Queen Charlotte Sound (New Zealand)
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|Queen Charlotte Sound / Tōtaranui|
|Location||Marlborough Region, New Zealand|
|Native name||Tōtaranui (Māori)|
|Part of||Marlborough Sounds|
|Islands||Arapaoa Island, Allports Island, Blumine Island, Motuara Island, Long Island|
Kenepuru Sound, an arm of Pelorus Sound / Te Hoiere, lies to the northwest and runs parallel to Queen Charlotte Sound. Some of the small side arms of the two sounds are only hundreds of metres apart, but are separated by a steep serrated range of hills. Not surprisingly, one of the settlements on this stretch of coast is called Portage, named for the simplest method of passing between the two sounds.
Towns and settlements
Other settlements are small and isolated—often simply individual properties. Due to the rugged nature of the coast, for many of these access is by boat only.
During pre-European and early contact periods, Queen Charlotte Sound / Tōtaranui was important location for trade between North and South Island Māori, including pakohe (argillite stone) from nearby D'Urville Island, which was used to create toki (adzes).
It was from a hill on Arapaoa Island in 1770 that Captain James Cook first saw the sea passage from the Pacific Ocean to the Tasman Sea, which was named Cook Strait. Captain Cook sheltered in Queen Charlotte Sound during each of his three voyages of exploration at various points, and named it after Queen Consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
The area was a base for whaling throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, notably at Perano Head on Arapaoa Island.
Queen Charlotte Sound has calm water and is popular for sailing - a marked contrast to the notorious waters of Cook Strait. Many ships have been wrecked close to the entrance to the Sound, most notably in recent years the Russian cruise liner Mikhail Lermontov, which sank in 1986 in Port Gore after striking rocks. One life was lost in the incident.
- Allports Island
- Blumine Island
- Motuara Island
- Long Island
- Mabel Island
- Ship Cove (New Zealand), Cook's favourite anchorage in the sound
- List of New Zealand places named by James Cook
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- O'Neil, Andrea (8 April 2015). "150 Years of News: Nightmare cruise on the Mikhail Lermontov". The Dominion Post. Stuff Limited. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
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