Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay


























Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
Country United States
Presented by
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded 1940
Currently held by
Jordan Peele
Get Out (2017)
Website oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material. It was created for 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay. In 2002, the name of the award was changed from Writing (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen) to Writing (Original Screenplay).[1][2]


See also the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations.




Contents






  • 1 Notable nominees


  • 2 Special winners


  • 3 Winners and nominees


  • 4 Notes


  • 5 Multiple wins and nominations


  • 6 Age superlatives


  • 7 See also


  • 8 References





Notable nominees


Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C. Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Kenneth Lonergan, Tom Stoppard, Terence Rattigan and Martin McDonagh.



Special winners


Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his teleplay, Marty, and also won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network. Woody Allen also holds the record as the oldest winner (at age 76 for Midnight in Paris, 2011).[3]


Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting; he co-wrote the screenplay with Matt Damon (age 27 at the time of their award).


Richard Schweizer was the first to win for a foreign-language film, Marie-Louise. Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, and Pedro Almodóvar. Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or even be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film (The Red Balloon, 1956).


Muriel Box was the first woman to win in this category; she shared the award with her husband, Sydney Box, for the 1945 film The Seventh Veil. The Boxes are also the first married couple to win in this category. Only three other married couples won an Oscar in another category—Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace (for Original Screenplay), Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh (for Adapted Screenplay and Picture), and Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez (for Original Song).


In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category (for Fargo). Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win.


Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year (1944): Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek. Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction in 1986, for Platoon and Salvador. Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter.


At the 2018 ceremony, Get Out writer-director Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win in this category.



Winners and nominees


Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.





Black-and-white photo of Herman J. Mankiewicz in 1943.


Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-winner of the second award in this category (for Citizen Kane).



Black-and-white portrait of Orson Welles by photographer Carl Van Vechten in 1937.


Orson Welles co-won the award for Citizen Kane in 1941.



Photograph of Billy Wilder with actress Gloria Swanson during filming of Sunset Boulevard.

Screenwriter and director Billy Wilder (right) received two awards in this category in collaboration with others—one for Sunset Boulevard and one for The Apartment.



Black-and-white photo of William Inge in 1954.


William Inge earned this award in 1961 for Splendor in the Grass.



Photograph of screenwriter William Rose on his wedding day in 1944, along with his wife and guests.


William Rose (center right) won once in this category from three nominations.



Mel Brooks in 2010 at a ceremony to give him a star on the Walk of Fame.


Mel Brooks won in 1969 for 1968's The Producers.



William Goldman in November 2008.


William Goldman, winner in 1969 for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.



Francis Ford Coppola in 2011.


Francis Ford Coppola, co-winner of the 1970 award for Patton.



A young Paddy Chayefsky in 1958.


Paddy Chayefsky garnered two solo wins in this category—one for 1971's The Hospital and one for 1976's Network.



Robert Towne smoking in a cigar from a still of the movie that bears his name.

The screenwriter of Chinatown, Robert Towne, received this award.



Woody Allen in 2006.


Woody Allen earned three Original Screenplay Oscars, for Annie Hall (along with Marshall Brickman), Hannah and Her Sisters, and Midnight in Paris. He has received sixteen nominations total, the most of any writer.



Steve Tesich outside on a snowy day in 1990.


Steve Tesich received the award in 1979 for Breaking Away.



Bo Goldman and Miloš Forman on the set of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest in 1975.


Bo Goldman (left) won in 1981 for 1980's Melvin and Howard.



John Patrick Shanley in 2011.


John Patrick Shanley, winner of this award for the 1987 romantic comedy Moonstruck.



Callie Khouri appearing at PaleyFest in 2013.


Callie Khouri became the first woman to garner a solo win in this category with her work on Thelma & Louise.



Neil Jordan at the premiere of Ondine at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival.


Neil Jordan won in 1993 for 1992's The Crying Game.



Jane Campion in 2014.


Jane Campion won for The Piano in 1993.



Tarantino at the San Diego Comic-Con International.


