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Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albrecht
Duke of Bavaria
Albrechtbavaria1922.jpg
Albrecht with his younger half-brother, Prince Heinrich, in 1922.
Head of the House of Wittelsbach
Tenure2 August 1955 – 8 July 1996
PredecessorRupprecht
SuccessorFranz
Born(1905-05-03)3 May 1905
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Died8 July 1996(1996-07-08) (aged 91)
Berg Castle, Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany
Burial
Wittelsbach cemetery, Andechs Abbey, Bavaria
SpouseCountess Maria Draskovich de Trakostjan
Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich de Buzin
IssuePrincess Marie Gabrielle Antonia José
Princess Marie Charlotte Juliana
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
HouseWittelsbach
FatherRupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
MotherDuchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria

Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael, Duke of Bavaria (3 May 1905 – 8 July 1996[1]) was the son of the last crown prince of Bavaria, Rupprecht, and his first wife, Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria. He was the only surviving child from that marriage. His paternal grandfather was Ludwig III of Bavaria, the last king of Bavaria, who was deposed in 1918.

Life

Following the First World War, Albrecht's grandfather King Ludwig was deposed. Albrecht and the family moved from Bavaria to the Austrian Tyrol.[1]

Prior to the Second World War, his family, the House of Wittelsbach, were opposed to the regime of Nazi Germany and refused to join the Nazi Party. The decision meant that Prince Albrecht, who had been studying forestry, was unable to complete his studies.[1] In 1940 Albrecht took his family to his estate at Sárvár, Vas, Hungary. In October 1944, after Germany had occupied Hungary in March, the Wittelsbachs were arrested and imprisoned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp at Oranienburg, Brandenburg. In April 1945 they were moved to the Dachau concentration camp, where they were liberated by the United States Army.[1]

Albrecht became head of the deposed royal family of Bavaria with the death of his father on 2 August 1955. As the eldest son of the eldest son of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1849–1919), recognized by Jacobites as "Queen Mary IV (of England) and III (of Scotland)",[2] he was also the dynastic representative and heir-general of England, Scotland and Ireland's last Stuart king, James II and VII, deposed in 1688.[3]

In 1959 Albrecht, in an official ceremony, returned the Greek Crown Jewels (originally made for a Bavarian prince who reigned as Greece's first modern monarch, King Otto) to the Greek nation, accepted by King Paul of the Hellenes.

In 1980 Albrecht presided over sumptuous ceremonies in Bavaria celebrating the 800th anniversary of the founding of the House of Wittelsbach.[4]

Albrecht was a prolific hunter and deer researcher, collecting 3,425 sets of antlers, now partially shown in a permanent exhibition on his research activities in the former royal castle at Berchtesgaden. He also authored two books on "the habits of deer"[1] for which he (and his second wife) received honorary doctorates by the biological faculty of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. While visiting Brazil in 1953 he encountered Brazilian Mastiffs and took some to Germany, introducing the dog breed to Europe.

Albrecht died on 8 July 1996, aged 91, at Berg Castle, 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Munich, where he had lived reclusively for decades. His funeral at Theatine Church, Munich was conducted by Friedrich Wetter, the Archbishop of Munich.[1] He was buried on a family graveyard he himself had installed in 1977 at Andechs Abbey.

Marriage and children

Albrecht married Countess Maria (Marita) Franziska Juliana Johanna Draskovich de Trakostjan (8 March 1904 in Vienna – 10 June 1969 in Wildbad Kreuth) on 3 September 1930 in Berchtesgaden.[5] Daughter of Count Dionys Maria Draskovich von Trakostjan and Princess Juliana Rose von Montenuovo (a great-granddaughter of Marie-Louise of Austria, sometime Empress of the French), she belonged to a family of the Croatian nobility known since 1230 and made Imperial counts in 1631.[6] Although Albrecht's father allowed the wedding, a Wittelsbach family council concluded that the marriage was non-compliant with the dynasty's marital tradition as set out in its historical house laws,[6] and the names of the couple's four children were excluded from the Almanach de Gotha.[5] In 1948, however, a juridical consultation advised that the head of the house has sole authority to determine the validity of marriages within the House of Wittelsbach, prompting Crown Prince Rupprecht to recognize Albrecht's marriage as dynastic on 18 May 1949.[4][6]

