Neckarsulm

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Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm Rathaus01.JPG
Coat of arms of Neckarsulm
Location of Neckarsulm within Heilbronn district
Neckarsulm in HN.png
Neckarsulm is located in Germany
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm is located in Baden-Württemberg
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm
Coordinates: 49°11′30.1″N 9°13′28.4″E / 49.191694°N 9.224556°E / 49.191694; 9.224556Coordinates: 49°11′30.1″N 9°13′28.4″E / 49.191694°N 9.224556°E / 49.191694; 9.224556
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictHeilbronn
Subdivisions4
Government
 • Mayor (2016–24) Steffen Hertwig[1]
Area
 • Total24.94 km2 (9.63 sq mi)
Elevation
162 m (531 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total26,324
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
74172
Dialling codes07132
Vehicle registrationHN
WebsiteNeckarsulm.de

Neckarsulm (German pronunciation: [nɛkaʁˈzʊlm]) is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Heilbronn, and part of the district of Heilbronn. As of 2016, Neckarsulm had 26,800 inhabitants.[3] The name Neckarsulm derives from the city's location where the Neckar and Sulm rivers meet.

Neckarsulm is known for its renewable energy projects and wine. The Weingärtnergenossenschaft Neckarsulm-Gundelsheim (winegrower's cooperative of Neckarsulm and Gundelsheim) is the oldest winegrower's collective in Germany. The wine Trollinger and Lemberger are the principal varieties of grape grown in this region. The Schwarz Gruppe (Schwarz Group) who leads both companies Lidl and Kaufland has its headquarter in Neckarsulm.

Neckarsulm was first mentioned in a document in 771 and was granted city status around 1300.[4] The city celebrated its 1250th birthday in 2021.[5]

Geography[edit]

Neckarsulm is located on the eastern side of the Neckar River Valley. The town is approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the Löwenstein Mountains away and part of the Swabian-Franconian Forest. Neckarsulm is to Heilbronn the closest city and the sixth largest city in the federal state Baden-Württemberg.

The urban area of Neckarsulm consists of the city itself and the districts of Amorbach, Dahenfeld, and Obereisesheim.

History[edit]

Archaeological finds such as vessel shards indicates human activity in the greater Neckarsulm region as early as the middle of the 6th millennium B.C. (Neolithic period) In 2001, archaeologists found a Late Bronze Age burial ground in Trendpark-Süd (roughly on the area of the German IT company Bechtle), which was dated to around 1100 BC on the basis of metal and ceramic finds. Graves found south of the old city wall indicate a Frankish settlement from the 7th century AD.

The town, formerly called "Sulmana" or "Sulmgau", is dated to the year 771 in a deed of donation to Lorsch Abbey. Sulmana is mentioned in the Lorsch Codex. The area became known as Neckarsulm in the 16th century.

Notable landmarks[edit]

  • German Two-Wheeler and NSU Museum - a museum dedicated to two-wheeled vehicles including riding cars and motorcycles produced in Germany. The museum is housed in the Teutonic Order Castle Neckarsulm.
  • Stadtmuseum Neckarsulm - City museum of Neckarsulm which tells the history of the city from medieval times to present days. The year of the construction of museum's house dates to 1545.[6]
  • Neckarsulm TDS Office Tower
  • Obereisesheim transmitter
  • Remnants of the medieval city wall along the rives.

Mayors and Lord Mayors[edit]

  • 1845–1865: Franz Josef Alexander Heinrich Becker
  • 1865–1878: Josef Pecoroni
  • 1878–1885: Johann Nepomuk Kirner
  • 1885–1911: Bernhard Rettenmeier
  • 1911–1913: Heinrich Soller
  • 1913–1941: Johannes Häußler
  • 1942–1945: Oskar Volk
  • 1945–1946: Hermann Greiner
  • 1946–1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949)
  • 1949–1955: Erwin Wörner
  • 1955–1967: Hans Hoffmann (1915–2005)
  • 1967–1992: Erhard Klotz (born 1938)
  • 1992–2008: Volker Blust
  • 2008–2016: Joachim Scholz [7]
  • since 2016: Steffen Hertwig

Population[edit]

The numbers are estimates, census results (¹) or data from statistical offices.

