Genealogy of the Imperial Family of Russia

Genealogy of the Imperial Family of Russia1

House Romanov


HIM Emperor Pjotr I AleksejevitchHIM Pjotr I Aleksejevitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias "The Great"
* Moscow, June 9th, 1672
† St. Petersburg, February 8th, 1725
Emperor of Russia, May 7th, 1682

Married:

  1. Moscow, February 6th, 1689:
    Eudoksia Ilarionovna Lopuchina
    * July 10th, 1670
    † Novo Devichi Monastery, September 7th, 1731
    (Divorced: 1698)
  2. HIM Empress Ekatarina I(allegedly) November 8th, 1707 and (publicly) Warsaw, March 1st, 1712:
    Marta Samuilovna Skavronskaya
    (Following her Orthodox baptism she took the name Ekatarina)
    (Since February 8th, 1725:) HIM Ekatarina I Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias
    * Rengen, April 15th n.s., 1685
    † St. Petersburg, May 17th, 1727
    Empress of Russia, February 8th, 1725

Children from the first marriage:

  1. HIH Aleksej Petrovitch Czarevitch of Russia
    * Moscow, February 28th, 1690
    † (killed) St. Petersburg, July 7th, 1718

    Married:

    Torgau, October 25th, 1711:
    HSH Charlotte Duchess von Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
    * Brunswick, August 29th, 1694
    † St. Petersburg, November 2nd, 1715

    HIM Emperor Pjotr II AleksejevitchChildren from this marriage:

    1. HIH Natalja Aleksejevna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * St. Petersburg, August 3rd, 1714
      † Moscow, December 3rd, 1728
    2. HIM Pjotr II Aleksejevitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
      (Born as: HIH Pjotr II Aleksejevitch Grand Duke of Russia)
      * St. Petersburg, October 23rd, 1715
      † Moscow, January 30rd, 1730
      Emperor of Russia, May 17th, 1727
  2. HIH Aleksandr Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * Moscow, October 23rd, 1691
    † Moscow, May 24th, 1692
  3. HIH Pavel Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * 1693
    † 1693

Children from the second marriage:

  1. HIH Pavel Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * 1704
    † 1707
  2. HIH Pjotr Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * September 1705
    † 1707
  3. HIH Anna Petrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
  4. HIM Empress Elisaveta PetrovnaHIM Elisaveta Petrovna Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias
    (Born as: HIH Elisaveta Petrovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Kolomenskoe, December 29th, 1709
    † St. Petersburg, January 5th, 1762
    Empress of Russia, December 7th, 1741

    Married:

    ca. 1742:
    Alexei Count Razumovsky
    * Lemeshi, March 17th, 1709
    † St. Petersburg, July 17th, 1771

  5. HIH Natalja Grand Duchess of Russia
    * March 20th, 1713
    † May 27th, 1715
  6. HIH Margarita Grand Duchess of Russia
    * September 19th, 1714
    † June 7th, 1715
  7. HIH Pjotr Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * November 15th, 1715
    † April 19th, 1719
  8. HIH Pavel Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * Wesel, January 13th, 1717
    † Wesel, January 14th, 1717
  9. HIH Natalja Grand Duchess of Russia
    * August 31st, 1718
    † March 15th, 1725
  10. HIH Pjotr Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * ?
    † October 7th, 1723

HIH Anna Petrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
* Moscow, February 7th, 1708
† Kiel, May 15th, 1728

Married:

St. Petersburg, June 1st, 1725:
HSH Karl Friedrich Duke von Holstein-Gottorp
* Stockholm, April 30th, 1700
† Rolfshagen, June 18th, 1739
Duke von Holstein-Gottorp, July 19th, 1702

Child from this marriage:

  1. HIM Pjotr III Karlovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias

HIM Emperor Pjotr III Karlovitch, HIM Empress Ekatarina Aleksejevna and their son HIH Czarevitch Pavel PetrovitchHIM Pjotr III Karlovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
(Born as: HSH Karl Peter Ulrich Duke von Holstein-Gottorp)
(Since 1745:) HIH Pjotr Karlovitch Grand Duke of Russia
* Kiel, February 21st, 1728
† (murdered) Ropsha, July 17th, 1762
Duke von Holstein-Gottorp, June 18th, 1739
Proclaimed Heir to the Throne of Russia, 1745
Emperor of Russia, January 5th, 1762 (forced to abdicate: July 5th, 1762)

