Latin American Canadians

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Latin American Canadians
Total population
447,325
(all, 2016 Census)[1]
1.3% of the total Canadian population (2016)
Regions with significant populations
Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Leamington, London, Kitchener, Winnipeg, Brandon, Laval, Burnaby, Sherbrooke, Red Deer
Languages
Canadian English, Canadian French, Spanish, Portuguese
Religion
Predominantly Christianity (Roman Catholicism; minority Protestantism)
Related ethnic groups
Latin Americans, French Canadians, Spanish Canadians, Portuguese Canadians, Native Americans

Latin American Canadians (French: Canadiens d'Amérique latine; Portuguese: Canadenses da América Latina; Spanish: Canadienses de América Latina) are Canadians who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America. The majority of Latin American Canadians are multilingual, primarily speaking Spanish, Portuguese, French and English. Most are fluent in one or both of Canada's two official languages, English and French. Spanish and Portuguese are Romance languages and share similarities in morphology and syntax.

Latin American Canadians have made distinguished contributions to Canada in all major fields, including politics, the military, music, philosophy, sports, business and economy, and science.

The largest Latin American immigrant groups in Canada are Mexican Canadians, Colombian Canadians, and Salvadoran Canadians.

History[edit]

The majority of Latin American Canadians are recent immigrants who arrived in the late 20th century from Mexico, Colombia, El Salvador, Puerto Rico, Peru with smaller communities from Chile, Venezuela, Brazil, Cuba, Guatemala, and elsewhere, with nearly all Latin American countries represented.[2] Reasons for immigrating include Canada's better economic opportunities and politics or civil war and political repression in their native countries, as in the case of Cubans fleeing from the Fidel Castro revolution, Chileans escaping from Augusto Pinochet's rule, Salvadorans fleeing from the Salvadoran Civil War, Peruvians escaping from the Internal conflict in Peru, Dominicans opposed to the regimes of Rafael Trujillo and Joaquin Balaguer, Mexicans escaping from the Mexican Drug War, Colombians from the violence in their country and Venezuelans opposed to the rule of the Socialist Unity Party.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2016 Canadian Census, the largest Latin American Canadian communities are in the census metropolitan areas of Toronto (132,945),[3] Montreal (110,200),[4] Vancouver (34,800),[5] Calgary (27,710),[6] Edmonton (18,755),[6] Ottawa (15,635),[3] and Hamilton (10,910).[3] The fastest growing are in the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia.

Latin American population of Canada by census year[edit]

Census Latin American population Change from previous census Total Canadian population Change from previous census Latin American population (%)
1996[7] 176,970 N/A 28,528,125 N/A 0.6%
2001[8] 216,980 22.6% 29,639,030 3.9% 0.7%
2006[9] 304,245 40.2% 31,241,030 5.4% 1%
2011[10] 381,280 25.3% 32,852,325 5.2% 1.2%
2016 447,325 17.3% 34,460,065 4.9% 1.3%

Latin American Canadian population in Canada by province or territory according to the Census[edit]

Province Latin Americans 2001 % 2001 Latin Americans 2011 % 2011 Latin Americans 2016 % 2016
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario 106,835 0.9% 172,560 1.4% 195,950 1.5%
Flag of Quebec.svg Québec 59,520 0.8% 116,380 1.5% 133,920 1.7%
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta 18,745 0.6% 41,305 1.2% 55,090 1.4%
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia 23,885 0.6% 35,465 0.8% 44,115 1.0%
Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba 4,775 0.4% 9,140 0.8% 9,895 0.8%
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan 2,010 0.2% 3,255 0.3% 4,195 0.4%
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia 520 0.0% 1,360 0.2% 1,685 0.2%
Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick 425 0.0% 1,160 0.2% 1,285 0.2%
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island 75 0.1% 235 0.2% 255 0.2%
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador 80 0.0% 185 0.0% 635 0.1%
Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon 45 0.1% 105 0.3% 130 0.4%
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories 60 0.2% 105 0.3% 135 0.3%
Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut 10 0.0% 30 0.1% 40 0.1%
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 216,980 0.8% 381,280 1.2% 447,325 1.3%

Immigration[edit]

Latin Americans in Canada by country of origin (2016)[11]
Region Number of immigrants % of Latin American immigrants % of total immigrant population
 Mexico 80,585 19% 1.1%
 Colombia 70,035 16.5% 0.9%
 El Salvador 48,075 11.3% 0.6%
 Peru 29,620 7% 0.4%
 Brazil 29,315 6.9% 0.4%
 Chile 26,705 6.3% 0.4%
 Venezuela 20,775 4.9% 0.3%
 Argentina 19,425 4.6% 0.3%
 Cuba 17,850 4.2% 0.2%
 Guatemala 17,270 4.1% 0.2%
 Ecuador 14,970 3.5% 0.2%
 Dominican Republic[a] 10,605 2.5% 0.2%
 Nicaragua 9,865 2.3% 0.1%
 Honduras 7,785 1.8% 0.1%
 Paraguay 7,300 1.7% 0.1%
 Uruguay 6,535 1.5% 0.1%
 Bolivia 4,395 1% 0.1%
 Costa Rica 3,945 0.9% 0.1%
 Panama 2,620 0.6% 0%
 Puerto Rico 505 0.1% 0%
Total Latin American immigrant population 423,585 100% 5.5%
Total immigrant population 7,482,860 N/A 100%
  • a The number of Dominican Republic immigrants compared to Dominica immigrants is not specified, due to both countries using the term "Dominican".

List of Canadian census subdivisions with Latin American populations higher than the national average[edit]

Source: Canada 2016 Census[12]
National average: 1.3%

Alberta[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

Manitoba[edit]

Ontario[edit]

Quebec[edit]

List of notable Latin American Canadians[edit]

Music[edit]

Writers[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Photography[edit]

Politics[edit]

Science and technology[edit]

Sport[edit]

Cultural adjustment[edit]

In 2002, 82% of those who reported Latin American origin said they had a strong sense of belonging to Canada. At the same time, 57% said that they had a strong sense of belonging to their ethnic or cultural group.[citation needed]

People with Latin American origins are also active in Canadian society. For example, 66% of Canadians of Latin American origin who were eligible to vote did so in the 2000 federal election.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables, 2006 Census". www12.statcan.ca.
  3. ^ a b c "Visible minority (Latin American), both sexes, age (total), Canada, Ontario and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Canada 2016 Census. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Visible minority (Latin American), both sexes, age (total), Canada, Quebec and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Canada 2016 Census. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Visible minority (Latin American), both sexes, age (total), Canada, British Columbia and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Canada 2016 Census. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Visible minority (Latin American), both sexes, age (total), Canada, Alberta and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". Canada 2016 Census. Canada 2016 Census. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  7. ^ [1], Total Population by Visible Minority Population(1), for Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1996
  8. ^ [2], 2001 Community Profiles
  9. ^ [3], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  10. ^ [4], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  11. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (27 October 2017). "Immigrant population by selected places of birth, admission category and period of immigration, Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and areas outside of census metropolitan areas, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  12. ^ [5], Canada 2016 Census Profile, 2016
  13. ^ "Quien Es Ricardo Miranda? | Hola Calgary". Hola Calgary. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  14. ^ "latin calgary". www.myfriendfernando.ca.