An American Tail: Fievel Goes West
|An American Tail: Fievel Goes West|
|Screenplay by||Flint Dille|
|Story by||Charles Swenson|
|Edited by||Nick Fletcher|
|Music by||James Horner|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$22.1 million (US)|
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (also known as An American Tail 2: Fievel Goes West or An American Tail II) is a 1991 American animated comedy Western film directed by Phil Nibbelink and Simon Wells with producer Steven Spielberg for Amblin Entertainment and animated by his Amblimation animation studio and released by Universal Pictures. A sequel to An American Tail (1986), the film follows the story of the Mousekewitzes, a family of Jewish-Ukrainian mice who emigrate to the Wild West. In it, Fievel is separated from his family as the train approaches the American Old West; the film chronicles him and Sheriff Wylie Burp teaching Tiger how to act like a dog. Fievel Goes West was the first production for the short-lived Amblimation, a studio Spielberg set up to keep the animators of Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) working.
While the animation medium was transitioning to computers in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Spielberg wanted almost all of the animation of Fievel Goes West to be hand-drawn, describing animation as "an arts-and-crafts business". He also wanted the animation to have a "live-action" feel. While the first film was directed by Don Bluth, direction was handled by Phil Nibbelink and Simon Wells in their directorial debuts for the sequel. Phillip Glasser, Dom DeLuise, Nehemiah Persoff, and Erica Yohn reprise their roles from the first film for Fievel Goes West. Tanya's original voice actor, Amy Green, was replaced by Cathy Cavadini, and new characters were voiced by John Cleese, Amy Irving, Jon Lovitz, and James Stewart in his final film role. James Horner returned as a composer and wrote the film's song "Dreams to Dream", which garnered a Golden Globe nomination.
Premiering at the Kennedy Center on November 17, 1991, An American Tail: Fievel Goes West began its American theatrical run on November 22. This was the same day Walt Disney Pictures' Beauty and the Beast (1991) was distributed, making it the third time in history that two animated films were released on the same date instead of separate ones, after The Land Before Time and Oliver & Company in 1988, and The Little Mermaid and All Dogs Go to Heaven in 1989. Fievel Goes West was promoted with a wide array of tie-ins and started in the top ten at the box office. The film grossed $22 million in the US. Some film journalists and executives attributed this to having to compete with the Disney film. It was panned for a lack of perceived innovation.
However, Fievel Goes West fared better when it came to home video sales, quickly reaching the top of the video charts when released on tape in March 1992; at the time, the film held the record for shortest theater-to-home-video transfer and it has since gained a large cult following. In addition to garnering more home media releases, TV airings, and video game adaptations later on, the film has made numerous 2010s retrospective best-of lists from online publications, especially best Netflix-available Western films. Fievel Goes West was followed by a short-lived CBS series named Fievel's American Tails and two direct-to-video sequels and prequels: An American Tail: The Treasure of Manhattan Island (1998) and An American Tail: The Mystery of the Night Monster (1999).
In 1890, five years after immigrating to the United States of America, the impoverished Mousekewitz family discovers that conditions are not as ideal as they had hoped, as they find themselves still struggling against the attacks of mouse-hungry cats. Fievel spends his days thinking about the Wild West dog-sheriff Wylie Burp, while his older sister, Tanya, dreams of becoming a singer. Meanwhile, Tiger's girlfriend, Miss Kitty, leaves him to find a new life out west, remarking that perhaps she is looking for "a cat that's more like a dog".
Shortly after, the mouse community falls under another attack by the cats—-this time led by a British aristocratic cat named Cat R. Waul—-forcing the mice, including Fievel's family, to flee into the sewers. There, they come across a mouse in a cowboy outfit, who is fact a mouse marionette controlled by Cat R. Waul, who entices the mice into moving yet again to a better life out west. Tiger chases the train, trying to catch up with his friends, but is thrown off course by a pack of angry dogs. While on the train, Fievel wanders into the livestock car, where he overhears the cats revealing their plot to turn them into "mouse burgers". After being discovered, he tries to escape and warn everyone. However, Fievel is thrown from the train by Cat R. Waul's hench-spider, T.R. Chula, leaving him stranded in the middle of the desert. His family is devastated once again over his loss and arrive in Green River, Utah with heavy hearts.
Upon arrival at the 320-acre Wild West town named Green River, Utah, established 1870, T.R. Chula blocks up the water tower, drying up the river. Cat R. Waul approaches the mice and proposes to build a new saloon together, although intending to trick the mice into doing the bulk of the work and then eat them afterwards. Meanwhile, Fievel is wandering aimlessly through the desert, as is Tiger, who has found his way out west as well, and they pass each other. However, they each figure that the other is a mirage and continue on their separate ways. Tiger is captured by Native American mice and is hailed as a god. Fievel is picked up by a hawk, dropped over the Indian mice village and reunites with Tiger. Tiger chooses to stay in while Fievel catches a passing tumbleweed, which takes him to Green River. As soon as he makes his arrival, he quickly reunites with his family but fails to convince them of Cat R. Waul's plans to kill them. He later stumbles into the saloon where he overhears the cats' plan yet again before he is discovered once more by Cat R. Waul. However, before Cat R. Waul can eat Fievel to keep his plan from becoming undone, he hears Tanya singing and is enchanted by her voice.
