List of historical earthquakes

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Historical earthquakes is a list of significant earthquakes known to have occurred prior to the beginning of the 20th century. As the events listed here occurred before routine instrumental recordings, they rely mainly on the analysis of written sources. There is often significant uncertainty in location and magnitude and sometimes date for each earthquake. The number of fatalities is also often highly uncertain, particularly for the older events.

Pre-11th century[edit]

Date Time‡ Place Lat Long Fatalities Mag. Comments Sources
1831 BC or 1731 BC or 1652 BC Xia China
see Mount Tai earthquake
N 34.2705° E 108.92512° ? ? Listed in the Bamboo Annals [1][2]
464 BC Sparta, Greece
see 464 BC Sparta earthquake
? 7.2 (approx) Ms Led to a helot uprising and strained relations with Athens, one of the factors that led to the Peloponnesian War [3]
226 BC Rhodes, Greece
see 226 BC Rhodes earthquake
? Destroyed Colossus of Rhodes and city of Kameiros [4]
60 BC Portugal and Galicia coasts ? 8.5 Caused a tsunami [5]
17 AD At night Asia minor
see 17 AD Lydia earthquake
37.85 27.3 ? Destroyed 13 cities in Asia (minor) Described by the historians Tacitus and Pliny the Elder
February 5, 62 AD Bay of Naples, Italy
see 62 Pompeii earthquake
? 5–6 Brought down a large part of Pompeii, caused severe damage in Herculaneum and Nuceria. Seneca describes it in his "Quaestiones Naturales VI" [6]
110 AD Dian Kingdom, Yunnan, southwestern China probably thousands Flooded administrative centre of the Dian Kingdom [7]
December 13, 115 AD Antioch
see 115 Antioch earthquake
36.1 36.1 ~260,000 7.5 Ms [8]
May 18, 363 AD Syria
see 363 earthquake
"thousands" ~7 Destruction also in "The Holy Land", Petra Ammianus Marcellinus[9] and numerous other late Antiquity writers[10]
July 21, 365 AD Crete (Greece)
see 365 Crete earthquake
"thousands" 8.5+ Destruction also in Cyrene & Alexandria (by tsunami). Uplifted Crete by 9 metres. Ammianus Marcellinus[9] and numerous other late Antiquity writers[10]
382 Cape St. Vincent, Portugal 7.5 According to Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus, the earthquake and corresponding tsunami sank two islets that were situated near Cape St. Vincent. Ammianus Marcellinus
May 19, 526 AD Antioch, Turkey
see 526 Antioch earthquake
250,000 7.0 The city of Antioch was greatly damaged, and some decades later the city's population was just 300,000. Procopius, II.14.6; sources based on John of Ephesus
July 6, 551 AD Beirut, Tyre, Tripoli
see 551 Beirut earthquake
33.9 35.5 30,000 7.5 Mw Triggered a devastating tsunami, all the cities of the Phoenician coast from Tyre to Tripoli were reduced to ruins [11]
January 18, 749 AD[12][13] The Levant
see 749 Galilee earthquake
"tens of thousands" 7 to 7.5 (approx) The cities of Tiberias, Beit She'an, Hippos and Pella were largely destroyed while many other cities across the Levant region were heavily damaged. [12]
November 24, 847 AD Damascus, Syria
see 847 Antioch earthquake
33.5 36.3 70,000 7.3   [11][14]
December 856 AD Corinth, Greece 37.9 22.9 45,000   [14][15]
December 22, 856 AD (aftershocks for about a year) Qumis, Iran. From Khuvar to Bustam and Gurgan. The town of Qumis (Hecatompylos) hardest hit.
see 856 Damghan earthquake
36.23 54.14 45,000–200,000. 7.9 (approx) The city of Qumis was half destroyed and had 45,096 casualties. [14][16]
July 13, 869 AD Sendai, Japan
see 869 Sanriku earthquake
38.5 143.8 ~1,000 8.6–9.0 Ms [17]
March 23, 893 AD Ardabil, Iran
see 893 Ardabil earthquake
38.28 48.30 150,000 Regarded as a 'fake earthquake', due to misunderstanding of original Armenian sources for the 893 Dvin event.[18][19][20][21]
December 28, 893 AD Dvin, Armenia
see 893 Dvin earthquake
40.0 44.6 30,000 6 (approx) Mislocated in India [22]

