Christian Social Union in Bavaria

































































































Christian Social Union in Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
Abbreviation CSU
Leader Horst Seehofer
Secretary General Markus Blume
Founded 1945; 73 years ago (1945)
Preceded by
Bavarian People's Party
(not legal predecessor)
Headquarters
Munich, Germany
Newspaper Bayernkurier
Youth wing Young Union
Membership (December 2017)
Decrease 141,000[1]
Ideology
Bavarian regionalism[2]
Christian democracy[2][3]

Conservatism[2][4][5][6]
Political position
Centre-right[7][8][9]
National affiliation CDU/CSU
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours
     Blue
Bundestag

46 / 709

Bundesrat

6 / 69

Landtag of Bavaria

85 / 205

European Parliament

5 / 96

Ministers-president of states

1 / 16

Website
csu.de


  • Politics of Germany

  • Political parties

  • Elections


  • Politics of Bavaria



























Bavaria
Coat of arms of Bavaria.svg

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politics and government of
Bavaria
















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The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (About this soundChristlich-Soziale Union in Bayern , CSU) is a Christian-democratic[2][3] and conservative[2][4][5][6]political party in Germany. The CSU operates only in Bavaria while its larger counterpart, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), operates in the other fifteen states of Germany. It differs from the CDU by being somewhat more conservative in social matters. The CSU is considered an effective successor of the Weimar-era Catholic Bavarian People's Party (BVP).[10]


At the federal level, the CSU forms a common faction in the Bundestag with the CDU, which is frequently referred to as the Union Faction (die Unionsfraktion). The CSU has had 46 seats in the Bundestag since the 2017 federal election,[11] making it the smallest of the seven parties represented. Until the 2013 federal election, the CDU/CSU formed federal government in coalition with the Free Democratic Party (FDP). The CSU is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and the International Democrat Union. The CSU currently has three ministers in the cabinet of Germany of the federal government in Berlin, including party leader Horst Seehofer who is Federal Minister of the Interior while party member Markus Söder serves as Minister-President of Bavaria, a position that CSU representatives have held from 1946 to 1954 and again since 1957.




Contents






  • 1 History


  • 2 Relationship with the CDU


  • 3 Leaders


    • 3.1 Party chairmen


    • 3.2 Ministers-President




  • 4 Election results


    • 4.1 Federal parliament (Bundestag)


    • 4.2 European Parliament


    • 4.3 Landtag of Bavaria




  • 5 See also


  • 6 Further reading


  • 7 Notes and references


  • 8 External links





History




Chairman Franz Josef Strauß in 1976


Franz Josef Strauß (1915–1988) had left behind the strongest legacy as a leader of the party, having led the party from 1961 until his death in 1988. His political career in the federal cabinet was unique in that he had served four ministerial posts in the years between 1953 and 1969. From 1978 until his death in 1988, Strauß served as the Minister-President of Bavaria. Strauß was the first leader of the CSU to be a candidate for the German chancellery in 1980. In the 1980 federal election, Strauß ran against the incumbent Helmut Schmidt of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), but lost thereafter as the SPD and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) managed to secure an absolute majority together, forming a social-liberal coalition.


The CSU has led the Bavarian state government since it came into existence in 1946, save from 1954 to 1957 when the SPD formed a state government in coalition with the Bavaria Party and the state branches of the GB/BHE and FDP. Before the 2008 elections in Bavaria, the CSU perennially achieved absolute majorities at the state level by itself. This level of dominance is unique among Germany's 16 states. Edmund Stoiber took over the CSU leadership in 1999. He ran for Chancellor of Germany in 2002, but his preferred CDU/CSU–FDP coalition lost against the SPD candidate Gerhard Schröder's SPD–Green alliance.


In the 2003 Bavarian state election, the CSU won 60.7% of the vote and 124 of 180 seats in the state parliament. This was the first time any party had won a two thirds majority in a German state parliament.[12]The Economist later suggested that this exceptional result was due to a backlash against Schröder's government in Berlin.[13] The CSU's popularity declined in subsequent years. Stoiber stepped down from the posts of Minister-President and CSU chairman in September 2007. A year later, the CSU lost its majority in the 2008 Bavarian state election, with its vote share dropping from 60.7% to 43.4%. The CSU remained in power by forming a coalition with the FDP. In the 2009 general election, the CSU received only 42.5% of the vote in Bavaria in the 2009 election, which constitutes its weakest showing in the party's history.


The CSU made gains in the 2013 Bavarian state election and the 2013 federal election, which were held a week apart in September 2013. The CSU regained their majority in the Bavarian Landtag and remained in government in Berlin. They have three ministers in Angela Merkel's current cabinet, namely Horst Seehofer (Minister of the Interior, Building and Community), Andreas Scheuer (Minister of Transport and Digital Infrastructure) and Gerd Müller (Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development).


