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Pomeraniae Ducatus Tabula2

Map of the historical Duchy of Pomerania from the 17th century

This is a list of the duchies and dukes of Pomerania.

Dukes of the Slavic Pomeranian tribes (All Pomerania) Edit

The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries.

Non-dynasticEdit

RulerBornReignDeathRuling partConsortNotes
Siemomysł c.1000 or 1020After 1000-1046c.29 June 1046 All PomeraniaUnknownFirst known duke of all Pomerania. His origins are unknown.
Świętobor before 10461060-11061106 All PomeraniaAnna Son of Siemomysl.
Świętopełk I before 11061106-11131113Pomerania-Gdańsk (future Pomerelia)Unknown

In 1106, Pomerania is divided by his two older sons: Wartislaw, who founded the House of Pomerania and the Duchy of Pomerania, and Świętopełk I. After Swietopelk's death, his lands were occupied by the Saxon prince Lothar of Supplinburg. In 1155, the lands regained independence under Sobieslaw I, who founded the dynasty of the Samborides, and the Duchy of Pomerelia.

Duchy of PomeraniaEdit

The Duchy resulted from the partition of Świętobor, Duke of Pomerania, in which his son Wartislaw inherited the lands that would become in fact known as Pomerania.

Wappen Pommern

The Pomeranian Griffin

Partitions of PomeraniaEdit

First partition 1155-1264Edit

In 1155, Pomerania was divided in Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin. In 1190 the Land of Słupsk-Sławno separated itself from -Stettin.

In 1231 Emperor Frederick II granted the immediate liege lordship over Pomerania to the Margrave of Brandenburg, who enforced this claim by the Treaties of Kremmen (1236) and of Landin (1250). Thus Pomerania had become a fief of Brandenburg, thus an only mediate (indirect) subfief of the Empire, with Brandenburg itself being an immediate imperial fief.

      Stettin       Demmin       Schlawe-Stolp

1155-1190
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Became independent in 1155.
In 1190, was divided in -Stettin and -Sławno.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
Became independent in 1155.
1155-1238
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
In 1238, reabsorbed -Sławno.
Duchy of Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp
In 1238, Schlawe united with Pomerania, Stolp with Pomerelia.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
Remains independent.

In 1227, Stolp came to Pomerelia, Schlawe to Pomerania. In 1238–1316 both became part of Pomerelia, ruled by an autonomously acting dynasty of castellans, the Swenzones (German: Swenzonen, entering history in 1257 with Swenzo the Elder). In 1316, the area became part of the Pomerania-Wolgast, first as a pawn from Brandenburg, and definitively in 1347.

1238-1264
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
In 1264, reunited with Pomerania-Demmin.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
In 1264, reunited with Pomerania-Stettin.

After Wartislaw III died heirless in 1264, Barnim I became sole duke of the whole duchy. After Barnim's death, the duchy was to be ruled by his sons Barnim II, Otto I and Bogislaw IV. The first years, Bogislaw, being the eldest, ruled in place of his too young brothers.

Second partition 1295-1368Edit

In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ina (Ihna) rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Szczecin south of these rivers.

      Stettin       Wolgast

1295-1368
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Redivided in 1368.

Third partition 1368-1376Edit

In 1368, Pomerania-Wolgast was divided into a western part (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine, including the name-giving residence in Wolgast) and an eastern part (German: Wolgast jenseits der Swine, in literature also called Pomerania-Stolp after the residence in Stolp (Słupsk)).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Stolp

1368-1376
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
A smaller -Wolgast, as result of the division of the bigger duchy with the same name.
Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp
The other part of the older duchy of -Wolgast.

Fourth partition 1376/1377-1478Edit

In 1376, the western part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine) was subdivided in a smaller western part sometimes named Pomerania-Barth after the residence in Barth, and an eastern part which included the residence in Wolgast. In the following year, the eastern part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine or Pomerania-Stolp) was divided into a western part which included Stargard and an eastern part which included the residence in Stolp (Słupsk).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Barth       Wolgast-Stolp       Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard

1366/1377-1459
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
A smaller -Wolgast, in the eastern part of the western part of -Wolgast.
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth
The western part of the western part of -Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp
A smaller -Stolp, partitioned from the bigger, located in its eastern part.
Duchy of Pomerania-Stargard
The western part of -Stolp, which was the eastern part of -Wolgast

In 1459, the eastern partitions of Pomerania-Wolgast around Stargard and Stolp ceased to exist.

