County of Holstein-Rendsburg
Holstein-Rendsburg and neighbouring territories around 1400
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
Holstein-Rendsburg is the name of a county that existed from 1290 to 1459, ruled by a line of the Schauenburg family.
Rise and fall of the county
The Schauenburgs had ruled in Holstein since 1110/1111. In 1290, when Count Gerhard I of Holstein-Itzehoe died, his portion of Holstein was divided into 3 parts. From this emerged the counties of Holstein-Plön, Holstein-Pinneberg and Holstein-Rendsburg.
The below-mentioned counts ruled the territory until the last Count of Holstein-Rendsburg, Adolphus VIII, died in 1459. The Schauenburgs had almost died out; only the line of Holstein-Pinneberg still existed, but their count, Otto II of Schaumburg was not able to secure his inheritance.
Instead, in 1460, King Christian I of Denmark, a nephew of Adolphus VIII, who had helped him succeed to the Danish throne, was named as the new lord over the Duchy of Schleswig and County of Holstein.
|Imperial County of Rantzau|
Counts of Holstein-Rendsburg
The following counts ruled over Holstein-Rendsburg or Holstein:
- 1290–1304 Henry I (1258 – 1304)
- 1304–1340 Gerhard III the Great (ca. 1293 – 1340), Duke of Schleswig
- 1340–1382 Henry II, nicknamed Iron Henry (1317 – 1384?)
- 1382–1397 Nicholas, aka Claus of Holstein (ca. 1321 – 1397)
- 1397–1403 Albert II (d. 1403)
- 1403–1404 Gerhard VI (d. 1404)
- 1404–1421 Henry III (d. 1421)
- 1421–1427 Henry IV (1397 – 1427)
- 1427–1433 Gerhard VII (1404 – 1433), Duke of Schleswig
- 1427–1459 Adolphus VIII (1401 – 1459), Duke of Schleswig