Barbara of Celje
Celje(Croatian and Slovenian Barbara Celjska; Hungarian Cillei Borbála) or Barbara of Cilli (c. 1390/1395 – 11 July 1451) was Holy Roman Empress. She received the sobriquet " Messalinaof Germany", and was instrumental in creating the Order of the Dragon.
Barbara was the daughter of
Herman II, Count of Celje, and his wife Anna, Countess of Schaunberg.
Both Barbara and her cousin and adopted sister Anna married ruling Kings whose recently deceased wives were sisters and relatives of the Celje family. Anna married Władysław, King of Poland and Lithuania in 1402 after the death of
Jadwiga of Poland, while Barbara married Sigismund, King of Hungary in 1408 after the death of Mary of Hungary. [Jadwiga and her sister Mary were the daughters of Louis I, King of Hungary and his wife Elisabeth Kotromanic, whose elder sister Katarina Kotromanic was the wife of Herman I, Count of Celjeand mother of Herman II.] This marriage was to strengthen Sigismund's grip on the Hungarian throne, as through her father Barbara could trace her descent not only to the Slovenian rulers of Celje and the Kotromanicof Bosnia to the Nemanjickings of Serbiaand to King Stephen V of Hungary).
Barbara gave birth to a daughter, Elisabeth, Sigismund's only surviving issue and heiress, who married Albrecht of Habsburg, Archduke of Austria. Barbara lived to see her three grandchildren, Anna, Elisabeth and Ladislas. She is one of the ancestresses of modern European royal families, her blood flowing in the veins of most of today's dynasties.
Barbara's father Hermann II, as the father-in-law of both feuding
Sigismundand Jagiello, played a crucial role in the 1410 pre-Battle of Tannenberg politics by helping prevent Sigismund, who was in alliance with the Teutonic Knights, to attack Jagiello. Jagiello with his Slavic allies defeated the Knights who led the combatants provided by 22 western states, including the Pope.
Barbara of Celje is a direct
matrilinealancestor of Nicholas II of Russia. Provided the genealogy is correct, this implies that she and all her matrilineal relatives were members of mitochondrial haplogroupHaplogroup T. This includes her many female-line descendants among European nobility. Her great-grandfather was Stephen II of Bosnia.
Barbara's most distantly recorded maternal ancestor is
Adelheid von Alpeck(died 1280), daughter of Witegow Von Alpeck. [ [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jamesdow/s063/f301616.htm Rootsweb genealogy] . Accessed January 29, 2008.]
Agnes of Opole
title=Electress of Brandenburg
Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut
* [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jamesdow/s007/f662702.htm A pedigree of her]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Barbara de Celje — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Crónica del Concilio de Constanza de Ulrich von Richental, escena: el emperador Segismundo de Luxemburgo y su esposa, la emperatriz Barbara de Celje, en el trayecto a Munster. Barbara de Celje en (i … Wikipedia Español
Barbara de Celje — Barbe de Cilley L entrée de Sigismond et de Barbe au concile de Constance (Chroniques du concile d Ulrich de Richental, vers 1456). Barbe de Cilley ou Barbara de Cillei (en croate et slovène Barbara Celjska ; en hongrois … Wikipédia en Français
Celje — City and Municipality Celje from the Celje Castle in 2004 … Wikipedia
Celje — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Barbara of Poland — (15 July 1478 mdash; 15 February 1534) was a princess of Poland and a duchess of Saxony.She was the daughter of Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland, and Elisabeth of Austria (1437–1505).Ancestry ahnentafel compact5 style=font size: 90%; line… … Wikipedia
Barbara de Cillei — Barbe de Cilley L entrée de Sigismond et de Barbe au concile de Constance (Chroniques du concile d Ulrich de Richental, vers 1456). Barbe de Cilley ou Barbara de Cillei (en croate et slovène Barbara Celjska ; en hongrois … Wikipédia en Français
Barbara de Cilli — Barbe de Cilley L entrée de Sigismond et de Barbe au concile de Constance (Chroniques du concile d Ulrich de Richental, vers 1456). Barbe de Cilley ou Barbara de Cillei (en croate et slovène Barbara Celjska ; en hongrois … Wikipédia en Français
Counts of Celje — The coats of arms of Ulrich II of Cilli The Counts of Cilli or Celje (Slovene: Celjski grofje; German: Grafen von Cilli; Hungarian: cillei grófok) represent … Wikipedia
Margareta of Celje — (Polish: Małgorzata Cylejska, Slovak: Margaréta Celjska, German: Margareta von Cilly) (1411 – 22 July 1480) was a noblewoman member of the Slovenian House of Celje and by marriage Duchess of both half Głogów and Ścinawa. She was the only child of … Wikipedia
Ulrico II de Celje — Conde de Celje Reinado Desconocido 9 de noviembre de 1456 Nacimiento 1406 … Wikipedia Español