TR-1700-class submarine

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S41ARASantaCruzWWM.jpg
TR-1700 submarine ARA Santa Cruz (S-41) at Base Naval Mar del Plata.
Class overview
Builders
Operators Argentine Navy
In commission1984–present
Planned6
Completed2
Cancelled2
Active0
Laid up3
Lost1
General characteristics
TypeSubmarine
Displacement
  • 2116 tonnes (Surfaced)
  • 2264 tonnes (Submerged)
Length67.30 m (220 ft 10 in)
Beam8.36 m (27 ft 5 in)
Draught6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Propulsion
  • 1 shaft 4 × MTU diesels
  • 1 × Siemens electric motor
Speed
  • 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) surfaced
  • 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph) submerged
Range12,000 nmi (22,000 km; 14,000 mi) at 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) surfaced
Endurance30 days
Test depth300 m (980 ft)
Complement26
Sensors and
processing systems
  • radar Thompson CSF Calypso
  • Sonar Atlas Elektronik CSU 3/4, Thompson Sintra DUUX-5
Armament

The TR-1700 (Santa Cruz) is a class of diesel-electric patrol submarines built by Thyssen Nordseewerke for the Argentine Navy in the 1980s, with two submarines completed. These ships are amongst the largest submarines built in Germany since World War II and are among the fastest diesel-electric submarines in the world.[1] ARA San Juan was lost on 17 November 2017, leaving ARA Santa Cruz as the only remaining submarine of this class. As of 2020, the refit of Santa Cruz had been reported cancelled leaving the entire class inactive. [2][3]

Development[edit]

The original 1977 plan called for six boats, two TR-1700s built in Germany by Thyssen Nordseewerke, two in Argentina by Astillero Domecq Garcia, and two smaller TR-1400s also built in Argentina.[4] The final agreement in 1982 was modified to six TR-1700s, with the last four to be built in Argentina.[5] The TR-1700s to be built in Argentina were considered for an upgrade to a nuclear submarine using INVAP's CAREM reactor, which began development at that time. The nuclear submarine project never came to fruition, despite later attempts to revive it.[6]

Design[edit]

The submarine was designed by Thyssen and its features include high underwater speed, endurance (for a diesel submarine), and survivability. The boat's four MTU diesel engines, four generators, and Siemens electric motor can propel it at speeds up to 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph).[7] Eight 120-cell batteries are installed on each boat. They have a diving depth of 300 m (980 ft). Normal endurance of these boats is 30 days with an extended range up to 70 days. These boats are equipped to accept a Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV). Armaments include six bow 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes and 22 SST (Special Surface Target) or Mark 37 torpedos. The automatic torpedo reload system can reload the tubes in 50 seconds.[4]

Thyssen proposed the TR1700A for the Australian Collins-class submarine program.[8] The proposed design had a reworked pressure hull, was six meters longer, and half a meter wider than the TR-1700s built for Argentina. It lost to the Type 471 from Kockums, an enlarged Västergötland-class submarine.

Service[edit]

The first two submarines were delivered on schedule in 1984–85. The remaining four built in Argentina were suspended due to the Argentinean economic crisis of the 1980s. In 1996 work completely ceased on ARA Santa Fe at 70% (or 52%) completion while ARA Santiago del Estero was only 30% complete.[9] After attempts to complete and sell the boats to Taiwan failed, they were cannibalized, along with the parts for the fifth and sixth units, to support the continued operations of the first two submarines.[1]

Santa Cruz received its mid-life modernization at Arsenal de Marinha, Rio de Janeiro Brazil between September 1999 and 2001.[4] The work involved the replacement of the engines, batteries, and sonar. Her sister boat San Juan entered the Astillero Domecq Garcia shipyard to receive her refit in 2007;[10] she completed refit in 2013.[11]

In September 2010, it was revealed that the Ministry of Defense was conducting feasibility studies to decide if ARA Santa Fe (S-43) should be completed. The decision should be made sometime after completing the mid-life modernization of ARA San Juan (S-42). The estimated cost of completing Santa Fe was $60 million.[12][13]