Year Inhabitants
1527 ca. 1000
1635 ca. 1400
1756 1544
1810 2050
1849 2576
1. December 1871 2576
1. December 1880 ¹ 2845
1. December 1890 ¹ 3011
1. December 1900 ¹ 3707
1. December 1910 ¹ 5170
16. June 1925 ¹ 6692
16. June 1933 ¹ 7035
Year Inhabitants
17. May 1939 ¹ 8593
December 1945 7559
13. September 1950 ¹ 9319
6. June 1961 ¹ ² 15.299
27. May 1970 ¹ 18.517
31. December 1975 20.112
31. December 1980 21.871
27. May 1987 ¹ 21.534
31. December 1990 22.690
31. December 1995 25.788
31. December 2000 27.408
Year Inhabitants
31. December 2002 27.425
31. December 2004 27.296
31. December 2006 27.246
31. December 2008 26.828
31. December 2010 26.511
31. December 2012 25.754
31. December 2014 25.798
31. December 2015 26.304
31. August 2016 26.749

¹ Census results

² The population increase between 1950 and 1961 comes from the new district Neckarsulm-Amorbach. In 1955, around 3,000 people lived in this place.[8]

Economy[edit]

Schwarz Gruppe, owner of Lidl and Kaufland — the largest European food chain — has its headquarters in Neckarsulm.[9]

The city was the home of the car manufacturer NSU which was taken over by Volkswagen in 1969 and fused with Auto Union to create Audi. The former NSU plant is the smaller of Audi's two principal assembly plants in Germany and manufactures the company's larger, high-end models such as the Audi A6, A7, A8. Audi's performance subsidiary Audi Sport GmbH which produces the R8 is also placed here. NSU denotes Neckarsulm.[10]

Other well-known companies based in Neckarsulm are Fujitsu TDS, Bechtle AG and Rheinmetall Automotive AG.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Honorary citizens of Neckarsulm[edit]

  • 1894: Franz Joseph Maucher (1826–1910), was a chaplain and parish priest in Neckarsulm for 35 years.
  • 1911: Gottlob Banzhaf (1858–1930), was Kommerzienrat and after the death of his brother Christian Schmidt first director the Neckarsulmer Strickmaschinenfabrik AG from 1884 to 1910.
  • 1930: Ernst Josef Bauer (died 1881), was a teacher and successful author of the local play "Peter Heinrich Merkle, the Löwenwirt of Neckarsulm".
  • 1933: Christian Mergenthaler (1884–1980), NSDAP politician, Prime Minister of Württemberg from 1933 to 1945. On 27 July 1933, Neckarsulm granted him honorary citizenship which had been revoked on 28 August 1945.[12]
  • 1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949), was mayor of Neckarsulm for 30 years.
  • 2004: Kurt Bauer (born 1934), was city council for 36 years, deputy mayor, SPD parliamentary leader and chairman of the SPD local association.
  • 2008: Volker Blust (born 1944), was head of the city's main and personnel office and was elected in 1992 as mayor of Neckarsulm.

Born in Neckarsulm[edit]

Simon Molitor portrait
August Herold memorial plate in the wine yards

Other people connected to the city[edit]

  • Wilhelm Ganzhorn (1818–1880), was a senior judge for Neckarsulm 1859–1878. Ganzhorn was a poet, and was known as the author of the text for the song "In the loveliest meadow" (Im schönsten Wiesengrunde).
Ganzhorn plaque in Neckarsulm
  • Albert Roder (1896–1970), was an engineer who became known for the construction of motorcycles. He was from 1946 to 1961 chief designer at NSU.
  • Klaus Zwickel (born 1939), German unions functionary and former Chairman of IG Metall. From 1968 to 1983 he was first secretary of the IG-Metall Headquarter Neckarsulm.
  • Verena Stenke (born 1981), German artist
  • Dominik Britsch (born 1987), German boxer

Subsidiary cities[edit]

City Country Year
Carmaux France France 1958
Bordighera Italy Italy 1963
Grenchen Switzerland Switzerland 1988
Zschopau Germany Germany 1990
Budakeszi Hungary Hungary 1993

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 13 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2020] (CSV). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  3. ^ Neckarsulm, Stadt. "Neckarsulm - Daten & Fakten". www.neckarsulm.de (in German). Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  4. ^ Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at de:Neckarsulm; see its history for attribution.
  5. ^ "1250 jahre neckarsulm (1250 Years of Neckarsulm)". neckarsulm.de (in German).
  6. ^ "Stadtmuseum Neckarsulm (Neckarsulm City Museum)". stadtmuseum-neckarsulm.de.
  7. ^ Andreas Bracht: OB Joachim Scholz wird in sein Amt eingesetzt. Presse-Information der Stadt Neckarsulm vom 27. Oktober 2008.
  8. ^ Bernd Friedel: 50 Jahre Amorbach. Neckarsulm 2005, pp. 6–16.
  9. ^ "Impressum Archived 27 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine." Lidl. Retrieved on 28 September 2012. ": Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG Stiftsbergstraße 1 74167 Neckarsulm "
  10. ^ "Die NSU-Firmengeschichte". Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  11. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1995). "The Directory of Motorcycles". The Encyclopedia of the Motorcycle. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 245. ISBN 0-7513-0206-6. Around 1890 Neckarsulm Strickmaschinen – "knitting machine" – Union began making bicycles.
  12. ^ Anton Heyler: Neckarsulm im Auf und Ab eines halben Jahrhunderts. (s. Literatur), pp. 58 and 92.

External links[edit]