List of revolutions and rebellions

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The storming of the Bastille, 14 July 1789, during the French Revolution.
Greek War of Independence, (1821–30), rebellion of Greeks within the Ottoman Empire, a struggle which resulted in the establishment of an independent Greece.

This is a list of revolutions, rebellions, insurrections, and uprisings.

BC[edit]

  Revolutionary/rebel victory
  Revolutionary/rebel defeat
  Another result (e.g. a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result unknown or indecisive)
  Ongoing conflict
Date Revolution/Rebellion Location Revolutionaries/Rebels Result Image Ref
c. 2730 BC Set rebellion Double crown.svg Egypt Priests of Horus Egypt divides into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt Peribsen.jpg [1]
c. 2690 BC Nubian revolt Double crown.svg Egypt Nubians Pharaoh Khasekhemwy quashed the rebellion, reuniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt Khasekhemwy statue Ashmolean.JPG [2]
c. 2380 BC Sumerian revolt Lagash, Sumer Sumerians The popular revolt deposed King Lugalanda and put the reformer Urukagina on the throne. The Reforms of Urukagina.jpg [3]
1042–1039 BC Rebellion of the Three Guards China Three Guards, separatists and Shang loyalists Decisive Zhou loyalist victory, Fengjian system established, Resistance of Shang loyalists is broken. Rebellion of the Three Guards.png [4]
842 BC Compatriots Rebellion China Peasants and soldiers King Li of Zhou was exiled and China was ruled by the Gonghe Regency until Li's death. Zhou dynasty 1000 BC.png [5][6]
626–620 BC Revolt of Babylon Neo-Assyrian Empire Babylonians, led by Nabopolassar The Babylonians overthrew Assyrian rule, establishing the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which ruled over the Near East for about a century. Meso2mil-English.JPG [7]
570 BC Amasis revolt Double crown.svg Egypt Egyptian soldiers Pharaoh Apries was overthrown and exiled, giving Amasis II the opportunity to seize the throne. Apries later attempted to retake Egypt, with Babylonian support, but was defeated and killed. Median Empire-en.svg [8]
552–550 BC Persian Revolt Persis, Media Persians, led by Cyrus the Great Median rule overthrown, Persis and Media become part of the new Achaemenid Empire Jean Charles Nicaise Perrin - Cyrus and Astyages - WGA17209.jpg
522 BC Anti-Achaemeneid Rebellions Standard of Cyrus the Great (White).svg Achaemenid Empire Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Elamites, Medians and Parthians Darius the Great quashes all the rebellions within the space of a year. Gaumata being trampled upon by Darius.jpg [9]
510–509 BC Roman Revolution Capitoline Wolf of Roman Kingdom.svg Rome Republicans The Roman monarchy was overthrown and in its place the Roman Republic was established. Suicide lucretia.jpg [10]
508–507 BC Athenian Revolution Owl of Minerva.png Athens Democrats The Tyrant Hippias was deposed and the subsequent aristocratic oligarchy overthrown, establishing Democracy in Athens. Ceremony of Presenting Earth and Water.jpg [11]
499–493 BC Ionian Revolt Ionia, Standard of Cyrus the Great (White).svg Achaemenid Empire Greeks The Achaemenid Empire asserts its rule over the city states of Ionia. Ionian Revolt Campaign Map-en.svg [12]
494 BC First secessio plebis Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Plebeians Patricians freed some of the plebs from their debts and conceded some of their power by creating the office of the Tribune of the Plebs. Secessio plebis.JPG [13]
484 BC Bel-shimanni's rebellion Babylon, Standard of Cyrus the Great (White).svg Achaemenid Empire Babylonians Rebellion quickly defeated by Xerxes I. [14]
482–481 BC Shamash-eriba's rebellion Babylon, Standard of Cyrus the Great (White).svg Achaemenid Empire Babylonians Rebellion eventually defeated by Xerxes I, Babylon's forticiations were destroyed and its temples were ransacked. [14]
464 BC Third Messenian War Sparta shield.svg Sparta Messenian Helots Slave revolt put down by Archidamus II, who called Sparta to arms in the wake of an earthquake. [15]
460–454 BC Inaros' revolt Egypt, Standard of Cyrus the Great (White).svg Achaemenid Empire Inaros II and his Athenian allies Defeated by the Persian army led by Megabyzus and Artabazus, after a two-year siege. Inaros was captured and carried away to Susa where he was crucified. Wars of the Delian League Egyptian campaign.jpg [16][17]
449 BC Second Secessio plebis Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Plebeians The Senate forced the resignation of the Decemviri and restored both the office of Tribune of the Plebs and the right of appeal, which were suspended during the rule of the Decemvir. Seven Hills of Rome.svg [18][19]
445 BC Third Secessio plebis Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Plebeians Intermarriage between Patricians and Plebeians was legalized and the position of Consular Tribune (a Tribune of the Plebs elected with the powers of a consul) was created. [20][21]
342 BC Fourth Secessio plebis Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Plebeians [20]
287 BC Fifth Secessio plebis Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Plebeians The Lex Hortensia was implemented, establishing that the laws decided by the Plebeian Council were made binding on all Roman citizens, including patricians. This law finally eliminated the political disparity between the two classes, bringing the Conflict of Orders to an end after about two hundred years of struggle. [22]
241 BC Revolt of the Falisci Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Falisci The Falisci were defeated and subjugated to Roman dominance, the town of Falerii was destroyed. Iron Age Italy.png [23]