1459-1478
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth

In 1478, after 200 years of partition, the duchy was reunited for a short period when all her parts were inherited by Bogislaw X.

Fifth partition 1531-1569Edit

In 1531, Pomerania was partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Wolgast. This time however, in contrast to the earlier partitions with the same names, Pomerania-Wolgast included the western, and Pomerania-Stettin the eastern parts of the duchy.

      Stettin       Wolgast

1531-1569
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin

Sixth partition 1569-1625Edit

In 1569, were created the duchies of -Barth (split off from -Wolgast) and -Rügenwalde (Darłowo) (split off from -Stettin).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Barth       Rügenwalde

1569-1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Reunited with -Stettin in 1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth
Annexed by -Stettin in 1603
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Reunited with -Wolgast in 1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (Darłowo)
Annexed by -Stettin in 1620

Definitive reunification and annexation to SwedenEdit

In 1625, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania under his rule. However, in 1637, Sweden hold western parts of Pomerania (Hither Pomerania), originally including Stettin, legalised by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 (Swedish Pomerania, several times reduced in favour of Brandenburgian Pomerania). Between 1637 and 1657 Lauenburg-Bütow Land came to Poland, thereafter to Brandenburg. In 1648, Brandenburg prevailed in the Peace of Westphalia with its claim only for eastern parts of Pomerania (Farther Pomerania), with the Brandenburg electors officially holding simultaneously the title of dukes of Pomerania until 1806 (end of the Empire and its enfeoffments), but de facto integrating their Pomerania into Brandenburg-Prussia, making it one of the provinces of Prussia in 1815, then including former Swedish Pomerania.

Dukes of PomeraniaEdit

House of Griffins or House of Pomerania (1121-1637)Edit

RulerBornReignDeathRuling partConsortNotes
Wartislaw I c.10911121-11351135Pomerania 24 pagan wives

Heila of Saxony
before 1128
one child

Ida of Denmark
1129
three children
First duke of Pomerania and founder of the family. A pagan, he converted to Christianity in the beginning of the 12th century. Then, along with his son Bolesław, backed Otto of Bamberg in his successful Conversion of Pomerania.
Ratibor I Racibor i Przybysławac.11241135-11561156PomeraniaPribislava Yaroslavna of Volhynia
1136
four children
Ancestor of the Ratiboriden branch of the House of Pomerania that ruled Słupsk-Sławno
Bogislaw I Bogislaw I11271156-118718 March 1187 Pomerania-Stettin Walburga of Denmark
three children

Anastasia of Greater Poland
26 April 1177
two children
Casimir I Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania after 11301156-1180fall of 1180Pomerania-DemminPritolawa
no children
Wartislaw II c.11601180-1184c.1184Pomerania-Demmin Sophia of Poland
no children
Anastasia of Greater Poland
(regent)
Anastasia of Greater Poland c.11641187-1208After 31 May 1240 Pomerania-Stettin Bogislaw I
26 April 1177
two children
Regent during the minority of her children.
Bogislaw II Bogislaw II 11771208-122023 January 1220Pomerania-Stettin Miroslava of Pomerelia
1210
three children
Son of Bogislaw I.
Casimir II Casimir II Pommern c.11801184-12191219Pomerania-Demmin Ingard of Denmark
1210
two children
Bogislaw III Bogislaw III before 11901190-12231223Pomerania-Schlawe-StolpA daughter of Mieszko III of Poland
before 1223
two children
Son of Bogislaw II and younger brother of Barnim I. His existence is not certain. Received the -Sławno part in 1190 by his father.
Miroslava of Pomerelia
(regent)
Miroslava of Pomerelia c.1178/11841220-1226c. 2 February 1237Pomerania-StettinBogislaw II
1210
three children
Regent during the minority of her children.
Barnim I the Good BarnimI.Siegel c.1217/12191226-126413 December 1278Pomerania-StettinAnna Maria of Saxony
between 4 September 1238 and 18 July 1242
three children

Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1252 or 1253
one child

Matilda of Brandenburg
between 29 March 1263 and 20 May 1267
six children
Since 1227 the dukes were again vassals of the Holy Roman Empire
Ingard of Denmark
(regent)
Ingard c.11901219-12261248Pomerania-DemminCasimir II
1210
two children
Regent during the minority of her son.
Wartislaw III WartislawIII.Siegel c.12101226-126417 May 1264Pomerania-Demmin Sophia
1236
three children
After his death in 1264, Barnim became the sole duke.
Ratibor II before 12231223-12381238Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolpunmarried Son of Bogislaw III. Other historians suggest that he could be also son of Bogislaw II or Mestwin I of Pomerelia.
Barnim I the Good BarnimI.Siegel c.1217/12191264-127813 December 1278Pomerania Anna Maria of Saxony
between 4 September 1238 and 18 July 1242
three children

Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1252 or 1253
one child

Matilda of Brandenburg
between 29 March 1263 and 20 May 1267
six children
Reunited the Duchy of Pomerania.
Barnim IIBarnim II c.12771278-129528 May 1295Pomeraniaunmarried
Bogislaw IV BogislawIV.Siegel c.12551278-129519/24 February 1309Pomerania Matilda of Brandenburg-Stendal
between 1275 and 1278
no children

Margaret of Rügen
13 August 1284
six children
Co-ruler with his brother Barnim II.
Otto I OttoI.Siegel 12791279-129531 December 1344PomeraniaElisabeth of Holstein
April 1296
two children
Co-ruler with his brothers Barnim II and Bogislaw IV.
Bogislaw IV BogislawIV.Siegel c.12551295-130919/24 February 1309Pomerania-Wolgast Matilda of Brandenburg-Stendal
between 1275 and 1278
no children

Margaret of Rügen
13 August 1284
six children
First duke of Pomerania-Wolgast.
Otto I OttoI.Siegel 12791295-134431 December 1344Pomerania-Stettin Elisabeth of Holstein
April 1296
two children
Barnim III the GreatSzczecin Zamek Ksiazat Pomorskich plyta Barnima IIIc.13001344-136814 August 1368Pomerania-Stettin Agnes of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1330
five children
Wartislaw IV WartislawIV.Siegel before 12901309-13261 August 1326Pomerania-Wolgast Elisabeth of Lindow-Ruppin
11 April 1316 or 1317
three children
Son of Bogislaw IV.
Bogislaw V the Great BogislawV.Siegel c.13181326-136823 April 1374Pomerania-Wolgast Elisabeth of Poland
24 or 25 February 1343
three children

Adelaide of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1362 or 1363
four children
Wartislaw V c.1 November 13261326-13681390Pomerania-WolgastAnna of Mecklenburg
before 1390
no children
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw V. Some sources say that he wasn't married.
Barnim IV the Good 13251326-136522 August 1365Pomerania-Wolgast Sophia of Mecklenburg-Werle
1343
three children
Co-ruler with his brothers, Wartislaw V and Bogislaw V.
Casimir III 13481368-137224 August 1372Pomerania-StettinunmarriedSon of Barnim III.
Bogislaw V the Great BogislawV.Siegel c.13181368-137423 April 1374Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Elisabeth of Poland
24 or 25 February 1343
three children

Adelaide of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1362 or 1363
four children
First duke of Stolp. Stolp was partitoned from Wolgast.
Bogislaw VI c.13501368-13937 March 1393Pomerania-Wolgast Judith of Saxe-Lauenburg
between 1369 and 1377
no children

Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
14 or 19 September 1389
Celle
two children
Son of Barnim IV.
Wartislaw VI the One-eyed 13451368-137713 June 1394Pomerania-Wolgast Anne of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1 October 1363
four children
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VI.
Swantibor c.13511372-141321 June 1413Pomerania-Stettin Anne of Nuremberg
17 September 1363
four children
Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw VII the Older before 13551372-14041404Pomerania-StettinUnknown
before 1404
no children
Co-ruler with his brother, Swantibor.
Casimir IV Kaźko IV Słupski seal 1373 13511374-13772 January 1377Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Kenna of Lithuania
1360
no children

