Ashbourne, County Meath

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Ashbourne
Cill Dhéagláin
Town
Bridge Street, Ashbourne
Bridge Street, Ashbourne
Ashbourne is located in Ireland
Ashbourne
Ashbourne
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°30′43″N 6°23′53″W / 53.512°N 6.398°W / 53.512; -6.398Coordinates: 53°30′43″N 6°23′53″W / 53.512°N 6.398°W / 53.512; -6.398
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyMeath
Elevation
73 m (240 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
12,679
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing key
A84
Telephone area code+353(0)1

Ashbourne, historically called Killeglan or Kildeglan[2] (Irish: Cill Dhéagláin, meaning 'Déaglán's church'), is a town in County Meath, Ireland. Located about 20 km north of Dublin and close to the M2 motorway, Ashbourne is a commuter town within Greater Dublin.[3][4] In the 20 years between the 1996 and 2016 census, the town almost tripled in population from approximately 4,900 to 12,700 inhabitants.[5] The town is passed by the Broad Meadow Water, which comes from Ratoath and Dunshaughlin.[6]

History[edit]

Ancient settlement[edit]

Archaeological excavations in the area around Ashbourne have revealed evidence of settlement back to neolithic times. In the townland of Rath, to the north of the town centre, a Bronze Age settlement was found during the construction of the M2 motorway. Excavations in the vicinity of the cemetery of Killegland revealed the extent of the early Christian settlement, with souterrains, house sites and a large enclosure centred around the remains of the church that is visible in the cemetery. This would link the townland name of Killegland - meaning Declan's Church - to pre-Patrician settlement in the area. Archaeological excavations on the site of the Lidl supermarket revealed the original medieval town, with several house remains, associated field systems, fish traps and mill races.[citation needed]

Norman and medieval development[edit]

Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath, set about building fortified houses, called mottes and baileys, in case the native Irish would regroup and attack. The remains of a motte and bailey structure can be found in Ratoath, 5 km from Ashbourne.

Once settled, Hugh de Lacy divided the land among his army. A large portion at Killeglan was given to a family called Wafre in 1220. This family lived there until 1420, the last member of this family having built a tower house (a fortified house, often misdescribed as a "castle"). The castle and lands became the property of the Segrave family, who remained owners until 1649. The first of the family recorded in Meath, Richard Sydgrave, was Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer 1423–5. His son Patrick (living 1445) married Mary Wafer, the heiress of Killeglan. They became one of the most influential and wealthy non-aristocratic families in Ireland during the 16th century, with two gaining the high political office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, while another became High Sheriff of Meath; Richard Segrave ( died 1598) and his son Patrick Segrave were both judges of the Court of Exchequer (Ireland). However, their political power and possessions were removed during the religious wars of 1641 to 1650. Indeed, during the Cromwellian period, Oliver Cromwell's son, Henry, stayed for a time in Killeglan Castle. With the final subjugation of the native Irish after 1690, and the imposition of religious persecution in the Penal Laws, a new land-owner named Thomas Carter gained possession of the Killeglan lands. He did not live there, and the castle fell into dis-repair and eventually into ruin. The Carter family held high office in Irish politics during the 18th century but their fortunes waned in the early 19th century. When the Carter estates were sold in the 1840s, the Killegland lands were bought by Frederick Bourne.[citation needed]

19th century[edit]

Frederick Bourne was a rich entrepreneur who made his fortune from roads and transport. Before 1820 in Ireland roads were almost non-existent. Government regulations allowed for considerable spending on roads, and the subsequent improvements ensured greater post-coach services. Bourne owned a coach company and financed road-building, collecting revenue from tolls. He financed a ten-mile (old Irish miles) section of road from Dublin to Killegland. He decided to build a small town with an inn, a hotel and other small businesses to make money from travellers. He built this village near his ten-mile tollbooth and named the place after his favourite tree, and himself, i.e. Ash and Bourne. This began in 1820.[citation needed]

Asbourne's Catholic church, the Church of the Immaculate Conception on Frederick Street, was built in the 1880s.[7]

Bourne's idea was a success. However, by 1850 rail was taking business from the roadways, and the Bourne family fortune declined. In 1821 the population was 133, by 1841 it was 411. The Irish famine took a toll from 1845 to 1851, and the population declined. Frederick Bourne left his land at Killegland, and his village of Ashbourne, to his son Richard in 1844. Richard lived in the village, and his first home is now the Ashbourne House Hotel on Frederick Street. Later he built a modest house on Castle Street near where the last remains of the Wafre and Segrave tower house were. Richard married the daughter of a wealthy local family, Elizabeth Mangan, and had several children. The eldest, Thomas, became his father's heir and the last landlord of Ashbourne. He left Ireland and went to live in Northfleet, Kent, England, in 1899. The land was sold to the local tenants.[citation needed]

