Henry III, called Henry the Illustrious from the House of Wettin was Margrave of Meissen and last Margrave of Lusatia from 1221 until his death. Born at the Albrechtsburg residence in Meissen, Henry was the youngest son of Margrave Theodoric I, Margrave of Meissen and his wife Jutta, daughter of Landgrave Hermann I of Thuringia. In 1221 he succeeded his father as Margrave of Meissen and Lusatia, at first under guardianship of his maternal uncle, Landgrave Louis IV of Thuringia, after his death in 1227, under that of Duke Albert I of Saxony. In 1230 he was proclaimed an adult. Henry had his first combat experience in sometime around 1234, while on crusade in Prussia, fighting against the Pomesanians, his pilgrimage and company is well-documented by Peter of Dusburg, it resulted in the construction of Balga castle, an important administrative centre for the Teutonic Knights. In 1245 after many years of conflict with the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg, he was forced to cede the fortresses of Köpenick and Mittenwalde north of Lower Lusatia.
In 1249 however, the Silesian duke Bolesław II the Bald granted him the eastern area around Schiedlo Castle at the Oder river, where Henry founded the town of Fürstenberg. In the struggle between the Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX, Henry took the side of the Emperor. In consideration, Frederick II in 1242 promised him the heritage of Henry Raspe as Landgrave of Thuringia and Count palatine of Saxony. In 1243 the Emperor betrothed his daughter Margaret of Sicily to Henry's son Albert II. Henry remained a loyal supporter of the Hohenstaufens and not before the departure of Frederick's son Conrad IV from Germany did he recognise the antiking William of Holland. After the death of Henry Raspe in 1247, he enforced his rights in Thuringia by military means in the War of the Thuringian Succession against the claims raised by Sophie of Thuringia, daughter of late Landgrave Louis IV, her husband Duke Henry II of Brabant, as well as by Prince Siegfried I of Anhalt-Zerbst. After a long drawn-out war he detached the Landgraviate of Hesse in the west and gave it to Sophie's younger son Henry, but kept Thuringia, which he granted to his son Albert II together with the Palatinate of Saxony.
The Thuringian acquisition increased the Wettin territorial possessions, which now reached from the Silesian border at the Bóbr river in the east up to the Werra in the west, from the border with Bohemia along the Erzgebirge in the south to the Harz range in the north. From 1273 Henry was an important support to the newly elected Rex Romanorum Rudolph of Habsburg in his struggle against rivaling King Ottokar II of Bohemia. Against Bohemia he won, among other places and Purschenstein Castle near Neuhausen, He was known throughout the whole empire as a glittering prince, famous as a patron of the arts and a model knight, as a significant minnesinger and composer. Henry was patron of many tournaments and singing competitions, in which he took part himself, commissioned the famous Christherre-Chronik, he set to music hymns to be sung by express permission of the pope. In 1234 Henry married Constance of the daughter of Duke Leopold VI of Austria. Together they had two sons: Albert II, Margrave of Meissen Theodoric of Landsberg As early as 1265 he attached the Imperial Pleissnerland around Altenburg, the dowry of his daughter-in-law Margaret, to the Landgraviate of Thuringia and gave both to his elder son Albert II, otherwise Albert the Degenerate.
For his younger son Theodoric, Henry had created – though without imperial consent – the smaller Margraviate of Landsberg in the western part of the Lusatian lands around Leipzig. Henry kept for himself only the Margraviate of Meissen, the remaining Lower Lusatian lands, a formal power of oversight. Only domestic disorders, caused by the unworthiness of his son Albert, clouded the years of his reign and indeed, long after his death in 1288, led to the loss of Lusatia and Thuringia. After the death of Constance in 1243 Henry took as his second wife Agnes, a daughter of King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, in his third marriage the daughter of a ministerialis, or serving knight, Elisabeth von Maltitz, who bore him Friedrich Clem and Hermann the Long
This is a List of Imperial German cavalry regiments before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 110 regiments of cavalry; some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th century but others were only formed as late as October 1913. On mobilisation, they were joined by 33 reserve cavalry regiments, 2 landwehr cavalry regiments and 1 ersatz cavalry regiment was formed. On mobilisation, there were 38 landwehr squadrons and 19 ersatz detachments. 33 Reserve Cavalry Regiments, 2 Landwehr Cavalry Regiments and 1 Ersatz Cavalry Regiment were formed on mobilisation in August 1914 and assigned to field formations. Each of these had a strength of 3 squadrons. Bavarian Army German Army German cavalry in World War I List of Imperial German infantry regiments List of Imperial German artillery regiments Cron, Hermann. Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Orders-of-Battle. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. Tessin, Georg. Deutsche Verbände und Truppen, 1918–1939.
