List of cities in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom that are officially designated such as of 22 November 2022.[1][2][3] It lists those places that have been granted city status by letters patent or royal charter. There are currently a total of 76 such cities in the United Kingdom: 55 in England, eight in Scotland, seven in Wales, and six in Northern Ireland.[3] Of these, 24 in England, two in Wales, and two in Northern Ireland have Lord Mayors; four in Scotland have Lord Provosts.[a] In some cases, the area holding city status does not coincide with the built up area or conurbation of which it forms part. In Greater London, for example, the City of London and that of Westminster each hold city status separately but no other local authority has been granted city status, nor has Greater London as a whole. In other cases, such as the Cities of Canterbury and Lancaster, the status applies to a local government district which extends over a number of towns and rural areas outside the main settlement proper.[4] In England, the status sometimes applies to civil parishes, such as the City of Ripon; though the status may not apply to the local government district which share their name. For example, the civil parishes of Lichfield and Chichester each hold city status, but the Lichfield District and the Chichester District, in which they are situated, respectively, do not.

The list does not include places like Luton or Northampton which, despite having populations of over 200,000, have not been awarded city status and thus formally remain as towns.

As of 2022, there are currently 5 ceremonial counties which contain 3 cities - Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hampshire, West Midlands and West Yorkshire.

In the British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies, there are currently four cities. The number will increase as part of the Platinum Jubilee celebrations, as Gibraltar, Hamilton in Bermuda, Jamestown in St Helena and Stanley in the Falkland Islands will be joined by Douglas in the Isle of Man.

History[edit]

The initial cities (Latin: civitas) of Britain were the fortified settlements organised by the Romans as the capitals of the Celtic tribes under Roman rule. The British clerics of the early Middle Ages later preserved a traditional list of the "28 Cities" (Old Welsh: cair) which was mentioned by Gildas[6] and listed by Nennius.[7]

The title of city was initially informal and, into the 20th century, royal charters were considered to recognise city status rather than to grant it.[9] The usual criterion in early modern Britain was the presence of a cathedral, particularly after King Henry VIII granted letters patent establishing six new cities when he established a series of new dioceses in the 1540s as part of the English Reformation.[10] No new cities were created between the 16th and 19th centuries, but following the Industrial Revolution and the accompanying population boom and growth in urbanisation, new sees were established at Ripon (1836) and Manchester (1847); their councils began to style them cities immediately. Inverness in Scotland was even refused a charter at the time of the Jubilee honours of 1897, in part because it would have drawn more attention to the other traditional "cities" still not formally chartered as such.[4]

Beginning in the mid-19th century, however, the process became more formal. A visit by Queen Victoria in 1851 prompted Manchester to petition Parliament for recognition of its status. Ripon followed in the 1860s, and a series of hitherto informal "cities" were formally recognised in the 1880s and 1890s. On the basis of its size, importance, and regular government, Belfast was elevated in spite of its lack of a cathedral in 1888; other large municipalities followed, while smaller applicants began to be rejected. King Edward VII and the Home Office established three criteria for future applicants in 1907—a minimum population of 300,000, a good record of local government, and a "local metropolitan character"[4] – but these criteria were not made public, and following Leicester's successful elevation in 1919 a series of exceptions were made. The 1972 Local Government Act effectively eliminated all authorities holding city status outside Greater London on 1 April 1974; most of their replacements were confirmed in their predecessor's status—even in cases such as the 1974–2023 City of Carlisle district, where much of the local authority area was undeveloped countryside—but the Borough of Medway was not permitted to continue Rochester's title. In recent times there have been competitions for new grants of city status. Towns or councils that claim city status or add "city" to their name have been known to be rebuked by the Advertising Standards Authority.[11]

The cities of Scotland and Ireland were treated separately. Scottish towns irregularly applied the description to themselves, but were formally organised as royal burghs; the special rights of these were preserved by Article XXI of the Treaty of Union which established the single state of Great Britain in 1707.[12] Edinburgh and Glasgow were confirmed as cities "by ancient usage" in the 18th century,[4] as was Aberdeen,[13] and this was later reconfirmed in the Act enlarging the burgh in 1891. Dundee was granted letters patent in 1889 and Elgin and Perth were recognised as cities by the Home Office in 1972, before the privilege was removed by the Scottish Local Government Act of 1973.[14]

In Ireland, only the seat of the primate at Armagh was accorded city status by ancient usage, and this status was abolished by the Irish Municipal Corporations Act of 1840. All other cities have been those explicitly recognised as such.