He sends Tanya to Miss Kitty, who is now a saloon-girl cat, and she reveals that she came at Cat R. Waul's request. He tells Miss Kitty to put her on stage. With a little encouragement from Miss Kitty, she pulls off a performance for the cats. Meanwhile, Fievel is chased by T.R. Chula and briefly taken prisoner, but flees.
While Fievel walking out of town, he stops to talk with an elderly bloodhound sleeping outside the jail, discovering that he is actually Wylie Burp. Fievel convinces him to help and train Tiger as a lawman and as a dog. Tiger is reluctant at first, but relents at the suggestion that a new persona might win back Miss Kitty. They go back to Green River to fight the cats, who attempt to kill the mice at sunset during the opening of Cat R. Waul's saloon using a concealed giant mouse trap. Tiger, Wylie Burp and Fievel intervene and battle the cats, during which Miss Kitty and Tanya discover the trap. Tanya rushes to the mice and, using her singing (and knowing that Cat R. Waul will not allow the trap to be triggered if she is there), alerts them to the trap and warns them to flee. Seeing this, Cat R. Waul unveils a giant revolver, which he fires at the fleeing mice as a makeshift cannon, until Wylie Burp catapults Fievel to the gun, which the mouse quickly intercepts from and attempts to use against Cat R. Waul. When T.R. Chula threatens to kill Miss Kitty in an attempt to force Fievel to back down, however, an incensed Tiger rescues her and uses T.R. Chula's web as a lasso with him trapped on it to hurtle Cat R. Waul and his men out of town by having them piled on part of the trap, which the heroes use as a catapult. The cats fly into the air and land into a mailbag, which a passing train picks up and leaves.
Enamored by his new personality, Miss Kitty and Tiger are reunited. Tanya becomes a famous singer and the water tower flows with 1,000 gallons of water again, making Green River bloom with thousands of flowers. Fievel finds Wylie away from the party who hands him his sheriff badge. Fievel is unsure about taking it, but realizes that his journey is not over.
- Phillip Glasser as Fievel Mousekewitz
- Cathy Cavadini as Tanya Mousekewitz
- Dom DeLuise as Tiger
- Amy Irving as Miss Kitty
- James Stewart as Wylie Burp
- John Cleese as Cat R. Waul
- Jon Lovitz as T.R. Chula
- Nehemiah Persoff as Papa Mousekewitz
- Erica Yohn as Mama Mousekewitz
- Patrick Pinney as One Eye
- Jack Angel as Frenchy
- David Tate as additional voices
A sequel to Steven Spielberg's An American Tail (1986) under the working title An American Tail II was put into pre-production by David Kirschner in April 1988 after he finished producing Child's Play (1988); when announcing the project that same month, he summarized that Fievel will "fight the cat-tle barons. It's like a John Ford western with Jewish mice". Kirschner started pre-production as Spielberg was setting up filming for Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) in Europe. He was not involved in the production and post-production, and admitted in 1993 that he disliked Fievel Goes West as "entertainment without character". The screenplay was written by Flint Dille, who was led to the position by writing for Spielberg's Tiny Toon Adventures (1990–92).
Spielberg produced the live-action animated film Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), which was the top grossing motion picture of 1988. As a way to keep the movie's animators working, due to the closure of Richard Williams Animation, Spielberg formed Amblimation, a collaboration of Universal City Studios and Amblin Entertainment, whose offices were located in London. Fievel Goes West was its first production, and over 250 crew members from 15 different nations worked on the project starting May 1989. At the time, Amblimation was also developing We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story (1993), Balto (1995), and a screen adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webber's Cats which never saw completion. In December 1988, Universal announced that they would release an animated film every eighteen months and begin production on An American Tail II in early 1989.
Don Bluth, who had partnered with Spielberg on both the original film and The Land Before Time (1988), was set to direct and have Sullivan Bluth Studios provide the animation; owing to creative differences, however, they parted ways. As Bluth explained, "the business deal wasn't such that it helped our company". With no Bluth in sight for the sequel, Spielberg instead relied on ex-Disney animator Phil Nibbelink and ex-Richard Williams storyboard artist Simon Wells, the great-grandson of science-fiction author H. G. Wells, to direct the project. Nibbelink and Wells had both previously worked with Spielberg as supervising animators on Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Bluth stated in April 1992 that he regretted his decision, admitting that he disliked the final product of Fievel Goes West and "maybe we could've helped that film a little more".
With Cleese as the first choice for Cat R. Waul, he was approached in 1989 by one of the film's producers at what Cleese vaguely called "the Italian Oscars". He accepted the offer based on his enjoyment of the first American Tail and "I love sound studios anyway – there's none of the hassle and boredom and time wasting you get in television". Cleese was paid his lowest fee in ten years for the role, however, which made him very unwilling to publicize his involvement with Fievel Goes West. According to Cavadini, there was another woman initially planned to voice Tanya but left the project, so Cavadini replaced her. Spielberg met Stewart at a party asking him to voice Wylie Burp, and all of Stewart's lines were recorded in ten days; his last involvement in a Western was in The Shootist (1976).
Bluth's departure from the project resulted in the animation of Fievel Goes West lacking the Disney-isms of the first film's animation. Instead, its animation is faster pace and contains more elements of Warner Bros. cartoons. Spielberg instructed his animators to take on a "live-action" method to animating the film, where the characters are affected by parts of the environment such as lighting. Spielberg also directed for the camera to constantly move in sequences such as the sewer ride sequence and a 360-degree pan shot of the film's desert vista. These types of crane and dolly shots replicated certain shots in Spielberg's Jaws (1975) and Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) and were considered groundbreaking for the time.