HIM Empress Ekatarina II AleksejevnaMarried:

St. Petersburg, September 1st, 1745:
HSH Sophie Auguste Friederike Princess von Anhalt-Zerbst
(Following her conversing to the Orthodox faith styled as: HIH Ekatarina Aleksejevna Grand Duchess of Russia)
(Since July 9th, 1762:) HIM Ekatarina II Aleksejevna Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias "The Great"
* Stettin, May 2nd, 1729
† St. Petersburg, November 17th n.s., 1796
Empress of Russia, July 9th, 1762

Children from this marriage:

  1. HIM Pavel I Petrovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
  2. HIH Anna Petrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, December 20th, 1757
    † Peterhof, March 19th, 1759

HIM Emperor Pavel I PetrovitchHIM Pavel I Petrovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
(Born as: HIH Pavel Petrovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
* Summer Palace (Mikhailov Palace), St. Petersburg, October 1st n.s., 1754
† (assassinated) Summer Palace (Mikhailov Palace), St. Petersburg, March 24th n.s., 1801
Emperor of Russia, November 17th n.s., 1796 (crowned: Kremlin, Moscow, April 5th, 1797)

Married:

  1. St. Petersburg, October 10th n.s., 1773:
    HSH Augustine Wilhelmine Luise Landgravine von Hesse-Darmstadt
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith styled as: HIH Natalja Aleksejevna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Prenzlau, June 25th, 1755
    † St. Petersburg, April 26th n.s., 1776
  2. HIM Empress Maria Feodorovna née Princess Sophie von WürttembergSt. Petersburg, October 7th n.s., 1776:
    HSH
    Sophie Dorothea Auguste Luise Duchess von Württemberg
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith styled as: HIH Marija Feodorovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Stettin (today: Sczcecin), October 25th, 1759
    † St. Petersburg, November 5th n.s., 1828

HIM Emperor Aleksandr I Pavlovitch of RussiaChildren from the second marriage:

  1. HIM Aleksandr I Pavlovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
    (Born as: HIH Aleksandr Pavlovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
    (Since November 28th n.s., 1796:) HIH Aleksandr Pavlovitch Czarevitch of Russia
    * Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, December 23rd n.s, 1777
    † Taganrog, December 1st n.s., 1825
    Proclaimed Heir to the Throne, November 17th n.s., 1796 and granted the title Czarevitch of Russia, November 28th n.s., 1796
    Emperor of Russia, March 24th n.s., 1801 (crowned: Dormition Cathedral, Kremlin, Moscow, September 27th n.s., 1801); King of Poland, 1815

    HIM Empress Elisaveta Aleksejevna of Russia née Princess Luise von BadenMarried:

    Winter Palace Church, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, October 9th n.s., 1793:
    HSH
    Luise Marie Auguste Margravine von Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Luise Marie Auguste Princess and Margravine von Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Luise Marie Auguste Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine von Baden
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, May 20th n.s., 1793, styled as: HIH Elisaveta Aleksejevna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Karlsruhe, January 24th, 1779
    † Bjelev near Kaluga, May 16th n.s., 1826

    Children from this marriage:

    1. HIH Maria Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * St. Petersburg, May 29th, 1799
      † St. Petersburg, July 8th, 1800
    2. HIH Elisaveta Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * St. Petersburg, November 15th, 1806
      † St. Petersburg, May 12th, 1808
  2. HIH Czarevitch Konstantin PavlovitchHIH Konstantin Pavlovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * Tsarkoe Selo, May 8th n.s., 1779
    † Vitebsk, June 27th n.s., 1831
    Granted the title Czarevitch of Russia, November 8th n.s., 1799; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne, March 24th n.s., 1801 (renounced his right of succession, St. Petersburg, January 26th n.s., 1822, which renunciation was approved by Emperor Aleksandr I, Tsarskoe Selo, August 28th n.s., 1823; confirmed the renouncation, Warsaw, December 8th n.s., 1825, which renouncation was approved by Emperor Nikolai I, St. Petersburg, December 24th n.s., 1825)