209 BC Dazexiang uprising China Villagers led by Chen Sheng and Wu Guang The uprising was put down by Qin forces, Chen and Wu were assassinated by their own men. Qin Uprisings.png [24]
206 BC Liu Bang's Insurrection China Han forces The Qin dynasty is overthrown in a popular revolt and after a period of contention, Liu Bang is crowned Emperor of the Han dynasty. Qin Uprisings.png
205–185 BC Great revolt of the Egyptians Double crown.svg Egypt Egyptians, led by Hugronaphor and Ankhmakis Revolt put down by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, cementing Greek rule over Egypt. Ptolemaic Kingdom III-II century BC - pt.svg [25]
181–179 BC First Celtiberian War Hispania, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Celtiberians Revolt eventually subdued by the Romans. Conquista Hispania.svg [26]
167–160 BC Maccabean Revolt Judea, Coele-Syria, SeleucosCoin.jpg Seleucid Empire Menora Titus.png Maccabees, led by Judas Maccabeus Sovereignty of Judea is secured, eventually the independent Hasmonean dynasty is established. Maccabean revolt.jpg [27]
154 BC Rebellion of the Seven States China Principalities led by Liu Pi Rebellion crushed after 3 months, further centralization of imperial power. Rebellion of the Seven States.png [28]
154–151 BC Second Celtiberian War Hispania, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Celtiberians Rome increased its influence in Celtiberia Ethnographic Iberia 200 BCE.PNG [29]
143–133 BC Numantine War Hispania, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Celtiberians Expansion of the Roman territory through Celtiberia. Numancia Alejo Vera Estaca 1881.jpg [30]
155-139 BC Lusitanian War Lusitania, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Lusitanians, led by Viriatus. Pacification of Lusitania Campañadeviriato.svg [31]
135–132 BC First Servile War Sicily, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Sicilian slaves, led by Eunus After some minor battles won by the slaves, a larger Roman army arrived in Sicily and defeated the rebels. Roman Empire - Sicilia (125 AD).svg [32]
125 BC Fregellae's revolt Fregellae, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Fregellaeans Fregellae was captured and destroyed by Lucius Opimius Mappa Riserva naturale Antiche Città di Fregellae e Fabrateria Nova e del Lago di San Giovanni Incarico.png [33]
104–100 BC Second Servile War Sicily, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Sicilian slaves, led by Salvius Tryphon The revolt was quelled, and 1,000 slaves who surrendered were sent to fight against beasts in the arena back at Rome for the amusement of the populace. To spite the Romans, they refused to fight and killed each other quietly with their swords, until the last flung himself on his own blade. Roman Empire - Sicilia (125 AD).svg [34]
91–88 BC Social War Italy, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Italic peoples Eventually resulted in a Roman victory. However, Rome granted Roman citizenship to all of its Italian allies, to avoid another costly war. The Growth of Roman Power in Italy.jpg [35]
88–87 BC First civil war Italy, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Populares The Optimates were victorious and Sulla consolidated his power over Rome. Sulla Glyptothek Munich 309.jpg [36]
82–81 BC Second civil war Italy, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Populares The Optimates were once again victorious and Sulla established himself as Dictator of Rome. The British Library - Rome - Porta Collina.jpg [37]
80–71 BC Sertorian War Hispania, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Populares The war ended after the Populares leader Quintus Sertorius was assassinated by Marcus Perperna Vento, who was then promptly defeated by Pompey. Gerard van Kuijl - Quintus Sertorius and the horse tail 1638.jpg [38]
77 BC Lepidus' rebellion Italy, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Populares Lepidus was defeated in battle and died from illness, other Populares fled to Spain to fight in the Sertorian War. Piranesi-Ponte-Milvio.jpg [39]
73–71 BC Third Servile War Italy, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Gladiators, led by Spartacus The armies of Spartacus were defeated by the legions of Marcus Licinius Crassus. AppienSpartacus.png [40][41]
65 BC First Catilinarian conspiracy Rome, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Catiline Lucius Aurelius Cotta and Lucius Manlius Torquatus remain in power as consuls. Comic History of Rome Table 10 Cicero denouncing Catiline.jpg [42]
62 BC Second Catilinarian conspiracy Rome, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Catiline The plot was exposed, forcing Catiline to flee from Rome. Marcus Tullius Cicero and Gaius Antonius Hybrida remain in power as consuls. Cicerón denuncia a Catilina, por Cesare Maccari.jpg [43]
52–51 BC Gallic Wars Gaul Gauls, led by Vercingetorix The Gaulic revolt was crushed by Julius Caesar Siege-alesia-vercingetorix-jules-cesar.jpg [44]
49–45 BC Great Roman Civil War Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Populares, led by Julius Caesar Caesar defeated the Optimates, assumed control of the Roman Republic and became Dictator in perpetuity. Map of the Ancient Rome at Caesar time (with conquests)-fr.svg [45]
44–36 BC Sicilian revolt Sicily, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Sextus Pompey Revolt ended in a victory for the Second Triumvirate. War with Sextus Pompeius part 1 en.png [46]
38 BC Aquitanian revolt Gallia Narbonensis, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa Revolt suppressed by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. Map Gallia Tribes Towns.png [47]
29 BC Theban revolt Thebes, Egypt, Roman SPQR banner.svg Roman Republic Egyptians Revolt suppressed by Cornelius Gallus Roman Empire - Aegyptus (125 AD).svg [48]