11th–18th centuries[edit]

Date Time‡ Place Lat Long Fatalities Mag. Comments Sources
December 1037 Taizhou, Jiangsu, China 32.0 119.0 22,391 [23][24]
12 August 1042 Palmyra, Baalbek, Syria, Lebanon 35.1 38.9 50,000 7.2 (>VIII)   [11][14]
18 March 1068 Near East
see 1068 Near East earthquake
20,000 ≥ 7.0   [25][26]
11 October 1138 Aleppo, Syria
see 1138 Aleppo earthquake
36.1 36.8 230,000 7.1   [11][27]
30 September 1139 Ganja, Azerbaijan
see 1139 Ganja earthquake
40.3 46.2 230,000–300,000 6.3  
12 August 1157 08:15 Hama, Syria
see 1157 Hama earthquake
35.1 36.3 "Tens of thousands" 7.2 Ms Largest in a sequence lasting from late 1156 to early 1159 [11][27][28]
4 February 1169 Sicily
see 1169 Sicily earthquake
37.3 15.0 15,000 6.4-7.3   [29]
29 June 1170 06:29 Eastern Mediterranean
see 1170 Syria earthquake
34.4 36.4 5,000[30]-80,000 in Aleppo
25,000 in Hama
7.3–7.5[31] −7.7[32] Syria, Lebanon, central southern Turkey Numerous sources from Crusader times[27][28]
5 July 1201 and/or 20 May 1202 Eastern Mediterranean; see 1202 Syria earthquake 1,100,000 (includes famine/disease deaths) 7.6 Damage across a wide area from Syria to Upper Egypt
11 May 1222 06:15 Cyprus
see 1222 Cyprus earthquake
34.7 32.6 7.0–7.5 Caused damage at Paphos, Limassol and Nicosia [33]
1268 Cilicia, Anatolia (Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia)
see 1268 Cilicia earthquake
37.5 35.5 60,000 7 (approx)
27 September 1290 Chihli (Hopeh), China
see 1290 Chihli earthquake
41.5 119.3 100,000 6.8 Ms [34]
26 May 1293 Kamakura, (now in Kanagawa Prefecture, Kantō region,) Japan
see 1293 Kamakura earthquake
35.2 139.4 23,024 7.1   [35]
8 August 1303 06:00 1303 Crete earthquake, Greece 35 27 up to 10,000 ~8 Triggered a major tsunami that devastated Alexandria in Egypt [36]
1 January 1341 Crimea, Ukraine Not known 6 [37]
25 January 1348 15:00 Friuli, Venice, Rome
see 1348 Friuli earthquake
46.37 13.58 10,000 6.9 [14]
24 August 1356 Lisbon, Portugal
see 1356 Lisbon earthquake
8.5 Mw [38] [39]
18 October 1356 Basel, Switzerland
see 1356 Basel earthquake
47.5 07.6 1,000 6.2 Mw [40]
21 May 1382 Canterbury, UK
see 1382 Dover Straits earthquake
? 5.8 Struck during synod – later called "Earthquake Synod" – called to condemn heresy of John Wycliffe – some saw as portentous [41][42]
2 February 1428 Catalonia (now Spain)
Catalan earthquake of 1428
42.4 2.2 1,000s 6.7 Sometimes called the terratrèmol de la candelera because it took place during the Candlemas. [14][43][44]
3 May 1481 03:00 Rhodes
see 1481 Rhodes earthquake
36.0 28.0 30,000 7.1 Largest of a series that lasted 10 months [45]
20 September 1498 08:00 local time Honshu
see 1498 Nankai earthquake
34.0 138.1 31,000 8.6 Ms [46]
6 June 1505 Nepal
see 1505 Lo Mustang earthquake
29.5 83.0 30% of Nepalese population 8.2
10 September 1509 22:00 Istanbul, Turkey
see 1509 Istanbul earthquake
40.9 28.7 10,000 7.2 Ms [47]
26 January 1531 04:30 Lisbon, Portugal
see 1531 Lisbon earthquake
38.9 −09.0 30,000 6.9   [48]
23 January 1556 Shaanxi, China
see 1556 Shaanxi earthquake
34.5 109.7 830,000+ 8.2–8.3 Deadliest earthquake in recorded history USGS
16–17 November 1570 19:10 Ferrara, Italy
see 1570 Ferrara earthquake
44.817 11.633 70–200 5.5 Azariah de Rossi's Kol Elohim [14][49]
16 December 1575 18:30 Valdivia, Chile
