Alexandra of Lithuania
Alexandra of Lithuania
|Duchess consort of Masovia|
|Born||late 1360s or early 1370s|
|Died||20 April 1434|
|Noble family||Gediminids (by birth) |
House of Piast (by marriage)
|Spouse(s)||Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia|
|Mother||Uliana of Tver|
Alexandra (Polish: Aleksandra, Lithuanian: Aleksandra; died 20 April 1434 in Płock) was the youngest daughter of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his second wife, Uliana of Tver. Though Alexandra's exact date of birth is not known, it is thought that she was born in the late 1360s or early 1370s. In 1387, she married Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, and bore him thirteen children.
On 12 December 1385, few months after the Union of Krewo, Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, reached a compromise with king Jadwiga of Poland and her intended consort king Jogaila (Władysław II Jagiełło), brother of Alexandra. Siemowit IV agreed to cease his rival claims to the Kingdom of Poland, pay homage to Jadwiga and Jogaila, and to assume position of a hereditary vassal to the Polish Crown in exchange for 10,000 Prague groschen and fief Duchy of Belz. The agreement was solidified by marriage of Siemowit IV and Alexandra in 1387.
In her union with Siemowit, Alexandra bore 13 children—five sons and eight daughters.
- Kazimierz II of Masovia
- Trojden II of Masovia
- Władysław I of Płock
- Siemowit V of Masovia
- Alexander of Masovia; who was a diplomat and Bishop of Trento, titular Bishop of Chur, titular Cardinal of Damascus, and Patriarch of Aquileia.
- Euphemia of Masovia; married Bolesław I, Duke of Cieszyn
- Cymburgis of Masovia; married Ernest, Duke of Austria
- Jadwiga of Masovia; married John Garay, son of Nicholas I Garay
- Amelia of Masovia; married William II, Margrave of Meissen
- Anna of Masovia; possibly married Michael Žygimantaitis
- Maria of Masovia; married Bogislaw IX, Duke of Pomerania
- Alexandra of Masovia
- Catherine of Masovia; married Michael Žygimantaitis
- Edvardas Gudavičius (2001). "Aleksandra". In Antanas Račis (ed.). Visuotinė lietuvių enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). I. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. p. 306. ISBN 5-420-01485-8.
- Vaclovas Biržiška, ed. (1933–1944). "Aleksandra". Lietuviškoji enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). I. Kaunas: Spaudos Fondas. p. 219.
- Stone, Daniel (2001). The Polish–Lithuanian State, 1386–1795. A History of East Central Europe. University of Washington Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-295-98093-1.
- Jasiński, Kazimierz (1998). Rodowód Piastów mazowieckich. Poznań - Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Historyczne. p. 90. ISBN 83-913563-0-2.
Karol Piotrowicz, w: Polski Słownik Biograficzny/ Polish Biographical Dictionary. T. 1. Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności – Skład Główny w Księgarniach Gebethnera i Wolffa, 1935, p. 66–67