The CSU forms after Bavarian state election, 2018 on October 14, 2018 a new government with partner Free Voters of Bavaria.



Relationship with the CDU


The CSU is the sister party of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).[14] Together, they are called The Union.[14] The CSU operates only within Bavaria and the CDU operates in all other states, but not Bavaria. While virtually independent,[15] at the federal level the parties form a common CDU/CSU faction. No Chancellor has ever come from the CSU, although Strauß and Edmund Stoiber were CDU/CSU candidates for Chancellor in the 1980 federal election and the 2002 federal election, respectively, which were both won by the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). Below the federal level, the parties are entirely independent.[16]


Since its formation, the CSU has been more conservative than the CDU.[4][example needed] The CSU and the state of Bavaria decided not to sign the Grundgesetz of the Federal Republic of Germany as they could not agree with the division of Germany into two states after World War II. Although Bavaria like all German states has a separate police and justice system (distinctive and non-federal), the CSU has actively participated in all political affairs of the German Parliament, the German government, the German Bundesrat, the parliamentary elections of the German President, the European Parliament and meetings with Mikhail Gorbachev in Russia.



Leaders



Party chairmen
























































Chairman
From
To
1st

Josef Müller
17 December 1945
28 May 1949
2nd

Hans Ehard
28 May 1949
22 January 1955
3rd

Hanns Seidel
22 January 1955
16 February 1961
4th

Franz Josef Strauß
18 March 1961
3 October 1988
5th

Theodor Waigel
16 November 1988
16 January 1999
6th

Edmund Stoiber
16 January 1999
29 September 2007
7th

Erwin Huber
29 September 2007
25 October 2008
8th

Horst Seehofer
25 October 2008
Present day


Ministers-President


The CSU has contributed eleven of the twelve Ministers-President of Bavaria since 1945, with only Wilhelm Hoegner (1945–1946, 1954–1957) of the SPD also holding the office.































































Minister-President
From
To

Fritz Schäffer
28 May 1945
28 September 1945

Hans Ehard (first time)
21 December 1946
14 December 1954

Hanns Seidel
16 October 1957
22 January 1960
Hans Ehard (second time)
26 January 1960
11 December 1962

Alfons Goppel
11 December 1962
6 November 1978

Franz Josef Strauss
6 November 1978
3 October 1988

Max Streibl
19 October 1988
27 May 1993

Edmund Stoiber
28 May 1993
30 September 2007

Günther Beckstein
9 October 2007
27 October 2008

Horst Seehofer
27 October 2008
13 March 2018

Markus Söder
16 March 2018
Present day


Election results



Federal parliament (Bundestag)



































































































































































Election year
No. of
constituency votes
No. of
party list votes
% of
party list votes
No. of
overall seats won
+/–

1949

1,380,448
5.8


24 / 402




1953
2,450,286
2,427,387
8.8


52 / 509



Increase 28

1957
3,186,150
3,133,060
10.5


55 / 519



Increase 3

1961
3,104,742
3,014,471
9.6


50 / 521



Decrease 5

1965
3,204,648
3,136,506
9.6


49 / 518



Increase 1

1969
3,094,176
3,115,652
9.5


49 / 518



Steady 0

1972
3,620,625
3,615,183
9.72


48 / 518



Decrease 1

1976
4,008,514
4,027,499
10.6


53 / 518



Increase 5

1980
3,941,365
3,908,459
10.3


52 / 519



Decrease 1

1983
4,318,800
4,140,865
10.6


53 / 520



Increase 1

1987
3,859,244
3,715,827
9.8


49 / 519



Decrease 4

1990
3,423,904
3,302,980
7.1


51 / 662



Increase 2

1994
3,657,627
3,427,196
7.3


50 / 672



Decrease 1

1998
3,602,472
3,324,480
6.8


47 / 669



Decrease 3

2002
4,311,178
4,315,080
9.0


58 / 603



Increase 11

2005
3,889,990
3,494,309
7.4


46 / 614



Decrease 12

2009
3,191,000
2,830,238
6.5


45 / 622



Decrease 1

2013
3,544,079
3,243,569
7.4


56 / 631



Increase 11

2017
3,255,604
2,869,744
6.2


46 / 709



Decrease 10


European Parliament


































































Election year
No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
+/–

1979
2,817,120
10.1 (3rd)


8 / 81




1984
2,109,130
8.5 (3rd)


7 / 81



Decrease 1

1989
2,326,277
8.2 (4th)


7 / 81



Steady 0

1994
2,393,374
6.8 (4th)


