Frederick the Winter King

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Frederick the Winter King,

1596–1632, king of Bohemia (1619–20), elector palatine (1610–20) as Frederick V. The Protestant diet of Bohemia deposed the Roman Catholic King Ferdinand (Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand IIFerdinand II,
1578–1637, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), king of Bohemia (1617–37) and of Hungary (1618–37); successor of Holy Roman Emperor Matthias.
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) and chose Frederick as king. Influenced by his minister Christian of AnhaltChristian of Anhalt,
1568–1630, prince of Anhalt (1603–30). He was a firm Calvinist and a skilled diplomat. As adviser to Frederick IV, elector palatine, he sought to build a strong Protestant alliance against the Catholic states and achieved limited success with the
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, Frederick accepted but did not receive the aid expected from his father-in-law, James I of England, and from the Protestant UnionProtestant Union,
in German history, an alliance of German Protestant leaders of cities and states, founded in 1608 for the avowed purpose of defending the lands, person, and rights of each individual member.
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 against Ferdinand. After initial success, his supporters were routed at White Mt. (1620). Frederick thus lost Bohemia; from his short tenure came the derisive name, the Winter King. He was put under imperial ban and was stripped of all his remaining territories. The electorate was transferred to Maximilian I of Bavaria (see electorselectors,
in the history of the Holy Roman Empire, the princes who had the right to elect the German kings or, more exactly, the kings of the Romans (Holy Roman emperors).
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). These struggles were the first campaigns of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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. The Hanoverian kings of England were descended from Frederick and his wife, Elizabeth, through their daughter Sophia, who was the mother of George I of England.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Two of the most important spots are the royal weddings that bookend Thomas's material: the marriage of Anne of Bohemia and Richard II in 1382, which defined the Bohemian aesthetic of the Ricardian court, and the wedding of Elizabeth Stuart to Frederick V, Elector Palatine, later King of Bohemia, in 1613: the couple fled Prague in the aftermath of the Battle of the White Mountain in 1620, which brought the longstanding Bohemian tradition of religious tolerance to a close.
Where Taylor gloats over the stunning victories of Gustavus Adolphus over the Imperial and Catholic forces, The Popes Complaint celebrates the confusion of the same forces by the initial successes of the armies of James I's son-in-law, Frederick V, Elector Palatine and embattled claimant for the Bohemian crown.
The work formed a part of the extensive celebrations for the ill-fated marriage of James I's daughter Elizabeth to Frederick V, Elector Palatine, and featured scenes and costumes by Inigo Jones and music by some of the great musical figures of the age, including Coprario, Johnson, Taylor, Campion himself, and, perhaps, a number of others.