Russian cruiser Moskva

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Russian cruiser Moskva.jpg
Moskva seen from the air in 2009
History
 Russia
NameSlava (in Soviet service) Moskva (from 2000)
NamesakeGlory / Moscow
Builder61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant (SY 445), Nikolayev
Laid down1976
Launched1979
Commissioned30 January 1983
DecommissionedSeptember 1990
ReinstatedApril 2000
StatusIn service, Black Sea Fleet
General characteristics
Class and type Slava-class cruiser
Displacement12,490 tons
Length186.4 m (611.5 ft)
Beam20.8 m (68.2 ft)
Draught8.4 m (27.6 ft)
Propulsion4 COGOG gas turbines, 2 shafts 121,000 shp (90,000 kW)
Speed32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Complement480
Sensors and
processing systems
  • Voskhod MR-800 (Top Pair) 3D search radar
  • Fregat MR-710 (Top Steer) 3D search radar
  • Palm Frond navigation radar
  • Pop group SA-N-4 fire control radar
  • Top Dome SA-N-6 fire control radar
  • Bass Tilt AK-360 CIWS System fire control radar
  • Bull horn MF hull mounted sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • Rum Tub and Side Globe EW antennas
  • 2 × PK-2 DL (140mm chaff / flare)
Armament
ArmourSplinter plating
Aircraft carried1 Ka-25 or Ka-27 helicopter

Moskva (Russian: Москва — "Moscow", formerly Slava (Russian: Слава, lit.'Glory')) is the lead ship of the Project 1164 Atlant class of guided missile cruisers in the Russian Navy.

The ship is currently named for the city of Moscow.

History[edit]

Slava c. 1983.

As Slava[edit]

Slava was laid down in 1976 in Shipyard 445 of the 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant in Nikolayev, was launched in 1979, and commissioned on 30 January 1983.

Between 18–22 November 1986 the ship visited Greek port of Piraeus.

Slava played a role in the Malta Summit (2–3 December 1989) between Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush. She was used by the Soviet delegation, while the US delegation had their sleeping quarters aboard USS Belknap.[1][2][3] The ships were anchored in a roadstead off the coast of Marsaxlokk. Stormy weather and choppy seas resulted in some meetings being cancelled or rescheduled, and gave rise to the moniker the "Seasick Summit" among international media. In the end, the meetings took place aboard Maxim Gorkiy, a Soviet cruise ship anchored in the harbor at La Valletta.

Slava returned to Nikolayev in December 1990 for a refit that lasted until April 2000.

As Moskva[edit]

Moskva in 2009
Moskva in 2012

Recommissioned as Moskva in April 2000, she replaced the Kynda-class cruiser Admiral Golovko as the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet.[4]

In early April 2003, Moskva, along with Pytlivy (patrol boat) [ru], Smetlivy, and a landing ship departed Sevastopol for exercises in the Indian Ocean with a Pacific Fleet task group (Marshal Shaposhnikov and Admiral Panteleyev) and the Indian Navy.[5] The force was supported by the Project 1559V tanker Ivan Bubnov and the Project 712 ocean-going tug Shakhter.

In years 2008 and 2009, she visited Mediterranean Sea and participated in naval drills with the ships of the Northern Fleet.[6][circular reference]

In August 2008, in response to the Georgian crisis, Moskva was deployed to secure the Black Sea.[7][8][9] After Russia's recognition of Abkhazia's independence, the ship was stationed at the Abkhazian capital, Sukhum.[citation needed]

On 3 December 2009, Moskva was laid up for a month at floating dock PD-30 for a scheduled interim overhaul which comprised replacement of cooling and other machinery, reclamation work at bottom and outboard fittings, propulsion shafts and screws, clearing and painting of bottom and above-water parts of the ship's hull.

In April 2010 it was reported that the cruiser would join other navy units in the Indian Ocean to conduct exercises.[10] In August 2013 the cruiser visited Havana, Cuba.[11]

In late August 2013, the cruiser was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea in response to the build-up of American warships along the coast of Syria.[12] During the 2014 Crimean Crisis, Moskva was responsible for blockading the Ukrainian fleet in Donuzlav Lake.[13]

On 17 September 2014, she was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea, taking shift from guard ship Pytlivy.[6][circular reference]

In July 2015, she visited Luanda, Angola, to celebrate 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between countries.[14] From the end of September 2015, while in eastern Mediterranean, the cruiser was charged with the air defences for the Russian aviation group based near the Syrian town of Latakia that conducted the air campaign in Syria.[15] On 25 November 2015, after the 2015 Russian Sukhoi Su-24 shootdown, it was reported that Moskva, armed with the S-300F surface-to-air missile system,[16] would be deployed near the coastal Syria-Turkey border.[17] In 2016, she was replaced by sister ship Varyag in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.[18] On 22 July 2016 Moskva was awarded the Order of Nakhimov.[19]