Quentin Tarantino has received two awards from three nominations. His wins were eighteen years apart—the first was for Pulp Fiction in 1994, while the second was for 2012's Django Unchained.



Christopher McQuarrie on the red carpet at a film festival.


Christopher McQuarrie received the award for The Usual Suspects.



The Coen brothers at the Cannes Film Festival in 2015.

Writer-director pair the Coen brothers won in 1997 for 1996's Fargo.



Ben Affleck at ComicCon 2017.


Ben Affleck, co-winner of 1997's award for Good Will Hunting.



Matt Damon at the world premiere of The Martian at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival.


Matt Damon also received the award for Good Will Hunting.



Tom Stoppard after the premiere of The Coast of Utopia in 2007.


Tom Stoppard garnered the award for Shakespeare in Love.



Alan Ball in 2008.


Alan Ball won in 2000 for 1999's American Beauty.



Cameron Crowe at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival promoting Elizabethtown.


Cameron Crowe won for 2000's Almost Famous.



Coppola in 2003.


Sofia Coppola won for 2003's Lost in Translation.



Arndt in 2007, speaking at Cody's Books about Little Miss Sunshine.


Michael Arndt won for 2006's Little Miss Sunshine.



Cody, January 2008.


Diablo Cody won for 2007's Juno.



Dustin Lance Black at the 81st Academy Awards.


Dustin Lance Black won for 2008's Milk.



Jonze at the 2013 New York Film Festival.


Spike Jonze won for 2013's Her.



Alejandro González Iñárritu in 2017 at the Cannes Film Festival.


Alejandro G. Iñárritu won for the screenplay of 2014's Birdman, co-written with Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo.



Tom McCarthy.


Tom McCarthy won for the screenplay of 2015's Spotlight, co-written with Josh Singer.



Kenneth Lonergan in Vienna, 2016.


Kenneth Lonergan won for Manchester by the Sea (2016).



Peele at the May 2014 Peabody Awards


Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win the award for 2017's Get Out.



























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Year
Film
Nominees

1940
(13th)
[4]

The Great McGinty

Preston SturgesAward winner

Angels Over Broadway

Ben Hecht

Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet

Norman Burnside, Heinz Herald & John Huston

Foreign Correspondent

Charles Bennett & Joan Harrison

The Great Dictator

Charlie Chaplin

1941
(14th)
[5]

Citizen Kane

Herman J. Mankiewicz & Orson WellesAward winner

The Devil and Miss Jones

Norman Krasna

Sergeant York

Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston & Howard Koch

Tall, Dark and Handsome

Karl Tunberg & Darrell Ware

Tom, Dick and Harry

Paul Jarrico

1942
(15th)
[6]

Woman of the Year

Ring Lardner Jr. & Michael KaninAward winner

One of Our Aircraft Is Missing

Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger

Road to Morocco

Frank Butler & Don Hartman

Wake Island

W. R. Burnett & Frank Butler

The War Against Mrs. Hadley

George Oppenheimer

1943
(16th)
[7]

Princess O'Rourke

Norman KrasnaAward winner

Air Force

Dudley Nichols

In Which We Serve

Noël Coward

The North Star

Lillian Hellman

So Proudly We Hail!

Allan Scott

1944
(17th)
[8]

Wilson

Lamar TrottiAward winner

Hail the Conquering Hero

Preston Sturges

The Miracle of Morgan's Creek

Two Girls and a Sailor

Richard Connell & Gladys Lehman

Wing and a Prayer

Jerome Cady

1945
(18th)
[9]

Marie-Louise

Richard SchweizerAward winner

Dillinger

Philip Yordan

Music for Millions

Myles Connolly

Salty O'Rourke

Milton Holmes

What Next, Corporal Hargrove?

