Family tree of English monarchs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is the family tree for monarchs of England (and Wales after 1282) from Alfred the Great to Elizabeth I of England. The House of Wessex family tree precedes this family tree and the family tree of the British royal family follows it.

As to the medieval histories of Scotland and Wales:

For a simplified family tree see family tree of British monarchs (and alternative successions of the English and British crown for unsuccessful claimants' family trees).

Key[edit]

  • : The red border (bold or thin) indicates monarchs
  • : The bold black border indicates children of monarchs
  • : The thin black border indicates other relatives

Houses of Wessex, Knýtlinga and Godwinson[edit]

Houses of Wessex and Knýtlinga
Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
849–899
r.871–899
Ealhswith
d.902
Æthelred
Lord of the Mercians
d.911
Æthelflæd
Lady of the Mercians
c. 870–918
EcgwynnEdward
the Elder

"King of the Anglo-Saxons"
c. 874/877–924
r.899–924
Eadgifu
of Kent

c. 903–966
ÆlfflædÆthelweard
d.920.922
Ælfthryth
877–929
Baldwin II
the Bald

Mgve. of Flanders
c. 865–918
Ælfwynn
Ruler of Mercia
b.c. 888
Æthelstan
c. 893/895–939
"King of the Anglo-Saxons
r.924–927
"King of the English"
r.927–939
Ælfweard
of Wessex
c. 902–924
Charles III
the Simple

King of the Franks
879–929
Eadgifu
of Wessex
902–after955
Herbert III
of Omois
910–980/985
Edwin
d.933
Ælfgifu
of Shaftesbury Saint Elgiva
d.944
Edmund I
"King of the English"
921–946
r.939–946
Æthelflæd
of Damerham
Eadred
"King of the English"
923–955
r.946–955
Eadburh
of Winchester
d.960
Eadgyth
of England
910–946
Otto I
the Great

Holy Roman Emperor
912–973
Eadhild
d.937
Hugh
the Great

Duke of the Franks
898–956
Sigrid
the Haughty

btwn. 960/972–
d.1014
Sweyn
Forkbeard

"King of the English"
963–1014
r.1013–1014
Gunhild
of Wenden
ÆlfgifuEadwig
All-Fair
"King of England"
?–959
r.955–959
ÆthelflædEdgar I
the Peaceful

"King of England"
c. 943–975
r.959–975
Ælfthryth
c. 945–1000/1001
Harald II
King of Denmark
c. 996–998c. 1018
Estrid
Svendsdatter
990/997–
1057/1073
Richard I
Duke of Normandy
933–996
Edward
the Martyr

"King of England"
c. 962–978
r.975–978
Edmund
c. 966 – c. 970
Ælfgifu
of York
fl. c. 970
–1002
Æthelred
the Unready

"King of the English"
c. 966–1016
r.978–1013,
1014–1016
Emma
of Normandy
c. 985–1052
Cnut
the Great

"King of England"
c. 985/995–1035
r.1016–1035
Ælfgifu
of Northampton
c. 990after1040
Richard II
Duke of Normandy
963–1026
Æthelstan
Ætheling

980s–1014
Edmund II
Ironside

"King of the English"
c. 990–1016
r.1016
Ealdgyth
c. 992-after1016
Eadred
Ætheling

d. c. 1012
Eadwig
Ætheling

d.1017
Godwin
Earl of Wessex
1001–1053
Harthacnut
"King of England"
c. 1018–1042
r.1040–1042
Gunhilda
of Denmark
c. 1020–1038
Svein
Knutsson

King of Norway
c. 1016–1035
Harold I
Harefoot

"King of England"
c. 1015–1040
r.1035/1037–1040
Harold
Godwinson

"King of the English"
c. 1022–1066
r.1066
Edith
of Wessex
c. 1025–1075
Edward
the Confessor

"King of the English"
1003/1005–1066
r.1042–1066
Alfred Aetheling
d.1036
Godgifu
1004–c. 1047
Edmund
Ætheling

c. 1015/1017
before1054
Edward
the Exile

1016–1057
Agatha
before1030–
after1070
Gytha
of Wessex
d.1098/1107
Gunhild
of Wessex
Robert I
Duke of Normandy
1000–1035
Edgar II
the Ætheling