see 1575 Valdivia earthquake
−39.8 −73.2 ? 8.5 [14][50]
10-11 June 1585 Unk Aleutian Islands, Alaska
see 1585 Aleutian Islands earthquake
Unk Unk Unk 9.25 Mw
On June 11 1585, a moderate tsunami struck the Sanriku coast of Japan. At the same time, a number of Hawaiian natives died after their settlements was struck by a tsunami-like event described in oral traditions. Paleotsunami evidence was also found in the Hawaiian Islands corresponding to a large tsunami in the 16th century. Modelling of a magnitude 9.25 earthquake in the Aleutian Islands matched the descriptions and geological evidences in Japan and Hawaii.
[51]
24 November 1604 12:30 local time Arica, Chile
see 1604 Arica earthquake
-18.500 -70.400 ? 8.5 MI [52]
3 February 1605 20:00 local time Shikoku, Honshu, Japan
see 1605 Keichō Nankaido earthquake
33.5 138.5 thousands 7.9 Ms [53]
13 July 1605 Qiongshan, Hainan, China 19.9 110.5 3,000 7.5 (X)   [54]
25 October, 1622 Ningxia, China
see 1622 North Guyuan earthquake
36.5 106.3 12,000 7.0 Ms [55]
5 February 1663 17:30 local time Quebec, Canada
see 1663 Charlevoix earthquake
47.6 70.1 0 7.3–7.9 Landslides were the primary feature [56]
6 April 1667 Dubrovnik, Croatia
see 1667 Dubrovnik earthquake
42.3 18.1 3,000 7.2 [57]
25 November 1667 Shamakhi, Azerbaijan
see 1667 Shamakhi earthquake
40.6 48.6 80,000 6.9 Ms [34]
25 July 1668 Shandong, China
see Great Tancheng earthquake
35.3 118.6 42,578 8.5 Largest earthquake in East China and one of the largest in history. [58]
01668-08-1717 August 1668 Anatolia, Turkey
see 1668 North Anatolia earthquake
40 36 8,000 8 Largest earthquake in Turkey. USGS
17 February 1674 19:30 Ambon, Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia)
see 1674 Ambon earthquake and megatsunami
3.75 127.75 2,347 6.8 Major tsunami up to 100 meters high. First and largest ever documented tsunami in Indonesia.
20 October 1687 11:30 Lima, Peru
see 1687 Peru earthquake
−15.2 −75.9 5,000 8.2 [14]
5 June 1688 Province of Benevento, Italy
see 1688 Sannio earthquake
41.3 14.6 est. 10,000 7 Completely destroyed Cerreto Sannita and Guardia Sanframondi, heavily damaged Benevento. [59]
13 September 1692 11:00 Salta Province, Argentina
see 1692 Salta earthquake
−25.40 −64.80 ~13 7.0 The small village of Talavera del Esteco was completely destroyed. [60]
7 June 1692 11:43 local time Port Royal, Jamaica
see 1692 Jamaica earthquake
17.9 −76.8 2,000+ 7 (approx) (X)   [61][62]
11 January 1693 Catania Province, Sicily
see 1693 Sicily earthquake
60,000 7.5  
5 September 1694 11:40 Irpinia, Italy
see 1694 Irpinia–Basilicata earthquake
40.88 15.35 6,000 6.9 Mw [63]
18 May 1695 12:00 Shanxi, Qing dynasty
see 1695 Linfen earthquake
36.0 111.5 52,600–176,365 7.8 Mw [64]
5 January 1699 Batavia, Dutch East Indies (now Jakarta, Indonesia)
see 1699 Java earthquake
6.078 105.913 28 7.4–8.0 Mw
01700-01-26January 26, 1700 ~21:00 Cascadia subduction zone
see 1700 Cascadia earthquake Source of "Orphan Tsunami," which struck Japan hours later. The Japanese were caught off-guard, not knowing the origin of the wave, until geologist Brian Atwater's research confirmed it.
9 M (Satake et al., 1996) USGS
January 14, 1703 18:00 Norcia, Italy
see 1703 Apennine earthquakes
42.7 13.07 6,240–9,761 6.7 Mw [14][65]
February 2, 1703 11:05 L'Aquila, Italy
see 1703 Apennine earthquakes