1916 Rising (The Battle of Ashbourne)[edit]

On the 28 April 1916, a group of Fingal Volunteers attacked the Royal Irish Constabulary barracks at Ashbourne. This event is documented in Ríocht na Mídhe, the journal of the Meath Archaeological and Historical Society, and other sources. The group were estimated to number 45 men and were under the command of Thomas Ashe, a national school teacher in Lusk with Richard Mulcahy acting as second-in-command.[citation needed] The barracks were usually manned by a sergeant and four constables but given the level of fighting in the capital, reinforcements had been called in from surrounding barracks and so on the day of the attack, there were 10 RIC men stationed there.[citation needed]

The rebels advanced on the barracks and disarmed two RIC men who were setting up a barricade outside the barracks. Ashe then called on the remaining officers to surrender and the siege situation turned into a shoot out. Ultimately the RIC members offered to surrender by waving a white handkerchief.[citation needed] However, before they could emerge, a supporting convoy of cars and RIC reinforcements arrived from the direction of Slane. Ashe's force spread out and rushed along the Slane road to stop the RIC convoy reaching Rath Cross. The RIC reinforcements took fire from all sides. The firefight lasted several hours before volunteer reinforcements arrived from Boranstown. The RIC eventually surrendered to the volunteers. However, given that the uprising in Dublin had been put down, the Fingal volunteers eventually gave themselves up two days later. Thomas Ashe and his men were sentenced to death for their part in the attack, but this was later commuted to penal servitude for life.[citation needed]

Memorial events[edit]

Then President of Ireland, Sean T. O'Kelly, unveiled a memorial at Rath Cross Roads, Ashbourne, on Easter Sunday, 26 April 1959 to commemorate the Battle of Ashbourne. The story was covered on the front page of the Irish Times the next day. The memorial, designed by Con O'Reilly and Peter Grant, commemorates the battle and John Crenigan and Thomas Rafferty who were killed. The monument has two images: on one side the figure is in the form of Christ, on the other side is a rebel.[citation needed]

On Easter Monday 2016, Rath Cross was the location of one of a number of 1916 centenary commemoration events.[citation needed] In September 2016, the monument was expanded with the addition of two side figures; one representing the Volunteers in uniform, the other a family.[8]

Population[edit]

Ashbourne House Hotel

Ashbourne was a small village with a population under 400 until 1970. In response to the growing population of nearby Dublin, a scheme of houses was built in Ashbourne.[citation needed] The population of the town was 8,528 as of the 2006 census, a 34% increase on the previous census in 2002. The population in 2013 was recorded at 14,000 people approximately, making it Meath's second largest town by population, after Navan, overtaking Trim, and the largest town in the Meath East Dáil constituency, which elects 3 TDs to the Dáil.

This growth coincided with a change in Ashbourne's demographics, with the 2006 census showing that over 12% of Ashbourne's population was born outside Ireland.[9] The Lithuanian community is the second largest minority in Ashbourne after people from the United Kingdom. Almost one fifth of all non-Irish born in the town are originally from Lithuania, and Lithuanian language services are held in the Church of the Immaculate Conception.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Apartments in centre of Ashbourne

Ashbourne is served by two public transport companies: Bus Éireann and Ashbourne Connect. Ashbourne Connect provides an express coach service direct to Dublin city centre and the southside of the city.[10] The service is listed as 193 on the national journey planner. Bus Éireann provide a service (route 103) from Beresford Place, Dublin. Some of these services continue on to Ratoath, Kilmoon Cross and Duleek. Other services include routes 105 (Drogheda), 109A (Kells), 107 (Kingscourt to Dublin via Ashbourne), and routes 189 and 189A (linking Ashbourne to Drogheda and Clogherhead).[citation needed]

Road[edit]

Ashbourne is linked to the M50 and Dublin city by 17 kilometres of motorway/dual-carriageway on the N2/M2 national primary route, which commences at junction 5 of the M50 motorway (13.5 km from Ashbourne). The road is a six-lane dual-carriageway from the M50 until exit 2, Cherryhound in County Dublin, where it becomes a motorway from there to the Rath roundabout, 1.5 km north of Ashbourne. The M2 incorporates a bypass of Ashbourne.[citation needed] The South Ashbourne Interchange, a junction taking traffic on and off the N2 near the Nine Mile Stone, allows traffic to transfer to and from Ashbourne and its bypass.[citation needed] Phase II of the M50 upgrade, opened in 2010, links the N2 to the M50 at exit 5.[citation needed]

Amenities and retail[edit]

Council offices and Library
Killegland Street, Ashbourne's retail area

A series of shopping developments were built in Ashbourne, including facilities in the crescent and on Ashbourne High Street.[11] In 2002, a local area plan for the town was completed which provided for additional development in Ashbourne. The plan provided for the expansion of Ashbourne westward into the townland of Killegland adjoining the new N2 Ashbourne bypass. It led to the introduction of residential units, a retail park, community facilities and industrial units.[citation needed]

Of the streets developed in Ashbourne's "new" town centre, Killegland Street, has become a commercial street containing a number of retail units along with a library and council offices. Car parking in the town has been expanded by both underground car parking beneath Killegland Street (extending from Tesco to the Civic Offices) and a multi-storey car park above the retail units on the south end of the street.[citation needed]

A large supermarket has opened a large store on the former Dardis & Dunns seed merchant site on the northern end of Frederick/Main Street as part of the Ashbourne Town Centre development and is accessible from both Frederick Street, across from Ashbourne's original town centre and Killegland Square, linking the new retail area to the established centre in the town.