"King of England"
c. 1051–1126
r.1066
Cristina
d. c. 1100
Margaret
of Scotland
c. 1045–1093
Malcolm III
King of Scots
c. 1031–1093
William I
the Conqueror

"King of England"
c. 1028–1087
r.1066–1087
Matilda
of Scotland
c. 1080–1118
Henry I
"King of England"
c. 1068–1135
r.1100–1135
House of Normandy

Houses of Normandy and Blois[edit]

Houses of Normandy and Blois
Robert I
Duke of Normandy
1000–1035
Not Married
Herleva of Falaise
c. 1003 – c. 1050
William I
The Conqueror
c. 1028–1087
r. 1066–1087
m.1053
Matilda of Flanders
c. 1031–1083
Malcolm III
King of Scotland
d. 1093
m. c. 1100
Sibylla of Conversano
1080–1102
Robert II of Normandy
c. 1054–1134
Richard of Normandy
c. 1054 – c. 1070
Adeliza of Normandy
c. 1055
before 1113
Cecilia of Normandy
c. 1056–1126
William II
Rufus
c. 1056–1100
r. 1087–1100
Agatha of Normandy
c. 1064 – c. 1080
Constance of Normandy
c. 1066–1090
m. 1086
Alan IV
Duke of Brittany
?–1119
Adela of Normandy
c. 1067–1137
m. c. 1083
Stephen II
Count of Blois
c. 1045–1102
m. 1100
Matilda of Scotland
c. 1080–1118
Henry I
Beauclerc
c. 1068–1135
r. 1100–1135
m. 1121
Adeliza of Louvain
1103–1151
Louis VI
King of France
1081–1137
Fulk
Count of Anjou,
King of Jerusalem
1089/1092–1143
m. 1125
Matilda of Boulogne
c. 1105–1152
Stephen
c. 1092–1154
r. 1135–1141, 1141–1154
OthersIllegitimate Children
m. 1127
Joanna
of Montferrat
William Clito
1102–1128
m. 1123–1124
Sibylla of Anjou
c. 1112–1165
m. 1128
Geoffrey Plantagenet
Count of Anjou
1113–1151
Empress Matilda
c. 1102–1167
r. 1141
Disputed
m. 1114
Henry V
Holy Roman Emperor
1086–1125
William Adelin
1103–1120
m. 1119
Matilda (Isabella) of Anjou
c. 1111–1154
Constance of France
Countess of Toulouse
1124–1176
Eustace IV
Count of Boulogne
c. 1129–1153
Matthew
Count of Boulogne
c. 1137–1173
Marie I
Countess of Boulogne
1136–1182
Isabel
de Warenne
c. 1130–1203
William I
Count of Boulogne
c. 1137–1159
House of Plantagenet

House of Plantagenet[edit]