Apart from one computer-generated shot of the valley's ground, all of the film was hand-drawn animated; the process was so intensive that it took at least one week to complete a minute of animation, around sixty artists to paint approximately 230,000 cels, and a week for a single animator to finish three seconds of animation. As Fievel Goes West was a parody of Western films, the animators heavily studied the works of John Ford and Sergio Leone.
The voices were recorded over a 10-day period at Interlock Studios (now Larson Studios) at Crossroads of the World in Los Angeles in 1989; ten takes were tracked for each actor at varying speeds and phrasing. The voice actors were videotaped during their recording sessions, and the animators used the footage as reference for moving the characters. The biggest focus was on keeping Cat R. Waul's movement similar to his voice actor's while recording in the studio, as the directors wanted him to feel like Cleese instead of just a cat voiced by him. Nancy Beiman originally worked as a regular animator on Fievel Goes West, but became a supervisor on the project six months after she entered Amblimation. While not assigned to supervise Miss Kitty's animation, she asked for the position and got it. She enjoying working on Kitty for Irving's Mae West-esque delivery and the "scatterbrained dialogue" giving her freedom in animating the character.
Release and promotion
Fievel Goes West was initially planned for a fall 1990 release, but it was delayed to a late 1991 date. In 1989, the date was moved again to Christmas 1992 before reverting to Christmas 1991 in May 1990, when the subtitle Fievel Goes West and a follow-up television series was also first announced. It was moved to the fall of 1991 in November 1990. It made its worldwide premiere at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts as their big children's theatre recital performance, on November 17, 1991, where 275 inner-city kids that were guests of Fannie Mae's company attended the event; the children also made their own American Tail storybook and posed with a costume version of Fievel for pictures. Notable adult attendees includes Chuck Robb, Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, Al Gore, Marvin Bush, Margaret Bush, Fred Grandy, Elliot Richardson, and Robert Haft.
Both Fievel Goes West and Disney's Beauty and the Beast (1991) began their United States theater runs on November 22, 1991; this was the first-ever instance of two animated films being released on the same day, "a testimony to the revival of interest in feature-length animation" according to the Boston Herald. Along with competing with an unusual number of family films with middling budgets such as The Addams Family, Curly Sue, My Girl, and Spielberg's Hook; both Beauty and the Beast and Fievel Goes West were promoted with, as of the films' release date, the most expensive set of film tie-ins ever.
40 brands licensed with Universal to promote the film, including the non-profit Reading Is Fundamental, which used the character of Fievel as a mascot for Reading Buddies kits; and Pizza Hut, which used characters from the film on designs their Pizza Packs and soft-drink cups, a decision influenced by their previous tie-in success with the Disney summer film The Rocketeer (1991). Upon the film's release, Universal Studios Tour opened the attraction Mouse Trap, a 2,500-seat interactive version of Fievel Goes West. In the summer of 1992, Universal Studios Florida opened American Tail: Fievel's Playland, a playground featuring set recreations of An American Tail and Fievel Goes West. Boxtress also released an illustrated book version of the film written by Cathy East Dubowski and Beverly Lazor-Bahr.
Maybe we put too much faith in a sequel Fievel's American Tails when our audience had grown out of [An American Tail] six years later.— A Universal executive when interviewed by The New York Times, 1991
Amblin Entertainment previously competed with Disney twice: in 1986 when the first American Tail competed with a re-issue of Lady and the Tramp (1955) and in 1988 when it released The Land Before Time around the same time as Oliver & Company. Amblin won both races; Fred Mound, Universal distribution president, said: "We've proven in the past that there's room for two animated features". Tom Pollock, a Universal chairman, also had faith Fievel Goes West would perform well. Spielberg and Disney's Dick Cook suggested both films would be hits, although Spielberg predicted Beauty and the Beast to make more profits due to having more of an adult appeal than Fievel Goes West. Disney chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg stated in regards to the competition: "We've competed with Amblin before and learned that there's enough room for both. These movies aren't mutually exclusive. There's a big market out there. The success of one doesn't depend on the failure of the other".
Opening to 1,400 theaters in the United States, Fievel Goes West has, as of November 30, 2019, the 110th widest G-rated release of all time and the 96th widest G-rated film opening in the United States. It also has the 124th all-time biggest opening weekend for a G-rated film, opening in fourth place with $3,435,625; and has 60th smallest weekend drop for a film in 600-plus theaters thanks to its second week grossing $3,782,080. However, it also holds the record of the 119th post-thanksgiving weekend drops. Fievel Goes West eventually made just over $22 million domestically, and $18 million overseas, for a total of $40,766,041; making it the 15th highest-grossing film of 1991 in the United States and the 37th highest grosser of the year worldwide. As of December 1, 2019, it is the 141st highest domestic-grossing G-rated film of all time and 123rd worldwide. By contrast, the original film made $47.4 million in the U.S. in 1986, a record at the time for a non-Disney animated one, and a further $36 million overseas, for a total of $84 million.