    HIH Grand Duchess Anna Feodorovna née Princess Juliane von Saxe-Coburg-SaalfeldMarried:

    1. St. Petersburg, February 26th n.s., 1796:
      HSH Juliane Henriette Ulrike Princess von Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess von Saxony
      (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, February 13th n.s., 1796, styled as: HIH Anna Feodorovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
      * Coburg, September 23rd, 1781
      † Elfenau near Bern, August 15th, 1860)
      (Divorced: April 1st n.s., 1820)
    2. (morganatic) Warsaw, May 24th, 1820:
      Joanna Countess Grudzinscy
      * ?
      2
      † Tsarkoe Selo, November 29th, 1831
      Created HSH Princess Lowicka 1820
  3. HIH Aleksandra Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * Tsarskoe Selo, August 9th, 1783
    † (in childbirth) Ofen (= Buda, today a part of Budapest), March 16th, 1801

    Married:

    HI & RH Archduke Joseph of AustriaSt. Petersburg, October 30th, 1799:
    HI & RH
    Joseph Anton Johann Baptist Prince Imperial and Archduke and Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Prince of Tuscany
    (Since July 12th, 1795:) HI & RH Joseph Anton Johann Baptist Prince Imperial and Archduke and Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Prince of Tuscany, Palatine of Hungary
    * Florence, March 9th, 1776
    † Ofen (= Buda, today a part of Budapest), January 13th, 1847
    Palatine of Hungary, July 12th, 1795

  4. HIH Elena Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, December 24th, 1784
    † Ludwigslust, September 24th, 1803

    Married:

    Gatchina, October 23rd, 1799:
    HRH Friedrich Ludwig Hereditary Grand Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    (Born as: HSH Friedrich Ludwig Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
    (Since April 24th, 1785:) HSH Friedrich Ludwig Hereditary Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    * Ludwigslust, June 13th, 1778
    † Ludwigslust, November 29th, 1819
    Hereditary Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, April 24th, 1785; Hereditary Grand Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, June 14th, 1815

  5. HIH Maria Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, February 16th, 1786
    † Belvedere near Weimar, June 23rd, 1859

    Married:

    St. Petersburg, August 3rd, 1804:
    HRH Carl Friedrich Grand Duke von Saxe-Weimar und Eisenach, Duke von Saxony
    (Born as: HSH Carl Friedrich Hereditary Duke von Saxe-Weimar und Eisenach, Duke von Saxony)
    (Since April 21st, 1815:) HRH Carl Friedrich Hereditary Grand Duke von Saxe-Weimar und Eisenach, Duke von Saxony
    * Weimar, February 2nd, 1783
    † Belvedere near Weimar, July 8th, 1853
    Hereditary Duke von Saxe-Weimar und Eisenach, February 2nd, 1783; Hereditary Grand Duke von Saxe-Weimar und Eisenach, April 21st, 1815
    Grand Duke von Saxe-Weimar und Eisenach, June 14th, 1828

  6. HM Queen Katharina von Württemberg née Grand Duchess of RussiaHIH Ekatarina Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, May 21st n.s., 1788
    † Stuttgart, January 9th, 1819

    HM King Wilhelm I von WürttembergMarried:

    1. Peterhof, August 3rd n.s., 1809:
      HSH Peter Friedrich Georg Duke von Oldenburg
      * May 9th, 1784
      † Tver, December 27th n.s., 1812
    2. St. Petersburg, January 24th, 1816:
      HM
      Wilhelm I King von Württemberg
      (Born as: HSH Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Duke von Württemberg)
      (Since December 22nd, 1797:) HSH Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Hereditary Duke von Württemberg
      (Since February 25th, 1803:) HSH Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Hereditary Prince von Württemberg
      (Since December 26th, 1805:) HRH Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Crown Prince von Württemberg
      * Lüben, September 27th, 1781
      † Schloß Rosenstein, June 25th, 1864
      Hereditary Duke von Württemberg, December 22nd, 1797; Hereditary Prince von Württemberg, February 25th, 1803; Crown Prince von Württemberg, December 26th, 1805
      King von Württemberg, October 13th, 1816
  7. HM Queen Anna Pavlovna of the Netherlands née Grand Duchess of RussiaHIH Olga Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, July 22nd, 1792
    † St. Petersburg, January 26th, 1795
  8. HIH Anna Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, January 18th n.s., 1795
    † Huis "Buitenrust", The Hague, March 1st, 1865