List of cities[edit]

City[3][1] Year granted
or confirmed
City council status Nation/region Image Population[b]
Aberdeen32
(Scots: Aiberdeen)
(Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain)
189131
(Burgh: 1179)
Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Scotland 222,79338
Armagh11
(Irish: Ard Mhacha)
(Ulster-Scots: Airmagh)
1994 None. Represented on Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council

Map

Northern Ireland Cathedrale d Armagh.jpg 14,777 (2011)[15]
Bangor (County Down)
(Irish: Beannchar)
202248 None. Represented on Ards and North Down Borough Council

Map

Northern Ireland 61,011
Bangor (Gwynedd)1 time immemorial Community

Map

Wales Panorama Bangor 03 977.png 18,808 (2011)[16]
Bath1 1090 Charter trustees

Map

South West, England Bath, Somerset Panorama - April 2011.jpg 88,859 (2011)[17]
97,311 (urban area, 2010)[18]
Belfast
(Irish: Béal Feirste)
(Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst)
1888 Local government district

Map

Northern Ireland 333,871 (2011)[19]
Birmingham2 188933 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

West Midlands, England Bullring from Moat Lane.jpg 1,092,330 (2013)[20]
Bradford1 1897 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England Bradford (13905237800).jpg 522,452 (2011)[21]
Brighton & Hove15 2001 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

South East, England Brighton and Hove skyline at night.jpg 273,369 (2011)[21]
Bristol1 1542 Local government district
(Unitary and county)

Map

South West, England Bristol (UK), Bristol Cathedral -- 2013 -- 1570.jpg 428,234 (2011)[21]
Cambridge3 195125 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

East, England KingsCollegeChapelWest.jpg 123,867 (2011)[21]
Canterbury3 time immemorial Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

South East, England The Butter Market square outside of Canterbury Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 2428011.jpg 151,145 (2011)[21]
Cardiff9
(Welsh: Caerdydd)
190529 Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

Wales 346,090 (2011)[21]
Carlisle1 1133 Charter trustees

Map

North West, England 107,524 (2011)[21]
Chelmsford37 2012 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

East, England Chelmsford, The Shire Hall.jpg 168,310 (2011)[21]
Chester3 1541 Charter trustees

Map

North West, England Bridge Street, Chester.jpg 91,733 (urban area, 2010)[18]
Chichester1 1075 Civil parish

Map

South East, England Chichester Cathedral epodkopaev.jpg 26,795 (2011)[22]
Colchester 202244 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

East, England 194,706
Coventry1 1102 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

West Midlands, England Coventry City Centre (2020).jpg 316,915 (2011)[21]
Derby13 1977 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

East Midlands, England 248,752 (2011)[21]
Derry39
(Irish: Doire)
(Ulster-Scots: Derrie)
1604[23] None. Represented on Derry City and Strabane District Council

Map

Northern Ireland 107,877 (2011)[15]
Doncaster 202247 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber,
England
308,106
Dundee32
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh)
188930
(Burgh: 1191)
Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Scotland 147,26838
Dunfermline 202246 None

Map

Scotland 49,706
Durham1 time immemorial Charter trustees

Map

North East, England Durham Market Place (geograph 7264779).jpg 94,375 (2011)[24]
Edinburgh32
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann)
18th century[13]
(Burgh: 1329)
Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Scotland Edinburgh from Calton Hill with Dugald Stewart Monument 3.JPG 476,62638
Ely1 1109[citation needed] Civil parish

Map

East, England Ely Cathedral View Train.jpg 20,256 (2011)[25]
Exeter1 time immemorial Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

South West, England Exeter from Haldon.jpg 127,709 (2020)[21]
Glasgow32
(Scots: Glesga)
(Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu)
18th century[4]
(Burgh: 1492)
Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Scotland 593,24538
Gloucester1 1541 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

South West, England Gloucester cathedral west front.jpg 121,688 (2011)[21]
Hereford119 time immemorial Civil parish

Map

West Midlands, England 58,896 (2011)[26]
Inverness
(Scots: Inerness)

(Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis)