House of Plantagenet
Geoffrey Plantagenet
Count of Anjou
1113–1151
Matilda
c. 1102–1167
r. 1141
Disputed
Louis VII
King of France
1120–1180
Eleanor of Aquitaine
c. 1122–1204
Henry II
1133–1189
r. 1154–1189
Geoffrey
Count of Nantes
1134–1158
William X of Poitou
1136–1163/64
William IX
Count of Poitiers
1153–1156
Margaret of France
1157–1197
Henry the Young King
Duke of Normandy
1155–1183
Matilda
1156–1189
Henry III
Duke of Saxony
The Lion
1129–1195
Geoffrey II
Duke of Brittany
1158–1186
Constance
Duchess of Brittany
1161–1201
Eleanor
1162–1214
Alfonso VIII
King of Castile
1155–1214
William II
King of Sicily
1155–1189
Joan
1165–1199
Raymond VI
Count of Toulouse
1156–1222
House of WelfEleanor of Brittany
c. 1184–1241
Matilda of Brittany
1185–before 1189
Arthur I
Duke of Brittany
1187–1203
House of BurgundyBohemond
Duke of Apulia
House of Rouergue
Berengaria of Navarre
c. 1165–1230
Richard I
Lionheart
1157–1199
r. 1189–1199
Isabella of Angoulême
1188–1246
John
Lackland
1166–1216
r. 1199–1216
Isabel
Countess of Gloucester
c. 1173–1217
Eleanor of Provence
c. 1223–1291
Henry III
1207–1272
r. 1216–1272
Isabel Marshal
1200–1240
Richard
Earl of Cornwall
1209–1272
Sanchia of Provence
c. 1228–1261
Joan
1210–1238
Alexander II
King of Scotland
1198–1249
Isabella
1214–1241
Frederick II
Holy Roman Emperor
1194–1250
Simon de Montfort
Earl of Leicester
1208–1265
Eleanor
1215–1275
William Marshal
Earl of Pembroke
1190–1231
Henry of Almain
1235–1271
Richard
of Cornwall
Edmund
Earl of Cornwall
1249–1300
House of Hohenstaufen
Philip III
King of France
1245–1285
Ferdinand III
King of Castile
1199/1201–1252
Henry de Montfort
1238–1265
Simon de Montfort the Younger
1240–1271
Amaury de Montfort
1242–1301
Richard de Montfort
1252–1266
Joanna de Montfort
1248/1251
Guy de Montfort
Count of Nola
1244–c. 1288
Margherita AldobrandescaEleanor de Montfort
Princess of Wales
1252–1282
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Prince of Wales
c. 1223–1282
Eleanor of Castile
1241–1290
Edward I
Longshanks
1239–1307
r. 1272–1307
Margaret of France
1279–1318
Katherine
1253–1257
Aveline de Forz
Countess of Aumale
1259–1274
Edmund Crouchback
Earl of Lancaster
1245–1296
Blanche of Artois
1248–1302
Beatrice
1242–1275
John II
Duke of Brittany
1239–1305
Margaret
1240–1275
Alexander III
King of Scotland
1241–1286
House of PlantagenetHouse of DreuxHouse of Dunkeld
Philip IV
King of France
1268–1314
Katherine
c. 1261–1264
Joan
1265
John
1266–1271
Henry
1267–1274
Eleanor
1269–1298
Henry III
Count of Bar
1259–1302
Gilbert de Clare
Earl of Gloucester
1243–1295
Joan of Acre
1272–1307
Ralph de Monthermer
Baron Monthermer
c. 1270–1325
House of Montbelliardde Clare
Family
de Monthermer
Family
Isabella of France
c. 1295–1358
Edward II
1284–1327
r. 1307–1327
Alphonso
Earl of Chester
1273–1284
Margaret
1275–1333
John II
Duke of Brabant
1275–1312
Berengaria
1276–1278
Mary of Woodstock
1279–c. 1332
John I
Count of Holland
1284–1299
Elizabeth of Rhuddlan
1282–1316
Humphrey de Bohun
Earl of Hereford
1276–1322
House of Reginarde Bohun family
Alice HaylesThomas of Brotherton
Earl of Norfolk
1300–1338
Mary BraoseEdmund of Woodstock
Earl of Kent
1301–1330
Margaret Wake
c. 1297–1349
Eleanor
1306–1310
Plantagenet familyPlantagenet family
Philippa of Hainault
1314–1369
Edward III
1312–1377
r. 1327–1377
John of Eltham
Earl of Cornwall
1316–1336
Eleanor of Woodstock
1318–1355
Reginald II
Duke of Guelders
c. 1295–1343
Joan of the Tower
1321–1362
David II
King of Scotland
1324–1371
Isabella
1332–
1379/1382
Enguerrand VII
Lord of Coucy
Earl of Bedford
1340–1397
Joan
1335–1348
William of Hatfield
1337
Mary of Waltham
1344–1362
John IV
the Conqueror
Duke of Brittany
1339–1399
Margaret
of Windsor
Countess of Pembroke
1346–1361
John Hastings
Earl of Pembroke
1347–1375
William of Windsor
1348
Thomas of Woodstock
Duke of Gloucester
1355–1397
Eleanor de Bohun
c. 1366–1399
Edward of Woodstock
The Black Prince
1330–1376
Joan of Kent
1328–1385
Blanche of Lancaster
c. 1347–1368
John of Gaunt
Duke of Lancaster
1340–1399
Constance of Castile
1354–1394
Katherine Swynford
1350–1403
Edmund of Langley
Duke of York
1341–1402
Isabella of Castile
c. 1355–1392
Elizabeth de Burgh
Countess of Ulster
1332–1363
Lionel of Antwerp
Duke of Clarence
1338–1368
Violante Visconti
1354–1386
House of Beaufort
Edward of Angoulême
1365–1372
Anne of Bohemia
1366–1394
Richard II
1367–1400
r. 1377–1399
Isabella of Valois
1389–1409
House of LancasterJohn of Lancaster
1374–1375
Catherine of Lancaster
1373–1418
Henry III
King of Castile
1379–1406
Edmund Mortimer
Earl of March
1352–1381
Philippa
Countess of Ulster
1355–1382
House of TrastámaraRoger Mortimer
Earl of March
Earl of Ulster
1374–1398
Alianore Holland
1373–1405
Edward of Norwich
Duke of York
c. 1373–1415
Richard of Conisburgh
Earl of Cambridge
c. 1375–1415
Anne de Mortimer
1390–1411
House of York