According to The Washington Post, Fievel Goes West tied with For the Boys (1991) for "the dubious if unofficial distinction of the fastest failure of a big-budget holiday movie". Some journalists and film executives attributed the film's weak box office to the intense competition it faced with Beauty and the Beast. However, it wasn't competing with the Disney production in Canada, and it failed there too according to a Universal executive, who also blamed Spielberg's lack of involvement in the marketing due to being too busy on Hook. Another official of the company explained that he had little faith in the project, describing it as "charmless" and its animation "pedestrian". Other writers blamed it on the content. Dennis Hunt suggested "the complex story line and the scary villains didn't quite click with the kiddies", and Bernard Weinraub wrote that "even children were not especially interested in an old-fashioned animated movie". Steven Hulett of the union Motion Picture Screen Cartoonists opined that the low performances of both Fievel Goes West and We're Back!: A Dinosaur Story (1993) resulted from the poor quality of their stories, "and animation is a story-driven art form". He attributed this to Spielberg's busy schedule, meaning he didn't have enough time to focus on animation.
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West holds a 57% critical percentage on Rotten Tomatoes based on 14 reviews. Peter M. Nichols wrote Fievel Goes West "was panned on the ground that it was not so innovative as other new animated films, notably Beauty and the Beast from Disney, the leader in animation". Multiple reviewers condemned Fievel Goes West's lack of a cohesive story and extremely fast pace. As critics summarized, the film "has constant activity but minimal objectives"; "has little narrative drive or emotional resonance", its climax feeling "perfunctory and tacked on"; and has "so many subplots and digressions" that "they simply failed to develop the central narrative". Some reviewers were also uncomforted by the Indian mice tribe as being racially insensitive. Empire opined that, despite its enjoyable comedic relief characters and "fantastic chase scenes", Fievel Goes West suffered from being "fairly predictable". One reviewer in contrast appreciated the bits of "sophisticated humor" and Holocaust undertones in the script, and another highlighted its gag, such as the scene of Tiger being taken captive by the Indian mice. Some critics called the songs weaker and not as memorable as those of the first film, although the Blues Brothers' version of the song "Rawhide" was spotlighted by some writers and "The Girl You Left Behind" by a People magazine review.
Time Out London published an ecstatic review of Fievel Goes West: "Miles better than the overrated American Tail, this laugh-packed sequel boasts all the classic elements so often missing from modern cartoon features: a straightforward zip-zang-boom storyline, clearly etched characters with instantly identifiable flaws, tip-top voice-overs by well-chosen celebrities, and oodles of elasticated slapstick". The Orlando Sentinel wrote that the main plot is "left underdeveloped" amid "numerous subplots". Unlike other critics, Cortney Thekan appreciated the huge amount of subplots: "I mean, we all know the attention span of a 4-year-old. Full-length cartoons need the subplots to hold children's attention". The Washington Post praised it for being "quick, vivid and a real hoot to viewers of any age", but also noted its wonky setup, saying that "the family is tricked into a cross-country quest by a fast-talking fake mouse [...] Not only are the marionette's strings fully visible during Cat R. Waul's spiel, but the cat can be seen through a sewer grate. Stupid mice!" Halliwell's Film Guide labeled Fievel Goes West as an "enjoyable and high-spirited animated film that borrows plot and attitudes from classic Westerns". Roger Ebert gave it two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote: "There is nothing really the matter with An American Tail: Fievel Goes West, except that it is not inspired with an extra spark of imagination in addition to its competent entertainment qualities".
Most critics found the animation high-quality in general. The Chicago Tribune's Clifford Terry applauded the "vivid and rich" animation, particularly the "colorful figures and detailed backgrounds". Solomon highlighted its "tricky point-of-view shots, such as inside a rolling tumbleweed", and the changes to most of the character designs; while Brenna Kield of the Sun-Sentinel highlighted the realism in the scenery and character movements. Roger Hurlburt called its animation "bright and sassy, "colorful backdrops" and "eye-filling uses of exciting angles". The animation wasn't completely devoid of noted perks in reviews. Solomon criticized the little amount of "nuances of thought and emotion" in the characters; The New York Times summarized the movie's take on the West as "surprisingly dull"; Kield felt that some scenes, especially those that take place in the West, could've been a bit lighter; and The Austin Chronicle opined that "the foregrounds are expressive but the backgrounds are bland and uninspired". The Radio Times enjoyed the animation the least, as "the animation could easily have been done in the 1940s, such is its flat traditionalism". While Terry found most of the characters unmemorable, he and other reviewers praised the presence of Wylie Burp. While most reviews applauded the voice cast, a Hartford Courant review was more divided towards it, appreciating Irving and Stewart's performances but finding DeLuise and his character irritating and Cleese "wasted" on the film. Empire also named Waul "one of the least dastardly animated villains ever, even with the slithering vocal talents of John Cleese".
Entertainment Weekly named it one of the best children's films of 1991 alongside Beauty and the Beast and Wild Hearts Can't Be Broken (1991); and The Seattle Times honored it as one of 1991's "Best arguments for sequels" alongside Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey, and The Naked Gun 2½: The Smell of Fear. In a 1993 newspaper feature about portrayals of females in animated films, journalist Ann Doss Helms disliked how most animated women had no other characters of the same gender to motivate or guide them; the writer criticized how little attention Tanya's parents gave to her aspirations, but praised the advice Miss Kitty gave to Tanya, suggesting "there's hope that things are changing".