2001 None

Map

Scotland Inverness Castle from Bishops Road Inverness Scotland.jpg 79,415[27]
Kingston upon Hull12 1897 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England 256,406 (2011)[21]
Lancaster1 193726 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

North West, England City of Lancaster (2).jpg 138,375 (2011)[21]
Leeds1 1893 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England Leeds CBD at night.jpg 751,485 (2011)[21]
Leicester1 191922 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

East Midlands, England Central Leicester Skyline.jpg 329,839 (2011)[21]
Lichfield17 time immemorial Civil parish

Map

West Midlands, England Lichfield City View.tif 32,219 (2011)[28]
Lincoln3 1072 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

East Midlands, England Lincoln Cathedral viewed from Lincoln Castle.jpg 93,541 (2011)[21]
Lisburn
(Irish: Lios na gCearrbhach)
2002 None. Represented on Lisburn and Castlereagh City Council

Map

Northern Ireland Irish Linen Centre Lisburn Museum.jpg 45,370 (2011)[15]
Liverpool2 1880 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

North West, England Liverpoolcityskyline.jpg 466,415 (2011)[21]
City of London6 time immemorial Local government district
(sui generis and ceremonial county)

Map

London, England City of London, seen from Tower Bridge.jpg 7,375 (2011)[21]
Manchester1 185334 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

North West, England 503,127 (2011)[21]
Milton Keynes 202241 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

South East, England 248,821 (2011)[21]
Newcastle upon Tyne1 1882 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

North East, England Bridges opening up - geograph.org.uk - 178375.jpg 280,177 (2011)[21]
Newport14
(Welsh: Casnewydd)
2002 Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

Wales 145,736 (2011)[21]
Newry
(Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá)
(Ulster-Scots: Newrie)
2002 None. Represented on Newry, Mourne and Down District Council

Map

Northern Ireland NewrySkyline.jpg 29,946 (2008, settlement population)[29]
Norwich1 1094 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

East, England 132,512 (2011)[21]
Nottingham1 1897 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

East Midlands, England 305,680 (2011)[21]
Oxford1 1542 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

South East, England Radcliffe Camera by Fenlio.jpg 151,906 (2011)[21]
Perth
(Scots: Pairth)
(Scottish Gaelic: Peairt)
2012[30]
(Burgh: 12th century)[32]
None

Map

Scotland Perth, View of the River Tay from Perth Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1711451.jpg 45,77038
Peterborough2 1541 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

East, England Peterborough Cathedral oblique view.jpg 183,631 (2011)[21]
Plymouth1 192827 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

South West, England Plymouth Hoe.jpg 256,384 (2011)[21]
Portsmouth1 192624 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

South East, England 205,056 (2011)[21]
Preston14 2002 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

North West, England 140,202 (2011)[21]
Ripon1 1865 Civil parish

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England Thorpe Prebend House.jpg 16,702 (2011)[33]
Salford1 192624 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

North West, England 233,933 (2011)[21]
Salisbury35 1227 Civil parish

Map

South West, England Salisbury Cathedral from Old George Mall.jpg 40,302 (2011)[34]
Sheffield3 1893 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England 552,698 (2011)[21]
Southampton1 1964 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

South East, England Ocean village 2021.JPG 236,882 (2011)[21]
Southend-on-Sea 202245 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

East, England 173,658 (2011)[35]
St Albans7 187736 Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

East, England Cathedral.png 140,644 (2011)[21]
St Asaph37
(Welsh: Llanelwy)
2012 Community

Map

Wales Aerial View of St Asaph Cathedral.jpg 3,355 (2011)[36]
St Davids20
(Welsh: Tyddewi)
1994 Community

Map

Wales 1,841 (2011)[37]
Stirling
(Scots: Stirlin)
(Scottish Gaelic: Sruighlea)
2002 None

Map

Scotland Stirling from Braehead - December 2004 - geograph.org.uk - 254316.jpg 34,79038
Stoke-on-Trent3 192528 Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

West Midlands, England Tunstall tower square.jpg 249,008 (2011)[21]
Sunderland18 1992 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

North East, England SunderlandBridges.jpg 275,506 (2011)[21]
Swansea9
(Welsh: Abertawe)
196923 Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

Wales 239,023 (2011)[21]
Truro1
(Cornish: Truru)
1877 Civil parish

Map

South West, England Truro rooftops.jpg 18,766 (2011)[38]
Wakefield3 1888 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England 325,837 (2011)[21]
Wells1 time immemorial Civil parish