Harry Kurnitz

1946
(19th)
[10]

The Seventh Veil

Muriel & Sydney BoxAward winner

The Blue Dahlia

Raymond Chandler

Children of Paradise

Jacques Prévert

Notorious

Ben Hecht

Road to Utopia

Melvin Frank & Norman Panama

1947
(20th)
[11]

The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer

Sidney SheldonAward winner

Body and Soul

Abraham Polonsky

A Double Life

Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin

Monsieur Verdoux

Charlie Chaplin

Shoeshine

Sergio Amidei, Adolfo Franci, Cesare Giulio Viola & Cesare Zavattini

1948
(21st)

N/A [note 1][12]



1949
(22nd)
[13]

Battleground

Robert PiroshAward winner

Jolson Sings Again

Sidney Buchman

Paisan

Sergio Amidei, Federico Fellini, Alfred Hayes, Marcello Pagliero & Roberto Rossellini

Passport to Pimlico

T. E. B. Clarke

The Quiet One

Helen Levitt, Janice Loeb & Sidney Meyers

1950
(23rd)
[14]

Sunset Boulevard

Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. & Billy WilderAward winner

Adam's Rib

Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin

Caged

Virginia Kellogg & Bernard C. Schoenfeld

The Men

Carl Foreman

No Way Out

Joseph L. Mankiewicz & Lesser Samuels

1951
(24th)
[15]

An American in Paris

Alan Jay LernerAward winner

The Big Carnival

Walter Newman, Lesser Samuels & Billy Wilder

David and Bathsheba

Philip Dunne

Go for Broke!

Robert Pirosh

The Well

Clarence Greene & Russell Rouse

1952
(25th)
[16]

The Lavender Hill Mob

T. E. B. ClarkeAward winner

The Atomic City

Sydney Boehm

The Sound Barrier

Terence Rattigan

Pat and Mike

Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin

Viva Zapata!

John Steinbeck

1953
(26th)
[17]

Titanic

Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen & Walter ReischAward winner

The Band Wagon

Betty Comden & Adolph Green

The Desert Rats

Richard Murphy

The Naked Spur

Harold Jack Bloom & Sam Rolfe

Take the High Ground!

Millard Kaufman

1954
(27th)
[18]

On the Waterfront

Budd SchulbergAward winner

The Barefoot Contessa

Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Genevieve

William Rose

The Glenn Miller Story

Oscar Brodney & Valentine Davies

Knock on Wood

Melvin Frank & Norman Panama

1955
(28th)
[19]

Interrupted Melody

Sonya Levien & William LudwigAward winner

The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell

Emmet Lavery & Milton Sperling

It's Always Fair Weather

Betty Comden & Adolph Green

Mr. Hulot's Holiday

Henri Marquet & Jacques Tati

The Seven Little Foys

Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose

1956
(29th)
[20]

The Red Balloon

Albert LamorisseAward winner

The Bold and the Brave

Robert Lewin

Julie

Andrew L. Stone

La Strada

Federico Fellini & Tullio Pinelli

The Ladykillers

William Rose

1957
(30th)
[21]

Designing Woman

George WellsAward winner

Funny Face

Leonard Gershe

Man of a Thousand Faces

Robert Campbell, Ivan Goff & Ben Roberts (screenplay); Ralph Wheelwright (story)

The Tin Star

Dudley Nichols (screenplay); Joel Kane & Barney Slater (story)

I Vitelloni

Federico Fellini & Ennio Flaiano (screenplay & story); Tullio Pinelli (story)

1958
(31st)
[22]

The Defiant Ones

Nedrick Young & Harold Jacob SmithAward winner [note 2]

The Goddess

Paddy Chayefsky

Houseboat

Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose

The Sheepman

James Edward Grant (screenplay & story); William Bowers (screenplay)

Teacher's Pet

Fay & Michael Kanin

1959
(32nd)
[23]

Pillow Talk

Stanley Shapiro & Maurice Richlin (screenplay); Clarence Greene & Russell Rouse(story)Award winner

The 400 Blows

Marcel Moussy & François Truffaut

North by Northwest

Ernest Lehman

Operation Petticoat

Stanley Shapiro & Maurice Richlin (screenplay); Paul King & Joseph Stone (story)

Wild Strawberries

Ingmar Bergman

1960
(33rd)
[24]