Vadodara Institute Of Engineering, Kotambi. is a newly established engineering college in Kotambi, India, affiliated to Gujarat Technological University in order to provide education to Engineering aspirants. It was established in 2009 with four primary engineering branches and Communication, Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering and Information technology. Vadodara Institute of Engineering is located at Halol toll road, 19 km away from Vadodara railway Station, it has a large campus of around 31 acres. The college aims to be short listed in top institutions of country; this College offers GD/PI training to students in order to make them employable. All the faculties from this college are post graduated from renowned institutes like NITs; the college is controlled by The Vadodara Institute of Research Trust. Dr. Jayesh Kumar Patel is principal of the institute, he obtained his Doctoral Degree in Civil Engineering from Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda in 2007. He did his post graduation & graduation in Civil Engineering at Water Resources Engineering and Management Institute, M. S.
University of Baroda in 1995 and 1993 respectively. He was invited to deliver an Expert Lecture on "Managing Irrigation Potential - Issues & Challenges” at Wessex Institute of Technology in 2005. Dr. Patel was appointed as an expert for developing Waste Management Tool by Indian Institute of Technology Delhi in 2001, he presented research papers in conferences organized by I. I. T, I. I. T. CBIP, WALMI, GWP, WIT, CWWA, IIT and other renowned organizations. Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering Information technology Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering - Mechanical Engineering-2nd Shift - Electrical Engineering-2nd Shift Official website
Cletus Nelson Nwadike, born 1966 is a Swedish-Nigerian poet and author. He left Nigeria for Sweden in 1990 due to political reasons, he spoke three languages and embraced the new opportunity to learn another language by reading modern classical Swedish writers such as Pär Lagerkvist and Harry Martinson. After about 5 – 6 years in Sweden he found an urge to write poetry, in Swedish, he says he finds it hard to write in the language of the former colonial power. He never learned to write in the Hausa languages, his main themes are love and Africa. He published his first poetry collection in 1998, En kort svart dikt and has since published five more books. Nwadike has contributed to periodicals and anthologies, he has performed at the rock festival Hultsfredsfestivalen. Nwadike as been featured in the national radio program "Vid dagens slut". After many years in the city of Malmö, he now resides in Aneby, rural Småland with his wife and children, he works at an after school center and has a Swedish university degree from Högskolan in Jönköping in creative writing.
En kort svart dikt, 1998 Med ord kan jag inte längre be, 2000 En sida av regnet som faller, 2003 Jag vill inte sörja dig, 2007 Tankar ur ett lejons gap, 2010 Elefanten i spegeln A children's book illustrated by Annelie Johansson. The Stiftelsen Familjen de Vylders Foundation for Immigrant writers award
Longirod is a municipality in the Swiss canton Vaud, located in the district of Nyon. Longirod is first mentioned in 1267 as Longirot. Longirod has an area, as of 2009, of 9.44 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.71 km2 or 39.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 5.42 km2 or 57.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.3 km2 or 3.2% is settled and 0.03 km2 or 0.3% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 1.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.5%. Out of the forested land, 55.1% of the total land area is forested and 2.3% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 25.5% is used for growing crops and 9.6% is pastures and 4.0% is used for alpine pastures. The municipality was part of the Aubonne District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, Longirod became part of the new district of Nyon; the municipality is located at the foot of the Jura Mountains along the road to Col du Marchairuz. It consists of the village of scattered individual farm houses.
The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent, from a Mount Vert rising three Pine-trees of the same. Longirod has a population of 478; as of 2008, 18.9% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 20.2%. It has changed at a rate of 8.4 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with German being second most English being third. There are 5 people. Of the population in the municipality 119 or about 34.6% were born in Longirod and lived there in 2000. There were 67 or 19.5% who were born in the same canton, while 102 or 29.7% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 49 or 14.2% were born outside of Switzerland. In 2008 there were 7 live births to Swiss citizens and 1 birth to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there was 1 death of a Swiss citizen and 1 non-Swiss citizen death. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 6 while the foreign population remained the same.
There was 1 Swiss man. At the same time, there was 1 non-Swiss man; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 1 and the non-Swiss population increased by 12 people. This represents a population growth rate of 3.3%. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Longirod is. Of the adult population, 40 people or 9.4 % of the population are between 29 years old. 63 people or 14.8% are between 30 and 39, 67 people or 15.7% are between 40 and 49, 56 people or 13.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 43 people or 10.1% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 25 people or 5.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 14 people or 3.3% who are between 80 and 89, there are 6 people or 1.4% who are 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 134 people who never married in the municipality. There were 13 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 134 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 37 households that consist of 10 households with five or more people.
Out of a total of 140 households that answered this question, 26.4% were households made up of just one person. Of the rest of the households, there are 43 married couples without children, 47 married couples with children There were 5 single parents with a child or children. There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 6 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 87 single family homes out of a total of 129 inhabited buildings. There were 12 multi-family buildings, along with 24 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 6 other use buildings that had some housing. Of the single family homes 22 were built before 1919, while 8 were built between 1990 and 2000; the greatest number of single family homes were built between 1981 and 1990. The most multi-family homes were built before 1919 and the next most were built between 1971 and 1980. In 2000 there were 167 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 42.