Map

South West, England 10,536 (2011)[39]
Westminster21 1540 Local government district
(London borough)

Map

London, England Hdr parliament.jpg 219,396 (2011)[21]
Winchester1 time immemorial Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

South East, England Winchester-alfred-wyrdlight.jpg 116,595 (2011)[21]
Wolverhampton16 2001 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

West Midlands, England 249,470 (2011)[21]
Worcester3 time immemorial Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

West Midlands, England The city of Worcester in the morning sun - geograph.org.uk - 363052.jpg 98,768 (2011)[21]
Wrexham
(Welsh: Wrecsam)
202243 Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

Wales 134,844 (2011)[21]
York1,8 time immemorial Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Yorkshire and the Humber, England York (Aerial view).jpg 198,051 (2011)[21]

Map of the cities[edit]

Below is a map of the 76 cities in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Also shown is the one future city in a UK Crown Dependency, Douglas in the Isle of Man. (For cities in UK Overseas Territories, see below.)

32 cities have a Lord Provost (in Scotland) or a Lord Mayor (in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland), see List of lord mayoralties and lord provostships in the United Kingdom.

The six cities where the Lord Mayor or Lord Provost has the right to the style The Right Honourable are indicated in BOLD ITALICS: York, the City of London, Edinburgh, Glasgow (since 1912), Belfast (since 1923), and Cardiff (since 1956).

• Scalable map displaying local government city boundaries
Map Key
Map

Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies[edit]

The UK Overseas Territories and UK Crown Dependencies do not form part of the United Kingdom. Association of city status with cathedrals ended in 1865.[40] There are presently four cities in the Overseas Territories, and Douglas in the Isle of Man, a Crown Dependency, is due to receive city status in 2023.[41]

City

(current/future)

Year granted
or confirmed
Cathedral
(pre-1865)
Territory/Dependency Status Image Population (Census)
Gibraltar 184242[42] Cathedral of the Holy Trinity Gibraltar, southwestern Europe

Map

British Overseas Territory 20211117.Gibraltar.-019.jpg 32,194 (2012)
Hamilton 1897 not applicable Bermuda,
North Atlantic Ocean

Map

British Overseas Territory 854 (2016)
Jamestown 1859 St Paul's St Helena,
Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
,
South Atlantic Ocean

Map

British Overseas Territory 629 (2016)
Stanley 202240 not applicable Falkland Islands,
South Atlantic Ocean

Map

British Overseas Territory 2,460 (2016)
Douglas
(Manx: Doolish)
2023

(to be confirmed)

not applicable Isle of Man,
Irish Sea

Map

Crown Dependency 27,938 (2011)

Map of cities in Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies[edit]

Location of cities in Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies:
Green pog.svg Cities in Overseas Territories
Blue pog.svg Douglas, which will become a city in 2023

See also[edit]

Table notes[edit]