42.43 13.3 2,500–5,000 6.7 Mw [14][65]
December 31, 1703 17:00 Kantō region, Japan
see 1703 Genroku earthquake
35.0 140.0 5,233 8.2 Ms [66]
October 28, 1707 14:00 local time Japan
see 1707 Hōei earthquake
33.0 136.0 5,000+ 8.6   [67]
October 14, 1709 Zhongwei, China
see 1709 Zhongwei earthquake
37.4 105.3 2,000+ 7.5 Mw [68][69]
June 19, 1718 Gansu, China
see 1718 Tongwei–Gansu earthquake
35.0 105.2 73,000 7.5 Ms [70]
April 26, 1721 Tabriz, Iran
see 1721 Tabriz earthquake
37.9 46.7 ~80,000 7.7   [71]
July 8, 1730 08:45 Valparaiso, Chile
see 1730 Valparaiso earthquake
−32.5 −71.5 ? 8.7   [72]
September 30, 1730 10:00 local time Beijing, China 40.0 116.2 100s 6.5   [73][74]
November 29, 1732 8:40 local time Irpinia, Italy
see 1732 Irpinia earthquake
41.0727 15.0623 6.6 Ms [75]
October 16, 1737 15:30 local time Kamchatka, Russia 51.1 158.0 8.3 Ms See Kamchatka earthquakes [76][77]
January 4 1739 18:00 UTC Ningxia, China
see 1739 Yinchuan–Pingluo earthquake
38.9 106.5 >50,000 8.0
October 28, 1746 22:30 local time Lima & Callao, Peru
see 1746 Lima–Callao earthquake
−11.35 −77.28 4,000–5,000 8.6–8.8 Mw [78]
May 25, 1751 1:00 local time Concepción, Chile
see 1751 Concepción earthquake
−36.830 −73.030 8.5 MI USGS
June 7, 1755 Northern Persia 34.0 51.5 1,200
40,000[79]
5.9   [74][80]
01755-11-01November 1, 1755 10:16 Lisbon, Portugal
see 1755 Lisbon earthquake
36 −11 80,000 8.5 Caused a huge tsunami USGS
November 18, 1755 09:11 Boston, Massachusetts, USA
see 1755 Cape Ann earthquake
42.7 −70.2 0 5.9 Mw [81][82]
November 25, 1759 19:23 local time Eastern Mediterranean
see Near East earthquakes of 1759
33.7 35.9 1,000s 7.4 Ms Earthquake in same area on October 30 considered to be a foreshock [11]
March 31, 1761 13:01 local time Lisbon, Portugal
see 1761 Lisbon earthquake
34.5 13.0 Unknown 8.5 Ms Second major earthquake in Europe in six years
April 2, 1762 Northeastern Bay of Bengal[83]
see 1762 Arakan earthquake
22.0 92.0 200 up to 8.8 Mw [84]
June 28, 1763 05:28 Komárom, Kingdom of Hungary
see 1763 Komárom earthquake
47.73 18.15 83 6.2 to 6.5 Mw [85]
May 22, 1766 05:10 Istanbul, Turkey
see 1766 Istanbul earthquake
40.8 29.0 4,000 7.1 Ms [86]
October 21, 1766 Saint Joseph, Trinidad and Tobago 10.65 −61.43 7.9 Destroyed Spanish colonial capital of San Jose, Trinidad (now St. Joseph) [87]
June 3, 1770 19:15 local time Port-au-Prince, Haiti
see 1770 Port-au-Prince earthquake
18.7 −72.63 200+ 7.5 Mw [88]
July 29, 1773 Guatemala
see 1773 Guatemala earthquake
14.6 -90.7 5–600 7.5
January 8, 1780 Tabriz, Iran
see 1780 Tabriz earthquake
38.0 46.2 40,000-200,000 7.4 Ms [89][90]
February 4–5, March 28, 1783 12:00 Calabria, Italy
see 1783 Calabrian earthquakes
38.15 15.70 35,000 6.9 Mw First in a sequence of five earthquakes Mw ≥ 5.9 to hit Calabria in less than two months [91]
June 1, 1786 04:00 local time Sichuan, China
see 1786 Kangding-Luding earthquake
29.9 102.0 ~100,000 7.75 Mw Triggered a landslide that blocked the Dadu river – the collapse of the dam during an aftershock and subsequent flood caused most of the casualties [92]
February 4, 1797 12:30 Quito, Ecuador & Cuzco, Peru
see 1797 Riobamba earthquake
41,000 7.3 Mw [93]
10 February 1797 Sumatra, East Indies (now Indonesia)
see 1797 Sumatra earthquake
−1.0 99.0 300 8.4   [94][95][96]