Margaret of Masovia
1368 or 1369
no children
Bogislaw VIII Magnus Bogislaw VIII c.13641377-141811 February 1418Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-StargardSophia of Holstein
c.1398
two children
Brother of Wartislaw VII. First duke of Stargard. Stargard was partitioned from Stolp.
Barnim V Barnim V 13691377-14021402/1403Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-StargardHedwig of Lithuania
27 September 1396
one child
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Wartislaw VII 1363/13651377-1394/13951394/1395Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
23 March 1380
one child
Wartislaw VI the One-eyed 13451377-139413 June 1394Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Anne of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1 October 1363
four children
In 1377, Wartislaw became the first duke of the newly created duchy of Barth, partitioned from Wolgast.
Bogislaw VIII Magnus Bogislaw VIII c.13641394/1395-141811 February 1418Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Sophia of Holstein
c.1398
two children
Brother of Wartislaw VII.
Barnim V Barnim V 13691395-14031402/1403Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Hedwig of Lithuania
27 September 1396
one child
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Otto II c.13801413-142827 March 1428Pomerania-Stettin Agnes of Mecklenburg-Stargard
c.1411
no children
Son of Swantibor.
Casimir V before 13801413-143513 April 1435Pomerania-Stettin Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg
circa or before 1420
three children

Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
circa or before 1439
one child
Co-ruler with his brother, Otto II.
Barnim VI Epitaph Barnim VI Büste c.13651393-140522 September 1405Pomerania-Wolgast Veronica of Hohenzollern
circa or before 1395
three children

Son of Wartislaw VI.

Wartislaw VIII Wartislaw VIII 13731393-141520/23 August 1415Pomerania-Wolgast Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg
circa or before 1398
four children
Co-ruler with his brother, Barnim VI.
Sophia of Holstein
(regent)
Sophia of Holstein c.1360/13701418-142624 September 1448Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Bogislaw VIII Magnus
c.1398
two children
Regent during the minority of her son.
Bogislaw IX 1407/14101418-14467 December 1446Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Maria of Masovia
24 June 1432
Poznań
two children
Maria of Masovia
(regent)
1408/14151446-144914 February 1454Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard)Bogislaw IX
24 June 1432
Poznań
two children
Regent during the absence of Eric I.
Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg
(regent)
Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg before 13981415-1417c.1435Pomerania-Wolgast Wartislaw VIII
circa or before 1398
four children
Regent, she was assisted by a regency council, led by Kord Bonow, that ruled the lands of her son (Barnim VIII) and also of her nephews (Barnim VII and Wartislaw IX). In 1417, her nephew Wartislaw took over the regency. The lands were split in 1425, and her son receives -Barth, a small portion of -Wolgast.
Wartislaw IX WartislawIX.1776 c.14001417/1425-145717 April 1457Pomerania-Wolgast Sophia of Saxe-Lauenburg
1420
four children

Son of Barnim VI.

Barnim VII the Older Barnim VII 13901417/1425-145022 September 1450Pomerania-Wolgast Unmarried Co-ruler with his brother, Wartislaw IX.
Barnim VIII the Younger between 1405 and 14071425-1451between 15 and 19 December 1451Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Anna of Wunstorf
circa or before 1434
one child
Council of Regency in Pomerania-Stettin:1435-1443
Joachim the Younger 14241435-14514 October 1451Pomerania-StettinElisabeth of Brandenburg
29 September 1440
one child
Son of Casimir V.
Eric I ErichI.1500 1381/13821449-14593 May 1459 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Philippa of England
26 October 1406
Lund
one child
Son of Wartislaw VII. Also King of the Union of Kalmar between Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
Eric II ErichII.Pommern between 1418 and 1425 1457-14745 July 1474 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna Sophie of Pomerania-Stolp
1451
twelve children
Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg
(regent)
Friedrich II 300f 19 November 14131451-146010 February 1471 Pomerania-StettinCatherine of Saxony
11 June 1441
Wittenberg
four children
Regent during the minority of his nephew, Otto III.
Otto III Otto III 29 May 14441460-14647 September 1464Pomerania-Stettinunmarried
Wartislaw X 14351457-147817 December 1478 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Elisabeth of Brandenburg
5 March 1454
two children

Magdalena of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1472
no children

Son of Wartislaw IX.

Eric II ErichII.Pommern between 1418 and 1425 1464-14745 July 1454Pomerania-Stettin Anna Sophie of Pomerania-Stolp
1451
twelve children
Bogislaw X the Great Bogislaw X von Pommern 3 June 14541474-14785 October 1523Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin Margaret of Brandenburg
20 September 1477
Prenzlau
no children

Anna Jagiellon of Poland
2 February 1491
Szczecin
eight children
Bogislaw X the Great Bogislaw X von Pommern 3 June 14541478-15235 October 1523 Pomerania Margaret of Brandenburg
20 September 1477
Prenzlau
no children