    HM King Willem II of the NetherlandsMarried:

    St. Petersburg, February 21st n.s., 1816:
    HM
    Willem II Frederik George Lodewijk King of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, etc., etc., etc. ("Guillot")
    (Born as: HSH Willem Frederik George Lodewijk Prince of Orange-Nassau)
    (Since December 2nd, 1813:) HSH Willem Frederik George Lodewijk Hereditary Prince of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau
    (Since March 16th, 1815:) HRH Willem Frederik George Lodewijk Prince of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Prince of Orange
    * Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, December 6th, 1792
    † Tilburg, March 17th, 1849
    Hereditary Prince of the Netherlands, December 2nd, 1813; Minister of War, 1814-1817; Prince of Orange, March 16th, 1815; Member of the Council of State, 1815; Vice-President of the Council of State, 1829; President of the Council of Ministers, 1829-1830
    King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, October 7th, 1840 (inaugurated: Nieuwe Kerk, Amsterdam, November 28th, 1840)
    Lieutenant-Colonel of the British Army in Spain and Aide-de-Camp of Arthur Wellesley Duke of Wellington, 1811-1813; General of the Infantry, December 22nd, 1813; Inspector-General of the Army, 1814-1817; Commander-in-Chief of the Army, 1830-1839; Fieldmarshal, August 25th, 1831
    Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece; Knight of the Order of the Bath

  9. HIH Grand Duke Mikhael PavlovitchHIM Nikolai I Pavlovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
  10. HIH Mikhael Pavlovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, February 8th n.s., 1798
    † Warsaw, September 9th n.s., 1849

    HIH Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna née Princess Charlotte von WürttembergMarried:

    St. Petersburg, February 20th n.s., 1824:
    HRH
    Friederike Charlotte Marie Princess von Württemberg
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, December 17th n.s., 1823, styled as: HIH Elena Pavlovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Stuttgart, January 9th, 1807
    † Stuttgart, January 21st, 1873

    Children from this marriage:

    1. HIH Maria Mikhailovna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * Moscow, March 9th, 1825
      † Vienna, November 19th, 1846
    2. HIH Elisaveta Mikhailovna Grand Duchess of Russia ("Lili")
      * Moscow, May 26th n.s., 1826
      † (in childbirth) Wiesbaden, January 28th, 1845

      HRH Grand Duke Adolphe I of LuxembourgMarried:

      St. Petersburg, January 31st n.s., 1844:
      HRH
      Adolphe I Guillaume Charles Auguste Fréderic Grand Duke de Luxembourg, Duke de Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count de Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen et de Diez, Viscount d'Hammerstein, Lord de Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg et d'Eppstein
      (Born as: HDSH Adolph Wilhelm Carl August Friedrich Hereditary Prince von Nassau)
      (Since August 20th, 1839:) HDSH Adolph Wilhelm Carl August Friedrich Duke von Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count zu Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen und Diez, Viscount zu Hammerstein, Lord zu Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg und Eppstein
      (Since August 22nd, 1844:) HH Adolph Wilhelm Carl August Friedrich Duke von Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count zu Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen und Diez, Viscount zu Hammerstein, Lord zu Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg und Eppstein
      * Schloß Biebrich near Wiesbaden, July 24th, 1817
      † Schloß Hohenburg near Lenggries, November 17th, 1905
      Hereditary Prince von Nassau, July 24th, 1817
      Duke von Nassau, August 20th, 1839 (deposed when Nassau was annexed to Prussia, September 7th, 1866)
      Prince-Regent of Luxembourg, April 10th - May 3rd, 1889 and May 4th - November 23rd, 1890 (for Grand Duke
      Willem III)
      Grand Duke of Luxembourg, November 23rd, 1890 (sworn-in: Parliament, Luxembourg, December 9th, 1890)
      Colonel of the 15th Regiment Infantry of Austria; Colonel of the Cavalry of Prussia, General of the Cavalry of Prussia; Colonel of the Imperial Regiment Ulans of Odessa of Russia, January 9th, 1844; General of the Army of Sweden
      Granted the style of Highness, August 22nd, 1844

