Timeline of Richmond, Virginia

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Richmond, Virginia, United States

Pre-European Era[edit]

  • Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Great Indian Warpath had a branch that led from present-day Lynchburg to present-day Richmond.
  • By 1607, Chief Powhatan had inherited the so known as the chiefdom of about 4–6 tribes, with its base at the Fall Line near present-day Richmond and with political domain over much of eastern Tidewater Virginia, an area known to the Powhatans as "Tsenacommacah."

17th century[edit]





18th century[edit]



19th century[edit]






20th century[edit]






21st century[edit]



See also[edit]


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  10. ^ "History of Henricus (1611 Settlement)". henricus.org. Retrieved 25 January 2019. In 1637, fifteen years after the uprising, the site was included in a 2,000 acre tract patented by William Farrar. Because it was owned by William Farrar, Sr., the peninsula became known as Farrar’s Island..
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  12. ^ "The Messenger Newsletter (published by the CHESTERFIELD HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF VIRGINIA) Volume #86 July2008 "Chesterfield's major town and the tenth largest city in Virginia was incorporated in 1769 with the name of Manchester. The Indians had called the area "Manastoh,""" (PDF).
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  28. ^ Lambert, David (2010). The Protestant International and the Huguenot Migration to Virginia. New York, Washington DC/Baltimore, Bern, Frankfurt, Berlin, Brussels, Vienna, Oxford: Peter Lang. pp. –162. ISBN 978-1-4331-0759-7. Retrieved 28 February 2018. With the arrival of the fifth – and final – ship, the William and Elizabeth, in Virginia on 9 August 1701, the total migration of these French Protestant and Vaudois refugees was thereby completed.
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  41. ^ "Early Coal Pits Mid-Lothian Mines and Railroad Foundation – Midlothian, Virginia". Midlothian Mines Park. Retrieved 28 February 2018. "The first mines discovered in this vicinity, were the old Black Heath pits, Buck & Cunliffe's, Ross & Curry's, Wooldridge's, Railey's, and the Green Hole." (owned eventually by Colonel "Harry" Heth)
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  43. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0017_0_16731.html "establishment of the state's first Jewish congregation in 1789. Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome was the sixth and westernmost congregation in the colonies,"
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  60. ^ Lewis, Ronald L. (1987 / 2009). Black Coal Miners in America: Race, Class, and Community Conflict, 1780–1980. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-8131-9274-1. Retrieved 28 February 2018. By the late 1830s, many coal companies were operating in the Richmond Basin. One of the largest of them was the famous Midlothian Mining Company, chartered in 1836. According to the president of the company, A. S. Wooldridge... Check date values in: |date= (help)
  61. ^ "Mid-Lothian Coal Mining". Midlothian Mines Park website. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  62. ^ https://olivercromwellcase.wordpress.com/2012/11/04/aquia-creek-landing/ "A railroad from Fredericksburg to Richmond was completed in 1837 which made the landing on Aquia Creek even more attractive. The year 1842 saw a critical development in the story of Aquia Creek Landing as the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad extended their rail line from Fredericksburg to the landing. This now allowed cargo and passengers to move faster than ever from Washington to Richmond connecting to other areas in the north and south."
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  68. ^ https://bethahabah.org/heritage/history/# "A growing number of German and Eastern European Jews immigrated to Richmond and joined the congregation, but soon longed for their more familiar form of Ashkenazic worship. In 1841, they founded Congregation Beth Ahabah – House of Love – as an offshoot of K.K. Beth Shalome. "
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  96. ^ Map of Henrico County, Virginia, Richmond, VA : A. Hoen & Co., 1901., Library of Congress
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  98. ^ "Richmond's Triple Crossing ~ Photography In Place".
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  106. ^ "Richmond's part in the early automobile and racing industries". Virginia Historical Society's Blog. 2012-08-27.
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  109. ^ George Llewellyn Christian (1921), Sketch of the origin and erection of the Confederate Memorial Institute at Richmond, Virginia, Richmond, OCLC 6246398, OL 6635503M
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  129. ^ "Jan. 24, 1935: First Canned Beer Sold". WIRED. 24 January 2011.
  130. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1298&dat=19460607&id=m9xLAAAAIBAJ&sjid=hIoDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2928,492508&hl=en Fredericksburg Freelance Start Friday June 7, 1946 "New Park Named for Pocahontas" "the area was begun as a park in 1935 by the Old Civilian Conservation Corps. It was opened in 1938 but had been closed to all but military groups because of the war."
  131. ^ Denise Watson (25 July 2011). "Saving Jewish Germans during WWII at a Virginia farm". Virginian-Pilot.