Anna Jagiellon of Poland
2 February 1491
Szczecin
eight children
Reunites the duchy in 1478.
George I GeorgPommern11 April 1493 1523-153110 May 1531 Pomerania Amalie of the Palatinate
22 May 1513
Szczecin
three children

Margaret of Brandenburg
23 January 1530
Berlin
one child
Son of Bogislaw X.
Bogislaw XI 151415141514 Pomeraniaunmarried Son of George I. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XI. The eleventh reigning Bogislaw was in fact Bogislaw XIII.
Barnim IX the PiousBarnim-IX-Pommern 2 December 15011523-15312 November 1573 Pomerania Anna of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 February 1525
Szczecin
seven children
Co-ruler with his brother, George I.
Barnim IX the Pious Barnim-IX-Pommern 2 December 15011531-15692 November 1573Pomerania-Stettin Anna of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 February 1525
Szczecin
seven children
Bogislaw XII c.27 August 15421542before 15 September 1542 Pomerania-Stettin unmarried Son of Barnim IX. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XII. After Bogislaw X, only more two dukes named Bogislaw have reigned: Bogislaw XIII and Bogislaw XIV.
Philip I the Pious Philipp I. von Pommern 14 July 15151531-156014 February 1560 Pomerania-WolgastMaria of Saxony
27 February 1536
Torgau
ten children
Son of George I.
Ernest Louis the Fair ErnstLudwig1750F 20 November 15451560-159217 June 1592 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
20 October 1577
Wolgast
three children
Son of Philip I.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern 27 August 15421560-15699 February 1600 Pomerania-Wolgast Erdmuthe of Brandenburg
17 February 1577
Szczecin
no children
Co-ruler with his brother, Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750 9 August 15441560-15697 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis and John Frederick.
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750 15 February 15491560-15691 September 1603 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis, John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern 27 August 15421569-16009 February 1600Pomerania-Stettin Erdmuthe of Brandenburg
17 February 1577
Szczecin
no children
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750 15 February 15491600-16031 September 1603Pomerania-StettinAnna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. Succeeds in Stettin in 1600.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750 9 August 15441569-16037 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
Receives Barth (partitioned from Wolgast). Brother of John Frederick. Receives -Wolgast-Barth and Neuenkamp (later Franzburg) in 1569. Tutor of Philip Julius. In 1603, he succeeds in -Stettin.
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750 27 December 15841592-16036 February 1625 Pomerania-WolgastAgnes of Brandenburg
25 June 1604
Berlin
no children
Son of Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750 9 August 15441603-16067 March 1606 Pomerania-Stettin Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
Succeeds in -Stettin-Stettin in 1603 giving Barth and Neuenkamp to Philip Julius.
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750 27 December 15841603-16256 February 1625 Pomerania-Wolgast (Barth and Wolgast) Agnes of Brandenburg
25 June 1604
Berlin
no children
Son of Ernest Louis.
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750 15 February 15491569-16031 September 1603 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Anna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. In 1569, receives Rügenwalde, which was partitioned from Stettin.
Philip II the Pious PhilippII.1678 29 July 15731606-16183 February 1618 Pomerania-Stettin Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
10 March 1607
Treptow an der Rega
no children
Son of Bogislaw XIII.
George II GeorgII.1615 30 January 15821603-161727 March 1617 Pomerania-Stettin-RügenwaldeunmarriedBrother of Philip II, Francis and Bogislaw XIV. Co-ruler with his brother Bogislaw XIV.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635 31 March 15801603-162510 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin-RügenwaldeElisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
Son of Bogislaw XIII. Shared Rügenwalde with his brother George II 1606 to 1617.
Francis Franz1610 24 March 15771618-162027 November 1620 Pomerania-Stettin Sophie of Saxony
26 August 1610
Dresden
no children
Brother of Philip II.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635 31 March 15801620-162510 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin (Stettin and Rügenwalde)Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
In 1620, with the death of Francis of Stettin, he succeeds him in this part of Pomerania.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635 31 March 15801625-163710 March 1637PomeraniaElisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
In 1625, with the death of Philip Julius of Pomerania-Wolgast, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania.

Principality of Rugia Edit

1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers:

From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth:

from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast

Duchy of Pomerelia Edit

In 1155, the lands who belonged to Świętopełk I became independent under Sobieslaw I, a possible descendant, who founded the House of Sambor and the Duchy of Pomerelia.

The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum ("Duke of the Pomeranians").