In the late 2010s, An American Tail: Fievel Goes West was recognized on publication lists of best Netflix-available westerns, ranking in the top ten of lists by Paste and The Daily Dot. It was also number 24 on GameSpot's "25 Best '90s Movies On Netflix", appeared on Wonderwall's list of best animated sequels, and landed on a Cosmopolitan list of "50 Movies You Definitely Watched in the '90s and Forgot About". Including it on a list of "19 Classic Movies That Prove 1991 Was Truly The Best Year For Film", Bustle described the film as "a fun, action-adventure comedy that gave Fievel's sister Tanya some much-needed screen time". Both Fievel Goes West and the first American Tail were tied for the number-five spot of a list of best non-Disney films from My Web Times: "Political and historical, these feature some fab songs and fun voice-over work from the likes of Jimmy Stewart (in his last role), John Cleese, Madeline Kahn and Dom DeLuise". In her book Steven Spielberg: A Life in Films (Jewish Lives), Molly Haskell wrote that both An American Tail and its sequel Fievel Goes West were oddly more "personal" for Spielberg than Schindler's List (1993), "the film that certified the director's rebirth as a Jew, and his much-vaunted evolution into a newfound 'maturity'".
In a 2017 /Film feature about Amblimation, Dalin Rowell highlighted the "cinematic" scale of its animation and opined that it "should be remembered for its creativity and willingness to be a bit more bold and daring than its predecessor". A 2016 review from Greg Jameson of Entertainment Focus opined it "has less universal appeal than the original, because the themes aren't as rooted in human experience so it packs less of an emotional punch", but he nonetheless called it a fun film and praised its animation and voice acting.
The Jimmy Stewart Museum, a museum dedicated to Stewart, has presented Fievel Goes West four times: on September 6, 2015, January 9, 2016, March 11, 2017, and July 8, 2017. On April 28, 2018, Fievel Goes West was screened at the Autry Museum of the American West, a Los Angeles museum of the history of the American West.
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West received its first VHS and cassette release on March 19, 1992. Nichols and Tower Video's John Thrasher predicted it would do well in sales due to a lack of competition. According to Nichols, three million copies were rumored to be circulated, although MCA/Universal was willing to reveal the real number. Upon its 1992 VHS release, Fievel Goest West held the record for shortest theater-to-home-video transfer, previously held in a tie by Batman (1989) and Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991). The video for Fievel Goes West topped the video charts the week it was issued, and even when it was dethroned by a reissue of One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961), it remained at the number-two spot of the Top Kid Video chart for several weeks. On April 10, 1992, the U.S. Postal Service began selling envelopes with 29-cent Western-Americana-themed stamps designed by Harry Zelenko to promote the home video of Fievel Goes West; 19 of them were reissued on May 1 using recycled paper. The release was pulled from the shelves in January 1993.
Beginning November 18, 1994, McDonald's, in a deal with MCA/Universal, offered customers a $2.50 rebate on a video purchase of Jurassic Park (1993) if they purchased from McDonald's one of the following tapes for six dollars: Fievel Goes West, The Land Before Time (1988), Back to the Future (1985), and Field of Dreams (1989). Fievel Goes West garnered its first American television airing on April 13, 1997, via a Disney Channel "Tune In to Kids and Family Week" promotion of another TV debut, Pocahontas (1995). On August 11, 1998, as part of Universal Family Features's highly-family-demanded $15-million campaign to relaunch the American Tail franchise after a six-year moratorium; digitally-restored versions of An American Tail and Fievel Goes West were released on VHS on a 2-tape release. On the issue of October 3, 1998, the set debuted at number 19 on Billboard's Top Kid Video chart.
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West was released on Video CD in Hong Kong on July 20, 2001, on DVD in the United States on September 25, 2003, Spain on September 29, 2005, and Denmark on November 15, 2011. In the United Kingdom, it first appeared on December 6, 2006, on DVD as part of a Slim 2 box set that featured the first two American Tail films. Similar two-film DVD collections were released in Spain on June 22, 2009, and the United States on August 22, 2010. The film was part of a DVD collection that included all four movies in the franchise on June 13, 2017. Fievel Goes West was issued to Blu-ray on April 4, 2017, in the United States, July 4 in Canada, and September 25 in the United Kingdom. Unlike the previous home media releases, the film has a sequence edited, like the infamous hidden penis doodle that was briefly seen during Tanya's version of "Dreams to Dream" was removed, thanks to the controversy. On online platforms, the film was released to Amazon Prime on November 11, 2013, Netflix on April 1, 2017, and Movies Anywhere on October 12, 2017.
Sequels and spin-offs
On September 12, 1992, the TV series Fievel's American Tails premiered on CBS; it is a follow-up of Fievel Goes West and features actors such as Glasser, Cavadini and DeLuise reprising their roles. In 2020, NBCUniversal regained rights to the series and is available on Peacock, over two decades after being abandoned since the release of the DTV films in the late 1990s.
Two direct-to-video sequels were produced after the series: An American Tail: The Treasure of Manhattan Island, released in 1998, and An American Tail: The Mystery of the Night Monster, released in 1999. A piece of dialogue from Fievel in the former appears to retcon Fievel Goes West as a dream the character had, but many fans would prefer to see both direct-to-video films as prequels that take place before Fievel Goes West, with the dialogue being taken as foreshadowing.