Houses of Lancaster and York[edit]

Houses of Lancaster and York
House of YorkPeter of Castile
King of Castile
1334–1369
Edward III
1312–1377
r. 1327–1377
Henry of Grosmont
Duke of Lancaster
c. 1310–1361
House of Lancaster
Isabella of Castile
c. 1355–1392
Edmund of Langley
Duke of York
1341–1402
Joan Holland
c. 1380–1434
Edward of Wales
The Black Prince
1330–1376
Joan of Kent
1328–1385
Thomas Holland
Earl of Kent
c. 1314–1360
Blanche of Lancaster
1342–1368
John of Gaunt
Duke of Lancaster
1340–1399
Constance of Castile
1354–1394
Katherine Swynford
1350–1403
Edward of Norwich
Duke of York
1373–1415
Philippa Mohun
c. 1367–1431
Constance of York
c. 1374–1416
Thomas Despenser
Earl of Gloucester
1373–1400
Richard II
1367–1400
r. 1377–1399
John Holland
Duke of Exeter
c. 1352–1400
John Hastings
Earl of Pembroke
1372–1389
Elizabeth of Lancaster
1363–1426
John Cornwall
Baron Fanhope
c. 1364–1443
Philippa of Lancaster
1360–1415
John I
King of Portugal
1358–1433
Anne de Mortimer
1390–1411
Richard of Conisburgh
Earl of Cambridge
c. 1375–1415
Matilda Cliffordle Despenser
Family
Holland familyMary de Bohun
c. 1368–1394
Henry IV
1366–1413
r. 1399–1413
Joan of Navarre
c. 1370–1437
Catherine of Lancaster
1373–1418
Henry III
King of Castile
1379–1406
Henry
of Cambridge
Louis III
Elector Palatine
1378–1436
Blanche of Lancaster
1392–1409
Anne
of Burgundy
1404–1432
John of Lancaster
Duke of Bedford
1389–1435
Jacquetta of Luxembourg
1415/1416–
1472
Richard Woodville
Earl Rivers
1405–1469
Henry V
1386–1422
r. 1413–1422
Catherine of Valois
1401–1437
Owen Tudor
c. 1392–1461
Thomas of Lancaster
Duke of Clarence
1387–1421
Jacqueline
Ctss. of Hainaut
1401–1436
Humphrey
Duke of Gloucester
1390–1447
Eleanor Cobham
c. 1400–1452
Philippa of Lancaster
1394–1430
Eric VII of Pomerania
King of Denmark
1381–1459
Henry VI
1421–1471
r. 1422–1461,
1470–1471
Margaret of Anjou
1430–1482
Thomas Beaufort
Duke of Exeter
c. 1377–1426
Margaret Neville
of Horneby
Ralph de Neville
Earl of Westmorland
c. 1364–1425
Joan Beaufort
c. 1379–1440
Robert Ferrers
Baron Boteler of Wem
c. 1373–1396
Henry Beaufort
Bishop of Winchester
c. 1375–1447
Margaret Holland
1385–1439
John Beaufort
Earl of Somerset
c. 1371–1410
Edward of Westminster
Prince of Wales
1453–1471
Isabel of Cambridge
1409–1484
Henry Bourchier
Earl of Essex
c. 1404–1483
Richard
Duke of York
1411–1460
Cecily Neville
1415–1495
OthersFerrers familyWoodville familyOthersJohn Beaufort
Duke of Somerset
1403–1444
Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso
1405/1406
–1482
Henry Holland
Duke of Exeter
1430–1475
Anne of York
1439–1476
Thomas St. Leger
?–1483
Edmund
Earl of Rutland
1443–1460
John de la Pole
Duke of Suffolk
1442–1491/1492
Elizabeth of York
1444–1503
Edward IV
1442–1483
r. 1461–1470,
1471–1483
Elizabeth Woodville
c. 1437–1492
Richard III
1452–1485
r. 1483–1485
Anne Neville
1456–1485
Isabella Neville
1451–1476
George Plantagenet
Duke of Clarence
1449–1478
Margaret of York
1446–1503
Charles the Bold
1433–1477
Margaret Beaufort
1441/1443–1509
Edmund Tudor
Earl of Richmond
1430–1456
Jasper Tudor
Duke of Bedford
1431–1495
Edward of Middleham Prince of Wales
c. 1473–1484
Thomas KymbeRalph Scrope
of Upsall
Cecily of York
1469–1507
John Welles
Viscount Welles
c. 1450–1498
Mary of York
1467–1482
Edward V
1470–?
r. 1483
Margaret of York
1472
Richard of Shrewsbury
Duke of York
1473–?
Elizabeth of York
1466–1503
Henry VII
1457–1509
r. 1485–1509
Anne
of York
1470
Edward Plantagenet
Earl of Warwick
1475–1499
Richard
of York
1476–1477
Welles familyGeorge Plantagenet
Duke of Bedford
1477–1479
Thomas Howard
Duke of Norfolk
1473–1554
Anne of York
1475–1511
Bridget of York
1480–1517
Catherine of York
1479–1527
William Courtenay
Earl of Devon
1475–1511
House of Tudor
Richard Pole
1462–1505
Margaret Plantagenet
Countess of Salisbury
1473–1541
Howard familyCourtenay family
Pole family