    3. HIH Ekatarina Mikhailovna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * St. Petersburg, August 28th, 1827
      † St. Petersburg, May 12th, 1894

      Married:

      St. Petersburg, February 16th, 1851:
      HH Georg August Ernst Adolf Karl Ludwig Duke von Mecklenburg-Strelitz
      * Neustrelitz, January 11th, 1824
      † St. Petersburg, June 20th, 1876

    4. HIH Aleksandr Mikhailovitch Grand Duke of Russia
      * Moscow, January 28th, 1831
      † Moscow, March 27th, 1832
    5. HIH Anna Mikhailovna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * Moscow, October 27th, 1834
      † St. Petersburg, March 22nd, 1836

HIM Emperor Nikolai I Pavlovitch of RussiaHIM Nikolai I Pavlovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all Russians
(Born as: HIH Nikolai Pavlovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
* Alexander Palace, Tsarkoe Selo, July 6th n.s., 1796
† Emperor's Cabinet Room, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, March 2nd n.s., 1855
Heir Pressumptive to the Throne, August 28th n.s., 1823
Emperor of Russia, December 1st n.s., 1825 (crowned: Moscow, September 3rd n.s., 1826 and Warsaw, May 24th, 1829)

HIM Empress Aleksandra Feodorovna née Princess Charlotte of PrussiaMarried:

St. Petersburg, July 13th n.s., 1817:
HRH
Friederike Luise Charlotte Wilhelmine Princess of Prussia
(Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, July 6th n.s., 1817, styled as: HIH Aleksandra Feodorovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
* Schloß Charlottenburg, July 13th, 1798
† Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, November 1st n.s., 1860

Children from this marriage:

  1. HIM Aleksandr II Nikolaievitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
  2. HIH Maria Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * Pavlovsk, August 18th n.s., 1819
    † St. Petersburg, February 21st n.s., 1876

    Married:

    1. St. Petersburg, July 14th n.s., 1839:
      Maximilian Josèph Eugène Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais
      (Since November 14th, 1817:) HSH Maximilian Josèph Eugène Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais Prince von Leuchtenberg
      (Since March 28th, 1835:) HSH Maximilian Josèph Eugène Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais Duke von Leuchtenberg, Prince von Eichstadt
      (Since July 14th, 1839:) HIH Maximilian Josèph Eugène Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais Duke von Leuchtenberg, Prince von Eichstadt
      * Munich, October 2nd, 1817
      † St. Petersburg, November 1st n.s., 1852
      Duke von Leuchtenberg, Prince von Eichstadt, March 28th, 1835
      Granted the style of Imperial Highness by Emperor Nikolai I of Russia, July 14th, 1839
    2. St. Petersburg, November 16th, 1856:
      Grigori Count Strogonov
      * June 18th, 1824
      † March 13th, 1879
  3. HM Queen Olga Nikolaievna von Württemberg née Grand Duchess of RussiaHIH Olga Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, September 11th n.s., 1822
    † Friedrichshafen, October 30th, 1892

    HM King Karl I von WürttembergMarried:

    Peterhof, July 13th n.s., 1846:
    HM
    Karl I Friedrich Alexander King von Württemberg
    (Born as: HRH Karl Friedrich Alexander Crown Prince von Württemberg)
    * Stuttgart, March 6th, 1823
    † Stuttgart, October 6th, 1891
    Crown Prince von Württemberg, March 6th, 1823
    King von Württemberg, June 25th, 1864

  4. HIH Aleksandra Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, June 24th, 1825
    † Tsarkoe Selo, August 10th, 1844

    Married:

    St. Petersburg, January 28th, 1844:
    HRH Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf Landgrave von Hesse
    (Born as: HH Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf Landgrave von Hesse-Cassel)
    * Cassel, November 26th, 1820
    † Frankfurt am Main, October 14th, 1884
    Landgrave von Hesse, June 6th, 1875