1–999 AD[edit]

Date Revolution/Rebellion Location Revolutionaries/Rebels Result Image Ref
3–6 Gaetulian War Mauretania,  Roman Empire Gaetuli Revolt suppressed by Cossus Cornelius Lentulus Mauretania et Numidia.jpg [49]
6 Judas Uprising Judea,  Roman Empire Zealots led by Judas of Galilee Riots against the Roman census erupt throughout the country, but others are convinced by the High Priest of Israel to obey the census. Meister der Kahriye-Cami-Kirche in Istanbul 005.jpg [50]
6–9 Bellum Batonianum Illyricum,  Roman Empire Illyrian tribes Revolt eventually suppressed by the Romans. Great Illyrian Revolt (English).svg [51]
9–16 Germanic revolt Germania Alliance of Germanic tribes, led by Arminius The Roman legions led by Publius Quinctilius Varus were defeated in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, temporarily halting further Roman occupation and colonization. Germania 10-12 Tiberio.png [52]
14 Mutiny of the legions Germania and Illyricum,  Roman Empire Roman legions Revolt suppressed by Germanicus and Drusus Julius Caesar respectively Limes1.png [53]
15–24 Tacfarinas' revolt' Mauretania,  Roman Empire Musulamii Revolt suppressed by Publius Cornelius Dolabella Roman Africa.JPG [54]
17–23 First Red Eyebrow Rebellion China Red Eyebrow and Lulin rebels Xin dynasty overthrown and the Gengshi Emperor is instated on the throne. Xin Dynasty Uprisings.png [55][56]
24–27 Second Red Eyebrow Rebellion China Red Eyebrow rebels Revolt suppressed by Liu Xiu's forces and the Eastern Han dynasty is established. Xin Dynasty Uprisings.png [57][58]
21 Gaulish debtors' revolt Gaul,  Roman Empire Treveri and Aedui The Treveri revolt was put down by Julius Indus and the Aedui revolt was put down by Gaius Silius. REmpire-Gallia.png [59]
26 Thracian revolt Odrysian kingdom Thracians Revolt suppressed by Gaius Poppaeus Sabinus. Odrysian.svg [60]
28 Revolt of the Frisii Frisia Frisii The Roman Empire is driven out of Frisia. Continental.coast.150AD.Germanic.peoples.jpg [61]
36 Revolt of the Cietae Cappadocia,  Roman Empire Cietae Rebellion put down by Archelaus of Cilicia. Roman Empire - Cappadocia (125 AD).svg [62]
40–43 Trung sisters' rebellion Lĩnh Nam Vietnamese led by the Trung Sisters After brief end to the First Chinese domination of Vietnam, the Han dynasty reconquers the country and begins the Second Chinese domination of Vietnam. Hai ba trung Dong Ho painting.jpg [63]
40–44 Mauretanian revolt Mauretania,  Roman Empire Mauri led by Aedemon and Sabalus Revolt suppressed by Gaius Suetonius Paulinus and Gnaeus Hosidius Geta, Mauretania is annexed directly into the empire and split into the Roman provinces of Mauretania Tingitana and Mauretania Caesariensis. Ptolemy of Mauretania Louvre Ma1887.jpg [64]
42 Camillus' revolt Dalmatia,  Roman Empire Roman legions led by Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus Rebellion quickly collapses, Camillus flees to Vis where he takes his own life. Roman Empire - Dalmatia (125 AD).svg [65]
46–48 Jacob and Simon uprising Galilee, Judea,  Roman Empire Zealots Revolt suppressed, Jacob and Simon executed by Tiberius Julius Alexander. First century Iudaea province.gif [66]
60–61 Boudican revolt Norfolk, Britain,  Roman Empire Celtic Britons led by Boudica Revolt crushed by Gaius Suetonius Paulinus. Boadicea Haranguing the Britons (called Boudicca, or Boadicea) by John Opie.jpg [67]
66–73 First Jewish–Roman War Menora Titus.png Judea Jewish people Revolt crushed by the Roman Empire, Jerusalem and the Second Temple are destroyed in the process. Judean Free Government.png [68]
68 Vindex's Revolt Gallia Lugdunensis,  Roman Empire Gaius Julius Vindex Vindex was defeated in battle by Lucius Verginius Rufus and committed suicide. ?Forged denarius of Vindex of Gaul (FindID 94376).jpg [69]
69 Colchis uprising Colchis,  Roman Empire Anicetus Uprising put down by Roman forces. Georgian States Colchis and Iberia (600-150BC)-en.svg [70]
69–70 Revolt of the Batavi Batavia Batavi Revolt crushed by Quintus Petillius Cerialis and the Batavi again submitted to Roman rule, Batavia is incorporated into the Roman province of Germania Inferior. Bataafseeed.jpg [71]
89 Revolt of Saturninus Germania Superior,  Roman Empire Lucius Antonius Saturninus Revolt swiftly crushed by the Roman legions. Roman Empire - Germania Superior (125 AD).svg [72]
115–117 Kitos War Eastern Mediterranean,  Roman Empire Zealots Revolt crushed by the Roman legions and its leaders executed. Roman Empire Map.png [73]