19th century[edit]

Date Time‡ Place Lat Long Fatalities Mag. Comments Sources
October 26, 1802 10:55 Vrancea region, Moldavia, now Romania
see 1802 Vrancea earthquake
45.7 26.6 3 in Bucharest 7.9 Serious damage in the area. All church steeples in Bucharest collapsed, as well as many houses and Colţea bell tower. [97][98]
February 16, 1810 22:15 Crete, Heraklion
see 1810 Crete earthquake
35.5 25.6 2,000 7.5 Mw [99]
01811-12-16December 16, 1811 08:00 New Madrid, Missouri, USA
see 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes
36.6 −89.6 8.1 MI USGS
01812-01-23January 23, 1812 15:00 New Madrid, Missouri, USA
see 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes
36.6 −89.6 7.8 MI USGS
01812-02-07February 7, 1812 09:45 New Madrid, Missouri, USA
see 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes
36.6 −89.6 8 MI (Johnston, 1996) USGS
March 26, 1812 16:37 Caracas, La Guaira, El Tocuyo, San Felipe, Barquisimeto, Mérida, La Victoria, Valencia, Venezuela see 1812 Caracas earthquake 15,000–20,000 7.7–8.0
December 8, 1812 7:00 a.m. local time Alta California see 1812 San Juan Capistrano earthquake 40 6.9–7.5 Destroyed the "Great Stone Church" at Mission San Juan Capistrano
December 21, 1812 11:00 a.m. local time Santa Barbara Channel, California, USA

see 1812 Ventura earthquake

34.12 −119.54 1-2 7.1-7.5 Destroyed the church at Mission Santa Barbara, caused near-total destruction at Mission La Purísima Concepción, and considerable damage at Mission Santa Inés Southern California Earthquake Data Center
June 16, 1819 18:45–18:50 local time Gujarat, India
see 1819 Rann of Kutch earthquake
23.0 71.0 >1,543 7.7–8.2 Mw Formed an 80 km long ridge, the Allah Bund ('Dam of God') [100]
01823-06-02June 2, 1823 08:00 south flank of Kīlauea, Hawaii, Kingdom of Hawaii 19.3 −155 7 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000) USGS
August 26, 1833 Himalayas, Nepal–India–Tibet region
see 1833 Kathmandu–Bihar earthquake
28.3 85.5 ~500 7.7–7.9 Mw [101]
November 25, 1833 Sumatra, East Indies (now Indonesia)
see 1833 Sumatra earthquake
−2.5 100.5 "numerous victims" 8.8–9.2 Mw Huge tsunami flooded all southern part of western Sumatra [94][96][102]
01836-06-10June 10, 1836 15:30 south San Francisco Bay region, California, Mexico (now USA) 36.9 −121.5 6.5 MI (Bakun, 1999) USGS
January 1, 1837 16:00 local time Galilee, Palestine
see Galilee earthquake of 1837
33.0 35.5 6,000–7,000 >7.0 Ms [11][103]
01838-06-01June 1838 San Francisco Peninsula, California, Mexico (now USA)
see 1838 San Andreas earthquake
37.3 −123.2 6.8 MI (Bakun, 1999) USGS
January 11, 1839 06:00 local time Offshore Martinique, France

see 1839 Martinique earthquake

14.5 –60.5
700-4,000
7.8-8.0
Severe damage in Martinique, and felt throughout most of the Lesser Antilles
March 23, 1839 04:00 Inwa, Kingdom of Burma (present day Myanmar)