House of Tudor[edit]

House of Tudor
Henry VII
1457–1509
r.1485–1509
Elizabeth of York
1466–1503
m1.
James IV
King of Scotland
1473–1513
Margaret Tudor
1489–1541
m2.
Archibald Douglas
Earl of Angus
c. 1489–1557
m3.
Henry Stewart
Lord Methven
c. 1495–1552
Elizabeth Tudor
1492–1495
m1.
Louis XII
King of France
1462–1515
Mary Tudor
1496–1533
m2.
Charles Brandon
Duke of Suffolk
c. 1484–1545
Edmund Tudor
Duke of Somerset
1499–1500
Katherine Tudor
1503
Arthur Tudor
Prince of Wales
1486–1502
m1.
Catherine of Aragon
1485–1536
Henry VIII
1491–1547
r.1509–1547
m2.
Anne Boleyn
1501/1507–1536
m3.
Jane Seymour
c. 1508–1537
m4.
Anne of Cleves
1515–1557
m5.
Catherine Howard
1518/1524–1542
m6.
Catherine Parr
1512–1548
m1.
Madeleine of Valois
1520–1537
James V
King of Scotland
1512–1542
m2.
Mary of Guise
1515–1560
Matthew Stewart
Earl of Lennox
1516–1571
Margaret Douglas
1515–1578
Mary I
1516–1558
r.1553–1558
Philip I[a]
King of Spain
1527–1598
r.1553–1558 Jure uxoris
Henry FitzRoy
Duke of Richmond and Somerset
1519–1536
Elizabeth I
1533–1603
r.1558–1603
Edward VI
1537–1553
r.1547–1553
m1.
Francis II
King of France
1544–1560
Mary
Queen of Scots
1542–1587
m2.
Henry Stuart
Lord Darnley
1545–1567
m3.
James Hepburn
Earl of Bothwell
c. 1534–1578
m1.
Henry Grey
Duke of Suffolk
1517–1554
Frances Brandon
1517–1559
m2.
Adrian Stokes
1533–1586
Eleanor Brandon
1519–1547
Henry Clifford
Earl of Cumberland
1517–1570
James I[a]
1566–1625
r.1603–1625 (Eng)
Thomas Keyes
1544–1571
Mary Grey
1545–1578
m1.
Henry Herbert
after 1538–
1601
Catherine Grey
1540–1568
m2.
Edward Seymour
1539–1621
Jane
1536/1537–1554
r.1553
Disputed
Guildford Dudley
c. 1535–1554
House of Stuart (Continues on Family tree of the British royal family)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Title as King of England

References[edit]

  • "The Continental Dynasties (1066–1216)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Plantagenet Dynasties (1216–1485)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Tudors (1485–1603) and the Stuarts (1603–1714)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2010-07-30.