On 17 November 2017, the ARA San Juan was reported missing; reports of a fire at the time were denied by the Argentine Navy.[14][15] A year after that, on 17 November 2018, private company Ocean Infinity (appointed by the Argentine Government) announced that they successfully located the wreck, at 900 metres depth and 500 km from Comodoro Rivadavia.[16]

Boats in class[edit]

Ship Name Pennant number Builder Completed Status
ARA Santa Cruz S-41 Thyssen Nordseewerke 18 October 1984 Inactive; envisaged refit cancelled as of 2020.[17][18]
ARA San Juan S-42 Thyssen Nordseewerke 19 November 1985 Formerly in service with Argentine Navy.
Confirmed lost on 23 November 2017; wreck found in Atlantic Ocean on 16 November 2018. Recovery by American team pending naval decision.
ARA Santa Fe S-43 Astillero Domecq Garcia Construction suspended - 70% (or 52%) complete[19]
Boat could be completed after feasibility studies. Unknown if sub was cannibalized for parts along with the rest of incomplete members of the class.
ARA Santiago Del Estero S-44 Astillero Domecq Garcia Construction suspended - 30% complete and eventually cannibalized for spare parts for active subs.
(none) S-45 Astillero Domecq Garcia Construction suspended - Little complete[9]
Components cannibalized for spares
(none) S-46 Astillero Domecq Garcia Suspended
Components cannibalized for spares[9]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Miller, David (2002). The Illustrated Directory of Submarines. Zenith Press. p. 480. ISBN 0-7603-1345-8.
  2. ^ "Estiman que la llegada del próximo submarino operativo para Argentina demoraría de cinco a seis años".
  3. ^ "A. Rossi (Argentina): "Argentina tiene que tener una Fuerza Aérea con aviones supersónicos" (2) - Noticias Infodefensa América". 23 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Santa Cruz class Patrol submarine". Archived from the original on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
  5. ^ Farley, Robert (20 November 2017). "Everything You Need to Know about Argentina's Submarine Force". The National Interest. Archived from the original on 24 November 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Promete Garré que se construirá un submarino nuclear en el país". La Nación. Archived from the original on 2012-12-26. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  7. ^ Watts, Anthony (March 2002). Jane's Underwater Warfare Systems, 2002-2003. Jane's Information Group. p. 629. ISBN 0-7106-2451-4.
  8. ^ Woolner, Derek (18 September 2001). Procuring Change: How Kockums was Selected for the Collins Class Submarine. Canberra: Department of the Parliamentary Library. p. 34.
  9. ^ a b c Wertheim, Eric (2002). Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. US Naval Institute Press. p. 1124. ISBN 1-59114-955-X.
  10. ^ "The hull of the S-42 ARA San Juan again soldier". Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  11. ^ El arte de reparar submarinos. p. 12, 3 August 2014 Archived 11 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine (2016-05-01)
  12. ^ Por primera vez en la historia se construirán en nuestro país submarinos para la Armada Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Argentina estudia construir submarino nuclear en astilleros propios". FuerzasAeronavales website, by Sergio Garcia Pedroche, 28/09/2010 Archived 2016-08-16 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 2016-07-16)
  14. ^ Goñi, Uki (2017-11-17). "Argentina's navy searches for missing submarine with 44 crew on board". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  15. ^ La Armada Argentina asegura que, a pesar de la explosión, continuará buscando el submarino San Juan. "diariodenautica.com" Archived 2017-11-26 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish) (accessed 2017-11-23)
  16. ^ Ocean Infinity Locates the Missing Argentinian Submarine, ARA San Juan Latest News, Ocean Infinity website Archived 2018-11-18 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 2018-11-17)
  17. ^ "Estiman que la llegada del próximo submarino operativo para Argentina demoraría de cinco a seis años".
  18. ^ "A. Rossi (Argentina): "Argentina tiene que tener una Fuerza Aérea con aviones supersónicos" (2) - Noticias Infodefensa América". 23 December 2020.
  19. ^ Congreso Nacional: del submarino ARA Santa Fe, el cual se encuentra al 70% de su construcción

Sources[edit]

  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]