see 1839 Ava earthquake

21.9 96.0
300-500
8.1-8.2
Destroyed the city of Amarapura, Mandalay and the former capital Inwa. [104]
01843-01-05January 5, 1843 02:45 Marked Tree, Arkansas, USA 35.5 −90.5 6.3 MI (Johnston, 1996) USGS
February 8, 1843 10:37 local time Guadeloupe, France

see 1843 Guadeloupe earthquake

16.5 62.2
1,500-5,000
8.5
May 8, 1847 Around Zenkō-ji Temple, (now in Nagano Prefecture, Chūbu region,) Japan 36.7 138.2 more than 8,600 7.4 2,094 houses lost by fire with quake at Nagano [105]
November 26, 1852 Banda Sea, Dutch East Indies
see 1852 Banda Sea earthquake
5.24 129.75 60+ 7.5–8.8 Mw  Major tsunami.
December 23, 1854 09:00 Honshu, Japan
see 1854 Tōkai earthquake
34.0 137.8 2,000 8.4 Major tsunami [106]
December 24, 1854 16:00 Honshu, Japan
see 1854 Nankai earthquake
33.0 135.0 thousands 8.4 Major tsunami [106]
January 23, 1855 21:11 local time Wairarapa, New Zealand
see 1855 Wairarapa earthquake
−41.4 174.5 4 8.0 (approx) Raised sections of Wellington coastline by 2 metres
November 11, 1855 22:00 local time Edo (now Tokyo, Kantō region), Japan
see 1855 Edo earthquake
35.65 139.8 ~ 7,000 7.0 Ms 10,000 house destroyed in Edo 安政の大地震 in Japanese
October 12, 1856 02:38 or 02:24 local time Crete-Rhodes, Greece (then the Ottoman Empire)

see 1856 Heraklion earthquake

35.5 26.0 600+ 7.7-8.3 Mw Widespread damage to Greece, Malta, Anatolia and the Middle East.
01857-01-09January 9, 1857 16:24 Fort Tejon, California, USA (San Andreas fault from Parkfield to Wrightwood)
see 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake
1 7.9 M (Grant and Sieh, 1993; Stein and Hanks, 1998) USGS
01857-12-16December 16, 1857 21:00 Naples, Italy
see 1857 Basilicata earthquake
40.3 16 11,000 6.9 MI USGS
February 16, 1861 Sumatra, East Indies (now Indonesia)
see 1861 Sumatra earthquake
1.0 97,5 905 8.5 Caused major tsunami. [107][108]
01865-10-08October 8, 1865 20:46 San Jose, California, USA 37.2 −121.9 6.5 MI (Bakun, 1999) USGS
November 18, 1867 18:45 Anegada Passage, between the British Virgin Islands and Danish West Indies (present-day US Virgin Islands)