  • ^‡ The status bearers of these cities changed on 1 April 2009 due to local government reforms. Salisbury became a civil parish, while charter trustees were formed for the former district council areas of Chester and Durham in the new unitary authorities of Cheshire West and Chester and County Durham respectively.[43][44]
  • ^1 City status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 1 April 1974.[45]
  • ^2 City status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 25 June 1974.[46]
  • ^3 City status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 28 May 1974.[47]
  • ^4 Bath Abbey and Westminster Abbey are no longer cathedrals.
  • ^5 Coventry has had three cathedrals: the first, St Mary's, from 1043 to 1539 (it became a cathedral in 1102); the second, St Michael's, from 1918 to 1940, when it was destroyed by German bombardment; and its replacement, also St Michael's, built alongside the old cathedral, consecrated in 1962.
  • ^6 Note that the City of London covers only the "square mile", and is usually just referred to as "the City". The larger conurbation of Greater London has no city charter, and consists of the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. This can be compared to the City of Brussels, within Brussels.
  • ^7 City status was confirmed by Letters Patent dated 9 July 1974.[48] The city status extends to the entire district, although the district council calls itself "St Albans District Council" or "St Albans City and District".
  • ^8 Letters Patent under the Great Seal conferring City Status were issued to the unitary authority of York on 1 April 1996, confirming the right of the Lord Mayor to be styled "Right Honourable", in continuation to those granted to the previous City Council abolished 31 March 1996.[49]
  • ^9 Letters Patent under the Great Seal were issued on 29 March 1996 ordaining that the counties of Swansea and Cardiff should have the status of cities from 1 April 1996. The counties replaced the previous district councils which had enjoyed city status.[49]
  • ^10 According to the Municipal Year Book, 1972 the royal burghs of Perth and Elgin officially enjoyed city status. The royal burghs of Brechin, Dunfermline and Kirkwall had also been officially described as "cities". As all burghs were abolished in 1975, these areas are now often called "former cities". Although Brechin does not have city status, the community council formed for the area uses the title "City of Brechin and District".
  • ^11 Armagh had previously enjoyed city status, with St Patrick's Cathedral the seat of the metropolitan primate of all Ireland. The city status was lost in 1840 when the city corporation was abolished. However, the successor urban district council and district council frequently used the title of city without official sanction prior to 1994.
  • ^12 City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 18 March 1975.[50]
  • ^13 City status granted by Letters Patent dated 7 June 1977.[51]
  • ^14 City status granted to the "Town of Newport in the County Borough of Newport" and the "Town of Preston" by Letters Patent dated 15 May 2002.[52]
  • ^15 Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Towns of Brighton and Hove shall have the status of a City".[53]
  • ^16 Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Town of Wolverhampton shall have the status of a City".[53]
  • ^17 Letters Patent dated 4 November 1980 ordained that the "Town of Lichfield shall have the status of a City". A town council had been constituted in 1980 leading to the dissolution of the Charter Trustees of the City of Lichfield.[54][55]
  • ^18 City status granted by Letters Patent dated 23 March 1992.[56]
  • ^19 City status was conferred on Hereford Town Council 11 October 2000.[57] The status had previously been confirmed to the district council formed in 1974. When that council was abolished in 1996 charter trustees were formed for the City of Hereford. On the formation of a town council for Hereford in April 2000 the charter trustees were dissolved, and the city status temporarily lapsed.
  • ^20 St David's historically had city status because of the presence of St David's Cathedral. In 1849 it was noted that the city had no municipal corporation: There was however a recognised "city" in which a mayor had limited jurisdiction.[58] A Royal Commission appointed in 1876 reported that the corporation had long been extinct, and the city was formally abolished in 1886 under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1883.[59] Letters Patent dated 16 September 1994 ordained that the "Town of St. David's shall have the status of a City".[60]
  • ^21 The title of City was used "by courtesy" after 1550 when Westminster ceased to be the see of a bishop. By Letters Patent dated 27 October 1900 city status was conferred on the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from 1 November.[61] This status was continued on the creation of the City of Westminster as a London borough in 1965.
  • ^22 A letter from the Home Secretary to the Mayor of Leicester dated 14 June 1919, confirming that the city status would be bestowed, noted that this was a "restoration to your ancient town of its former status of a city".[62][63][64]
  • ^23 Letters Patent dated 10 December 1969.[65]
  • ^24 Letters Patent dated 21 April 1926.[66]
  • ^25 Letters Patent dated 21 March 1951.[67]
  • ^26 Letters Patent dated 14 May 1937.[68]
  • ^27 Letters Patent dated 18 October 1928.[69]
  • ^28 Letters Patent dated 5 June 1925.[70]
  • ^29 Letters Patent dated 28 October 1905, which also granted the title of Lord Mayor.[71]
  • ^30 Warrant issued 28 January 1889 that Letters Patent be issued under the Seal appointed by the treaty of union to be used in place of the Great Seal of Scotland, ordaining and declaring that the Burgh of Dundee shall be a City, and shall be called and styled "The City of Dundee".[72]
  • ^31 Burghs of Old Aberdeen and Woodside and the district of Torry incorporated as the City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen by the Aberdeen Corporation Act 1891 (54 & 55 Vict. c. cxxiv).
  • ^32 The present council areas are designated "cities" by virtue of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which also reserves the post of Lord Provost for the convener of the four councils. The previous local government districts and district councils created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 enjoyed the same privileges.
  • ^33 Letters Patent dated 14 January 1889.[73]
  • ^34 Letters Patent dated 29 March 1853.[74]
  • ^35 Letters Patent dated 1 April 2009.[75] City status had been held prior to this date (and since 1974) by the Charter Trustees of the City of New Sarum. The city of Salisbury's formal name was New Sarum (see also: Old Sarum) from 1227 until 2009.
  • ^36 Letters Patent dated 28 August 1877.[76]
  • ^37 Letters Patent dated 1 June 2012 "to ordain that the Town of Chelmsford in the County of Essex and the Town of St Asaph in the County of Denbighshire shall have the status of a City".[77]
  • ^38 [2015] Localities (Glasgow)[78]
  • ^39 Legally, the city and county are called "Londonderry", while the local government district is called "Derry". See Derry/Londonderry name dispute.[79]
  • ^40 Letters Patent dated 14 June 2022.[80]
  • ^41 Letters Patent dated 15 August 2022.[81]
  • ^42 Letters Patent dated 30 September 1842[82]
  • ^43 Letters Patent dated 1 September 2022[83]
  • ^44 Letters Patent dated 5 September 2022[84]
  • ^45 Letters Patent dated 26 January 2022[85]
  • ^46 Letters Patent dated 28 July 2022[86]
  • ^47 Letters Patent dated 7 September 2022, with effect from 1 November 2022[87]
  • ^48 Letters Patent dated 22 November 2022[88]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See List of lord mayoralties and lord provostships in the United Kingdom.
  2. ^ Of the local authority area not just the urban area, since the award is made to the authority