At the time of his death, Albrecht had four children, fifteen grandchildren and twenty-six great-grandchildren:

Descendants of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
  • Princess Marie Gabrielle Antonia José of Bavaria (born 30 May 1931 in Munich), married on 23 October 1957 in Munich, Georg, Prince von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (5 June 1928 in Würzburg — 2 December 2015 in Leutkirch im Allgäu), son of Erich, Prince von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg, and Princess Monika of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. They had six children:
    • Countess Maria Walburga Monica Charlotte Matthaa von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (born 21 September 1958 in Ravensburg), married on 30 June 1986 in Leutkirch im Allgäu, Baron Carl von Lerchenfeld (born 25 April 1958 in Bamberg), son of Baron Maximilian Ludwig von Lerchenfeld and Countess Christina zu Castell-Castell. They have five children:
      • Baron Georg von Lerchenfeld (born 28 July 1987 in Kitzingen)
      • Baroness Marie Mathilde von Lerchenfeld (born 21 April 1990 in Kitzingen)
      • Baroness Catarina von Lerchenfeld (born 29 July 1991 in Kitzingen)
      • Baroness Johanna von Lerchenfeld (born 11 December 1992 in Kitzingen)
      • Baroness Carolina von Lerchenfeld (born 8 January 1995 in Kitzingen)
    • Countess Marie Gabriele Walburga Cacilia Theresia von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (born 22 November 1959 in Ravensburg), married on 23 October 2004 in Leutkirch im Allgäu, Count Bernard de Monseignat (born 5 January 1952 in Monaco), son of Count Jacques de Monseignat and Countess Jannine de Bonadona. They have no children.
    • Countess Maria Monika Sofie Walburga Nikolette von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (born 22 March 1961 in Ravensburg), married on 29 May 1987 in Leutkirch im Allgäu, Count Christoph Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 1 August 1950 in Bamberg), son of Count Otto Philipp Schenk von Stauffenberg and Baroness Hertha Oculi von Lerchenfeld. They have four children:
      • Countess Maria Antonia Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 21 July 1988 in Munich)
      • Count Philipp Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 4 May 1990 in Bamberg)
      • Countess Sebastian Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 14 May 1992 in Bamberg)
      • Countess Maria Johanna Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 18 January 1998 in Bamberg)
    • Maria Erich Wunibald Aloysius Georg, Hereditary Count von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (born 21 November 1962 in Ravensburg), married on 17 November 1988 in Altshausen, Duchess Mathilde of Württemberg (born 11 July 1962 in Friedrichshafen), daughter of Carl, Duke of Württemberg, and Princess Diane of Orléans. They have five children:
      • Countess Marie-Thérèse of Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg (born 5 October 1989 in Memmingen)
      • Countess Elisabeth of Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg (born 31 December 1990 in Ravensburg)
      • Countess Charlotte of Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg (born 10 May 1992 in Ravensburg)
      • Countess Hélène of Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg (born 29 November 1993 in Ravensburg)
      • Countess Gabrielle of Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg (born 29 November 1996 in Ravensburg)
    • Countess Maria Adelheid Walburga Rufina of Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (born 28 November 1964 in Ravensburg), married on 30 December 1988 in Leutkirch im Allgäu, Count Max-Emanuel von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen zu Hohenrechberg (born 25 September 1959 in Munich), son of Count Friedrich Ernst von Rechberg and Countess Rose-Marie Saurma von der Jeltsch-Lorzendorf. They have three children:
      • Count Friedrich von Rechberg (born 12 January 1990 in Munich)
      • Count Max Emanuel von Rechberg (born 14 May 1991 in Munich)
      • Countess Sophie von Rechberg (born 17 April 1994 in Munich)
    • Countess Maria Elisabeth Walburga Priscilla Wiltrud von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg (born 30 July 1966 in Ravensburg), married on 16 April 1990 in Leutkirch im Allgäu, Prince Englebert von Croÿ (born 5 June 1965 in Leverkusen), son of Prince Clemens von Croÿ and Countess Marie-Thérèse von Schaesberg. They have three children:
      • Princess Isabelle of Croÿ (born 6 May 1991 in Hadamar)
      • Prince Constantin of Croÿ (born 19 July 1992 in Menden)
      • Prince Carl of Croÿ (born 13 September 1994 in Menden)
  • Princess Marie Charlotte Juliana of Bavaria (30 May 1931 in Munich — 9 January 2018 in Isny im Allgäu), Marie Gabrielle's twin, married on 1 September 1955 in Munich, Paul, Prince von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (28 November 1930 in Isny im Allgäu — 16 March 2011 in Isny im Allgäu), son of Alexander, Prince von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny, and Countess Maria-Anna Esterházy von Galántha. They have four children:
    • Alexander Albrecht, Prince von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 18 January 1958 in Munich), married on 14 September 1992 in Isny im Allgäu, Martina Keil (born 7 December 1960 in Graz), daughter of Johann Keil and Countess Charlotte von Meran. They have three children:
      • Countess Philippa von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 25 December 1994 in Ravensburg)
      • Countess Charlotte von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 21 October 1996 in Ravensburg)
      • Countess Anna von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 23 October 2001 in Ravensburg)
    • Countess Maria-Anna Gabrielle Ghislaine von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 8 April 1960 in Friedrichhafen), married on 7 September 1991 in Isny im Allgäu, Count Alexander von Stauffenberg (born 10 March 1954 in Bamberg), son of Count Otto Philipp von Stauffenberg and Baroness Hertha Oculi von Lerchenfeld. They have two children:
      • Count Franz Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 23 April 1993 in Schongau)
      • Countess Marie Isabelle Schenk von Stauffenberg (born 24 June 1996 in Schongau)
    • Countess Maria Georgina Ghislaine Caroline von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 28 December 1962), married on 5 September 1985 in Isny im Allgäu, Count Peter von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg (born 7 November 1948 in Zürich), son of Count Alexander von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg and Ferdinanda Széchényi de Sárvár-Felsővidék. They have three children:
      • Countess Alexandra von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg (born 30 September 1986 in Hamburg)
      • Count Albrecht von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg (born 10 October 1988 in Munich)
      • Countess Marie Ghislaine von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg (born 28 October 1991 in Munich)
    • Count Bertram Ernst von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny (born 22 October 1966 in Ravensburg), married on 28 August 2004 in London, Sandra Putze (born 15 April 1966 in Hamburg), daughter of Hartmut Putze and Sigrum Opitz. They have no children.
  • Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria, Duke of Bavaria (born 14 July 1933 in Munich)
  • Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria, Duke in Bavaria (born 21 January 1937 in Munich), married on 10 January 1967 in Kreuth, Countess Elisabeth Douglas (born 31 December 1940 in Stockholm), daughter Count Carl Ludvig Douglas and Ottora Maria Haas-Heye. They have five daughters, who bear the titles Princess of Bavaria, Duchess in Bavaria:

On 21 April 1971 in Weichselboden, Albrecht married Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich de Buzin (23 April 1921 in Budapest – 5 October 1983 in Weichselboden), daughter of Count Stephan Keglevich de Buzin and Countess Klára Zichy of Zich and Vásonkeö. They had no children.[6]

Honours

Dynastic honours

Foreign honours

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Cowell, Alan (11 July 1996). "DukeAlbrecht Is Dead at 91; Pretender to Bavarian Throne". New York Times. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  2. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh. "Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume I Europe & Latin America, 1977, pp. 157-159. ISBN 0-85011-023-8
  3. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, pp. 255. ISBN 0-220-66222-3
  4. ^ a b de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, Maison Royale de Bavière, pp. 36-37 (French). ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  5. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha. Justus Perthes, 1942, Maison de Bavière, p. 19. (French).
  6. ^ a b c d Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 27, 100, 107-108, 115, 178-181, 190-191. (French). ISBN 2-908003-04-X
  7. ^ Hans Jürgen Brandt: Jerusalem hat Freunde. München und der Ritterorden vom Heiligen Grab, EOS 2010, S. 94–98.

Bibliography

Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
Born: 3 May 1905 Died: 8 July 1996
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Crown Prince Rupprecht
— TITULAR —
King of Bavaria
2 August 1955 – 8 July 1996
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Duke Franz
Jacobite succession
2 August 1955 – 8 July 1996
This page was last edited on 13 September 2020, at 16:42
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