Bolko I Surowy

Bolko I Surowy

Birth
Death 9 Nov 1301 (aged 48–49)
Burial Wrocław, Miasto Wrocław, Dolnośląskie, Poland
Memorial ID 96736057 · View Source
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Bolko I the Strict also known as Bolko I Surowy was a Duke of Lwówek, Duke of S'widnica-Ziebice.
He was the second son of Bolesaw II the Bald, Duke of Legnica by his first wife Hedwig, daughter of Henry I, Count of Anhalt.
One of the first tasks of Bolko I as sole ruler was to protect his modest inheritance from the growing power of Henry IV Probus, Duke of Wroclaw. To that end, he decided to enter into an alliance with the Margraves of Brandenburg. In order to cement this alliance, a marriage was arranged between Bolko I and the daughter of Margrave Otto V the Long, Beatrice. The betrothal was performed in the city of Spandau on April 19, 1279; however, because of the close relationship between groom and bride, the formal wedding was performed more than five years later, in 1284
Bolko was energetic in developing his lands and building castles. Although a Slavic Piast by origin, he encouraged colonization of his lands by German settlers and a patron of the Cistercian movement, notably founding the Cistercian monastery of Grüssau (Krzeszów).
In Berlin on October 4,1284, Bolko I married Beatrice, daughter of Otto V "the Tall", Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel. They had ten children:
Judith (b. ca. 1287 – d. Landshut, 15 September 1320), married in 1299 to Stephen I, Duke of Lower Bavaria.
Bolko (b. ca. 1288 – d. 30 January 1300).
Beatrice (b. 1290 – d. Munich, 25 August 1322), married by 14 October 1308 to Louis IV, Duke of Upper Bavaria, later German King and Holy Roman Emperor.
Bernard (b. ca. 1291 – d. 6 May 1326).
Henry I (b. 1292/96 – d. before 15 May 1346).
Elisabeth (b. and d. 1300).
Margareta (b. and d. 1300) [possible twin of Elisabeth].
Bolko II (b. 1 February 1300 – d. 11 June 1341).
A son (b. ca. early 1301 – 24 December 1307).
Anna (b. posthumously, 21 November 1301 – d. bef. 24 June 1334), Abbess of St. Clara, Strehlen (1327).
Bolko I died suddenly on 9 November 1301, and was buried in Grüssau Abbey



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  • Created by: Mad
  • Added: 8 Sep 2012
  • Find a Grave Memorial 96736057
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Bolko I Surowy (1252–9 Nov 1301), Find a Grave Memorial no. 96736057, citing Grüssau Abbey in Krzeszów, Wrocław, Miasto Wrocław, Dolnośląskie, Poland ; Maintained by Mad (contributor 47329061) .