List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes : definition of List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes and synonyms of List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes (English)

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List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes

                   
  Location of the residence cities of the Dukes of Pomerania (blue) and Pomerelia (ocre) within the modern borders of Pomerania

Contents

  10th and 11th century – Dukes of the Slavic Pomeranian tribes

  • 1046 mention of Zemuzil (in Polish literature also called Siemomysł)
  • 1113 Gallus Anonymus mentions several dukes of Pomerania: Swantibor, Gniewomir, and an unnamed duke besieged in Kołobrzeg (Kolberg).

  Duchy of Pomerania

  House of Griffins (1121-1637)

Ruler Reign Notes
Wartislaw I 1121-1135 First duke of Pomerania.
Ratibor I 1135-1155 Ancestor of the Ratiboriden branch of the House of Pomerania that ruled Schlawe-Stolp

In 1155, Pomerania was divided in Pomerania, Pomerania-Stettin, and Pomerania-Demmin. While both Pomerania-Stetin and Pomerania-Demmin were ruled by sole dukes, Pomerania was ruled by the duke of -Stettin and the duke of -Demmin, together.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bogislaw I (Stettin) 1155-1187
Casimir I (Demmin)) Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania.jpg 1155-1180 Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw I.
Wartislaw II (Demmin) 1180-1184 Co-ruler with his father, Bogislaw I.
Bogislaw II (Stettin) 1187-1220 Son of Bogislaw II
Casimir II (Demmin) 1187-1219 Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw II.
Barnim I the Good (Stettin) Barnim I.jpg 1220-1278 Since 1227 the dukes were again vassals of the Holy Roman Empire
Wartislaw III (Demmin) Warcislaw III.jpg 1220-1264 Co-ruler with his brother, Barnim I. After his deah in 1264, -Demmin was incorporated in -Stettin.

In 1231 Emperor Frederick II granted the immediate liege lordship over Pomerania to the Margrave of Brandenburg, who enforced this claim by the Treaties of Kremmen (1236) and of Landin (1250). Thus Pomerania had become a fief of Brandenburg, thus an only mediate (indirect) subfief of the Empire, with Brandenburg itself being an immediate imperial fief.

After Wartislaw III died heirless in 1264, Barnim I became sole duke of the whole duchy. After Barnim's death, the duchy was to be ruled by his sons Barnim II, Otto I and Bogislaw IV. The first years, Bogislaw, being the eldest, ruled in place of his too young brothers, too. In 1295, after Barnim's death, the duchy was partitioned into a northern duchy (Wolgast, ruled by Bogislaw), and a southern duchy (Stettin, ruled by Otto).

Ruler Reign Notes
Barnim II 1278-1295
Bogislaw IV 1278-1295 Co-ruler with his brother Barnim II.
Otto I 1279-1295 Co-ruler with his brothers Barnim II and Bogislaw IV.

In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ihna rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Stettin south of these rivers.

Ruler Reign Notes
Otto I (Stettin) 1295-1344
Bogislaw IV (Wolgast) 1295-1309 First duke of -Wolgast.
Barnim III (Stettin)) Szczecin Zamek Ksiazat Pomorskich plyta Barnima III.jpg 1344-1368
Wartislaw IV (Wolgast) WarcislawIV.jpg 1309-1326
Casimir III (Stettin) 1368-1372 Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw V (Wolgast) Bogusław V Pomorski Elżbieta Piastówna.jpg 1326-1368
Wartislaw V (Wolgast) 1326-1368 Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw V.
Barnim IV (Wolgast) 1326-1365 Co-ruler with his brothers, Wartislaw V and Bogislaw V.

In 1368, -Wolgast was divided in a smaller -Wolgast and -Stolp.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bogislaw V (Stolp) Bogusław V Pomorski Elżbieta Piastówna.jpg 1368-1374 First duke of -Stolp
Bogislaw VI (Wolgast) 1368-1393 Son of Barnim IV.
Wartislaw VI (Wolgast) 1368-1376 Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VI.
Swantibor (Stettin) 1372-1413 Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw VII (Stettin) 1372-1404 Co-ruler with his brother, Swantibor.

In 1376, -Wolgast was divided in a smaller -Wolgast and -Barth. In the following year, -Stolp was divided in a smaller -Stolp and -Stargard.