The Apartment

I. A. L. Diamond & Billy WilderAward winner

The Angry Silence

Bryan Forbes (screenplay); Michael Craig & Richard Gregson (story)

The Facts of Life

Melvin Frank & Norman Panama

Hiroshima, Mon Amour

Marguerite Duras

Never on Sunday

Jules Dassin

1961
(34th)
[25]

Splendor in the Grass

William IngeAward winner

Ballad of a Soldier

Grigori Chukhrai & Valentin Yoshov

General della Rovere

Sergio Amidei, Diego Fabbi & Indro Montanelli

La Dolce Vita

Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi

Lover Come Back

Paul Henning & Stanley Shapiro

1962
(35th)
[26]

Divorce Italian Style

Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi & Alfredo GiannettiAward winner

Freud

Charles Kaufman (screenplay & story); Wolfgang Reinhardt (screenplay)

Last Year at Marienbad

Alain Robbe-Grillet

That Touch of Mink

Nate Monaster & Stanley Shapiro

Through a Glass Darkly

Ingmar Bergman

1963
(36th)
[27]

How the West Was Won

James R. WebbAward winner

America America

Elia Kazan



Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi

The Four Days of Naples

Pasquale Festa Campanile, Massimo Franciosa & Nanni Loy (screenplay & story); Carlo Bernari (screenplay); Vasco Pratolini (story)

Love with the Proper Stranger

Arnold Schulman

1964
(37th)
[28]

Father Goose

Peter Stone & Frank Tarloff (screenplay); S. H. Barnett (story)Award winner

A Hard Day's Night

Alun Owen

One Potato, Two Potato

Orville H. Hampton (screenplay); Raphael Hayes (story)

The Organizer

Age, Mario Monicelli & Furio Scarpelli

That Man from Rio

Daniel Boulanger, Philippe de Broca, Ariane Mnouchkine & Jean-Paul Rappeneau

1965
(38th)
[29]

Darling

Frederic RaphaelAward winner

Casanova 70

Age, Suso Cecchi d'Amico, Tonino Guerra, Mario Monicelli, Giorgio Salvioni & Furio Scarpelli

Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines

Ken Annakin & Jack Davies

The Train

Franklin Coen & Frank Davis

The Umbrellas of Cherbourg

Jacques Demy

1966
(39th)
[30]

A Man and a Woman

Claude Lelouch (screenplay & story); Pierre Uytterhoeven (story)Award winner

Blowup

Michelangelo Antonioni (screenplay & story); Edward Bond & Tonino Guerra (screenplay)

The Fortune Cookie

I. A. L. Diamond & Billy Wilder

Khartoum

Robert Ardrey

The Naked Prey

Clint Johnston & Don Peters

1967
(40th)
[31]

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner

William RoseAward winner

Bonnie and Clyde

Robert Benton & David Newman

Divorce American Style

Norman Lear (screenplay); Robert Kaufman (story)

La Guerre Est Finie

Jorge Semprún

Two for the Road

Frederic Raphael

1968
(41st)
[32]

The Producers

Mel BrooksAward winner

The Battle of Algiers

Gillo Pontecorvo & Franco Solinas

Faces

John Cassavetes

Hot Millions

Peter Ustinov & Ira Wallach

2001: A Space Odyssey

Arthur C. Clarke & Stanley Kubrick

1969
(42nd)
[33]

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid

William GoldmanAward winner

Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice

Paul Mazursky & Larry Tucker

The Damned

Nicola Badalucco (screenplay & story); Enrico Medioli & Luchino Visconti (screenplay)

Easy Rider

Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper & Terry Southern

The Wild Bunch

Walon Green (screenplay & story); Sam Peckinpah (screenplay); Roy N. Sickner (story)

1970
(43rd)
[34]

Patton

Francis Ford Coppola & Edmund H. NorthAward winner

Five Easy Pieces

Carole Eastman (screenplay & story); Bob Rafelson (story)

