Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

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Frederick Francis I
Friedrich franz 1.jpg
Portrait by Rudolph Suhrlandt (1817)
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Reign24 April 1785 – 1 February 1837
PredecessorFrederick II
SuccessorPaul Frederick
Born(1756-12-10)10 December 1756
Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Holy Roman Empire
Died1 February 1837(1837-02-01) (aged 80)
Ludwigslust, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation
SpousePrincess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Among others
Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Louise Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Charlotte Frederica, Hereditary Princess of Denmark
FatherDuke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
MotherPrincess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Frederick Francis I (10 December 1756 – 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as duke (1785–1815), and then as grand duke (1815–1837).


He was born in Schwerin to Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Friedrich Franz succeeded his uncle Friedrich as duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1785.

Following the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich Franz was raised to the dignity of grand duke at the Congress of Vienna.[1] Along with his cousin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, he was known as one of the most reactionary German rulers. On his death in 1837 he was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Paul Friedrich.

Marriage and children[edit]

On 1 June 1775 in Gotha, Friedrich Franz married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.[citation needed] They had eight children:



  1. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1855). History of the Wars of the French Revolution. Bangs. p. 555.
  2. ^ a b Schelfkirche St. Nikolai zu Schwerin in: [retrieved 2 March 2017].
  3. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 104.
Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 10 December 1756 Died: 1 February 1837
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Became grand duke
New title
Previously duke
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Succeeded by