see 1867 Virgin Islands earthquake and tsunami

18.2 –65.0 ~30 7.3-7.5 NGDC
01868-04-03April 3, 1868 02:25 Kau, southeast Hawaii, Hawaii, Kingdom of Hawaii
see 1868 Hawaii earthquake
19.2 −155.5 77 7.9 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000) USGS
01868-04-03August 13, 1868 16:45 local time Arica, Chile
see 1868 Arica earthquake
−18.500 −70.350 25,000 9.0 MI USGS
01868-10-21October 21, 1868 15:53 Hayward, California, USA, Hayward Fault Zone
see 1868 Hayward earthquake
37.7 −122.1 30 6.8 MI (Bakun, 1999) USGS
01871-02-20February 20, 1871 08:42 Molokai, Hawaii, Kingdom of Hawaii
see 1871 Lāna`i earthquake
21.2 −156.9 6.8 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000) USGS
01872-03-26March 26, 1872 10:30 Owens Valley, California, USA
see 1872 Lone Pine earthquake
36.5 −118 27 7.6 M (Beanland and Clark, 1994) USGS
01872-12-15December 15, 1872 05:40 North Cascades, Washington, USA
see 1872 North Cascades earthquake
47.9 −120.3 7.3 MI (Malone and Bor, 1979; Rogers et al., 1983) USGS
May 10, 1877 21:16 local time Iquique, Chile
see 1877 Iquique earthquake
−19.600 −70.230 2,541 8.8 Mw USGS
November 9, 1880 7:04 local time Zagreb, Croatia
see 1880 Zagreb earthquake
45.9 16.1 1 6.2 Ms [109]
April 3, 1881 11:30 Chios, Çeşme, Alaçatı
see 1881 Chios earthquake
38.25 26.25 7,866 6.5 Mw [110]
01881-12-31December 31, 1881 01:49 India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
see 1881 Nicobar Islands earthquake
8.52 92.43 0 7.9 Mw [111]
December 25, 1884 09:18 Andalusia, Spain
see 1884 Andalusian earthquake
-36.96 4.07 1,200 6.5 Mw
01886-08-27August 27, 1886 21:32 Filiatra, western Peloponnese, Greece
see 1886 Peloponnese earthquake
37.1 21.5 600 7.5 unknown [112]
01886-08-31August 31, 1886 02:51 Charleston, South Carolina, USA
see 1886 Charleston earthquake
32.9 −80 60 7.3 MI (Johnston, 1996) Believed to be the largest earthquake ever to strike the east coast. USGS
February 23, 1887 06:30 local time Liguria, Italy

see 1887 Liguria earthquake

43.78 8.07 600–3,000 6.3–7.5 Mw

The earthquake caused severe damage along the Ligurian coast and caused the town of Bussana Vecchia to be abandoned.

[113][114]
September 1, 1888 04:10 local time North Canterbury, New Zealand
see 1888 North Canterbury earthquake
−42.6 172.4 7.0–7.3 First earthquake observed to be associated with mainly horizontal fault displacement
01889-07-28July 28, 1889 23:40 Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
see 1889 Kumamoto earthquake
32.8 130.7 20 6.3 [14]
01891-10-27October 27, 1891 21:38 Mino-Owari (Gifu-Aichi Prefectures), Tōkai region, Japan
see Nōbi earthquake
35.6 136.6 7,273 8 MS USGS
01892-04-19April 19, 1892 10:50 Vacaville, California, USA
see 1892 Vacaville–Winters earthquakes
38.5 −121.8 1 6.4 MI (Bakun, 1999) USGS
01892-04-21April 21, 1892 17:43 Winters, California, USA
see 1892 Vacaville–Winters earthquakes
38.6 −122 6.4 MI (Bakun, 1999) USGS
01893-11-17November 17, 1893 15:06 Quchan, Iran
see 1893 Quchan earthquake
37.2 58.4 18,000 6.6 Ms [115]
01895-10-31October 31, 1895 11:08 Charleston, Missouri, USA 37 −89.4 6.6 MI (Johnston, 1996) USGS
01896-06-15June 15, 1896 19:32 Off the Pacific coast of Sanriku, Iwate Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan
see 1896 Sanriku earthquake
39.5 144 22,000+ 8.0–8.1 (approx) Mw USGS
01897-06-12June 12, 1897 11:06 Assam, India
see 1897 Assam earthquake
26 91 1,500 8.3 USGS
01897-09-21September 21, 1897 05:12 Mindanao, Philippines
see 1897 Mindanao earthquakes
6.0 122.0 13 7.5 MS [116][117]
01899-09-04September 4, 1899 00:22 Cape Yakataga, Alaska, USA
see 1899 Yakutat Bay earthquakes
60 -142 7.9 MS USGS
01899-09-10September 10, 1899 21:41 Yakutat Bay, Alaska, USA
see 1899 Yakutat Bay earthquakes
60 −142 8 MS USGS
01900-10-09October 9, 1900 12:28 Kodiak Island, Alaska, USA 57.1 −153.5 7.7 MS USGS
01900-10-28October 28, 1900 09:11 offshore Miranda, Venezuela
see 1900 San Narciso earthquake
11.0 −66.0 140 7.7 Ms USGS

Source for all events with 'USGS' labelled as the source United States Geological Survey (USGS) [1] Note: Magnitudes are generally estimations from intensity data. When no magnitude was available, the maximum intensity, written as a Roman numeral from I to XII, is given.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bamboo Annals, listed under Xia chapters on King Fa's 7th year.
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