Joe

Norman Wexler

Love Story

Erich Segal

My Night at Maud's

Éric Rohmer

1971
(44th)
[35]

The Hospital

Paddy ChayefskyAward winner

Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion

Elio Petri & Ugo Pirro

Klute

Andy & David Lewis

Summer of '42

Herman Raucher

Sunday Bloody Sunday

Penelope Gilliatt

1972
(45th)
[36]

The Candidate

Jeremy LarnerAward winner

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie

Luis Buñuel (screenplay & story); Jean-Claude Carrière (collaboration)

Lady Sings the Blues

Chris Clark, Suzanne de Passe & Terrence McCloy

Murmur of the Heart

Louis Malle

Young Winston

Carl Foreman

1973
(46th)
[37]

The Sting

David S. WardAward winner

American Graffiti

Willard Huyck George Lucas & Gloria Katz

Cries and Whispers

Ingmar Bergman

Save the Tiger

Steve Shagan

A Touch of Class

Melvin Frank & Jack Rose

1974
(47th)
[38]

Chinatown

Robert TowneAward winner

Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore

Robert Getchell

The Conversation

Francis Ford Coppola

Day for Night

Jean-Louis Richard, Suzanne Schiffman & François Truffaut

Harry and Tonto

Josh Greenfield & Paul Mazursky

1975
(48th)
[39]

Dog Day Afternoon

Frank PiersonAward winner

Amarcord

Federico Fellini & Tonino Guerra

And Now My Love

Claude Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven

Lies My Father Told Me

Ted Allan

Shampoo

Robert Towne & Warren Beatty

1976
(49th)
[40]

Network

Paddy ChayefskyAward winner

Cousin, Cousine

Jean-Charles Tacchella (screenplay & story); Daniele Thompson (adaptation)

The Front

Walter Bernstein

Rocky

Sylvester Stallone

Seven Beauties

Lina Wertmüller

1977
(50th)
[41]

Annie Hall

Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman

The Goodbye Girl

Neil Simon

The Late Show

Robert Benton

Star Wars

George Lucas

The Turning Point

Arthur Laurents

1978
(51st)
[42]

Coming Home

Robert C. JonesAward winner & Waldo Salt (screenplay); Nancy Dowd (story) Award winner

Autumn Sonata

Ingmar Bergman

The Deer Hunter

Deric Washburn (screenplay & story); Michael Cimino, Louis Garfinkle & Quinn Redeker (story)

Interiors

Woody Allen

An Unmarried Woman

Paul Mazursky

1979
(52nd)
[43]

Breaking Away

Steve TesichAward winner

All That Jazz

Robert Alan Aurthur & Bob Fosse

...And Justice for All

Valerie Curtin & Barry Levinson

The China Syndrome

James Bridges, T. S. Cook & Mike Gray

Manhattan

Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman

1980
(53rd)
[44]

Melvin and Howard

Bo GoldmanAward winner

Brubaker

W. D. Richter (screenplay & story); Arthur A. Ross (story)

Fame

Christopher Gore

Mon oncle d'Amérique

Jean Gruault

Private Benjamin

Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller & Charles Shyer

1981
(54th)
[45]

Chariots of Fire

Colin WellandAward winner

Absence of Malice

Kurt Luedtke

Arthur

Steve Gordon

Atlantic City

John Guare

Reds

Trevor Griffiths & Warren Beatty

1982
(55th)
[46]

Gandhi

John BrileyAward winner

Diner

Barry Levinson

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial

Melissa Mathison

An Officer and a Gentleman

Douglas Day Stewart

Tootsie

Larry Gelbart (screenplay & story); Murray Schisgal (screenplay); Don McGuire (story)

1983
(56th)
[47]

Tender Mercies

Horton FooteAward winner

The Big Chill

Barbara Benedek & Lawrence Kasdan

Fanny and Alexander

Ingmar Bergman

Silkwood

Alice Arlen & Nora Ephron

WarGames

Lawrence Lasker & Walter F. Parkes

1984
(57th)
[48]