  132. ^ https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Virginia_Plan.html?id=SVehZdFh39YC "Thalhimer became determined to aid Jews fleeing from Germany, and he eventually met a representative of Gross Breesen, a German-Jewish agricultural training institute. The mission of Gross Breesen, and eventually Thalhimer, was to train young Jews in agriculture in hopes that the expertise gained would ensure the students' successful emigration from Germany. Thalhimer purchased a farm, Hyde Farmlands, in Burkeville, Virginia to give the students a home in Virginia."
  133. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=4WTNtQrpspgC&pg=PA176&lpg=PA176&dq=eleanor+roosevelt+in+Richmond+1939+spingarn&source=bl&ots=iUCdrbUNYc&sig=gMbddLStLvyoBS5NGl7GMa5q9Ok&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JuebVd6QAYH8gwTD3bvoDw&ved=0CCUQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=eleanor%20roosevelt%20in%20Richmond%201939%20spingarn&f=false The Sound of Freedom: Marian Anderson, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Concert By Raymond Arsenault "On July 2, both Anderson and Eleanor Roosevelt traveled to Richmond to attend the annual convention of the NAACP" (p176)... "the first lady personally presented the medal to Anderson"(p177)
  134. ^ "The Crisis". July 1939.
  135. ^ "Belgium's Loss, Richmond's Gain: Virginia Union's Friendship Building". RVANews.
  136. ^ "Pocahontas State Park marks 75 years in county". Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  137. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=KbkF_pCwCsAC&lpg=PA9&ots=BwfNYRBJri&dq=Swift%20Creek%20Recreational%20Demonstration%20Area%20pocahontas&pg=PA9#v=onepage&q=Swift%20Creek%20Recreational%20Demonstration%20Area%20pocahontas&f=false Virginia State Parks By Sharon B. Ewing "The commonwealth took possession of the Swift Creek Recreation Demonstration Area, near Richmond, in 1946. Soon afterwards, it was renamed Pocahontas State Park."
  138. ^ "Fabergé".
  139. ^ Charles A. Alicoate, ed. (1960), "Television Stations Virginia", Radio Annual and Television Year Book, New York: Radio Daily Corp., OCLC 10512206
  140. ^ a b c http://www.nbc12.com/story/12269580/15-years-and-counting-for-richmonds-abandoned-azalea-mall It's been more than 10 years since the barren expanse of asphalt appeared in Richmond's Northside where the Azalea Mall used to be... Azalea Mall opened in 1962 and closed in 1995... The opening of Virginia Center Commons in 1991 – located seven miles north – was the symbolic end of Azalea Mall..."
  141. ^ "School Busing".
  142. ^ In 1970, cross-town busing was court mandated to enforce school desegregation in Richmond, Virginia. Unitary status was declared in Richmond when cross-town busing ended in 1986.
  143. ^ "A Different Kind of Education". richmondmagazine.com.
  144. ^ a b "Why Richmond, Why?!? History of Cloverleaf Mall". Richmond Times-Dispatch.
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  146. ^ Bruno, Lesley Howson (7/5/2011). "Why Richmond, Why?!? Powhite Parkway". Media General. Richmond Times Dispatch. Retrieved 15 June 2018. The Powhite Parkway opened in 1973 and covered the 3.4 miles between Carytown and the Chippenham Parkway. It was the first of a series of road projects to be completed by the Richmond Metropolitan Authority (RMA) and provided a valuable link between the north and south sides of the river. It was completely repaved in 2008, when the new Powhite Toll Plaza was finished. The RMA uses asphalt. The Downtown Expressway, another RMA project, opened in 1976 and connected interstates 95 with the recently completed 195, effectively creating a loop around the city. The concrete portion of the Downtown Expressway, however, is owned by VDOT. The Powhite Extension was completed in 1988 by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) and connects the Powhite Parkway with VA-288 in Chesterfield County. VDOT roads are concrete. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  147. ^ "Cigarette making still going strong in South Richmond". Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  148. ^ https://www.kingsdominion.com/media-center/park-history " On May 3, 1975, after less than two years of construction, Kings Dominion opened its gates to the public."
  149. ^ "Near 40, Brandermill aims for reinvention". Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  150. ^ "Rampage: The Briley brothers terrorized Richmond area". Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  151. ^ http://www.richmond.com/entertainment/music/article_d157fc60-d168-11e3-862b-001a4bcf6878.html Looking Back at 30 Years of Friday Cheers in Richmond by Colleen Curran "May 21, 2014... Friday Cheers is turning 30 this year. Where it all began ... At Sixth Street Marketplace."
  152. ^ "Innsbrook After Hours 30 year Anniversary – richmondmagazine.com". richmondmagazine.com.
  153. ^ Kappatos, Nicole. "From the Archives: The old Lee Bridge". Richmond Times Dispatch. Retrieved 27 September 2018. In 1985, the bridge was completely rebuilt as part of a $32 million project (and ended up costing more than $43.5 million). The new bridge created a six-lane replacement for the then-51-year-old bridge. The new bridge was dedicated in November 1988.
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  164. ^ "Richmond on the James". Archived from the original on December 1996 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
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Published in 18th-19th century[edit]

