1942

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1942 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1942
MCMXLII
Ab urbe condita2695
Armenian calendar1391
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԱ
Assyrian calendar6692
Baháʼí calendar98–99
Balinese saka calendar1863–1864
Bengali calendar1349
Berber calendar2892
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 7 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2486
Burmese calendar1304
Byzantine calendar7450–7451
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4638 or 4578
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4639 or 4579
Coptic calendar1658–1659
Discordian calendar3108
Ethiopian calendar1934–1935
Hebrew calendar5702–5703
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1998–1999
 - Shaka Samvat1863–1864
 - Kali Yuga5042–5043
Holocene calendar11942
Igbo calendar942–943
Iranian calendar1320–1321
Islamic calendar1360–1361
Japanese calendarShōwa 17
(昭和17年)
Javanese calendar1872–1873
Juche calendar31
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4275
Minguo calendarROC 31
民國31年
Nanakshahi calendar474
Thai solar calendar2485
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
2068 or 1687 or 915
    — to —
阳水马年
(male Water-Horse)
2069 or 1688 or 916

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

Events[edit]

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

Map of Europe at the height of German control in 1942, Britain remains the only country in Western Europe held by Allied forces

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

June 4: The Japanese aircraft carrier Hiryū under attack by US aircraft at the Battle of Midway
  • June 1 – WWII:
  • June 4 – WWII: Reinhard Heydrich succumbs to wounds sustained on May 27, from Czechoslovakian paratroopers acting in Operation Anthropoid.
  • June 4June 7 – WWII: Battle of Midway: The Japanese naval advance in the Pacific is halted.
  • June 5 – WWII: The United States declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
  • June 7 – WWII:
    • Siege of Sevastopol: German forces of the 11th Army under General Erich von Manstein begin renowned infantry attacks against the fortress city of Sevastopol. The Germans advance cautiously behind air and artillery support. Manstein had enough firepower to destroy the Soviet fortifications, he has some 1,300 guns and Heavy Artillery Battalion 833 (including a Karl-Batterie with three howitzers of 54 cm nicknamed "Thor", "Odin" and "Loki"). Firing in support, the German 80 cm Schwerer Gustav railway gun fires seven shells.
    • Japanese forces invade the Aleutian Islands (the first invasion of American soil in 128 years).
  • June 8 – WWII: Attack on Sydney Harbour: The Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle are shelled by Japanese submarines. The eastern suburbs of both cities are damaged, and the east coast is blacked out.
  • June 9 – WWII: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice, in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
  • June 10 – WWII:
  • June 11 – WWII: German forces of the 15th Panzer Division together with the 90th Light Division reach El Adem. Panzer Army Africa captures the area around El Adem, and the 29th Indian Brigade, which has defended El Adem is almost wiped out by the Germans.
  • June 12 – WWII: The Holocaust: On her 13th birthday, Anna Frank makes the first entry in her new diary.
  • June 1215 – WWII: Operation Harpoon: A Allied convoy under Admiral Alban Curteis leaves from Gibraltar with 6 merchant ships escorted by the British battleship HMS Malaya, aircraft carriers HMS Argus and HMS Eagle, 4 cruisers and 17 destroyers to Malta. Two of the six merchant ships completes the journey, at the cost of several Allied warships.
  • June 13 – WWII:
    • German forces of the 21st Panzer Division advance from the west and attack the British tanks of the 22nd Armoured Brigade. Erwin Rommel demonstrates superiority in tactics, compressing the British armoured forces between two Panzer Divisions of the Panzer Army Africa and the Italian Ariete and Trieste Divisions. By the end of the day, the British tank strength is reduced from 300 tanks to about 70. Rommel establishes armour superiority and surrounds the "Knightsbridge" positions. Due to the many losses, this defeat becomes known as "Black Saturday" to the Eighth Army.[16]
    • German scientists under Ernst Steinhoff at Peenemünde Army Research Center tests a 12-ton rocket (known later as the V-2 rocket) with a one-ton warhead.
    • The United States opens its Office of War Information, a propaganda center.
  • June 14 – WWII: The British Eighth Army under General Neil Ritchie is forced with two divisions to withdraw from the Gazala Line. The defenders of El-Adem and two neighbouring boxes hold out against the Germans. The South African 1st Division retreats along the coast road, practically intact. General Claude Auchinleck orders Ritchie to hold the line south-east from Acroma (west of Tobruk) through El-Adem to Bir El Gubi.[17]
  • June 15 – WWII: Erwin Rommel sends German forces from the 21st Panzer Division and 90th Light Division to attack the defensive boxes at El-Adem and Sidi Rezegh. In the evening, Point 650 box at El-Adem is overrun.
  • June 1721 – WWII: Siege of Tobruk: German forces of Panzer Army Africa led by Erwin Rommel attack Tobruk with massed air support. On June 21, they penetrate a weak spot on the eastern defensive perimeter, capturing the port and 33,000 prisoners.
  • June 18 – WWII: The SS surrounds the church where Jan Kubiš and Jozef Gabčík, the assassins of Reinhard Heydrich, are hiding. Kubiš is fatally wounded in the ensuing shootout, and Gabčík commits suicide to avoid capture.
  • June 21 – WWII: The Japanese submarine I-25 surfaces off the US Pacific Coast and bombards Fort Stevens at the mouth of the Columbia River. The fort itself is not damaged, though a nearby baseball field is destroyed.
  • June 23 – WWII:
    • Erwin Rommel arrives in Bardia and gives the 90th Light Division orders to attack eastwards. The British 8th Army withdraws to Mersa Matruh, where the Indian 10th Division, elements of the Indian 5th Division and the British 50th Division takes up positions.
    • The experimental early-type nuclear reactor L-IV has an accident, becoming the first nuclear accident in history and consisting of a steam explosion and reactor fire in Leipzig.
  • June 2629 – WWII: Battle of Mersa Matruh: German forces of the Panzer Army Africa under Erwin Rommel pursues the Eighth Army as it retreats into Egypt. On June 28, the fortress port of Mersa Matruh and more than 6,000 prisoners are captured, along with plenty of supplies and equipment.
  • June 27 – WWII: Allied Convoy PQ 17 sails from Iceland, with 35 merchant ships and 3 passenger ships that have been refitted for rescuing the crews of torpedoed ships. There's also one tanker, 6 destroyers and 13 smaller ships for close escort. The convoy is destined for the Soviet port of Archangelsk.
  • June 28 – WWII: Operation Blue: German forces of Army Group South under Generalfeldmarshall Fedor von Bock drive to Stalingrad and the Baku oil fields. Spearheads of the 4th Panzer Army under General Hermann Hoth drive towards Voronezh, advancing nearly 50 km on day one. They crossed two rivers and cut the link one between the Soviet 13th and 40th armies.
  • June 30 – WWII:
    • German forces of the 11th Army under General Erich von Manstein take Sevastopol, although fighting rages until July 4. The city is evacuated by the Soviets, some 90,000 prisoners are taken and von Manstein is promoted to Field Marshal.
    • German forces of Panzer Army Africa under Erwin Rommel approach the Alamein positions, only 106 km from Alexandria. The Axis forces are exhausted and Rommel has supply problems, because the RAF attacks his supply lines.

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

References[edit]

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