Fievel later served as the mascot for Steven Spielberg's Amblimation animation studio, appearing in its production logo. There is also a Fievel-themed playground at Universal Studios Florida, featuring a large water slide and many oversized objects such as books, glasses, cowboy boots, and more. It is the only such playground at any of NBC Universal's theme parks.
A computer game based on the film was created in 1993.
A Super Nintendo Entertainment System video game of the same name was released in 1994; it was heavily praised by video game critics for its presentation, although its simple gameplay garnered divided opinions. A Game Boy Advance video game based on the film called An American Tail: Fievel's Gold Rush was released by Conspiracy Entertainment in January 2002 to mixed reviews.
The soundtrack was composed by James Horner and includes "Dreams to Dream", which was nominated for a Golden Globe award and a contender by the Academy Award voters for a Best Original Song nomination, although didn't receive one. Other original songs written for the film include "Way Out West" performed by a chorus, and "The Girl You Left Behind" performed by Cathy Cavadini. The film also features the cover of "Rawhide" from the Blues Brothers 1980 film. An Entertainment Weekly review compared the score to the soundtracks of Gunsmoke and Oklahoma! (1955) as well as the works of Aaron Copland.
On July 19, 1991, the Los Angeles Daily News announced Anita Baker would sing "Dreams to Dream", but this did not happen. Although Linda Ronstadt originally sang the song, she rejected allowing her voice on it after recording finished; Celine Dion was replaced, and she recorded her vocals while working on her second English-language album. However, Ronstadt then asked for her vocals to be on the track, and the executives thought Dion did not have enough star power. While this resulted in the re-insertion of Ronstadt's voice, Horner's experience with recording the song with Dion led her to singing on a later Horner-composed song, "My Heart Will Go On". In the United States, Ronstadt's version of "Dreams to Dream" reached number 13 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart and number eight on Cashbox's Looking Ahead chart. It also reached 69 on RPM's Canadian singles chart and 18 on the magazine's Adult Contemporary chart.
Original songs performed in the film include:
|1.||"Way Out West"||Chorus|
|2.||"Dreams to Dream (Tanya's Version)"||Cathy Cavadini|
|3.||"The Girl You Left Behind"||Cathy Cavadini & Chorus|
|4.||"Dreams to Dream (Finale Version)"||Linda Ronstadt|
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- "An American Tail Fievel Goes West (1991)".
- Rohter, Larry (May 16, 1991). "The Feature-Length Cartoon Returns". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Lenburg, Jeff (1999). The Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. Checkmark Books. p. 164. ISBN 0-8160-3831-7. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
- M. Nichols, Peter (March 19, 1992). "Home Video". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- "Fievel Crawling Out of his Mouse Hole for 'American Tail II'". Sun-Sentinel. April 1, 1988. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Westbrook, Bruce (June 16, 1993). "Animator searches for a niche". Houston Chronicle (2 Star ed.). p. 1.
- Bajda, Piotr (November 16, 2017). "The Incredible Career of Flint Dille". Kotaku. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- Longsdorf, Amy (November 17, 1991). "Animation Really Keeps Steven Spielberg". The Morning Call. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Reader Press. pp. 18–19. ISBN 1-55652-591-5.
- Spillman, Susan (December 16, 1988). "The year in movies;It was a 'Big' time at the box office; Gambles and 'toons pay off at theaters". USA Today. p. 1D.
- Sabulis, Tom (July 5, 1990). "The toon boom: Animation's big-screen comeback sends artists back to the drawing boards". The Seattle Times. Knight Ridder Newspapers. p. F1.
- Kronke, David (April 2, 1992). "Reviving an Animated Career: Bluth Finds Post-Disney Happiness". Los Angeles Daily News (Valley ed.). p. L20.
- Korkis, Jim (April 28, 2017). "Animation Anecdotes #311". Cartoon Research. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Cathy Cavadini at Lexington Comic & Toy Con 2018". Toxic-Pop. April 5, 2018. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- Epstein, Robert (November 21, 1991). "It's a Wonderful Career". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Camp, Todd (November 16, 1991). "It takes a lot more work than you think to make a feature-length cartoon". Fort Worth Star-Telegram (Final AM ed.). p. 1.
- Evan Frook, John (November 17, 1991). "The artful business of animation". The News & Observer (Final ed.). p. H1.
- Davis, Sandi (November 10, 1991). "Lovable Animated Mouse Back". The Oklahoman. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Benn, Janet (August 1997). "Beiman's Progress". Animation World Network. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Cawley, John (October 1991). "An American Tail". The Animated Films of Don Bluth. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Spillman, Susan (November 15, 1989). "Rebirth of the toons;Animation draws on its storied past". USA Today. p. 1D.
- Kiesewetter, John (May 20, 1990). "Dreaming for his Living". USA Today. Search on Newsbank.com. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Spillman, Susan (November 20, 1990). "Mice: Animation's big cheeses;Mice's movie might". USA Today. p. 9D.
- "Personalites". The Washington Post. November 18, 1991. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Schaefer, Stephen (November 17, 1991). "Animation Confrontation". Boston Herald (01 ed.). p. 50.
- Meyer, Michele (December 29, 1991). "1991 Trends". Houston Chronicle (2 Star ed.). p. 1.