117 Mauretanian revolt Mauretania,  Roman Empire Mauri Revolt suppressed by Marcius Turbo Roman Empire 125.png
132–135 Bar Kokhba revolt Judea,  Roman Empire Jewish people led by Simon bar Kokhba All-out defeat of the Jewish rebels, followed by wide-scale persecution and genocide of Jewish people and the suppression of Jewish religious and political autonomy. Knesset Menorah P5200010 Bar Kochvah.JPG [74]
172 Bucolic war Egypt,  Roman Empire Egyptians led by Isidorus Revolt suppressed by Avidius Cassius Roman Empire - Aegyptus (125 AD).svg [75]
184–205 Yellow Turban Rebellion China Yellow Turban Army led by Zhang Jue The uprising eventually collapsed and was fully suppressed by various warlords of the Eastern Han dynasty. However, the large devolution of power to regional warlords led to the collapse of the Han dynasty not long after. Yellow Turban Rebellion.jpg [76]
185–205 Heishan secession Taihang Mountain, China Heishan bandits The autonomous confederacy eventually surrendered to the warlord Cao Cao. Cao Cao's conquest of northern China 200–207.png [77]
185 Roman mutiny Britain,  Roman Empire Roman legions Mutiny suppressed by Pertinax. Roman Empire - Britannia (125 AD).svg [78]
218 Battle of Antioch Antioch, Syria,  Roman Empire Elagabalus Elagabalus overthrows Macrinus and is installed as Roman Emperor. Detailed Map of Roman Syria.jpg [79]
225–248 Lady Triệu's uprising Vietnam Vietnamese led by Lady Triệu After several months of warfare Lady Triệu was defeated and committed suicide. The Second Chinese domination of Vietnam continues. Ba trieu cuoi voi.jpg [80]
227–228 Xincheng Rebellion Cao Wei, China Meng Da The revolt was suppressed by Sima Yi, Meng Da was captured and executed. Defeat of Meng Da.jpg [81]
251 Wang Ling's Rebellion Shouchon, Cao Wei, China Wang Ling Wang Ling surrendered to the Wei forces and later committed suicide. Three Kingdoms.png [82]
255 Guanqiu Jian and Wen Qin's Rebellion Shouchon, Cao Wei, China Guanqiu Jian and Wen Qin Cao Wei is victorious, Guanqiu Jian is slain, Wen Qin and his family fled to Eastern Wu. GuanqiuJianWenQinRevolt.png [82]
257–258 Zhuge Dan's Rebellion Shouchon, Cao Wei, China Zhuge Dan Cao Wei is victorious and the Sima clan cements control over the Wei government until its eventual demise. Third Rebellion in Shouchun Map.png [82]
284–286 Gallic peasants' rebellion Gaul,  Roman Empire Bagaudae Rebellion crushed by Caesar Maximian, though the Bagaudae movement would persist until the Fall of the Western Roman Empire. Map of Ancient Rome 271 AD.svg [83]
286–296 Carausian Revolt Britain and northern Gaul,  Roman Empire Carausius and Allectus Revolt suppressed, Britain and Gaul retaken. Aureus Carausius RIC 0005 (obverse).jpg [84]
291–306 War of the Eight Princes China Princes of the Sima clan Sima Yue wins the war and gains influence over the Jin emperor but is killed a few years later. War of the Eight Princes.png [85]
304–316 Uprising of the Five Barbarians North China Five Barbarians Rebel victory in northern China; Fall of the Western Jin dynasty in northern China; Formation of the Eastern Jin dynasty in southern China; Rebel victory for Cheng Han's independence; Hubei southern Nanman Aboriginal uprising defeated. Wu Hu Uprising.png [86]
293 Revolt of the Thebaid Thebaid,  Roman Empire Busiris and Qift Revolt suppressed by Galerius. Dioecesis Aegypti 400 AD.png [87]
351–352 Jewish revolt against Constantius Gallus Syria Palaestina,  Roman Empire Jewish people The Romans crush the revolt and destroy several Jewish cities. Southeastern Roman Empire.PNG [88]
398 Gildonic War Africa, Simple Labarum.svg Western Roman Empire Comes Gildo The revolt was subdued by Flavius Stilicho. Roman Empire - Africa Proconsularis (125 AD).svg [89]
484 Justa uprising Samaria,  Byzantine Empire Samaritans Uprising suppressed by Zeno, who rebuilt the church of Saint Procopius in Neapolis and banned the Samaritans from Mount Gerizim. Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD.png [90]
495 Samaritan unrest Samaria,  Byzantine Empire Samaritans Uprising suppressed by the Byzantines. Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD.png [90]
496 Mazdak's Revolt  Sasanian Empire Mazdakites Mazdak successfully converted Kavadh I, before the latter was overthrown by the nobility and the former was executed. The Iranian prophet Mazdak being executed.png [91]