Places in the Heart

Robert BentonAward winner

Beverly Hills Cop

Daniel Petrie Jr. (screenplay & story); Danilo Bach (story)

Broadway Danny Rose

Woody Allen

El Norte

Gregory Nava & Anna Thomas

Splash

Bruce Jay Friedman (screenplay & story); Lowell Ganz & Babaloo Mandel (screenplay); Brian Grazer (story)

1985
(58th)
[49]

Witness

Earl W. Wallace & William Kelley (screenplay & story); Pamela Wallace (story) Award winner

Back to the Future

Bob Gale & Robert Zemeckis

Brazil

Terry Gilliam, Charles McKeown & Tom Stoppard

The Official Story

Aída Bortnik & Luis Puenzo

The Purple Rose of Cairo

Woody Allen

1986
(59th)
[50]

Hannah and Her Sisters

Woody AllenAward winner

Crocodile Dundee

Paul Hogan (screenplay & story); & John Cornell & Ken Shadie (screenplay)

My Beautiful Laundrette

Hanif Kureishi

Platoon

Oliver Stone

Salvador

Richard Boyle & Stone

1987
(60th)
[51]

Moonstruck

John Patrick ShanleyAward winner

Au Revoir Les Enfants (Goodbye, Children)

Louis Malle

Broadcast News

James L. Brooks

Hope and Glory

John Boorman

Radio Days

Woody Allen

1988
(61st)
[52]

Rain Man

Barry Morrow (screenplay & story); Ronald Bass (screenplay)Award winner

Big

Gary Ross & Anne Spielberg

Bull Durham

Ron Shelton

A Fish Called Wanda

John Cleese (screenplay & story); Charles Crichton (story)

Running on Empty

Naomi Foner

1989
(62nd)
[53]

Dead Poets Society

Tom SchulmanAward winner

Crimes and Misdemeanors

Woody Allen

Do the Right Thing

Spike Lee

Sex, Lies, and Videotape

Steven Soderbergh

When Harry Met Sally...

Nora Ephron

1990
(63rd)
[54]

Ghost

Bruce Joel RubinAward winner

Alice

Woody Allen

Avalon

Barry Levinson

Green Card

Peter Weir

Metropolitan

Whit Stillman

1991
(64th)
[55]

Thelma & Louise

Callie KhouriAward winner

Boyz n the Hood

John Singleton

Bugsy

James Toback

The Fisher King

Richard LaGravenese

Grand Canyon

Lawrence & Meg Kasdan

1992
(65th)
[56]

The Crying Game

Neil JordanAward winner

Husbands and Wives

Woody Allen

Lorenzo's Oil

Nick Enright & George Miller

Passion Fish

John Sayles

Unforgiven

David Webb Peoples

1993
(66th)
[57]

The Piano

Jane CampionAward winner

Dave

Gary Ross

In the Line of Fire

Jeff Maguire

Philadelphia

Ron Nyswaner

Sleepless in Seattle

Jeff Arch (screenplay & story); Nora Ephron & David S. Ward (screenplay)

1994
(67th)
[58]

Pulp Fiction

Quentin Tarantino (screenplay & stories); Roger Avary (stories) Award winner

Bullets over Broadway

Woody Allen & Douglas McGrath

Four Weddings and a Funeral

Richard Curtis

Heavenly Creatures

Peter Jackson & Frances Walsh

Three Colours: Red

Krzysztof Kieślowski & Krzysztof Piesiewicz

1995
(68th)
[59]

The Usual Suspects

Christopher McQuarrieAward winner

Braveheart

Randall Wallace

Mighty Aphrodite

Woody Allen

Nixon

Stephen J. Rivele, Oliver Stone & Christopher Wilkinson

Toy Story

Andrew Stanton (screenplay & story); Joel Cohen, Alec Sokolow & Joss Whedon (screenplay); Pete Docter John Lasseter & Joe Ranft (story)

1996
(69th)
[60]