Ruler Reign Notes
Casimir IV (Stolp) Kaźko IV Słupski seal 1373.PNG 1374-1377
Bogislaw VIII (Stargard) 1377-1418 Brother of Wartislaw VII.
Barnim V (Stargard) 1377-1402 Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Wartislaw VI (Wolgast) 1393-1394 Sole ruler after the death of his brother Bogislaw VI.
Wartislaw VII (Stolp) 1377-1395
Wartislaw VI (Barth) 1376-1415 In 1376, Wartislaw became the first duke of the newly- created duchy of Pomerania-Barth.
Wartislaw VIII (Barth) 1326-1368 Co-ruler with his father, Wartislaw VI.
Bogislaw VIII (Stolp) 1395-1402 Brother of Wartislaw VII.
Barnim V (Stolp) 1395-1403 Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Otto II (Stettin) 1413-1428 Son of Swantibor.
Casimir V (Stettin) 1413-1435 Co-ruler with his brother, Otto II.
Barnim VI (Wolgast) BarnimVI.jpg 1394-1405 Son of Wartislaw VI.
Bogislaw VIII (Stolp) 1403-1418 Sole ruler in Stolp since 1403.
Bogislaw IX (Stargard) 1418-1446 Also duke of Stolp
Wartislaw IX (Wolgast) 80px 1405-1457 Son of Barnim VI.
Barnim VII (Wolgast) 1405-1451 Co-ruler with his brother, Wartislaw IX.
Barnim VIII (Barth) 1415-1451
Bogislaw IX (Stolp) 1418-1446 Also duke of Stargard.
Eric I (Stolp) Eryk I Pomorski Darłowo.jpg 1446-1459 Also duke of Stargard.
Joachim the Younger (Stettin) 1435-1451 Son of Casimir V.
Eric I (Stargard) Eryk I Pomorski Darłowo.jpg 1446-1459 Son of Bogislaw VIII.

In 1459, -Stargard and -Stolp were both annexed by -Wolgast.

Ruler Reign Notes
Eric II (Wolgast) Erich II Pommern-Wolgast.jpg 1457-1474
Otto III (Stettin) 1451-1464
Wartislaw X(Barth) 1457-1478 Son of Wartislaw IX.
Bogislaw X (Wolgast) Bogusław X.jpg 1474-1478 Son of Eric II.
Eric II (Stetin) Erich II Pommern-Wolgast.jpg 1464-1474
Bogislaw X (Stettin) Bogusław X.jpg 1474-1478

After 200 years of partition, the duchy was reunited for a short period when all her parts were inherited by Bogislaw X.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bogislaw X Bogusław X.jpg 1478-1523 Reunites the duchy in 1478.
George I Georg I von Pommern.jpg 1523-1531 Son of Bogislaw X.
Barnim IX Barnim-IX-Pommern.jpg 1523-1531 Co-ruler with his brother, George I.
Bogislaw XI 1514 Son of George I. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XI. The eleventh reigning Bogislaw was in fact Bogislaw XIII.

In 1531, Pomerania was partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Wolgast

Ruler Reign Notes
Barnim IX (Stettin) Barnim-IX-Pommern.jpg 1531-1569
Bogislaw XII (Stettin) 1542 Son of Barnim IX. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XII. After Bogislaw X, only more two dukes named Bogislaw have reigned: Bogislaw XIII and Bogislaw XIV.
Philip I (Wolgast) Philipp I. von Pommern.png 1531-1560 Son of George I.
Ernest Louis (Wolgast) Ernst-Ludwig-Pommern.jpg 1560-1592 Son of Philip I.
John Frederick (Wolgast) 1542 Johann Friedrich.jpg 1560-1569 Co-ruler with his brother, Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII (Wolgast) Bogislaw-XIII.jpg 1560-1569 Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis and John Frederick.
Barnim X (Wolgast) Barnim12.jpg 1560-1569 Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis, John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII.

In 1569, -Stettin was partitioned in a smaller -Stettin and -Rügenwalde (Darłowo). -Wolgast is partitioned in a smaller -Wolgast and in -Barth.

Ruler Reign Notes
John Frederick (Stettin) 1542 Johann Friedrich.jpg 1569-1600 Receives Stettin.
Bogislaw XIII (Barth) Bogislaw-XIII.jpg 1569-1606 Brother of John Frederick. Receives Barth
Barnim X (Rugenwalde) Barnim12.jpg 1569-1603 Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. Receives Rugenwalde.
Bogislaw XIII (Rugenwalde) Bogislaw-XIII.jpg 1603-1606
Francis (Barth) 1577 Franz.jpg 1606-1620 Son of Bogislaw XIII.

In 1620, -Barth was annexed by -Stettin.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bogislaw XIII (Stettin) Bogislaw-XIII.jpg 1603-1606 Brother of Barnim X.
Philip II (Stettin) Philipp 2 pommern.jpg 1606-1618 Son of Bogislaw XIII.
Francis (Stettin) 1577 Franz.jpg 1618-1620 Brother of Philip II.
Bogislaw XIV (Rugenwalde) 1635 moneta Bogusław XIV Koszalin.jpg 1606-1620 Son of Bogislaw XIII and brother of Francis and Philip II of -Stettin.
George II (Rugenwalde) 1606-1617 Brother of Philip II, Francis and Bogislaw XIV. Co-ruler with his brother Bogislaw XIV.