529–531 Ben Sabar Revolt Samaria,  Byzantine Empire Samaritans led by Julianus ben Sabar The forces of Justinian I quelled the revolt with the help of the Ghassanids; tens of thousands of Samaritans died or were enslaved. The Christian Byzantine Empire thereafter outlawed the Samaritan faith. Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD.png [90]
532 Nika revolt Constantinople,  Byzantine Empire Blue and Green demes Revolt suppressed, its participants killed and Justinian I's rule over the Byzantine empire is strengthened. Constantinople imperial district.png [92]
541 Vietnamese uprising Vạn Xuân Vietnamese led by Lý Nam Đế The Second Chinese domination of Vietnam is brought to an end, the country declares itself independent as the Kingdom of Vạn Xuân and crowns Lý Nam Đế as the first king of the Early Lý dynasty. Map of Vạn Xuân Kingdom during Early Lý dynasty.png [93]
556 Samaritan revolt Samaria,  Byzantine Empire Samaritans and Jewish people Amantius, the governor of the East was ordered to quell the revolt. Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD.png [90]
572–578 Samaritan revolt Samaria,  Byzantine Empire Samaritans and Jewish people Revolt suppressed, the Samaritan faith was outlawed and from a population of nearly a million, the Samaritan community dwindled to near extinction. Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD.png [90]
608–610 Heraclian revolt Exarchate of Africa,  Byzantine Empire Heraclius the Elder Phocas executed and Heraclius the Younger is installed as Byzantine Emperor, establishing the Heraclian dynasty. Exarchate of Africa 600 AD.png [94]
611–617 Anti-Sui rebellions China Former Sui officials and peasant rebels The Sui dynasty is overthrown, followed by the rise of rebel leader Li Yuan, founder of the Tang dynasty. Sui Dynasty Uprisings.png [95]
614–625 Jewish revolt against Heraclius Palaestina Prima,  Byzantine Empire Jewish people After Palestine was retaken by the Byzantines, Jewish people were massacred and expelled from the region. Byzantine-persian campaigns 611-624-mohammad adil rais.PNG [96]
623–626 Slavic revolt Avar Khaganate Slavs led by Samo Avar rule overthrown, Slavic tribes in the area unify to form Samo's Empire. Sámova říše.png [97]
632–633 Ridda wars Arabia, Abbasid banner.svg Rashidun Caliphate Arab tribes Rebels forced to submit to the caliphate of Abu Bakr. Mohammad adil rais-conquest of Arabia.PNG [98]
656 Siege of Uthman Medina, Abbasid banner.svg Rashidun Caliphate Egyptians Uthman assassinated and Ali appointed Caliph Rashidun Caliph Uthman ibn Affan - عثمان بن عفان ثالث الخلفاء الراشدين.svg [99]
656–661 First Fitna Abbasid banner.svg Rashidun Caliphate Umayyads Hasan ibn Ali negotiates a treaty acknowledging Muawiyah I as caliph, establishing the Umayyad Caliphate. First Fitna Map, Ali-Muawiya Phase.png [99]
680–692 Second Fitna Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Zubayrids, Alids and Kharijites The Umayyad Caliphate increases its own power, restructuring the army and Arabizing and Islamizing the state bureaucracy. Second Fitna Territorial Control Map ca 686.svg [100]
696–698 Sufri revolt Central Iraq, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Sufri led by Shabib ibn Yazid al-Shaybani Defeated by the caliphate, although Sufrism continued to be practiced in Mosul. Jazira.png [101]
700–703 Ibn al-Ash'ath's rebellion Iraq, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath Revolt suppressed by the caliphate, signalling the end of the power of the tribal nobility of Iraq, which henceforth came under the direct control of the Umayyad regime's staunchly loyal Syrian troops. Iraq ca. 875.svg [102]
720–729 Yazid's mutiny Basra, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Yazid ibn al-Muhallab Revolt suppressed by the caliphate. [103]
713–722 Annam uprising Vietnam Vietnamese led by Mai Thúc Loan The independent kingdom was put down by a military campaign at the order of the Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, continuing the Third Chinese domination of Vietnam L.LIANG.jpg [104]
734–746 Harith's rebellion Khurasan, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Al-Harith ibn Surayj Harith is killed and the rebellion crushed, although the revolt weakened Arab power in Central Asia and facilitated the beginning of the Abbasid Revolution. Transoxiana 8th century.svg [105]
740 Zaidi Revolt Kufa, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Zayd ibn Ali The Umayyad governor of Iraq managed to bribe the inhabitants of Kufa which allowed him to break the insurgence, killing Zayd in the process Kufa Mosque, 1915.jpg [106]