Published in 20th century[edit]

  • William Wirt Henry (1904), "Richmond on the James", in Lyman P. Powell (ed.), Historic Towns of the Southern States, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • Virginia. Dept. of Agriculture and Immigration (1906), "Richmond", A Handbook of Virginia: Information for the Homeseeker and Investor, Lynchburg, Va: J. P. Bell Co., OCLC 6466827
  • Souvenir Views: Negro Enterprises & Residences, Richmond, Va., Richmond: D. A. Ferguson, 1907, OL 5109683M
  • Richmond Guide Book, Richmond, Virginia: M. A. Burgess, 1909, OL 24363987M
  • "Richmond", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: New York : Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
  • W. Asbury Christian (1912), Richmond, her past and present, Richmond, Va: Manufactured by L.H. Jenkins, OCLC 1253125, OL 6548616M
  • Edward Hungerford (1913), "City of the 7 Hills", The Personality of American Cities, New York: McBride, Nast & Company
  • Richmond Chamber of Commerce (1913), Richmond, Virginia, yesterday and today, Richmond: Whittet & Shepperson, printers, OCLC 6214750, OL 6565301M
  • Society for the Betterment of Housing and Living Conditions in Richmond (1913), Report on housing and living conditions in the neglected sections of Richmond, Virginia, Richmond, Va: Whittet & Shepperson, printers, OL 7043534M
  • Louise Nurney Kernodle (1918). Guide Book of the City of Richmond.
  • Directory of Business and Professional Women. 1921
  • "City of Richmond, Virginia". The Modern City. League of American Municipalities. 7. November 1922.
  • Federal Writers' Project (1941), "Richmond", Virginia: a Guide to the Old Dominion, American Guide Series, Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780403021956 – via Google Books
  • Virginius Dabney (1990) [1976]. Richmond: The Story of a City. University Press of Virginia.
  • Michael B. Chesson. Richmond after the War, 1865–1890. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1981.
  • Peter J. Rachleff. Black Labor in the South: Richmond, Virginia, 1865–1890. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.
  • Patricia C. Click. The Spirit of the Times: Amusements in Nineteenth-Century Baltimore, Norfolk, and Richmond. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1989.
  • Marie Tyler-McGraw. At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia, and Its People. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Trudy Ring and Robert M. Salkin, ed. (1995). "Richmond". Americas. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 542+. ISBN 978-1-134-25930-4.
  • Peter Wallenstein (2000). "Richmond". In Paul Finkelman (ed.). Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-684-80500-6.

Published in 21st century[edit]

External links[edit]