  5. HIH Konstantin Nikolaievitch Grand Duke of Russia
  6. HIH Nikolai Nikolaievitch Grand Duke of Russia
  7. HIH Mikhael Nikolaievitch Grand Duke of Russia

HIM Emperor Aleksandr II NikolaievitchHIM Aleksandr II Nikolaievitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
(Born as: HIH Aleksandr Nikolaievitch Grand Duke of Russia)
(Since December 1st n.s., 1825:) HIH Aleksandr Nikolaievitch Czarevitch of Russia
* Moscow, April 29th, 1818
† (assassinated) St. Petersburg, March 13th n.s., 1881
Czarevitch of Russia, December 1st n.s., 1825
Emperor of Russia, March 2nd n.s., 1855 (crowned: Moscow, September 7th n.s., 1856)

HIM Empress Maria Aleksandrovna née Princess Marie von Hesse und bei RhineMarried:

  1. St. Petersburg, April 28th n.s., 1841:
    HGDH Maximiliane Wilhelmine Auguste Sophie Marie Princess von Hesse und bei Rhine
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, December 17th n.s., 1840, styled as: HIH Maria Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Darmstadt, August 8th, 1824
    † St. Petersburg, June 3rd n.s., 1880
  2. (morganatic) Tsarkoe Selo, July 18th, 1880:
    Ekatarina Princess Dolgoruky
    * Moscow, November 14th, 1847
    † Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, February 15th, 1922
    Created HSH Princess Yurievska, December 17th, 1880

HIH Czarevitch Nikolai Aleksandrovitch with his fiancée HRH Princess Dagmar of DenmarkChildren from the first marriage:

  1. HIH Aleksandra Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, August 30th, 1842
    † St. Petersburg, July 10th, 1849
  2. HIH Nikolai Aleksandrovitch Czarevitch of Russia
    (Born as: HIH Nikolai Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
    * Tsarkoe Selo, September 20th n.s., 1843
    † Villa Bermon, Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, April 24th, 1865
    Czarevitch of Russia, March 2nd n.s., 1855
  3. HIM Aleksandr III Aleksandrovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
  4. HIH Vladimir Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
  5. HIH Aleksej Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
  6. HI & RH Duchess Marie Aleksandrovna von Saxe-Coburg und Gotha née Grand Duchess of RussiaHIH Marie Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * Tsarskoe Selo, October 17th n.s., 1853
    † Zurich, October 24th, 1920

    HRH Duke Alfred von Saxe-Coburg und GothaMarried:

    Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, January 23rd n.s., 1874:
    HRH
    Alfred Ernest Albert Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony ("Affie")
    (Since May 24th, 1866:) HRH Alfred Ernest Albert Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony, Duke of Edinburgh
    (Since August 22nd, 1893:) HRH Alfred Ernest Albert Duke von Saxe-Coburg und Gotha, Duke von Saxony, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Edinburgh
    * Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, August 6th, 1844
    † (cancer of the throat) Schloß Rosenau near Coburg, July 30th, 1900
    Created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Kent and Ulster, May 24th, 1866
    Duke von Saxe-Coburg und Gotha, August 22nd, 1893
    Knight of the Garter, May 24th, 1863

  7. HIH Grand Duke Sergej AleksandrovitchHIH Sergej Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, May 11th n.s., 1857
    † (assassinated) Senate Square, Kremlin, Moscow, February 17th n.s., 1905
    Governor of Moscow

    HIH Grand Duchess Elisaveta Feodorovna née Princess Elisabeth von Hesse und bei RhineMarried:

    Winter Palace Church, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, June 15th n.s., 1884:
    HGDH
    Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alice Princess von Hesse und bei Rhine ("Ella")
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith on April 25th n.s., 1891 styled as: HIH Elisaveta Feodorovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Bessungen, November 1st, 1864
    † (killed) Alapaievsk-Tchinyatcha, July 17th/18th, 1918

  8. HIH Pavel Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia

Children from the second marriage:3

  1. HH Georgij Aleksandrovitch Prince Yurievsky
  2. HH Olga Aleksandrovna Princess Yurievskaya
    * St. Petersburg, November 9th n.s., 1873
    † Wiesbaden, August 14th, 1925