740–743 Berber Revolt Maghreb, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Berbers led by Maysara al-Matghari Umayyads expelled from the Maghreb and several independent Berber states are established in the area. Morocco and the Maghreb after the Berber Revolt.PNG [107]
744–747 Third Fitna Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Pro-Yaman Umayyads, Alids led by Abdallah ibn Mu'awiya, Kharijites led by Al-Dahhak ibn Qays al-Shaybani Victory of Marwan II and the pro-Qays faction in the inter-Umayyad civil war and anti-Umayyad revolts crushed, although Umayyad authority was now permanently weakened. Caliphate 740-en.svg [108]
747–748 Ibadi revolt South Arabia, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Ibadis Umayyad victory in the Hijaz and the Yemen; though Ibadi autonomy is secured in Hadramawt. Arabia Eighth Century.svg [109]
747–750 Abbasid Revolution Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Abbasids Abbasid Caliphate established, bringing an end to the privileged status for Arabs and discrimination against non-Arabs. Balami - Tarikhnama - Abu'l-'Abbas al-Saffah is proclaimed the first 'Abbasid Caliph (cropped).jpg [105]
754 Abdallah's rebellion Syria, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Abdallah ibn Ali Abdallah's army is defeated by Abu Muslim. Syria in the 9th century.svg [110]
755 Córdoban revolution Almuñécar, al-Andalus, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Ummayads led by Abd al-Rahman I Umayyads take control of al-Andalus, establishing the Emirate of Córdoba. The Emirate of Córdoba.svg [111]
755–763 An Lushan Rebellion Yan, China An Lushan Yan defeated by the Tang imperial forces, although the Tang dynasty was weakened. An Lushan Rebellion.png [112]
762–763 Alid Revolt Hejaz and Southern Iraq, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Alids led by Muhammad ibn Abdallah Revolt suppressed by the caliphate, followed by a large-scaled reprisal campaign against the Alids. Alī.png [113]
772–804 Saxon Wars Saxony Saxons Saxony is annexed into the Frankish empire and the Saxons are forcibly converted from Germanic paganism to Catholicism. Frankish Empire 481 to 814-en.svg [114]
786 Alid revolt Mecca, Hejaz, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Alids Revolt crushed by the Abbasid army and members of the Alid house are executed. One of the Alids, Idris ibn Abdallah, fled the battlefield to the Maghreb, where he established the Idrisid dynasty. [115]
791–802 Phùng rebellion Vietnam Vietnamese led by Phùng Hưng Briefly ruled the country before the Third Chinese domination of Vietnam is reestablished. Tang Protectorates.png [116]
793–796 Qays–Yaman war Syria, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Qays Revolt crushed by the Abbasids and their Yamani allies. Syria in the 9th century.svg [117]
794–795 Al-Walid's rebellion Jazira, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Kharijites led by Al-Walid ibn Tarif al-Shaybani Yazid ibn Mazyad al-Shaybani met the rebels in battle in late 795, at al-Haditha above Hit, and defeated al-Walid in single combat, killing him and cutting off his head. Yazid also killed a large number of the Kharijites and forced the remainder to disperse, and the revolt ended in defeat. Al-Jazira.svg [118]
811–838 Fourth Fitna Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Alids led by Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Qays led by Nasr ibn Shabath al-Uqayli and Khurramites led by Babak Khorramdin Al-Ma'mun takes power as Caliph, al-Sadiq is forced into exile, Qays territory is lost and Nasr surrenders to the caliphate, Babak is executed and the Tahirids begin their reign over Khorasan Adharbayjan Ninth Century.svg [119]
814 al-Ribad rebellion Guadalquivir, Emirate of Córdoba Clerics in al-Ribad Rebellion crushed at Al-Hakam I Al Andalus dirham 76119.jpg [120]
821–823 Thomas the Slav's rebellion Anatolia,  Byzantine Empire Thomas the Slav Thomas is surrendered and executed by the Byzantines Thomas the Slav's troops defeat the imperial army.jpg [121]
824–836 Tunisian mutiny Tunisia, Ifriqiya, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Arabs Aghlabids put down the revolt with the help of the Berbers Aghlabid in 900 ad.png [122]
822 Aristocratic rebellion Seal of Silla.png Silla Aristocrats led by Kim Heonchang The royal faction was able to regain much of the territory that Heonchang's forces had taken. After the fall of Gongju, Gim Heon-chang took his own life. History of Korea-576.png
