EJ204 Subaru Engine
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Subaru EJ204 Engine

Introduction

The Subaru EJ204 was a 2.0-litre horizontally-opposed (or 'boxer') four-cylinder petrol engine with double overhead camshafts. The naturally aspirated E204 engine was initially introduced in the 2005 Subaru GD/GG Impreza and 2006 Subaru BL/BP Liberty as a more powerful alternative to the single overhead cam EJ202 engine, but effectively replaced the EJ202 when the GE/GH Impreza was released in 2007. The EJ204 engine was also fitted with Subaru’s ‘Active Valve Control System’ (AVCS) which provided variable intake valve timing.
Subaru EJ204 engine
Model Engine Trans. Power Torque Years C.R.
Subaru GD/GG Impreza 2.0R 2.0-litre petrol F4 5sp man.,
4sp auto
118kW at 6400rpm 186Nm at 3200rpm 2005-07 10.0:1
Subaru BL/BP Liberty 2.0R 2.0-litre petrol F4 5sp man.,
4sp auto
121kW at 6800rpm 187Nm at 3200rpm 2006-07 10.0:1
Subaru GE/GH Impreza 2.0-litre petrol F4 5sp man.,
4sp auto
110kW at 6400rpm 196Nm at 3200rpm 2007-11 10.2:1

EJ204 block and crankcase

Like the EJ202, the Subaru EJ204 engine had an aluminium alloy block with 92.0 mm bores – with cast iron dry-type cylinder liners – and a 75.0 mm stroke for a capacity of 1994 cc. The cylinder block for the EJ204 engine had an open-deck design whereby the cylinder walls were supported at the three and nine o’clock positions.

The crankcase for the EJ204 engine had five main bearings and the flywheel housing was cast with the crankcase for increased rigidity. Like the EJ202 engine, the crankshaft thrust bearing was positioned at the rear of the crankshaft.

Cylinder head and camshafts

The EJ204 engine had an aluminium alloy cylinder head with cross-flow cooling. It is understood that the intake ports for the EJ204 engine created a ‘tumble swirl’ motion for air as it entered the cylinder for better mixing of the air and fuel for more uniform flame travel and faster combustion.

The EJ204 engine had belt-driven double overhead camshafts (DOHC) per cylinder bank which actuated four valves per cylinder by roller rocker arms. Furthermore, the EJ204 was fitted with Subaru’s ‘Active Valve Control System’ (AVCS) which could rotate the intake camshaft relative to the camshaft sprocket within a maximum range of 50 crankshaft degrees to provide variable intake valve timing.

Injection and ignition

The EJ204 engine had multi-point sequential injection and centrally located spark plugs. The injection and firing order was 1-3-2-4. The EJ204 engine had an ignition coil for each cylinder that was positioned directly above the platinum-tipped spark plug; the replacement interval for the spark plugs was 112,500 kilometres. The EJ204 engine had an ignition knock control facility with fuzzy logic that enabled the maximum ignition advance to be used without detonation by constantly adapting to changes in environmental conditions and fuel quality.

It is understood that the EJ204 engine had cast aluminium pistons with a molybdenum coating, solid-type piston skirts and a flat top combustion surface. While the EJ204 engine for the GD/GG Impreza 2.0R and BL/BP Liberty 2.0R had a compression ratio of 10.0:1, the EJ204 engine for the GE/GH Impreza had a compression ratio of 10.2:1.
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