There were 75 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 131 apartments were permanently occupied, while 31 apartments were seasonally occupied and 5 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%; the historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 31.03% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP and the Green Party. In the federal election, a total of 121 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 47.1%. As of 2010, Longirod had an unemployment rate of 4.2%. As of 2008, there were 43 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 28 people
The United League for Democracy in Laos, Inc. is a non-profit, non-governmental organization based in the Washington, D. C.-area with chapters and members in the United States, Southeast Asia and Laos. The ULDL has works to provide information about developments in Laos regarding civil society, human rights, pro-democracy, religious freedom, political prisoners and environmental issues; the ULDL has issued several international appeals and statements urging the Laos government and the government of Vietnam to abide by international human rights law and to release political and religious dissidents and opposition leaders. In 2011, the ULDL raised concerns about the religious persecution in Southeast Asia and the killing of Lao and Hmong dissident and independent Christians and Animist religious believers by Lao People's Army and Vietnam People's Army troops. Khampet Moukdarath, a former political prisoner in Laos, who spend years under harsh conditions in a reeducation camp in the Lao gulag system in Northeastern Laos was a prominent leader in the ULDL prior to his death in 2011.
Khampet Moukdarath testified and presented research and evidence of ongoing human rights violations, religious persecution and freedom violations, in Laos, at the U. S. Congressional Forum on Laos in the 1990s thru 2010; the ULDL and its President Bounthanh Rathigna have provided information to and urged the US Commission on International Religious Freedom to investigate ongoing religious persecution and religious freedom violations in Laos and to designated Laos as a Country of Particular Concern. In 2003, Laotian- and Hmong-Americans lauded the USCIRF's efforts in designating Laos as a CPC violator of international norms of religious freedom for its persecution of independent and dissident Lao and Hmong Christians, Catholic and Buddhist religious believers; the ULDL has urged the government of Laos, the Lao People's Army to honor human rights norms and to release opposition leaders and groups who have challenged the Pathet Lao government's persecution and imprisonment of dissidents, including the Lao Students for Democracy Movement of October 1999, who were arrested by police and security forces in October 1999 in Vientiane, during peaceful pro-democracy and human rights rallies.
The ULDL has urged the Lao government to abide by resolutions passed by the European Parliament and US Congress regarding human rights violations in Laos. The ULDL has urged the government of Laos to release the Lao Students Movement for Democracy leaders who continue to be imprisoned in Laos; the ULDL played a leadership role in advocating for Laotian opposition and dissident leaders involved in the Ban Vang Tao cross-border raid along the Laos - Thailand border that followed the earlier military crackdown on the peaceful Lao Students for Democracy demonstrations in Vietiane, Laos in October 1999. The ULDL opposed the forced repatriation of the dissidents and alleged rebels and their imprisonment in Thailand and extrajudicial killing in Laos by Lao security forces; the ULDL, its President Mr. Bounthanh Rathigna, presented testimony at the U. S. Congressional Forum on Laos about human rights violations in Laos and the plight of Hmong refugees facing forced repatriation from Thailand to the Marxist government in Laos that they fled.
The ULDL has organized numerous human rights and pro-democracy demonstrations and rallies in front of the Lao Embassy in Washington, D. C. including rallies in support of Laotian and Hmong refugees, the persecution of the Hmong people In 2013, ULDL members have been arrested in Laos, including a number of Lao-Americans from Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota who participated in demonstrations in front of the Lao Embassy in Washington, D. C; the United League for Democracy in Laos, joined other NGOs, human rights advocates, non-profit organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch in appealing to the Pathet Lao government in Laos to release civil activist and civil society leader Sombath Somphone, arrested in Vientiane, Laos in December 2012 by Lao police and security forces. In 2014, the ULDL joined with the Center for Public Policy Analysis, the Paris, France-based Lao Movement for Human Rights as well as other NGO organizations to urge the United Nations to press the government of Laos to release Sombath Somphone and other Laotian and Hmong political and religious dissidents, including those suffering religious freedom violations in Laos.
The ULDL and NGOs raised raised concern about the Lao Marxist government's failure to release members of the Lao Students Movement for Democracy who were arrested following peaceful protests in Vientiane in October 1999. The human rights groups urged the Lao government to release these and other political prisoners and imprisoned Hmong refugees. Human Rights Refugees political prisoners Sombath Somphone The Centre for Public Policy Analysis Amnesty International Human Rights Watch Lao Human Rights Council Pathet Lao Laos Vietnam Phonthong Prison Kingdom of Laos Transparency International Kerry and Kay Danes Lao People's Army Vietnam People's Army Lao Veterans of America Hmong people US Commission on International Religious Freedom