- Kehr, Dave (November 17, 1991). "Under the Gun". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Elliott, Stuart (November 22, 1991). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: ADVERTISING; 3 Marketers Are Packaging Film Tie-Ins, Kiddie-Style". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Epstein, Robert (November 14, 1991). "Hollywood's Catalogue Caper". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Reilly, Sue (December 5, 1991). "Odds & Ends Around the Valley". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Colker, David (June 26, 1992). "SUMMERTIME : Run For It : For minimum line waits and maximum fun, the secret is to make a plan". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "TRAVEL ADVISORY; Four New Shows at Universal". The New York Times. March 22, 1992. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Dubowski, Cathy East; Lazor-Bahr, Beverly (1991). An American Tail: Fievel Goes West: The Illustrated Story. ISBN 9781852836559. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- Weinraub, Bernard (January 19, 1992). "FILM; What Hollywood Got for Christmas". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Dutka, Elaine (October 13, 1991). "A look inside Hollywood and the movies. : MOUSE HOUSE II : There Was This Fairy Tale, a Movie Studio and a Little Guy Named Oscar". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- Kilday, Gregg (November 15, 1991). "Scheduling the holiday lineup". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Spillman, Susan (October 31, 1991). "An animated battle royal 'Beast' and 'Fievel' will duke it out". USA Today. p. 1D.
- "Widest Releases by MPAA Rating by MPAA Rating". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Widest Openings by MPAA Rating". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Top Opening Weekends by MPAA Rating by MPAA Rating". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Weekend Box Office (November 22–24, 1991)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- "Smallest Second Weekend Drops by Release Scale". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Largest Post-Thanksgiving Weekend Drops". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- "Domestic Box Office For 1991". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "1991 Worldwide Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Top Lifetime Grosses by MPAA Rating". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Top Lifetime Grosses by MPAA Rating". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- An American Tail at Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- Spain, Tom (January 23, 1992). "No Place Like Home". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Campbell, Christopher (April 14, 2019). "The Continued Calamity of Animated Westerns". Film School Rejects. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Weinraub, Bernard (November 25, 1991). "Addamses Startle at the Box Office, Too". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Hunt, Dennis (March 20, 1992). "Retailers Nervous Over Porn Victims' Bill". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Hofmeister, Sallie (October 17, 1994). "Hollywood Falls Hard for Animation". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". Variety. January 1991. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Baumgarten, Marjorie (November 29, 1991). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Soloman, Charles (November 22, 1991). "MOVIE REVIEW: 'Fievel Goes West' at Top Speed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Johnson, Malcolm (November 23, 1991). "Cheesy Plot Undermines Tale of Meandering Mouse". Hartford Courant. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Perkinson, David. "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". Radio Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Terry, Clifford (November 22, 1991). "Spielberg Rolls Out Small Guns in 'Fievel'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Holden, Stephen (November 22, 1991). "Review/Film; Immigrant Mice Face the Frontier". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- King, Dennis (November 24, 1991). "American Tail 2: Fievel Goes West". Tulsa World. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Sterritt, David (December 6, 1991). "Animated Heroes For the Holidays". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- Mueller, Matt. "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". Empire. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Kleid, Brenna (December 20, 1991). "Of Mice and Men: Spielberg, Fievel Tell Another Fine Tale". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Rea, Steven (November 29, 1991). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Boyar, Jay (November 22, 1991). "Fievel Not Quite at Home on the Range". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "Picks and Pans Review: An American Tale: Fievel Goes West". People. December 2, 1991. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". Time Out London. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Thekan, Courtney (December 6, 1991). "Cutest Gun in the West". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- McManus, Kevin (November 22, 1991). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Gritten, David, ed. (2007). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (**)". Halliwell's Film Guide 2008. Hammersmith, London: HarperCollins Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-00-726080-5.
- Ebert, Roger (November 22, 1991). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991)". rogerebert.com. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Hurlburt, Roger (November 25, 1991). "Fievel and Gang Have Some Fun Out West". The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "1991's best (and worst) kids". Entertainment Weekly. December 27, 1991. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Hartl, John (December 29, 1991). "And the Winners Are...". The Seattle Times (Final ed.). p. C1.
- Doss Helms, Ann (January 4, 1993). "What Do Cartoon Heroines Stand For?". Los Angeles Daily News (Valley ed.). p. L2.