Russian Navy ensign with the badge of the Order of Nakhimov aboard Moskva at Sevastopol on 22 July 2016

Upon return from her deployment in January 2016, the ship was to undergo a refit and upgrade but due lack of funds her future remained uncertain as of July 2018.[20][21]

In June 2019, the cruiser left the port of Sevastopol in the Black Sea where it would run tests on several combat systems and the main propulsion.[22]

On 3 July 2020, the ship completed repairs and maintenance and according to a source it will remain in service until 2040.[23] The first post-repair exit to sea was scheduled for August 2020, however in reality she only began to prepare for the deployment in February 2021.[24][25] She was reported on exercises at sea in March 2021.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dowd, Maureen (3 December 1989). "The Malta Summit: Reporter's Notebook; Superpowers Cooperating, But Not Seas". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  2. ^ "The Malta Summit : Today's Schedule". Los Angeles Times. 2 December 1989. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  3. ^ Shanker, Thom (2 November 1989). "Ships Off Malta Site For Seaborne Summit". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Project 1164 Atlant Krasina/Slava class Guided Missile Cruiser". GlobalSecurity.org. 3 June 2014. Archived from the original on 25 April 2007. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  5. ^ Scott, Richard (16 April 2003). "Russia deploys naval squadron to Indian Ocean". Jane's Defence Weekly.
  6. ^ a b ru:Москва (ракетный крейсер)#История службы
  7. ^ "Black Sea Fleet Moving Towards Georgia". InvasionIntoGeorgia.org. 10 August 2008. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008.
  8. ^ "Russian Navy carries out Black Sea anti-terror exercise". RIA Novosti. 11 August 2008. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  9. ^ "Russian navy blockade Georgia". Xinhua News Agency. 10 August 2008. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Russia sends additional missile cruiser to Indian Ocean". RIA Novosti. 9 April 2010. Archived from the original on 17 November 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  11. ^ "Russian Naval Detachment Calls at Havana Harbor". Agencia Cubana de Noticias. 29 July 2012. Archived from the original on 3 August 2013.
  12. ^ Heritage, Timothy (29 August 2013). "Russia sends warships to Mediterranean as Syria tension rises". Reuters. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  13. ^ Osborn, Andrew (8 March 2014). "Ukraine facing loss of its navy as Russian forces in Crimea dig in". Reuters. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Russian Navy's Vessels Sail to Luanda, Angola". Naval Today. 10 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Российские корабли приготовились прикрывать с воздуха авиабазу под Латакией" [Russian ships prepare to cover the airbase near Latakia from the air]. Interfax (in Russian). 2 October 2015. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  16. ^ Karnozov, Vladimir; Pocock, Chris (26 November 2015). "Turkey Takes Action Against Russia's Syrian Air War". Aviation International News. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  17. ^ "Putin's furious act of retaliation". News.com.au. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  18. ^ Isachenkov, Vladimir (21 January 2016). "Russia displays naval might off Syria's Mediterranean coast". Washington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  19. ^ "Министр обороны России генерал армии Сергей Шойгу вручил орден Нахимова гвардейскому ракетному крейсеру «Москва» Черноморского флота" [Russian Defence Minister General of the Army Sergei Shoigu presented the Order of Nakhimov to the Guards Missile Cruiser Moskva of the Black Sea Fleet]. Russian Ministry of Defence (in Russian). 22 July 2016. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  20. ^ "ВМФ и руководство Черноморского флота решит, ремонтировать ли крейсер "Москва"" [The Navy and the leadership of the Black Sea Fleet will decide whether to repair the cruiser "Moskva"]. Interfax (in Russian). 3 July 2018. Archived from the original on 26 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Вопрос о ремонте ракетного крейсера "Москва"" [The question of repairing the missile cruiser "Moskva"]. bmpd.livejournal.com (in Russian). 20 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Ракетный крейсер "Москва" вышел море впервые за три года" [Missile cruiser "Moskva" goes to sea for the first time in three years]. bmpd.livejournal.com (in Russian). 6 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Russian Black Sea Fleet flagship to remain in service until 2040 — source". TASS. 5 July 2020.
  24. ^ greenchelman. "The cruiser "Moscow" will be sent to the coast of Syria". Репортёр [Reporter]. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Экипаж гвардейского ракетного крейсера «Москва» Черноморского флота сдал первую курсовую задачу" [The crew of the guards missile cruiser "Moskva" of the Black Sea Fleet has passed the first course task]. Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (in Russian). 3 February 2021. Archived from the original on 3 February 2021.
  26. ^ "The flagship of the Black Sea Fleet, the missile cruiser "Moskva", went to sea to practice the second course task". Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. 12 March 2021.

External links[edit]