Fargo

Coen BrothersAward winner

Jerry Maguire

Cameron Crowe

Lone Star

John Sayles

Secrets & Lies

Mike Leigh

Shine

Jan Sardi (screenplay); Scott Hicks (story)

1997
(70th)
[61]

Good Will Hunting

Ben Affleck & Matt DamonAward winner

As Good as It Gets

Mark Andrus (screenplay & story); James L. Brooks (screenplay)

Boogie Nights

Paul Thomas Anderson

Deconstructing Harry

Woody Allen

The Full Monty

Simon Beaufoy

1998
(71st)
[62]

Shakespeare in Love

Marc Norman & Tom StoppardAward winner

Bulworth

Warren Beatty (screenplay & story); Jeremy Pikser (screenplay)

Life Is Beautiful

Roberto Benigni & Vincenzo Cerami

Saving Private Ryan

Robert Rodat

The Truman Show

Andrew Niccol

1999
(72nd)
[63]

American Beauty

Alan BallAward winner

Being John Malkovich

Charlie Kaufman

Magnolia

Paul Thomas Anderson

The Sixth Sense

M. Night Shyamalan

Topsy-Turvy

Mike Leigh

2000
(73rd)
[64]

Almost Famous

Cameron CroweAward winner

Billy Elliot

Lee Hall

Erin Brockovich

Susannah Grant

Gladiator

David Franzoni (screenplay & story); John Logan & William Nicholson (screenplay)

You Can Count on Me

Kenneth Lonergan

2001
(74th)
[65]

Gosford Park

Julian FellowesAward winner

Amélie

Guillaume Laurant (screenplay & dialogue); Jean-Pierre Jeunet (screenplay)

Memento

Christopher Nolan (screenplay); Jonathan Nolan (story)

Monster's Ball

Milo Addica & Will Rokos

The Royal Tenenbaums

Wes Anderson & Owen Wilson

2002
(75th)
[66]

Talk to Her

Pedro AlmodóvarAward winner

Far from Heaven

Todd Haynes

Gangs of New York

Jay Cocks (screenplay & story); Kenneth Lonergan & Steven Zaillian (screenplay)

My Big Fat Greek Wedding

Nia Vardalos

Y Tu Mamá También

Alfonso & Carlos Cuarón

2003
(76th)
[67]

Lost in Translation

Sofia CoppolaAward winner

The Barbarian Invasions

Denys Arcand

Dirty Pretty Things

Steven Knight

Finding Nemo

Andrew Stanton (screenplay & original story); Bob Peterson & David Reynolds (screenplay)

In America

Jim, Kirsten & Naomi Sheridan

2004
(77th)
[68]

Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

Charlie Kaufman (screenplay & story); Michel Gondry & Pierre Bismuth (story) Award winner

The Aviator

John Logan

Hotel Rwanda

Terry George & Keir Pearson

The Incredibles

Brad Bird

Vera Drake

Mike Leigh

2005
(78th)
[69]

Crash

Paul Haggis (screenplay & story); Bobby Moresco (screenplay) Award winner

Good Night, and Good Luck.

George Clooney & Grant Heslov

Match Point

Woody Allen

The Squid and the Whale

Noah Baumbach

Syriana

Stephen Gaghan

2006
(79th)
[70]

Little Miss Sunshine

Michael ArndtAward winner

Babel

Guillermo Arriaga

Letters from Iwo Jima

Iris Yamashita (screenplay & story); Paul Haggis (story)

Pan's Labyrinth

Guillermo del Toro

The Queen

Peter Morgan

2007
(80th)
[71]

Juno

Diablo CodyAward winner

Lars and the Real Girl

Nancy Oliver

Michael Clayton

Tony Gilroy

Ratatouille

Brad Bird (screenplay & story); Jim Capobianco & Jan Pinkava (story)

The Savages

Tamara Jenkins

2008
(81st)
[72]

Milk

Dustin Lance BlackAward winner

Frozen River

Courtney Hunt

Happy-Go-Lucky

Mike Leigh

In Bruges

Martin McDonagh

WALL-E

Andrew Stanton (screenplay & original story); Jim Reardon (screenplay); Pete Docter (original story)