841–842 Umayyad rebellion Palestine, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Umayyads led by Al-Mubarqa Al-Hidari defeated al-Mubarqa's forces in a battle near Ramlah, al-Mubarqa taken prisoner and brought to the caliphal capital, Samarra, where he was thrown into prison and never heard of again. Syria in the 9th century.svg [123]
841–845 Stellinga Saxony, Carolingian Empire Saxon freemen and freedmen Revolt crushed by the Carolingians and their allies in the Saxon nobility. Francia 814.svg [124]
845–846 Jang Bogo's mutiny Seal of Silla.png Silla Jang Bogo Jang Bogo assassinated by an emissary from the Silla court. Unified Silla.svg [125]
859–860 Qiu's rebellion Zhejiang, China Peasants led by Qiu Fu Rebellion was suppressed by the imperial general Wang Shi. ChinaZhejiangShaoxing.png [126]
861–876 Saffarid revolution Sistan, Khorasan, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Saffarids led by Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar al-Saffar overthrows Abbasid rule over Iran and establishes the Saffarid dynasty. Saffarid dynasty 861-1003.png [127]
864 Alid uprising Iraq, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Alids led by Yahya ibn Umar The Alids attacked Al-Musta'in's forces, but were defeated and fled, Umar was subsequently executed. Iraq-CIA WFB Map.png [128]
865–866 Fifth Fitna Iraq, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Al-Mu'tazz Al-Musta'in deposed as Caliph and succeeded by Al-Mu'tazz. Iraq Ninth Century.png [129]
866–896 Kharijite Rebellion Jazira, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Kharijites It was finally defeated after the caliph al-Mu'tadid undertook several campaigns to restore caliphal authority in the region. Central Abbasid Caliphate Ninth Century.svg [130]
869–883 Zanj Rebellion Sawad, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Zanj Revolt eventually suppressed by the Abbasids. Zanj Rebellion.svg [131]
874–884 Qi rebellion China Wang Xianzhi and Huang Chao Rebellions suppressed by the Tang dynasty, which later collapsed due to the destabilization caused by the rebellion. Huang Chao Uprising.png [132]
880–928 Bobastro rebellion Emirate of Córdoba Muwallads and Mozarabs led by Umar ibn Hafsun Ibn Hafsun died in 917, his coalition then crumbled, and while his sons tried to continue the resistance, they eventually fell to Abd-ar-Rahman III, who proclaimed the Caliphate of Córdoba. Bobastro ruinas.jpg [133]
899–906 The Qarmatian Revolution Eastern Arabia, Abbasid banner.svg Abbasid Caliphate Qarmatians Qarmatians successfully establish a republic in Eastern Arabia, becoming the most powerful force in the Persian Gulf. The Qarmatians were eventually reduced to a local power by the Abbasids in 976 and annihilated by the Seljuq-backed Uyunid Emirate in 1076. Qarmatian dinar of al-Hasan ibn Ahmad, AH 361.jpg [134]
917–924 Bulgarian–Serbian war Balkans Serbians led by Zaharija Serbia is annexed into the First Bulgarian Empire. Balkans 925AD.png [135]
928–932 Bithynian rebellion Bithynia,  Byzantine Empire Basil the Copper Hand The revolt was finally subdued by the imperial army and Basil was executed. Roman Empire - Bythinia et Pontus (125 AD).svg [136]
943–947 Ibadi Berber revolt Ifriqiya, White flag 3 to 2.svg Fatimid Caliphate Ibadi Berbers led by Abu Yazid Revolt suppressed by the Fatimids, Abu Yazid captured and killed. Fatimid Caliphate.PNG [137]
969–970 First rebellion of Bardas Phokas the Younger Caesarea,  Byzantine Empire Phokas family Rebellion extinguished by Bardas Skleros, Phokas was captured and exiled to Chios, where he stayed for 7 years. [138]
976–979 Rebellion of Bardas Skleros Anatolia,  Byzantine Empire Bardas Skleros Bardas Phokas the Younger recalled from exile to put down Skleros' rebellion at the Battle of Pankaleia, Skleros seeks refuge in Baghdad. Clash between the armies of Bardas Skleros and Bardas Phokas.jpg [139]
983 Great Slav rising Elbe, Germany,  Holy Roman Empire Polabian Slavs Halt to Ostsiedlung. Lutizenbund.PNG [140]
987–989 Second Rebellion of Bardas Phokas the Younger Anatolia,  Byzantine Empire Bardas Phokas the Younger and Bardas Skleros Rebel armies surrendered after the death of Phokas. Coronation of Basil II as co-emperor by Patriarch Polyeuctus.png [141]
993–995 Da Shu rebellion Sichuan, China Da Shu Kingdom The Song dynasty was able to suppress the rebellion and restore their rule over the Shu region. China - Song Dynasty-en.svg [142]
996 Peasants' revolt in Normandy Flag of Normandie.svg Normandy Norman peasants Suppression of the rebellion [143]

