1230s in England
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Events from the 1230s in England.
Monarch – Henry III
- 24 September – Ralph Neville enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- Henry fights a campaign against Llywelyn the Great in Wales.
- June – Llywelyn captures Cardigan Castle and defeats the English, forcing a truce.
- Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, negotiates a 3-year truce with France.
- Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, expels the Jews from the city of Leicester which he controls.
- Pope Gregory IX quashes the election of Ralph Neville as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 16 March – John of Sittingbourne elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 12 June – John of Sittingbourne's election to the Archbishopric of Canterbury quashed.
- 29 July – Henry III dismisses justiciar and regent Hubert de Burgh and replaces him with his Poitevin royal favourites Peter de Rivaux and Peter des Roches.
- 26 August – John Blund elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 10 November – Hubert de Burgh is stripped of his offices and imprisoned for life.
- Peter des Roches takes control of the exchequer and the kingdom's finances.
- 1 June – John Blund's election to the Archbishopric of Canterbury quashed.
- August – Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke allies with Llywelyn against Henry III.
- Stow Fair, Lincolnshire, inaugurated.
- A storm damages the port of Winchelsea.
- 2 April – Pope Gregory IX consecrates Edmund Rich as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 16 April – Richard Marshal murdered, defending his estates against Henry's supporters.
- Peter de Rivaux and Peter des Roches fall from power.
- July – Llywelyn makes peace with Henry III, retaining control of Cardiganshire.
- 2 December – a royal decree prohibits institutes of legal education within the City of London.
- Court of King's Bench established.
- 15 July – marriage of Isabella of England to Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
- August – five-year truce with France signed.
- Final conquest of Connacht in Ireland by the Hiberno-Norman Richard Mór de Burgh.
- The Statute of Merton, considered the first statute of the realm, is agreed at Merton between Henry III and the barons of England. It clarifies property rights and empowers secular courts to determine issues of legitimacy.
- Probable date – Lancaster Royal Grammar School is founded.
- 14 January – Henry III marries Eleanor of Provence.
- 6 May – on the death of Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albans Abbey, the Chronica Majora is continued by Matthew Paris.
- A tournament at Tickhill in Yorkshire turns into a battle between northerners and southerners, but peace is restored by the papal legate.
- January – at the insistence of the barons, Henry enlarges the royal Council, in return for the imposition of a new tax.
- 25 September – Treaty of York signed between Scotland and England establishes the border between the two countries.
- Henry III installs a leopard house at the Tower of London.
- 1237 or 1239 – the main tower of Lincoln Cathedral collapses.
- 16 April – Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (year of birth unknown)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 80–82. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
- Carpenter, David. The Reign of Henry III. p. 50. Retrieved 8 December 2007.
- Mundill, Robin R. (2010). The King's Jews. London: Continuum. ISBN 9781847251862.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 138–139. ISBN 978-0-304-35730-7.
- Simons, Paul (2008). Since Records Began. London: Collins. pp. 135–6. ISBN 978-0-00-728463-4.
- Douthwaite, William Ralph (1886). Gray's Inn, Its History & Associations. Reeves and Turner. p. 2. OCLC 2578698.
- Hey, David. Medieval South Yorkshire.
- "History". Wells Cathedral. Archived from the original on 31 October 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- Lancaster, R. Kent (1972). "Artists, Suppliers and Clerks: The Human Factors in the Art Patronage of King Henry III". Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes. 35: 83–85. doi:10.2307/750922. JSTOR 750922.