Dunton, Buckinghamshire

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Dunton
St. Martin's, Dunton - geograph.org.uk - 235230.jpg
St Martin's Church
Dunton is located in Buckinghamshire
Dunton
Dunton
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population189 (2011 Census including Hoggeston)[1]
OS grid referenceSP822241
• London40 mi (64 km) SE
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBUCKINGHAM
Postcode districtMK18
Dialling code01525
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°54′42″N 0°48′06″W / 51.9116°N 0.8018°W / 51.9116; -0.8018Coordinates: 51°54′42″N 0°48′06″W / 51.9116°N 0.8018°W / 51.9116; -0.8018

Dunton is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. The village is situated approximately 8 miles (13 km) north from Aylesbury and 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east from Winslow.

In 2011, Dunton had a population (including Hoggeston) of 189.[1] The parish contains the Grade II* listed Church of St Martin and six other buildings that are Grade II listed.[2]

History[edit]

According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, the Dunton name is Old English in origin, and means an estate linked to a man called 'Dodda' or 'Dudda'. In the 1086 Domesday Book Dunton it is recorded as "Dodintone."[3] At that time, the manor was held by Odo of Bayeux, a bishop. Records from 1298 and 1322 discuss a windmill in Dunton. [4]

In the 1870s, John Marius Wilson described Dunton as: "a parish in Winslow district, Bucks; near the source of the river Thame, 4 miles SE by S of Winslow town and r. station."[5]

For many years before 1862, the manor was held by the Earl Spencer, but then passed to Lord Carrington. As of 1925, his son, the Marquess of Lincolnshire, held the manor.[6]

Dunton's parish church is dedicated to St Martin. The historic listing summary provides these specifics: "C12 nave with S. wall rebuilt late C18, C13 chancel. Cl5 W. tower, all much restored late C18".[7] Documents from the reign of Edward I of England indicate that the church was an "appurtenant to Dunton Manor", and had a rectory.[8]

Another source states that the church nave dates to the 12th century, the chancel to the 13th, and the tower to the 15th. Rebuilding and restoration took place in the 18th century. St Martin's was Grade II* listed by English Heritage in 1959.[9][10] The church is the only public building in Dunton, and is a centre for parish social life.[11] Further parish Grade II listed buildings include The Old Rectory, an early 18th-century house; and Dunton Manor, a 16th-century house with later alterations.[12][13]

Demographics[edit]

Dunton's population in 2011 was 189 according to census data.[1] Historically the parish population has not been this large. Past parish data shows population has only surpassed 100 people twice before 2001: once in 1831, when there were 116 people; and ten years later in 1841, when there were 107.[14]

The numbers of males and females follow a general trend[which?] between 1801 and 2011. The only year in which males and females were of equal number was 1961, when each numbered 38.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Dunton: Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Listed Buildings in Dunton, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  3. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p. 166. ISBN 019960908X
  4. ^ "Parishes: Dunton". British History. pp. 348–350. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  5. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A.Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  6. ^ "Parishes: Dunton". British History. pp. 348–350. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Parishes: Dunton". British History. pp. 348–350. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Parishes: Dunton". British History. pp. 348–350. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Martin (1211972)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  10. ^ Page, William. "Parishes: Dunton". British History Online. Victoria County History. pp. 348–350. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  11. ^ "St Martin's Church Dunton". Diocese of Oxford. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  12. ^ Historic England. "The Old Rectory, Main Road (1211976)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Dunton Manor, Hoggeston Road (1211969)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Dunton CP/AP through time: Population Statistics: Total Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 February 2015.

External links[edit]