von der Breiten-Landenberg, Princess-abbess (1578–1614)
  • Susanna von Bubenhofen, Princess-abbess (1614–1634)
  • Anna Christiane Hundbiss von Waltrams, Princess-abbess (1634–1676)
  • Maria Rosina Brymsin von Herblingen, Princess-abbess (1676–1689)
  • Maria Magdalena von Hallwyl, Princess-abbess (1689–1720)
  • Wilhelm II, Count (1579–1602)
  • Ernst II, Count (1602–1670)
  • Wilhelm IV, Count (1670–1692)
  • Wolfgang IV, Count (1692–1708)
  • John Philip, Lord (1666–1686), Baron (1686–1705), Count (1705–1741)
  • Georg Wegelin, Prince-abbot (1586–1627)
  • Franz Dietrich, Prince-abbot (1627–1637)
  • Domenicus I Laumann von Liebenau, Prince-abbot (1637–1673)
  • Alfons von Stadelmayer, Prince-abbot (1673–1683)
  • Willibald Kobold, Prince-abbot (1683–1697)
  • Sebastian Hyller, Prince-abbot (1697–1730)

Swiss Confederacy[edit]

Italy[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Winfried Hecht: Der Villinger Johanniterkomtur Johann Philipp Lösch von Mühlheim. In: Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis: Almanach. – 33. 2009. – S. 135 – 137
  2. ^ Stammbaum siehe bei Johann Maximilian Humbracht, Georg Helwich, Georg F. von Greifenclau zu Vollraths: Die höchste Zierde Teutsch-Landes, Und Vortrefflichkeit des Teutschen Adels, Vorgestellt in der Reichs-Freyen Rheinischen Ritterschafft, Auch auß derselben entsprossenen und angränzenden Geschlechten, so auff hohen Stifftern auffgeschworen, oder vor 150. Jahren Löblicher Ritterschafft einverleibt gewesen, Stamm-Taffeln und Wapen. Franckfurt am Mayn, 1707, S 221 online bei der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek
  3. ^ Arnold Robens: Der ritterbürtige landständische Adel des Großherzogthums Niederrhein, Band 2, Aachen 1818, S. 222 online in der Google-Buchsuche
  4. ^ Philip II (VII) renounced these territories and their titles, but kept for himself and his descendants the title of Duke of Burgundy as sovereigns of the Order of the Golden Fleece [1]. So Philip VIII was Philip III of Spain
  5. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "runkel/runkel2.html". genealogy.euweb.cz.[self-published source]
  6. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "runkel/runkel3.html". genealogy.euweb.cz.[self-published source]
  7. ^ Johannes Burkardt & Ulf Lückel, Das Fürstliche Haus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg. 2005, Börde-Verlag Werl.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Erste Bürgermeister Hamburgs 1507–2008" (PDF) (in German). Senat der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg, Senatskanzlei. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ a b Dietrich Hermann Hegewisch, Schleswigs und Holsteins Geschichte unter dem Könige Christian IV und den Herzogen Friedrich II, Philipp, Johann Adolf und Friedrich III oder von 1588 bis 1648, Kiel Neue Academische Buchhandlung, 1801, (=Wilhelm Ernst Christiani's Königlich-Dänischen wirklichen Justizraths und ordentlichen Professors der Weltweisheit, Beredsamkeit und Geschichte auf der Königl. Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Geschichte der Herzogthümer Schleswig und Holstein unter dem Oldenburgischen Hause; part 3), p. XIV.
  10. ^ Nach BuK Band I.2.; bei Fehling, Ratslinie, als Bürgermeister nicht erkannt.