Battle of Trnava (1430)
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The Battle of Trnava or Battle of Nagyszombat was a battle in the Hussite Wars between the Hussites and the Hungarian-Royalists-Serbian army near Trnava (Nagyszombat) in the Kingdom of Hungary (today in Slovakia). The battle was fought in three phases, on 23, 25 and 28 April 1430 and ended in Hussite victory.
|Battle of Trnava (1430)|
|Part of the Hussite Wars|
The wagon fort was the typical tactics of Hussites – an old sketch from the 15th century.
Kingdom of Hungary|
|Commanders and leaders|
Stibor II of Stiboricz
John of Maroth
Velek Koudelník of Březnice †|
Prokop the Lesser
|Casualties and losses|
In the summer of 1430, 10,000 Hussites from Moravia invaded Hungary under Velek Koudelník of Březnice. The Hussites in Pozsony County looted and set on fire 100 villages. Against Koudelník stood an army under Sigismund, and Stibor of Stiboricz. The army included Hungarian and Transylvanian soldiers and Serbs. Another army under Jan Mátik z Tolovec was composed of Royalists. Mátik was jealous of Stiboricz, because of the trust placed in Stiboricz by Sigismund. At the front of the army, Stiboricz and the Hungarian-Serbian forces charged the Hussites, but Mátik and the Royalists deliberately hung back. The Royalists army belatedly arrived; the plan of campaign was a concentrated charge against the Hussite war-wagons. Koudelník was killed in the battle, and Sigismund's army was forced to flee.
In the battle, 6,000 Royalists, Serbian and Hungarian troops, and 8,000 Husites were killed. In 1431 the Hussite army again invaded Upper Hungary, but Miklós Rozgonyi defeated the Hussites in the battle of Ilava.
- Lysý, Miroslav (2007). "Husitské vpády do Uhorska 1428 – 1431" [The Hussite Raids into the Kingdom of Hungary in 1428 – 1431]. Historický časopis (in Slovak) (3). Retrieved 12 December 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Segeš, Vladimír; Šeďová, Božena, eds. (2013). Pramene k vojenským dejinám slovenska I/3 1387 – 1526 [The Sources to the Military History of Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak). Bratislava: Vojenský historický ústav. Retrieved 12 December 2016.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Varsík, Branislav (1965). Husitske revolučné hnutie a Slovensko [The Hussite revolution movement and Slovakia] (in Slovak). Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- A Nagyszombati csata (Magyar Katolikus Lexikon)