In 2007, Ashbourne Retail Park Limited applied for planning permission for an extension to the park.[12][needs update]

The town's first cinema opened, in Ashbourne Retail Park, during 2009.[citation needed]

Religion[edit]

Church of the Immaculate Conception, Ashbourne.

The Roman Catholic parish of Ashbourne extends south to Newtown Commons, east to Greenoge, north to Rath and west to Harlockstown.[citation needed] The Church of the Immaculate Conception is located in the centre of the town. In 1982, the parish was joined to Donaghmore, which has its own church 2 km (1 mi) to the south-east of Ashbourne.[13]

Sport[edit]

There is an 18-hole golf course (founded 1991), on the outskirts of the town and several sports clubs in the town. These include a Gaelic Athletic Association club, Donaghmore-Ashbourne, which was originally founded as 'Donaghmore' in 1923 at the Wootton. Now based at Killeglan, it has pitches and a clubhouse, with an indoor astro turf and two full-size Gaelic pitches which opened in 2006.[citation needed] There is also a rugby union team who play their matches at the Ashbourne rugby club (founded 1974).[citation needed]

There are also a number of soccer teams (including Ashbourne United and Killegland AFC), a cricket club Ashbourne cricket club behind the community centre,[14] and a judo club.

There is a community centre, opened in 1981 and upgraded in 2017, which has a sports hall with a full size basketball court, 3 badminton courts, squash court, handball & racquet ball court, and changing facilities and meeting rooms.[citation needed] The community centre is used by sporting organisations, including the St Andrews athletics club who also have facilities in the Arkle Pavilion in Greenogue on the outskirts of Ashbourne, and the 'Ashbourne Archers' archery club.[15]

The International Baseball Centre (IBC) is located in Ashbourne behind the Ashbourne District Community Centre. The IBC is Ireland's only international standard baseball diamond, and home of the Ashbourne Baseball Club.[citation needed]

Fairyhouse Racecourse is located 10 km from Ashbourne. Tayto Park opened in 2010 and has approximately 50 acres of activities,[16] including one of Europe's largest wooden roller coasters, The Cú Chulainn Coaster, which opened in June 2015.[17]

Ashbourne is home to Longhorns Rugby League Club which was formed in 2005 and plays its home matches at Ashbourne Rugby Club. Longhorns were All-Ireland Rugby League champions in 2017.[citation needed]

Ashbourne is the home of the Ashbourne Baseball Club, an amateur baseball club that competes in the Irish Baseball League. The club fields teams in the Little League division as well as teams in the A and B divisions of the adult league. Up until 2019, the teams competed under the name, “Ashbourne Giants”. Home games are played at the International Baseball Centre, an international standard baseball field located behind the Ashbourne District Community Centre.[citation needed]

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Ashbourne". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
  3. ^ "Your guide to Ashbourne: Diverse commuter town with a history of Eurovision glory". TheJournal.ie. 8 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Make a Move to . . . Ashbourne: more than just a commuter town". The Irish Times. 21 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Ashbourne (Ireland) Census Town". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  6. ^ Doyle, Joseph W. (February 2018). The Rivers and Streams of the Dublin Region (1 ed.). Dublin, Ireland: Rath Eanna Research. p. 10. ISBN 9780956636386.
  7. ^ "Church of the Immaculate Conception, Frederick Street, Killegland, Ashbourne, Meath". buildingsofireland.ie. National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  8. ^ "1916 Monument Ashbourne". thomaspatrickashe.com. 24 September 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  9. ^ Irish Social Science Data Archive (14 June 2007). "Theme 2 - 1: Usually resident population by place of birth (Census 2006)". 2006 Small Area Population Statistics (SAPS). Central Statistics Office of Ireland. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  10. ^ "Timetables". 2 November 2018.
  11. ^ "High Street Ashbourne". highstreetashbourne.ie.
  12. ^ "Meath County Council Planning Applications 05/03/07 to 11/03/07" (Doc file). Weekly Planning Permission Lists. Meath Tourism, Meath County Council. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  13. ^ "Ashbourne Donaghmore Parish News". Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Ashbourne Cricket Club". Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  15. ^ "Ashbourne Archers". ashbournearchers.com. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  16. ^ Casey, Ann (17 November 2010). "Opening of Tayto Park near Ashbourne brings 85 jobs". Meath Chronicle. Archived from the original on 4 August 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Europe's largest wooden rollercoaster opens in Tayto Park". The Irish Times. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  18. ^ Egan, Barry (30 May 2021). "Johnny Logan on partying in his younger years, seeking help and the loss of Shay Healy". Irish Independent. Retrieved 6 June 2022. I still live in the same house in Ashbourne that we bought at the end of the 1980s
  19. ^ "RTÉ's Aengus Mac Grianna, his alpacas and settling back into farm life after Dancing with the Stars". independent. Retrieved 6 June 2022.

External links[edit]