    Married:

    Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, May 12th, 1895:
    Georg Nicolas Count von Merenberg
    * Wiesbaden, February 13th, 1871
    † Wiesbaden, May 31st, 1948

  3. HH Boris Aleksandrovitch Prince Yurievsky
    * February 23rd, 1876
    † April 11th, 1876
    (Born out of wedlock, posthumously legitimated)
  4. HH Ekatarina Aleksandrovna Princess Yurievskaya
    * St. Petersburg, September 9th, 1878
    † North Hayling, December 22nd, 1959

    Married:

    1. Biarritz, October 18th, 1901:
      Aleksandr Prince Bariatinsky
      * May 22nd, 1870
      † Florence, March 6th, 1910
    2. Yalta, October 9th, 1916:
      Sergej Prince Obolensky
      * Tsarkoe Selo, September 20th, 1890
      † Grosse Pointe, Michigan, September 29th, 1978
      (Divorced: 1924)

HIM Emperor Aleksandr III AleksandrovitchHIM Aleksandr III Aleksandrovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias ("Sascha")
(Born as: HIH Aleksandr Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
(Since April 24th n.s., 1865:) HIH Aleksandr Aleksandrovitch Czarevitch of Russia
* St. Petersburg, March 10th n.s., 1845
† (nephritis) Livadia Palace, Crimea, November 1st n.s., 1894
Czarevitch of Russia, April 24th n.s., 1865
Emperor of Russia, March 13th n.s., 1881 (crowned: Moscow, May 27th n.s., 1883)

HIM Empress Marie Feodorovna née Princess Dagmar of DenmarkMarried:

Winter Palace Church, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, November 9th n.s., 1866:
HRH
Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar Princess of Denmark ("Minnie")
(Born as: HSH Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar Princess zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg)
(Since July 31st, 1853:) HH Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar Princess of Denmark
(Following her conversion to the orthodox faith, October 24th n.s., 1866, styled as: HIH Marie Feodorovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
* Yellow Palace, Amaliegade, Copenhagen, November 26th, 1847
† Villa Hvidøre, Emiliekildevej, Klampenborg near Copenhagen, October 13th, 1928

HIM Emperor Nikolai II AleksandrovitchChildren from this marriage:

  1. HIM Nikolai II Aleksandrovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias ("Nicky")
    (Born as: HIH Nikolai Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
    (Since March 13th n.s., 1881:) HIH Nikolai Aleksandrovitch Czarevitch of Russia
    * The Blue Boudoir, Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, May 18th n.s., 1868
    † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918
    Czarevitch of Russia, March 13th n.s., 1881
    Emperor of Russia, November 1st n.s., 1894 (crowned: Kremlin, Moscow, May 26th n.s., 1896; abdicated: March 28th n.s., 1917)

    HIM Empress Aleksandra Feodorovna née Princess Alice von Hesse und bei RhineMarried:

    Winter Palace Church, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, November 26th n.s., 1894:
    HGDH
    Viktoria Alice Helena Luise Beatrice Princess von Hesse und bei Rhine ("Alix"/"Sunny")
    (Following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, November 2nd n.s., 1894, styled as: HIH Aleksandra Feodorovna Grand Duchess of Russia)
    * Neues Palais, Darmstadt, June 6th, 1872
    † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918

    HIH Grand Duchess Olga NikolaievnaChildren from this marriage:

    1. HIH Olga Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, November 15th n.s., 1895
      † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918
    2. HIH Grand Duchess Tatjana NikolaievnaHIH Tatjana Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * The Farm, Alexandria Park, Peterhof, June 10th n.s., 1897
      † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918
    3. HIH Grand Duchess Maria NikolaievnaHIH Marie Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia ("Mashka")
      * Peterhof, June 26th n.s., 1899
      † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918
    4. HIH Grand Duchess Anastasia NikolaievnaHIH Anastasia Nikolaievna Grand Duchess of Russia
      * Peterhof, June 18th n.s., 1901
      † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918
    5. HIH Czarevitch Aleksej NikolaievitchHIH Aleksej Nikolaievitch Czarevitch of Russia
      * Lower Datcha, Alexandria Park, Peterhof, August 12th n.s., 1904
      † (assassinated) Ipatiev House, Voznesenskaya Square, Ekaterinenburg, July 16th/17th, 1918
      Czarevitch of Russia, August 12th n.s., 1904 - March 28th n.s., 1917
  2. HIH Grand Duke Aleksandr AleksandrovitchHIH Aleksandr Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    * The Blue Boudoir, Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, June 7th n.s., 1869
    † St. Petersburg, May 2nd n.s., 1870
  3. HIH Czarevitch Georgij AleksandrovitchHIH Georgij Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia
    (Since November 1st n.s., 1894:) HIH Georgij Aleksandrovitch Czarevitch of Russia
    * The Blue Boudoir, Alexander Palace, Tsarskoe Selo, May 9th n.s., 1871
    † (severe throat hemorrhage) Abbas-Touman, July 10th n.s., 1899
    Heir Pressumptive to the Throne and granted the title Czarevitch of Russia, November 1st n.s., 1894
  4. HIH Grand Duchess Xenia AleksandrovnaHIH Xenia Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia
    * St. Petersburg, April 6th n.s., 1875
    † Wilderness House, Hampton Court, April 20th, 1960

    HIH Grand Duke Aleksandr MikhailovitchMarried:

    Peterhof, August 6th n.s., 1894:
    HIH
    Aleksandr Mikhailovitch Grand Duke of Russia ("Sandro")
    * Tiblisi, April 13th n.s., 1866
    † Roquebrune, February 26th, 1933

  5. HIM Emperor Mikhael II Aleksandrovitch with his wife Natalja CheremetevskayaHIM Mikhael II Aleksandrovitch Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias ("Misha")
    (Born as: HIH Mikhael Aleksandrovitch Grand Duke of Russia)
    * St. Petersburg, December 4th n.s., 1878
    † (assassinated) near Perm, June 13th n.s., 1918
    Heir Pressumptive to the Throne, July 10th n.s., 1899 - August 12th n.s., 1904
    Emperor of Russia, March 28th n.s., 1917 (abdicated: March 29th n.s., 1917)

    Married:

    (morganatic) Vienna, October 29th n.s., 1912:
    Natalja Sergejevna Cheremetevskaya
    * Moscow, July 9th n.s., 1880
    † Paris, February 26th, 1952
    Created Countess Brassova 1928; created HSH Princess Romanovskaya-Brassova, July 28th, 1935

    Child from this marriage:

    1. Georgij Mikhailovitch Count Brassov
      * Udinka near Moscow, July 24th, 1910
      † (car crash) Auxerre, July 22nd, 1931
  6. HIH Olga Aleksandrovna Grand Duchess of Russia

Footnotes:

  1. With special thanks to Hein Bruins, Brigitte Gastel Lloyd, Netty Leistra, Dimitri Macedonsky, Björn Nilsson and Paul Theroff.
    The official titles of the Russian Emperors were: Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir and Novgorod, Czar of Kazan, Astrakan, Poland, Siberia and the Taurian Peninsula, Lord of Pskov, Grand Duke of Smolensk, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podoloia and Finland, Prince of Estland, Livland, Kurland, Ingermanland, Bialystok, Karelia, Iougria, Perm, Viatka, Bulgaria and other countries, Lord and Grand Duke of Nizni-Novgorod, Tchernigov, Riazan, Polotsk, Rostov, Jaroslav, Bjelozersk, Oudoria, Obdoria, Kondinia, Vitebsk and Mstislav, Ruler of the Polar Regions, Lord of the lands of Iveria, Kartalinia, Georgia, Karbardinia and Armenia, Hereditary and Supreme Lord of the Tcherkessian Princes, of the Princes of the Mountains and of others, Heir to Norway, of the Duchy Schleswig-Holstein, of Stormarn, of Dithmarschen and of Oldenburg.
  2. Sources give four different possible birth dates: Warsaw, September 21st, 1799; Poznan, September 29th, 1799; November 29th, 1791 and September 29th, 1795.
  3. The children from this marriage were - although born out of wedlock - legitimated after the marriage.

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Last updated: January 2nd, 2002.