1000–1499[edit]

Date Revolution/Rebellion Location Revolutionaries/Rebels Result Image Ref
1034 - 1038 Serb revolt against the Byzantine Empire Duklja,  Byzantine Empire Serbs lead by Vojislav of Duklja Revolt suppressed and Vojislav imprisoned, before starting another rebellion which eventually succeeded
1040 - 1041 Uprising of Peter Delyan Balkan peninsula,  Byzantine Empire Bulgarians lead by Peter Delyan Rebellion suppressed by Emperor Michael IV PetarDelyanIsProclaimedTsarOfBulgaria.jpg [144]
1072 Uprising of Georgi Voyteh Balkan peninsula,  Byzantine Empire Bulgarians lead by Georgi Voyteh Revolt suppressed by Damianos Dalassenos Uprising of Peter III and Georgi Voyteh (1072).png [145]
1090 Takeover of Alamut Alamut, Seljuk Empire Hashshashin lead by Hassan-i Sabbah Nizari Ismaili state founded, creating the Order of Assassins Alamut.png
The end of the unsuccessful Peasants' Revolt in England 1381. Rebel leader Wat Tyler is killed while Richard II watches. A second image within the painting shows Richard addressing the crowd.

1500–1699[edit]

Bolotnikov's Battle with the Tsar's Army at Nizhniye Kotly Near Moscow by a Russian painter Ernst Lissner.
Episode of the Fronde at the Faubourg Saint-Antoine by the Walls of the Bastille
Scene from the Moscow Uprising: Natalya Naryshkina shows Ivan V to the Streltsy to prove that he is alive and well.

1700–1799[edit]

The so-called kuruc were armed anti-Habsburg rebels in Royal Hungary between 1671 and 1711.
Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781, during the American Revolutionary War.
Depiction of the Battle of Vinegar Hill during the Irish Rebellion of 1798.
Battle at "Snake Gully" during the Haitian Revolution against French rule.

1800–1849[edit]

Tyrolean Rebellion against the French and Bavarian occupation
Castle Hill convict rebellion (1804): The Battle of Vinegar Hill.
Siege of Saragossa (1809): The French assault on the San Engracia monastery. (Peninsular War 1808–1814)
Fighting in the streets of Lyon during the 1831 revolt
Cheering revolutionaries during the Revolutions of 1848

1850–1899[edit]

Battle of the Yangtze during the Taiping Rebellion.
A scene from the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Execution of mutineers by blowing from a gun by the British, 8 September 1857.
Confederate soldiers killed behind wall during the Battle of Chancellorsville of the American Civil War.
Paris Commune, 29 May 1871
The Herzegovina uprising of 1875–1877 was an uprising led by Christian population, mostly Serbs, against the Ottoman Empire
The current Puerto Rican Flag was flown for the first time in Puerto Rico by Fidel Vélez and his men during the "Intentona de Yauco" revolt

1900s[edit]

Demonstrations in Istanbul during the Young Turk Revolution

1910s[edit]

Leaders of the 1910 revolt after the First Battle of Juárez. Seen are José María Pino Suárez, Venustiano Carranza, Francisco I. Madero (and his father), Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa, Gustavo A. Madero, Raul Madero, Abraham González, and Giuseppe Garibaldi II
Establishment of Republic of China Hubei Military Government on 11 October 1911, the day after Wuchang uprising
1917 – Execution at Verdun during the winter of 1916

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

Soldiers assembled in front of the Throne Hall, Siam, 24 June 1932
Austrian Civil War: Army soldiers take position in front of the Vienna State Opera

1940s[edit]

Patrol of Lieut. Stanisław Jankowski ("Agaton") from Battalion Pięść, 1 August 1944: "W-hour" (17:00)
The PLA enters Beijing in the Pingjin Campaign and control the later capital of PRC

1950s[edit]

External audio
audio icon Newsreel scenes in Spanish of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolts of the 1950s here
Barricades in Algiers. "Long live Massu" (Vive Massu) is written on the banner. (January 1960)
Raúl Castro (left), with his arm around second-in-command Ernesto "Che" Guevara, in their Sierra de Cristal Mountain stronghold in Oriente Province Cuba, 1958.

1960s[edit]

Portuguese soldiers in Angola
Barricades in Bordeaux during the May 68 revolt in France.

1970s[edit]

Khomeini returns to Iran after 14 years exile on 1 February 1979
Nicaraguan National Guard clashes with Sandinista rebels in 1979, during the Nicaraguan Revolution.

1980s[edit]

Diretas Já demonstration in São Paulo, Brazil, 1984, demanding direct presidential election and an end to the military dictatorship.
Fall of the Berlin wall in November 1989, during the Revolutions of 1989.

1990s[edit]

Russian Mil Mi-8 helicopter downed by Chechens near Grozny, December 1994

2000s[edit]

Police clash with protestors during the December 2001 riots in Argentina.

2010s[edit]

A line of riot police in the city of Kyiv during the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.
YPJ fighters during the Rojava Revolution.
The sentencing of nine Catalan independence leaders in a 2019 trial triggered protests in Catalonia.

2020s[edit]

Date Revolution/Rebellion Location Revolutionaries/Rebels Goals Lead Figures Result Image Ref
2021 2021 Brazilian Protests Brazil Brazil

Some cities around the world

Anti-Government Protesters Ongoing conflict [183][184][185][186][187][188]
2021 2021 Cuban protests Cuba Cuba Cuban Protesters Crackdown [189]
2021 2021 Iranian protests. Iran Iran Iranian Protesters Ongoing conflict [190]
2021 2021 Afghan protests. Afghanistan Afghanistan Anti-taliban Protesters Ongoing conflict [191]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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