8 / 99



Increase 1

1999
2,540,007
9.4 (4th)


10 / 99



Increase 2

2004
2,063,900
8.0 (4th)


9 / 99



Decrease 1

2009
1,896,762
7.2 (6th)


8 / 99



Decrease 1

2014
1,567,258
5.3 (6th)


5 / 96



Decrease 3


Landtag of Bavaria














































































































































































Election year
No. of
constituency votes
No. of
party list votes
% of
overall votes
No. of
overall seats won
+/–
Government

1946

1,593,908
52.2


104 / 180



CSU–SPD

1950
1,264,993
1,262,377
27.4


64 / 204



Decrease 40
CSU–SPD

1954
1,855,995
1,835,959
37.9


83 / 204



Increase 19
SPD–BP–FDP–BHE

1958
2,101,645
2,091,259
45.5


101 / 204



Increase 18
CSU–FDP–BHE

1962
2,343,169
2,320,359
47.5


108 / 204



Increase 7
CSU–BP

1966
2,549,610
2,524,732
48.1


110 / 204



Increase 2
CSU majority

1970
3,205,170
3,139,429
56.4


124 / 204



Increase 14
CSU majority

1974
3,520,065
3,481,486
62.0


132 / 204



Increase 8
CSU majority

1978
3,394,096
3,387,995
59.1


129 / 204



Decrease 3
CSU majority

1982
3,557,068
3,534,375
58.2


133 / 204



Increase 4
CSU majority

1986
3,142,094
3,191,640
55.7


128 / 204



Decrease 5
CSU majority

1990
3,007,566
3,085,948
54.9


127 / 204



Decrease 1
CSU majority

1994
3,063,635
3,100,253
52.8


120 / 204



Decrease 7
CSU majority

1998
3,168,996
3,278,768
52.9


123 / 204



Increase 3
CSU majority

2003
3,050,456
3,167,408
60.6


124 / 180



Increase 1
CSU majority

2008
2,267,521
2,336,439
43.4


92 / 187



Decrease 32
CSU–FDP

2013
2,754,256
2,882,169
47.7


101 / 180



Increase 9
CSU majority

2018
2,495,960
2,551,046
37.2


85 / 180



Decrease 16



See also



  • List of Christian Social Union of Bavaria politicians

  • Politics of Germany



Further reading


Alf Mintzel (1975). Die CSU. Anatomie einer konservativen Partei 1945-1972. Opladen (in German).



Notes and references





  1. ^ "CSU: Mitgliederzahlen sinken weiter". Augsburger Allgemeine. 24 December 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2018..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}


  2. ^ abcde Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Germany". Parties and Elections in Europe.


  3. ^ ab Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 364. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.


  4. ^ abc Budge, Ian; Robertson, David; Hearl, Derek (1987). Ideology, Strategy, and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-war Election Programmes in 19 Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 296. ISBN 9780521306485.


  5. ^ ab Paul Statham; Hans-Jörg Trenz (2012). The Politicization of Europe: Contesting the Constitution in the Mass Media. Routledge. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-415-58466-1.


  6. ^ ab Antje Ellermann (2009). States Against Migrants: Deportation in Germany and the United States. Cambridge University Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-521-51568-9.


  7. ^ Christina Boswell; Dan Hough (2009). Politicizing migration: Opportunity or liability for the centre-right in Germany. Immigration and Integration Policy in Europe: Why Politics – and the Centre-Right – matter. Routledge. pp. 18, 21.


  8. ^ Klaus Detterbeck (2012). Multi-Level Party Politics in Western Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 105.


  9. ^ Margret Hornsteiner; Thomas Saalfeld (2014). Parties and the Party System. Developments in German Politics. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 80.


  10. ^ Biesinger, Joseph A. (2006). Germany: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present. Infobase Publishing. p. 310. ISBN 9780816074716.


  11. ^ "Results - The Federal Returning Officer". bundeswahlleiter.de. The Federal Returning Officer.


  12. ^ Clayton Clemens. "Stoiber – Dominant But Not Omnipotent". Archived 3 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. American Institute for Contemporary German Studies. Retrieved 7 June 2008.


  13. ^ "The Economist: Old soldiers march into the unknown".


  14. ^ ab "A Quick Guide to Germany's Political Parties". Der Spiegel. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2012.


  15. ^ The Economist (1983). Political Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-521-27793-8.


  16. ^ Solsten, Eric (1999). Germany: A Country Study. Quezon: DANE Publishing. p. 375. ISBN 978-0-521-27793-8.




External links




  • Christlich-Soziale Union – official site (English page)

  • Christian-Social Union (Bavaria, Germany)

  • Christian-Social Union of Bavaria (CSU)













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