- Long, Christian (November 25, 2019). "The Best Westerns On Netflix Right Now". Uproxx. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- "The 10 Best Westerns on Netflix". Paste. July 6, 2019. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Osterndorf, Chris (May 8, 2018). "The best Western movies and shows on Netflix". The Daily Dot. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Pruner, Aaron (June 2, 2018). "The 25 Best '90s Movies On Netflix". GameSpot. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Salazar, Bryanne (November 18, 2019). "Best Cartoon Sequels". Wonderwall. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Bonner, Mehera (August 28, 2019). "50 Movies You Definitely Watched in the '90s and Forgot About". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Cipriani, Casey (May 25, 2016). "19 Classic Movies That Prove 1991 Was Truly The Best Year For Film". Bustle. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Barry, Angie (May 30, 2018). "THE B-LIST: Talking mice, prophets, thieves — and as un-Disney as you can get". My Web Times. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Scherstuhl, Alan (January 12, 2017). "Molly Haskell Follows Spielberg from Boyhood to Responsibility". The Village Voice. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Rowell, Dalin (September 1, 2017). "The Short but Animated Legacy of Amblimation – Does Their Work Hold Up?". /Film. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Jameson, Greg (February 12, 2016). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West DVD review". Entertainment Focus. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Sunday Matinee – "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West"". The Jimmy Stewart Museum. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "Fire and Ice Show — Downtown Indiana". The Jimmy Stewart Museum. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "March at the Museum". The Jimmy Stewart Museum. March 2017. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "1990 production of An American Tale". The Jimmy Stewart Museum. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "Sold Out Event-Members' Movie Night: An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991)". Autry Museum of the American West. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Brissey, Breia (February 10, 2012). "'30 Rock': Happy League of Women Voters Day!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Bierly, Mandi (January 6, 2014). "'Brooklyn Nine-Nine': Craig Robinson and Andy Samberg reenact 'Fievel Goes West'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Mufson, Beckett (September 26, 2017). "Every Pop-Culture Reference (So Far) in Season Three of 'Rick and Morty'". Vice. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Hunt, Dennis (January 17, 1992). "Digital Cassette Becomes the Talk of the Town". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Zad, Martie (May 10, 1992). "Fievel Goes West". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Top Kid Video". Billboard. Vol. 104, no. 24. June 13, 1992. p. 54. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Top Kid Video". Billboard. Vol. 104, no. 28. June 27, 1992. p. 52. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Carr, Richard (April 5, 1992). "New Envelope has Saddle; 19 Others to be Recycled". The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Hunt, Dennis (June 3, 1994). "A $65-Million Sales Job for 'Jurassic' Video". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Zad, Martie (April 6, 1997). "Disney's 'Pocahontas' in TV debut". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Sandler, Adam (June 5, 1998). "'American Tail' videos return to stores". Variety. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Top Kid Video". Billboard. Vol. 110, no. 40. October 3, 1998. p. 72. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West DVD Release Date July 20, 2001 (VCD / 老鼠也移民之西部歷險) (Hong Kong)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West DVD Release Date September 25, 2003". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West DVD Release Date September 29, 2005 (Fievel va al Oeste) (Spain)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Rejsen til Amerika II: Fievel i det vilde vesten DVD Release Date November 15, 2011 (Denmark)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail & An American Tail: Fievel Goes West DVD Release Date December 6, 2006 (Slim 2 Film Boxset) (United Kingdom)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Colección Cine Familiar DVD Release Date June 22, 2009 (Fievel y el nuevo mundo + Fievel va al Oeste) (Spain)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail DVD Release Date August 22, 2010 (Family Double Feature)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail 4-Movie Complete Collection DVD Release Date June 13, 2017". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Blu-ray Release Date July 4, 2017". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Blu-ray Release Date July 4, 2017 (Canada)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Blu-ray Release Date September 25, 2017 (United Kingdom)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Hidden Doodle". perezhilton.com. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West HD Prime Release Date November 11, 2013". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Netflix's New Releases Coming in April 2017". The Hollywood Reporter. March 23, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Movies Anywhere Release Date October 12, 2017". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "American Tail Fievel Goes West (1992) comic books". My Comic Shop. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- Solomon, Charles (September 19, 1992). "TV REVIEWS : Cartoons Seek a Gleeful Insanity in New Season". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- ""Fievel's American Tails" is set to stream on Peacock later in 2020". Deadline. April 14, 2020.
- Alan Weiss, Brett. "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West – Review". AllGame. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Carter, Chip (June 17, 1994). "Kids' Videogames". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Andromeda (March 1994). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West". GamePro. No. 56. p. 76.
- "An American Tail – Fievel Goes West". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 60. Sendai Publishing. July 1994. p. 141.
- "An American Tail: Fievel's Gold Rush". IGN. October 19, 2001. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- "An American Tail: Fievel's Gold Rush". GameRankings. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- Leach, Gracie. "An American Tail: Fievel's Gold Rush – Overview – allgame". allgame. Archived from the original on November 14, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "American Tail 2: Fievel Goes West – James Horner". AllMusic. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Steward, Susan (January 24, 1992). "Three appealing new soundtracks". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (James Horner)". Film Tracks. July 13, 1998. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "American Tail, An : Fievel Goes West". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Sharkey, Betsy (February 16, 1992). "For the Oscars It's a Familiar Tune". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Beck, Marilyn; Jenel Smith, Stacy (July 19, 1991). "Lennon's Ex to Sell Her Memorabilia of Singer". Los Angeles Daily News (Valley ed.). p. L4.
- Rapkin, Mickey (May 18, 2017). "The Oral History of Celine Dion's 'My Heart Will Go On': Controversies, Doubts & 'Belly Pains' In the Studio". Billboard. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "Profiles of Celine Dion, Enrique Iglesias, Moby". CNN. May 18, 2002. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "Linda Ronstadt Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- "CASH BOX Singles – Looking Ahead 1/18/92". Cashbox. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- "Top Singles". RPM. Vol. 55, no. 5. January 25, 1992. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "40AC (Adult Contemporary)". RPM. Vol. 55, no. 8. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: An American Tail: Fievel Goes West|
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at IMDb
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at AllMovie
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at Rotten Tomatoes
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at The Big Cartoon DataBase
- An American Tail: Fievel Goes West at Keyframe: The Animation Resource
- Stephen Holden. (November 22, 1991). "An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991). Review/Film; Immigrant Mice Face the Frontier". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2011.