★ Carl Ludwig Nietzsche
Carl Ludwig Nietzsche was a German Lutheran pastor and the father of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
Carl Ludwig Nietzsche was born in 1813, the same year as Richard Wagner, who later became a friend and patron of Friedrich Nietzsche. Karl Erdmuths mother Dorothea, née Krause, was married in 1778-1856 to the court lawyer Kruger in Weimar, while Goethe lived in the city and witnessed the occupation of the city by the French. His father, Friedrich August Ludwig Nietzsche, was a pastor in Wohlmirstedt and a superintendent in Eulenburg. From his fathers first marriage, Carl Ludwig had seven half-siblings, one of whom later enjoyed success in England and eventually provided financial support to Friedrich Nietzsche. From his fathers second marriage, Karl Ludwig had two sisters, Auguste and Rosalie, who played a major role as aunts in Friedrich Nietzsches childhood.
Following his fathers example, Karl Ludwig studied theology in Halle and then worked as a tutor to princesses at the Ducal court in Altenburg. In 1842, by order of king Frederick William IV of Prussia, he became pastor of the village of roken and settled in The parish house there with his mother and two unmarried sisters, of whom Auguste took charge of the household, and Rosalie devoted herself to charitable activities.
In his youthful memoirs of his son Friedrich, written when he was only fourteen, he described his father as a cheerful and well-liked man, "very much like a country parson."
During a visit to his colleague priest David Ernst Ohler, the pastor of the neighboring parish of Pobles, Karl Ludwig met the youngest daughter of Ohlers Francisca. The young pastor made a strong impression on Francisca with his improvisations on the piano. They were married on his thirtieth birthday, October 10, 1843, when she was seventeen.
A little over a year after their marriage, they welcomed the birth of a son, who was christened Friedrich Wilhelm, because this date coincided with the birthday of the Royal benefactor Karl Ludwig.
In 1846 Carl Ludwig described his son in a letter:Brother Fritz is a wild boy, who can sometimes be controlled only by his Papa, inasmuch as the "rod" is never far from him, but now someone else helps more powerfully, and that is the dear Holy Christ, who has already taken hold of even little Fritz by head and heart, so that he wants to hear and speak of nothing but the heile Kist - its something very sweet.
However, the family recalls that the young Friedrich was not completely controlled by the "rod" and the sermons. His enthusiasm was also directed towards creating music, an activity that left an impression for the rest of his life.
In 1846, a daughter named Elizabeth was born. Later, she would play the crucial but problematic role of administrator of the Nietzsche archive, leading to her brothers philosophy being associated with German nationalism and anti-Semitism.
In 1848, a third child, Karl Ludwig Josef, was born, but he died in 1850.
In the late summer of 1848, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche fell ill with a serious illness, from which he died at the age of 35. Friedrich Nietzsche lived in fear that his fathers illness was an inherited disease, and that he would one day suffer the same fate. The cause of Karl Ludwigs death was assumed to be a brain tumor or tuberculosis, and the possibility of a hereditary disease was the subject of much speculation. However, family members, especially Elizabeth Forster-Nietzsche, attributed the disease to a traumatic brain injury that led to a concussion. To support this version of events, she falsified her brothers memoirs, deleting the phrase" My beloved father fell suddenly ill in September 1848 "and replacing it with the phrase:" in September 1848, my beloved father suddenly became seriously ill as a result of a fall."More specifically, he tripped over a small dog that was underfoot and fell down a stone staircase to the sidewalk, causing a concussion from which he died eleven months later.
On August 2, 1849, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche was buried in the village of Roken. Less than a year later, his youngest son, Joseph, fell ill and died. Friedrich Nietzsche recorded a dream in which his father rose from the dead, took his younger brother, and returned to the grave.
Friedrich Nietzsche was barely five years old when his father died, so his fathers role in his upbringing and intellectual development was very limited. In Nietzschean scholarship, however, he plays an important role in psychological and psychoanalytic interpretations, as well as a representative of Pietistic Protestantism, which influenced his sons associated with the Christian religion.
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