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weaver, Matthew (1 March 2022). "'I will tell my grandchildren': Southend celebrates city status". The Guardian.
  2. ^ West, Robby; McMenemy, Rachael (1 March 2022). "Southend ready to celebrate city status granted by Queen". BBC News.
  3. ^ a b c Department for Culture, Media and Sport. "Civic Honours Competition: UK Cities". The National Archives (United Kingdom), 18 January 2011. Accessed 17 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Beckett (2005).
  5. ^ "JTK". "Civitas" in Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia, Vol. I, p. 451. ABC-CLIO (Sta. Barbara), 2006.
  6. ^ De Excidio Britanniae, §3. (in Latin) Cited in the "Civitas" entry of Celtic Culture.[5]
  7. ^ Nennius (attrib.). Theodor Mommsen (ed.). Historia Brittonum, VI. Composed after AD 830. (in Latin) Hosted at Latin Wikisource.
  8. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. 1911.
  9. ^ The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, for instance, listed St Asaph and Southwell as cities on the basis of their cathedrals despite their lack of charters or, in Southwell's case, local government.[8]
  10. ^ Beckett (2005), p. 22.
  11. ^ "ASA Adjudication on Medway Council". Asa.org.uk. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  12. ^ Kingdoms of England and Scotland. "Act of Union", §XXI Archived 26 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine. 16 January 1707.
  13. ^ a b Beckett (2005), p. 16.
  14. ^ Clark, M. Lynda & al. "Committee on Privileges Second Report", Appendix 3, ss58. Parliament of the United Kingdom (London), 1999.
  15. ^ a b c "Usual Resident Population: KS101NI (administrative geographies)". Census 2011. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  16. ^ Office for National Statistics 2011 census – Bangor C
  17. ^ "Bath". BANES 2011 Census Ward Profiles. Retrieved 13 March 2015. (Combined populations of the 16 wards that make-up the city.)
  18. ^ a b "Mid 2010 Urban Area Estimates England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  19. ^ "Usual Resident Population: KS101NI (administrative geographies)". Census 2011. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  20. ^ "UK Population Estimates" Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (ONS). Retrieved 28 June 2014
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar "2011 Census: KS101EW Usual resident population, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  22. ^ Office for National Statistics 2011 census – Chichester CP
  23. ^ City commemorates the 400th Anniversary of the City's first charter, Derry City Council press release dated 7 July 2004, (accessed 15 December 2007) Archived 2 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
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  83. ^ "Crown Office". 5 September 2022. "THE QUEEN has been pleased by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the Realm dated 1 September 2022 to ordain that the County Borough of Wrexham shall have the status of a City."
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  85. ^ @RoyalFamily (1 March 2022). "Today The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall were in Southend to celebrate its new city status, which was made official after the formal presentation of 'Letters Patent' on behalf of The Queen" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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Sources[edit]

  • Beckett, J.V. (2005). City Status in the British Isles, 1830–2002. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-7546-5067-7.