POL województwo pomorskie COA

The Pomerelian Griffin

Partitions of the Duchy of PomereliaEdit

In 1215, the duchy was divided in other smaller duchies: Gdańsk, Białogarda, Lubiszewo and Świecie.

      Gdańsk       Białogarda       Lubiszewo       Świecie

1155-1190
Duchy of Pomerelia-Gdańsk
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Białogarda
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Lubiszewo
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Świecie
Became independent in 1215.

In 1271 the duchy is reunited and in 1296 annexed to the Kingdom of Poland

Dukes of PomereliaEdit

Non-dynasticEdit

RulerBornReignDeathRuling partConsortNotes
Świętopełk I before 11061106-11131113Pomerania-Gdańsk (future Pomerelia)Unknown He wasn't duke of Pomerelia, but ruled in the lands that became Pomerelia 40 years later.

House of Sambor (1155-1296)Edit

RulerBornReignDeathRuling partConsortNotes
Sobieslaw I c.11301155-11781178PomereliaUnknown
before 1150
two children
Sambor I Sambor I c.11501178-12057 February or 30 December 1205PomereliaUnknown
before 1205
two children
Mestwin I the Peaceful Mestwin I, Duke of Pomerania c.11601205-12201/2 July 1220PomereliaSwinisława of Poland
c.1190
eight children
Brother of Sambor.
Świętopełk II the Great Swantopolk II, Duke of Pomerania c.11901220-126611 January 1266Pomerelia-Gdańsk Salomea of Halych
before 1220
one child

Euphrosyne of Greater Poland
c.1220
two children

Hermengard of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
c.1230
two children
Son of Mestwin I. Ruler in Gdańsk, used the title Dux (Duke) from 1227.
Wartislaw I c.11951220-123311 January 1233 Pomerelia-Białogarda-Lubiszewo-Świecie unmarried Son of Mestwin I. Ruler in Świecie, used the title Dux (Duke) from 1227. After his death his domains were divided between the younger brothers.
Racibor I c.12121233-12626 June 1272Pomerelia-Białogarda unmarried Son of Mestwin I. Joined the Teutonic Order in 1262, and -Białogarda was annexed by -Gdańsk.
Sambor II Sambor II Tczewski seal 1229 c.12121233-127030 December 1277Pomerelia-Lubiszewo Matilda of Mecklenburg
six children
Son of Mestwin I. He initially resided at a burgh located in the later village of Lubiszewo. After the town of Tczew was founded nearby in the course of the German Ostsiedlung, the dukes shifted their residence to the town.
Mestwin IIMestwin II, Duke of Pomerania 12201233-127029 December 1294 Pomerelia-Świecie Judith of Wettin
before 1275
two children

Euphrosyne of Opole
1275 (div.1288)
no children

Sulisława
after 1288
no children
Son of Swiatopelk I. In 1270, he reunited the duchy.
Wartislaw II 12371266-12709 May 1271Pomerelia-Gdańskunmarried Son of Swietopelk II. After his death without descendants, Gdańsk was absorbed by the reunited Duchy of Pomerelia.
Mestwin IIMestwin II, Duke of Pomerania 12201270-129429 December 1294 Pomerelia Judith of Wettin
before 1275
two children

Euphrosyne of Opole
1275 (div.1288)
no children

Sulisława
after 1288
no children
Reunites the duchy in 1270. In 1294, Pomerelia was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland.

Later history of PomereliaEdit

See also Edit

Further reading Edit

  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003
  • Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part I
  • Zugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznań 1969, 1978, 1996
  • Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
  • L. Badkowski, W.Samp. "Poczet ksiazat Pomorza Gdanskiego", Gdańsk 1974
  • B. Sliwinski, "Poczet ksiazaat gdanskich", Gdańsk 1997
  • Wojciech Myslenicki, "Pomorscy sprzymierzenscy Jagiellonczylow", Wyd. Poznanskie, Poznań 1979
  • J. Spors, "Podzially administracyjne Pomorza Gdanskiego i Slawiensko-Slupksiego od XII do poczatkow XIV w", Słupsk 1983
  • K. Slaski, "Podzially terytorialne Pomorza w XII–XII w.", Poznań 1960
  • Edward Rymar, Krewni i powinowaci ksiazat pomorskich w zrodłach sredniowiecznych (XII–początek XVI w.), Materially Zachodniopomorskie, vol. XXXI

External linksEdit

References Edit


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