2009
(82nd)
[73]

The Hurt Locker

Mark BoalAward winner

Inglourious Basterds

Quentin Tarantino

The Messenger

Alessandro Camon & Oren Moverman

A Serious Man

Coen Brothers

Up

Pete Docter & Bob Peterson (screenplay & story); Tom McCarthy (story)

2010
(83rd)
[74]

The King's Speech

David SeidlerAward winner

Another Year

Mike Leigh

The Fighter

Eric Johnson & Paul Tamasy (screenplay & story); Scott Silver (screenplay); Keith Dorrington (story)

Inception

Christopher Nolan

The Kids Are All Right

Stuart Blumberg & Lisa Cholodenko

2011
(84th)
[75]

Midnight in Paris

Woody AllenAward winner

The Artist

Michel Hazanavicius

Bridesmaids

Annie Mumolo & Kristen Wiig

Margin Call

J. C. Chandor

A Separation

Asghar Farhadi

2012
(85th)
[76]

Django Unchained

Quentin TarantinoAward winner

Amour

Michael Haneke

Flight

John Gatins

Moonrise Kingdom

Wes Anderson & Roman Coppola

Zero Dark Thirty

Mark Boal

2013
(86th)
[77]

Her

Spike JonzeAward winner

American Hustle

David O. Russell & Eric Warren Singer

Blue Jasmine

Woody Allen

Dallas Buyers Club

Craig Borten & Melisa Wallack

Nebraska

Bob Nelson

2014
(87th)
[78]

Birdman

Armando Bo, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., Nicolás Giacobone & Alejandro G. IñárrituAward winner

Boyhood

Richard Linklater

Foxcatcher

E. Max Frye & Dan Futterman

The Grand Budapest Hotel

Wes Anderson (screenplay & story); Hugo Guinness (story)

Nightcrawler

Dan Gilroy

2015
(88th)
[79]

Spotlight

Tom McCarthy & Josh SingerAward winner

Bridge of Spies

Matt Charman & Coen Brothers

Ex Machina

Alex Garland

Inside Out

Pete Docter (screenplay & story); Josh Cooley & Meg LeFauve (screenplay); Ronnie del Carmen (story)

Straight Outta Compton

Andrea Berloff (screenplay & story); Jonathan Herman (screenplay); S. Leigh Savidge & Alan Wenkus (story)

2016
(89th)
[80]

Manchester by the Sea

Kenneth LonerganAward winner

Hell or High Water

Taylor Sheridan

La La Land

Damien Chazelle

The Lobster

Efthymis Filippou & Yorgos Lanthimos

20th Century Women

Mike Mills

2017
(90th)
[81]

Get Out

Jordan Peele

The Big Sick

Emily V. Gordon & Kumail Nanjiani

Lady Bird

Greta Gerwig

The Shape of Water

Guillermo del Toro (screenplay & story) & Vanessa Taylor

Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

Martin McDonagh


Notes





  1. ^ Best Original Screenplay was consolidated in 1948 for a singular Best Screenplay award. The winner was The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, adapted from the novel of same name.


  2. ^ In 1958, Nedrick Young was blacklisted and writing under the pseudonym Nathan E. Douglas. The Academy's Board of Governors voted in 1993 to restore Young's nomination and award.




Multiple wins and nominations














Age superlatives





































Record
Writer
Film
Age (in years)

Ref.
Oldest winner

Woody Allen

Midnight in Paris
76

Oldest nominee

Blue Jasmine
78

Youngest winner

Ben Affleck

Good Will Hunting
25

Youngest nominee

John Singleton

Boyz n the Hood
24



See also



  • Academy Award for Best Story

  • Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay

  • BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay

  • Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay

  • Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay

  • List of Big Five Academy Award winners and nominees

  • Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay



References





  1. ^ awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1263023485012


  2. ^ awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1263023398256


  3. ^ Will this year's Oscar nominations break any records?


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