In 1620, -Rugenwalde was annexed by -Stettin.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bogislaw XIV (Stettin) 1635 moneta Bogusław XIV Koszalin.jpg 1620-1625
Philip Julius (Wolgast) Philipp Julius.jpg 1592-1625 Son of Ernest Louis.

In 1625, with the death of Philip Julius, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bogislaw XIV 1635 moneta Bogusław XIV Koszalin.jpg 1625-1637 Holding reunited Pomerania, but since 1630 under Swedish occupation; with his death the ducal house was extinct in the male line .
  • 1637–1815 Sweden continued to hold western parts of Pomerania (Hither Pomerania), originally incl. Stettin, legalised by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 (Swedish Pomerania, several times reduced in favour of Brandenburgian Pomerania)
  • 1637–1657 Lauenburg-Bütow Land came to Poland, thereafter to Brandenburg
  • 1648–1806 Brandenburg prevailed in the Peace of Westphalia with its claim only for eastern parts of Pomerania (Farther Pomerania), with the Brandenburg electors officially holding simultaneously the title of dukes of Pomerania until 1806 (end of the Empire and its enfeoffments), but de facto integrating their Pomerania into Brandenburg-Prussia, making it one of the provinces of Prussia in 1815, then including former Swedish Pomerania.

  Lands of Schlawe and Stolp

  • 1121–1156 Ratibor I (from 1147/8 also duke of Pomerania)

(until c. 1190 part of Duchy of Pomerania)

In 1227, Stolp came to Pomerelia, Schlawe to Pomerania. In 1238–1316 both became part of Pomerelia, ruled by an autonomously acting dynasty of castellans, the Swenzones (German: Swenzonen, entering history in 1257 with Swenzo the Elder). In 1316, the area became part of the Pomerania-Wolgast, first as a pawn from Brandenburg, and definitively in 1347.

  Principality of Rugia

1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers:

From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth:

from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast

  Duchy of Pomerelia

The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum ("Duke of the Pomeranians").

~1155–1227 part of Poland

1215–1270 divided into duchies of:

  Duchy of Gdańsk (Danzig)

from 1271 part of Pomerelia

  Duchy of Białogarda (Belgard a.d.Leba)

from 1257 part of Pomerelia

  Duchy of Lubiszewo (Liebschau)

The dukes initially resided at a burgh located in the later village of Lubiszewo (Liebschau). After the town of Dirschau (Tczew) was founded nearby in the course of the German Ostsiedlung, the dukes shiftet their residence to the town.

from 1266/1278 part of Pomerelia

  Duchy of Świecie (Schwetz)

to 1178 part of Pomerelia

from 1271 part of Pomerelia

Further history:

  • 1296–1299 Part of Kujavia
  • 1299–1308 Part of Poland
  • 1308–1466 Part of the State of the Teutonic Order
  • 1454–1466 13-years war between Poland and Teutonic Order
  • 1466–1772 Part of Poland
  • 1772–1919 West Prussia (Westpreußen, province of Prussia and part of the German Empire from 1871)
  • 1808 August – 1820 August François Joseph Lefebvre was created Duc de Danzig by Napoleon Bonaparte after taking The fortress of Danzig (1807 May)
  • 1919–1939 Part of Poland again
  • 1939–1945 West Prussia, province of Germany
  • 1945–present Part of Poland again

  See also

  Further reading

  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003
  • Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part I
  • Zugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznan 1969, 1978, 1996
  • Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
  • L. Badkowski, W.Samp. "Poczet ksiazat Pomorza Gdanskiego", Gdansk 1974
  • B. Sliwinski, "Poczet ksiazaat gdanskich", Gdansk 1997
  • Wojciech Myslenicki, "Pomorscy sprzymierzenscy Jagiellonczylow", Wyd. Poznanskie, Poznan 1979
  • J. Spors, "Podzially administracyjne Pomorza Gdanskiego i Slawiensko-Slupksiego od XII do poczatkow XIV w", Slupsk 1983
  • K. Slaski, "Podzially terytorialne Pomorza w XII–XII w.", Poznan 1960
  • Edward Rymar, Krewni i powinowaci ksiazat pomorskich w zrodłach sredniowiecznych (XII–początek XVI w.), Materially Zachodniopomorskie, vol. XXXI

  External links

   
               

 

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