Peter Wood, 3rd Earl of Halifax

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The Earl of Halifax
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
The Earl of Halifax CoA.png
Arms of the Earl of Halifax
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
19 March 1980 – 11 November 1999
Hereditary peerage
Preceded byThe 2nd Earl of Halifax
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Personal details
Born (1944-03-14) 14 March 1944 (age 78)
Yorkshire, England
Political partyConservative
SpouseCamilla Younger
RelationsEdward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
Neil Primrose (maternal grandfather)
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery (great-grandfather)
Parent(s)Charles Wood, 2nd Earl of Halifax
Lady Ruth Primrose
Alma materEton College
Christ Church, Oxford

Charles Edward Peter Neil Wood, 3rd Earl of Halifax, JP, DL (born 14 March 1944) is a British peer and Conservative politician.

KStJ Breast Star


Lord Halifax is the third child and only son of Charles Wood, 2nd Earl of Halifax, a grandson of Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, Viceroy of India, and Foreign Secretary. His mother, Ruth Wood (née Primrose), The Countess of Halifax, was a daughter of Neil Primrose, MC MP, and a granddaughter of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom,[citation needed] and Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby.[citation needed]

The Countess and Earl of Halifax - Camilla & Charles wood. 1976

He was brought up at Swinford Paddocks, Newmarket, and educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.


As Peter Wood, he unsuccessfully contested Dearne Valley as a Conservative candidate at the February general election of 1974 and the October general election of the same year. On 19 March 1980, he succeeded to the titles of 3rd Earl of Halifax, 7th Baronet Wood, of Barnsley in the County of York, 5th Viscount Halifax of Monk Bretton, in the West Riding of the County of Yorkshire, and 3rd Baron Irwin, of Kirby Underdale in the County of York.[citation needed]

Lord Halifax held the office of Deputy Lieutenant (D.L.) of Humberside between 1983 and 1996.[1] He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for Wilton Beacon in 1985 and the office of High Steward of York Minster in 1988. Wood held the office of Vice-Lord-Lieutenant of the East Riding, Yorkshire, in 1996.[2] He is a Knight of St John[3] and JP.[4][5]

Lord Halifax is a non-executive director of Hambros Bank, the Vice-Chairman of Christie, Manson & Woods (the European Division of Christie's international fine arts auctioneers), and a director of Yorkshire Post Newspapers Ltd. He serves as a Board Governor for The Pocklington School Foundation.[6][7][8] He is the President of the Leeds Art Collections Fund,[9] the Vice President of the Yorkshire Society,[5] and a member of the Board of Directors of Jockey Club Estates.[10] The Earl and The Countess of Halifax are active members of the Jockey Club.[11]


In 1976, Lord Halifax (then Lord Irwin) (who had once been minded for a potential husband of Princess Anne) married Camilla Younger, of the Scottish brewing family, former wife of Richard Parker Bowles (married in 1973 and divorced in 1976), a younger brother of Andrew Parker Bowles, first husband of Camilla, Queen Consort. Andrew also had a dalliance with Princess Anne.[12] The Countess of Halifax and The Queen Consort are former sisters-in-law.[13][14]

Lord and Lady Halifax have a son and a daughter:[citation needed]

  • James Charles Wood, Lord Irwin[citation needed] (born 24 August 1977), heir apparent to the earldom, married Georgia E. Clarkson, Lady Irwin, daughter of Patrick Robert James Clarkson, QC (son of Cmdr Robert Anthony Clarkson, LVO, RN), and Bridget Cecilia Doyne, on 14 October 2006 at Church of St. John the Evangelist, Sutton Veny in the county of Wiltshire, England; they have issue:
  • Lady Joanna Victoria Wood (born 15 January 1980)[citation needed]

The Countess of Halifax also has a daughter from her first marriage with Richard Eustace Parker Bowles:[14]

  • Emma Parker Bowles (born 1974).[15]

The Earl and Countess of Halifax live on the 20,000-acre family estate Garrowby Hall near Garrowby, East Riding of Yorkshire. Lady Halifax is the national president of Macmillan Cancer Support.[13]


  1. ^[dead link]
  2. ^ "Burke's Peerage - The Official Website". Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  3. ^ "No. 45015". The London Gazette. 6 January 1970. p. 232.
  4. ^ "Garrowby Stud". Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Yorkshire Society - About Us". Archived from the original on 7 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Governors & Life Patrons – Pocklington School". Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Leeds Art Collections Fund
  10. ^ "JCE Newmarket The Jockey Club Family". Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Our Members - The Jockey Club". Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  12. ^ Brandreth, Gyles (6 March 2018). Charles & Camilla: Portrait of a Love Affair. Arrow Books. ISBN 9780099490876.
  13. ^ a b "The right ingredients for charity success". Yorkshire Post. 4 November 2005. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  14. ^ a b "ISSUU - Family book by British Peerage and Baronetage Publishing". Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Blandford banned from using taxis". 7 April 1994. Archived from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2018.

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Earl of Halifax
4th creation
Member of the House of Lords
Heir apparent:
James Wood, Lord Irwin